Iran and Iraq’s relations have been hostile since the Iran-Iraq war, also known as the first Persian Gulf War. The war lasted from September 1980 to August 1988, making it the 20th century 's longest conventional war. Saddam, who was the 5th president of Iraq, was so amused with the continuous battles that he made it a point to have the Iraqi 25-dinar note display the Battle of al-Qadisiyyah on its currency. For nearly nine years, both countries suffered millions of casualties and lost countless amounts of dollars in destruction (Karsh, 2002).
The collateral damage to the economies of Iran and Iraq were huge. Seen to some as war and one of the principal most tactical battle of modern times, it connected two vital oil producers and the region where over half of the world’s reserves are located. The combined oil reserves of Iraq and Iran are greater than that of Saudi Arabia, the world’s second largest producer of crude after Russia (Iran Chamber Society, 2014).
Since the creation of the Middle East, Iran has been the greatest source of power. In the Persian Gulf, Iraq was far superior on every quantitative index of power (Karsh, 2002). Iran’s territory is three times the size of Iraq’s. Its population is similarly larger, over 39 million in 1980, compared with Iraq’s 13 million, and its 2,000-kilometers long coastline is 50 times longer than that of Iraq (Karsh, 2002). Other facts point religion being the greatest issue rather than geography. Both nations are Muslim, with the leader of Iraq primarily from the Sunni branch, and the Iranians, the Shiite.
Before the Iran revolution, neither country shared the same religious beliefs or common goals. The ruling Ba’ath Party in Iraq was socialist and ...
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...e of nearly 30 years of war and endless battlefield images haunting people young and old. Many throughout both countries have associated the conflict with the darkest days of the Ba’athist regime. For those directly involved, memories from the Iran-Iraq war can still be raw and painful (Black, 2010). Some have wept quietly through interactive programmers broadcast by the BBC’s Arabic and Persian Services about the love ones lost. Locals born in Mosul around 1980, remember living without parents. Most of which was caused from constant years of violence and wars for generations. Some get used to the confusion of people being killed every day. According to Black (2010) “ Nobody wins wars, everyone loses.” This fashion of living has been endured for generations from two nations and will continue as normal until political leaders are ready for a change in both societies.
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