Vygotsky and His Socio-cultural Theory Essay

Vygotsky and His Socio-cultural Theory Essay

Length: 905 words (2.6 double-spaced pages)

Rating: Better Essays

Open Document

Essay Preview

Throughout the history of early childhood education educators have used various theorists’ theories to develop children’s learning and development. One of the most significant theories is the socio-cultural theory by Vygotsky. His theory consists of how private speech is used by children and the importance of the zone of proximal development. Vygotsky’s theory is well used in the education environment today and educators use it to be able to provide activities that aren’t too difficult for the children to engage in. Therefore Vygotsky’s theory has enabled educators to have a better understanding of how children learn and develop.
Lev Vygotsky’s life began on 1896 in Orscha, Belarus, he was born into a Russian- Jewish family. Vygotsky had won a place at the University of Moscow in 1913 which is where he received a degree in law and a specialisation in literature. After completing his degree he taught children and adults a variety of subject areas. He became then interested in children with learning difficulties and intellectual disabilities. Through this event he was invited to join the Institute of Psychology in Moscow. Vygotsky moved there and began a collaboration with two other Russian psychologists. They in turn developed a ‘cultural-historical’ or ‘sociocultural’ view of human development that looked in depth of cognitive activities (Duchesne S, et al, 2013). Vygotsky’s theory therefore was established from his past experiences and his interests in children’s development.

Vygotsky’s sociocultural theory is one of the key theories that early childhood educators implement in their practices. In his theory he emphasises the significance that language plays in children’s development (Pound L, 2012). Although Piaget’s theory to...

... middle of paper ...

...r understand the importance of scaffolding which allows educators to be able to diagnose children’s learning needs and development of teaching techniques to meet them. To conclude although Vygotsky’s theory isn’t as complete as other theories, his theory is one that is important for educators to adopt.


Reference List
Berk, L. (2013). Child development. (9th. ed.). Boston: Pearson.

Duchesne, S., McMaugh, A. Bochner, S, and Krause, K. (2013) Educational Psychology for Learning and Teaching. 4th Edition. South Melbourne: Cengage Learning.

Gonzalez-DeHass, Alyssa R.; Willems, Patricia P. (2012). Theories in Educational Psychology : Concise Guide to Meaning and Practice. Retrieved from http://www.eblib.com

Pound, Linda (2012). How Children Learn : From Montessori to Vygosky - Educational Theories and Approaches Made Easy. Retrieved from http://www.eblib.com

Need Writing Help?

Get feedback on grammar, clarity, concision and logic instantly.

Check your paper »

Lev Vygotsky and Social Development Theory Essay

- Explain Lev Vygotsky(1896-1934) was a Russian psychologist who created the Social Development Theory/ Sociocultural Theory. Vygotsky believed that children's mental, language, and social development is supported and enhanced through social interaction. Vygotsky also believed that beginning at birth, children seek out adults for social interactions and that development occurs through these interactions. The belief that social development sets a precedent for development(appeals to the nurture side of development)....   [tags: social interaction, social-cultural theory]

Better Essays
1031 words (2.9 pages)

Social Cultural Theory: Vygotsky Essay

- Reflective learning response 1 There are a number of ways as a teacher that I can use Vygotsky’s socio-cultural theory within the classroom to enhance student’s learning and development. Vygotsky’s main idea was that learning and development should be a social collaborative activity and through scaffolding the Zone of Proximal Development (ZPD) this learning can and will be achieved (Bodrova & Leong, 2007). The interaction between children is just as crucial as interactions children have with adults or teachers....   [tags: learning, development, ZPD]

Better Essays
1243 words (3.6 pages)

The Vygotskian Theory Essay

- This essay will focus on what learning involves in the Vygotskian theory. Firstly this essay will demonstrate what learning and socio-cultural context implicates, as well as who Vygotsky is. Next, this essay will examine Vygotskian’s basic principles by looking at his theory discussing his claims of the roles played by the socio-cultural context, the role of the more competent other and also the role of the learner. The essay will then follow up by considering his notion of the ZPD and the stages the learner goes through as s/he gradually internalises knowledge....   [tags: socio-cultural context, cultural tools]

Better Essays
1578 words (4.5 pages)

Sociocultural Theory Was First Developed By Lev Semenovich Vygotsky Essays

- “The evidence is unequivocal – children who have difficulty regulating their emotions, paying attention, initiating peer interactions and sustaining engagement in learning tasks are at risk for school difficulties.” (Bulotsky-Shearer, Dominguez & Bell, 2012, p. 421) 1 define behavior based on the theory you have chosen (375 words) Sociocultural Theory was first developed by Lev Semenovich Vygotsky. He was born in Western Russia in 1896. His interests involved phycology, philosophy and literature....   [tags: Psychology, Developmental psychology]

Better Essays
1116 words (3.2 pages)

Essay on Vygotsky 's Theory Of Human Psychological Function

- Vygotsky argued, "learning is a necessary and universal aspect of the process of developing culturally organized, specifically human psychological function" (1978, p. 90). In other words, social learning tends to precede development. Vygotsky 's theories stress the fundamental role of social interaction in the development of cognition Vygotsky, 1978), as he believed strongly that community plays a central role in the process of "making meaning." Bronfenbrenner believed that a person 's development was affected by everything in their surrounding environment....   [tags: Family, Family therapy, Developmental psychology]

Better Essays
946 words (2.7 pages)

Nature Vs. Nurture : Learning Within The Zone Of Proximal Development Essay

- Abstract Nature versus nurture is an argument in psychology over whether a person’s innate qualities and behaviors are caused from their environment or if they’re born with it. Vygotsky places more emphasis on the social factors that contribute to cognitive development, in other words he is in favor of the nurture argument. He believes that everyone learns from their culture, environment, and social interactions. He talks about a few of his theories like the zone of proximal development, and a more knowledgeable other....   [tags: Lev Vygotsky, Developmental psychology, Psychology]

Better Essays
962 words (2.7 pages)

Erik Erikson 's Theory Of Psychosocial Development Essay

- Every Monday for the past semester, I have been spending two hours tutoring and interacting with elementary students though the Stars program at Crim Elementary in Bowling Green, Ohio. This experience has been an eye opening observation of educational psychological theories in the flesh. I have witnessed many of these developmental theories, including Erik Erikson’s theory of psychosocial development, Vygotsky’s socio-cultural theory, and Jean Piaget’s theory of cognitive development. Observing these theories in real life has furthered my understanding and methods of application to better educate our future leaders....   [tags: Developmental psychology]

Better Essays
1315 words (3.8 pages)

Essay about Developmental Psychology

- Developmental psychology is the study of mental structures and learning through experience. This is the interest between characteristics, the individual’s behaviour and environmental factors including social context and their impact on developments Piaget and Vygotsky had many similarities in their ideas they both looked at children’s cognitive development of knowledge and had the theory that there are things beyond a Childs understanding but their approaches to these ideas were different. They believed that it was important for children to participate in their learning and they also both looked at social factors concerning children’s cognitive development However Piaget had many ideas and...   [tags: Psychology, Piaget and Vygotsky ]

Better Essays
2015 words (5.8 pages)

Vygotsky 's Sociocultural Theory On Language And The Sociocultural Context

- According to Development of Children and Adolescents, children learn five new words a day. Therefore, people wonder how children construct their knowledge and language, along with what is going through their complex and developing brains. Different theories have been developed and researched to try and demolish some of the confusion encircling the minds of parents, educators, psychologists and others. With this being said, over the past decade there has been a major upsurge of interest in the ideas of Lev Spencer Vygotsky (1896-1934), which has reflected in the dramatic rise in citations of Vygotsky’s publications (Wertsch & Tulviste, 1992)....   [tags: Lev Vygotsky, Learning, Theory, Childhood]

Better Essays
1066 words (3 pages)

Constructivism Theory Essay

- Theoretical Framework Dewey (1916/1997), Papert (1993/2000), Piaget (1932/1997), Bruner and Vygotsky‘s (1978/1981) social constructivism (SC) theory will support this study. The theory of SC places teachers as facilitators in an active learning setting. An active social learning setting creates opportunities to facilitate learners with actively constructing knowledge using past experiences to connect to introduced concepts and tasks (Ryu et al., 2009). This can also be applied when teachers instill the value of the learning content through connecting the subject to past experiences and real-world situations (Specht, 2009)....   [tags: Education, Teachers, Wireless Computing]

Better Essays
2275 words (6.5 pages)