Leibniz, sometimes regarded as a Stoic or Fatalist because his philosophies were based on the idea that everything in the world was determined by fate, theorized that God, having the ability to pick from an infinite number of worlds, chose this world, "the best of all possible worlds." Although Voltaire chose that simple quality of Leibniz's philosophy to satirize, Leibniz meant a little more than just that. Even though his philosophy stated that God chose "the best of all possible worlds," he also meant that God, being the perfection he is, chose the best world available to him, unfortunately it was a world containing evil. It seems as though Voltaire wanted to ridicule Leibniz's philosophy so much that he chose to satirize only the literal meaning and fatal acceptance of evil of Leibniz's philosophy.
... middle of paper ...
...ell. When Candide is reunited with both he realizes that he was
right not to lose hope. In essence, it was Candide's optimism that keeps him from a state
of total dejection, maintaining his sanity during troubled times. Candide eventually
achieves happiness with his friends in their simple, yet full, lives. The book's ending
affirms Voltaire's moral that one must work to attain satisfaction. Work helps Candide
overcome his tragedies and enables him to live peacefully and in contentment. The
message of Candide is: "Don't rationalize, but work; Don't utopianize, but improve. We
must cultivate our own garden, for no one is going to do it for us" (Richter 161).
Bottiglia, William. "Candide's Garden." Voltaire: A Collection of Critical Essays. New Jersey: Prentice-Hall, Inc., 1968.
Richter, Peyton. Voltaire. Boston: Twayne Publishers, 1980.
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