Essay about Vitamin Deficiencies and Psychiatric Illnesses

Missing Works Cited
Length: 1445 words (4.1 double-spaced pages)
Rating: Blue      
Open Document

- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -

Deficiencies of vitamins are associated with psychiatric illnesses either by being the primary cause or an exacerbating factor. Psychiatric symptoms could also lead to poor nutrition. Vitamin deficiencies may play a role in compromising patient recovery.
Vitamins are organic substances essential for several enzymatic functions.
There are 13 known vitamins which are either fat soluble (4 vitamins i.e. KEDA) or water soluble (9 vitamins i.e. C, & the B group).
Regarding brain function, B vitamins are essential in the maintenance of myelin, neuro-transmitter production, and methylation cycle. Fat-soluble vitamins are necessary in inflammatory regulation, regeneration of antioxidants and genetic modification.
Few studies of vitamin deficiencies have been carried out in Sub-Saharan Africa. Below is an overview of vitamins and their relation to neuropsychiatric disorders with the focus on Africa.

Vitamin B1 deficiency

Thiamine (Vitamin B1) is critical for glucose metabolism. It is a cofactor of α-ketoglutarate dehydrogenase and pyruvate dehydrogenase enzymes both within the citric acid cycle and transketolase enzyme in the pentose phosphate pathway. Severe B1 deficiency which may result from chronic alcoholism, diabetes or malnutrition is usually associated with Wernicke’s encephalopathy (WE). WE clinically characterised by confusion, ataxia, and nystagmus, is an acute neuropsychiatric disorder which arises as a result of inadequate supply of thiamine to the brain. Confusion and disorientation stem from the brain’s inability to oxidize glucose for energy because B1 is a crucial cofactor in glycolysis and the citric acid cycle. Deficiency leads to an increase in free oxygen radicals, cytokines, and alteration of the blood–b...

... middle of paper ...

...nt enzymes. Neuronal mem-branes are protected from oxidation by vitamin E hence reducing inflammation of the brain. Tocotrienols are understood to mediate disease by modifying transcription factors in the brain, for instance glutathione reductase, and superoxide dismutase (35). Depression has been associated with low plasma vitamin E levels, although other factors excluding dietary intake have been considered (36).
Ataxia with vitamin E deficiency (AVED) is a rare autosomal recessive neurodegenerative disease that occurs in North Africa (37). Its early identification is essential in order to initiate therapeutic and prophylactic vitamin E supplementation before irreversible damage develops.
In Uganda, 63 (30.3%) of the 208 cases studied showed vitamin E deficiency. Among these, four of five patients with cerebrovascular accidents had vitamin E deficiency (38).

Click the button above to view the complete essay, speech, term paper, or research paper

Need Writing Help?

Get feedback on grammar, clarity, concision and logic instantly.

Check your paper »

This essay is 100% guaranteed.

Title Length Color Rating  
Nutritional Deficiencies: Exploring Implications of Protein, Vitamin and Mineral Deficiencies - The first type of deficiency is caused by a lack of protein. Protein performs countless functions in the body and is entirely crucial for maintaining ideal health. Proteins are responsible for building muscle, repairing tissue, supplying the body with energy, keeping skin healthy and even breathing. The functions of proteins go on and on. The human body is constantly breaking down and using the proteins supplied. This is why it requires a constant protein intake to continue repairing, regulating and protecting....   [tags: Health Nutrition Pyramid Diet] 1034 words
(3 pages)
Strong Essays [preview]
Essay on Is It Necessary to Take Vitamin Supplements? - ... Smoking cigarettes lowers the amount of vitamin C in the body, so smokers are at higher risk of deficiency. Signs of vitamin deficiency include dry and splitting hair; Gingivitis (inflammation of the gums) and bleeding gums; rough, dry, scaly skin; decreased wound-healing rate, easy bruising; nosebleeds; and decreased ability to ward off infection. A severe form of vitamin C deficiency is known as scurvy. (Jeni Worden,, 2010) Benefits and limitations: The Benefits of vitamin C are: Protection against… -Immune system deficiencies -Cardiovascular disease -Prenatal health problems -Eye disease -Skin wrinkling - Scurvy - And many others “A recent study publis...   [tags: health and nutrition, vitamin C]
:: 6 Works Cited
919 words
(2.6 pages)
Better Essays [preview]
Mental Illnesses and How Everyone is Affected Essay - Psychiatric disorders are common illnesses around the world. People with mental disorders affect millions of people unintentionally. Many people know someone with a mental disorder while others merely just hear about it. The every day routine for those people is not easy to face. Just because a person behaves and thinks inversely or more slowly does not mean they are less capable of success, as society labels it. Mentally disabled children, teenagers, and adults have a huge impact on society along with their family and friends....   [tags: psychiatric disorders]
:: 4 Works Cited
1249 words
(3.6 pages)
Strong Essays [preview]
Essay about Vitamin D: The Bone Vitamin - Vitamin D Introduction For many years, vitamin D has been referred to as the “bone vitamin” (Brody, 2013). This is particularly because of the role of this vital nutrient to the development of bones. A number of vitamin D researches conducted in the last 10 years indicate that almost every type of cell and tissue in the body contains a considerable number of receptors for vitamin D (Wu-Wong, 2012). Considering these discoveries, the body requires high levels of this nutrient for its normal functions to be optimal....   [tags: public health issues]
:: 8 Works Cited
1952 words
(5.6 pages)
Term Papers [preview]
Essay on Stress and Psychiatric Disorders: Taming Stress by R. Sapolsky - In the article, Taming Stress, Sapolsky’s objective was to explain the relationship between the brain’s stress pathways and psychiatric disorders (in particular anxiety and depression). He described that having this understanding could facilitate the production of new treatments. The new treatments are portrayed as going “beyond” the older medicine such as Valium and Prozac. Main Arguments: • Role of stress in anxiety • Role of stress in depression • Research in the biology of stress gave birth to new and improved treatments for the disorders Role of stress in anxiety: Sapolsky introduced the term chronic stress to clarify how it can cause anxious thoughts....   [tags: brain strees, psychiatric disorders]
:: 4 Works Cited
924 words
(2.6 pages)
Better Essays [preview]
The Vitamin Hype in America Essay - Beep. Beep. Beep. Her day begins. She fights the early morning fatigue and goes through her normal daily routine. She tugs on her clothes, brushes her hair, applies as much makeup as she dares, and makes herself breakfast. After gathering everything she needs for school that day, she is ready to go. As she is walking out the door, a thought popped into her head. She forgot her vitamin. She drops her bag at the door and races to the kitchen cabinet. She takes out a bottle and pops one of the multivitamins into her mouth....   [tags: vitamin a, nutritious diet, FDA, health]
:: 5 Works Cited
894 words
(2.6 pages)
Better Essays [preview]
Essay on Are Vitamin Supplements Really Worth their Price? - ... The tablets are then put into a plastic tub and shipped off to be sold. (The Doctors Vitamin, 2014) The second way (labelled 2 on diagram) is the encapsulating process. The whole grain capsules are put onto a conveyor belt and vitamin mixture is pumped into it. The lid of the capsule is then sealed on top. The capsules with the vitamin mixture in them are then put into a plastic tub and shipped off to be sold. (The Doctors Vitamin, 2014) How effective is it. Recent studies from America in December 2013 have scientists saying that “taking Vitamin supplements is ineffective and a waste of money, there use is not justified and they should be avoided” (Newsy, 2013) Also taking Vitamin A...   [tags: vitamin C, waste of time and money]
:: 11 Works Cited
1261 words
(3.6 pages)
Strong Essays [preview]
The Truth about Vitamin D Deficiency Essay - ... Vitamin D insufficiency has been interfaced to various diseases and incessant conditions, including high pulse, diabetes, metabolic syndrome, pneumonic malady, and unending torment. We've seen prove that vitamin D insufficiency is connected with slumber issues, especially with daytime drowsiness. Another study inspected the connection between daytime drowsiness and vitamin D, and likewise thought of one of the significant danger elements of vitamin D lack: skin pigmentation. (Dr. Michael J. Breus, 2013) Scientists at Louisiana State University explored the relationship between vitamin D and daytime drowsiness considering two particular objectives....   [tags: daylight vitamin, key for solid bones]
:: 13 Works Cited
1629 words
(4.7 pages)
Term Papers [preview]
Essay on Nursing Case Study: Psychiatric Patient - In this case study, one day of care for a 28 year old, male patient on a low secure psychiatric unit will be examined and discussed. The main focus will be on implementation and evaluation of the nursing process. These areas will be covered under; physiological, psycho-sociological and pharmacological aspects of the patient’s care. Although, the case study is discussed using third person expression, the care discussed is what was implemented and evaluated by myself, a second year student nurse, under supervision from a qualified member of staff....   [tags: Psychiatric Patient Case Study]
:: 34 Works Cited
1949 words
(5.6 pages)
Strong Essays [preview]
Essay on Vitamin C - Vitamin C Vitamin C plays a crucial role in our lives by building and maintaining our tissues and fortifying our immune systems. Vitamin C should be included in a daily diet because it is water soluble, which means it, is excreted from the body every day and can not be stored for later use. You should consume at least 500-1000mg of Vitamin C per day to maintain a strong immune system which fights off diseases and illnesses from the human body. It is also used to keep teeth and gums healthy, heal wounds, and strengthen muscles as well as blood vessels....   [tags: Informative] 299 words
(0.9 pages)
Strong Essays [preview]