The abundant visual symbols that Ibsen uses in "A Doll's House" carry important meanings. The first among these is the macaroons. In Act I, the reader learns that Nora's husband has forbidden her from eating macaroons, fearing that they would make her teeth decay. However, she continues to buy them secretly from the confectionary against his explicit orders, demonstrating a sign of rebellion. This shows how Nora is treated like a child by Torvald. It is not uncommon for parents to ban sweets from their children and for the children to defy them in secret.
Another example of symbolism in the play is the lark. Ibsen uses the lark to illustrate the relationship between Nora and Torvald. Torvald is the strong and powerful man while Nora is his helpless little wife, dependent on him for everything. "Lark" is just one of a series of nicknames To...
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...possibly continue living this way. The slam is her declaration of independence from Torvald and society and the beginning of her search for true happiness and self-satisfaction. She will no longer work only to serve and please others. When Torvald accuses her of running out on her most sacred vows, which in his opinion are her duties to her husband and children, she responds by saying that her duties to herself are "equally sacred".
The way the play ended incited public controversy because the idea of a woman deserting her husband and discarding traditional values the way Nora did was deemed totally outrageous and inappropriate for the time period and Ibsen was forced to change the ending on numerous occasions. Today, however, A Doll's House is hailed as a literary masterpiece, praised for its realistic portrayal of the lifestyle of women in the Nineteenth Century.
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