Henderson (1978) outlined fourteen different activities of daily living: breathing normally, eating and drinking adequately, elimination of body waste, movement and maintenance of desirable postures, sleep and rest, dressing and undressing, maintaining a normal body temperature and changing the environment, grooming, avoiding environmental danger or injury of others, communication, worship of one’s faith, working toward accomplishment, recreational participation and a learning and discovering curiosity that leads to normal development and maintenance of health. While all of these needs are intertwined when giving care, for the purposes of this paper, these “activities of daily living” (ADLs) will be sorted into different groups: physiological, psychological, spiritual and sociological. (Tourvill...
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...gists, psychiatrists and nurses who work in mental health clinics, CON can be applied to any care setting by making sure ADLs are being met and patients work toward becoming more independent. (Henderson, 1978)
Clark, D. (1997). The unique function of the nurse... tribute to Virginia Henderson. International Nursing Review, 44(5), 144-152.
Henderson, V. (1978). The concept of nursing. Journal of Advanced Nursing, 3, 21-34.
Nicely, B., & DeLario, G. T. (2011). Virginia Henderson's principles and practice of nursing applied to organ donation after brain death. Progress In Transplantation, 21(1), 72-77.
Tourville, C., & Ingalls, K. (2003). The Living Tree of Nursing Theories. Nursing Forum, 38(3), 21-36.
Waller-Wise, R. (2013). Utilizing Henderson's Nursing Theory in Childbirth Education. International Journal Of Childbirth Education, 28(2), 30-34.
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