This purpose of this paper is to examine patterns of violence associated with gang members, demographic and school characteristics and violence specialization involvement upon entering and exiting gangs. With the question of: are changes in gang status efficiently connected with change in both general delinquent offending and vicious criminal conduct?
This empirical article meets the requirements of the capstone mission with the gaining of knowledge in methodology that seeks to research the relationship between gangs, delinquency and violent offending increases to periods of active gang membership. The research method conducted for this research was that of cross-sectional, longitudinal evaluation in quantitative nature utilizing a self-reporting questionnaire, a descriptive statistics of the association between the independent and dependent variables used within this study. The data collected and recorded is in the form of numerical analysis that is entered into a database system that are arranged into tables, charts, or figures to be analyzed among reporting of the findings (Melde and Esbensen, 2012).
The level of analysis is that of the multi-level, longitudinal analysis through using scales to assess the sample of the respondent’s characteristics, also to include the research demographic control of factors such as: sex, race, ethnicity, and age, with a difference of the reporting of the percentage of free or reduced lunches.
While, the major steps taken for this article began with the site selection guide with three main criteria: first, is the existence of an established G.R.E.A.T. program, second is the geographic and demographic diversity, lastly followed by evidence of gang activity. Afterwa...
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...is a mechanism of social control and protection, including being used as a tool for acquiring, maintaining, and enhancing one’s status within the group and that becoming a member would automatically encourage violent behavior among those who are committed in obtaining a valued reputation (Melde and Esbensen, 2012).
The authors conclude that gang membership is associated greatly to the increases of violent offending other than in general delinquency, this includes the gang environment that is especially promising in encouraging violent offending.
The limited research on the effects of involvement in a social environment suggest such attitudes predict both of violent and non-violent offending. Limitations, have made it difficult to fully understand how gangs influence the behavior of its members including the pattern of nature offending (Melde and Esbensen, 2012).
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