Ordinarily, religion is one of the rationales of social orientations, that in one way or another influences the society’s social stability. This is because religion is the impelling force for regulations in the society as well as a destabilizing drive for transformation. Marx Weber together with Karl Marx and Emile Durkheim were very influential personalities in the course of the 19th century, and even now. In one way or another, these persons attempted to make plain as well as comprehensible social change, particularly in the aspect of religion in the society. Their perspectives on religion differ on some aspects. Even though their views on religion are diverse, they all seem to be in accord that religion to some extent shifts the worldview of the people in the society (Pals 12-50). This essay makes an analysis on the similarities as well as the contrasts in the works of Marx Weber as well as Karl Marx and Emile Durkheim about religion.
Authors’ views on religion
To begin with, as pointed out in (Parsons 38-46) Karl Marx attempted to look at the concept of religion from a neutral perspective as well as a scientific perspective. Generally, his assessment and review of religion is possibly the most quoted by atheists. According to Karl Marx, religion reflects material realities coupled with the social injustices in the society. Therefore, the states of difficulty in religion are eventually problems in the society. In essence, religion is a symptom to the major problems going on in the society. Again, it is utilized by those in positions of authority to make people feel relieved from distress, which they undergo as a result of being poor and undermined. In this perspective, Karl Marx’s ide...
... middle of paper ...
...gs live securely in economic coupled with social systems, grounded anyway on religion, which in one way or another causes a few people’s happiness while for the rest they may be miserable.
Glazier, Stephen and Flowerday, Charles. Selected readings in the anthropology of religion: theoretical and methodological essays. Connecticut: Greenwood Publishing Group. 2003.
Pals, Daniel. Introducing religion: readings from the classic theorists. New York: Oxford University Press, 2008.
Parsons, Talcott. Max Weber: The protestant ethic and the spirit of capitalism. New York: Courier Dover publications, 2003.
Raines, John. Marx on religion. Pennsylvania: Temple University, 2002.
Segal, Robert. The Blackwell companion to the study of religion. New Jersey: Wiley & Sons, 2006.
Turner, Stephen. Emile Durkheim: sociologist and moralist. London: Routledge. 1993.
Need Writing Help?
Get feedback on grammar, clarity, concision and logic instantly.Check your paper »
- In the article titled “Mexican official's daughter gets restaurant closed after she didn't get table she wanted” gives us the opportunity to explore a current event in Mexican society and the influence of social media which we attempt to view through the eyes of both Karl Marx and Emile Durkheim. We will focus on Karl Marx’s conflict theory of capitalism and Emile Durkheim’s structural functionalism theory of dynamic density. Both theories remain relevant today, and a correlation exists regarding the effect of social media on egoistic versus altruistic states of anomic suicide in present society.... [tags: Capitalism, Dynamic Density, Current Events]
1129 words (3.2 pages)
- Emile Durkheim, Karl Marx, and Max Weber are all important characters to be studied in the field of Sociology. Each one of these Sociological theorists, help in the separation of Sociology into its own field of study. The works of these three theorists is very complex and can be considered hard to understand but their intentions were not. They have their similarities along with just as many of their differences. The first theorist to consider is Karl Marx. Marx has a uniqueness all of his own. His attention was normally directed towards capitalism in society.... [tags: sociology]
1584 words (4.5 pages)
- Marx Weber, Karl Marx and Emile Durkheim Ordinarily, religion is one of the rationales of social orientations, that in one way or another influences the society’s social stability. This is because religion is the impelling force for regulations in the society as well as a destabilizing drive for transformation. Marx Weber together with Karl Marx and Emile Durkheim were very influential personalities in the course of the 19th century, and even now. In one way or another, these persons attempted to make plain as well as comprehensible social change, particularly in the aspect of religion in the society.... [tags: Religion]
1484 words (4.2 pages)
- The two theoretical approaches I have chosen to compare to the study of crime are Functionalism and Marxism. I have done so, as I believe both theories are important/ significant to the study of crime and differentiate from each other. I will do this by writing a critique the advantages and disadvantages of both of the theories and thus, resulting in my own personal opinion in the conclusion. Marxism derived from German philosophers Karl Marx (also a political economist/ sociologist) and Friedrich Engels in the middle of the 1800s.... [tags: crime study, karl marx, emile durkheim]
2310 words (6.6 pages)
- The theoretical works of Karl Marx, Emile Durkheim and Max Weber still influence sociological theory. Though their works are decades old they still are a major part of what sociology is today. Though their theories can seem very different, there are some similarities. To become a great sociologist one most learn and understands how to use all sociological perspectives. To do this one must understand and use the different theoretical perspectives created by Marx, Durkheim, and Weber. Karl Marx theoretical perspective on conflict is by far one the most interesting theories in sociology.... [tags: Sociology Essays]
1667 words (4.8 pages)
- Emile Durkheim was French sociologist. He was born on April 15, 1858 in Epinal, France. Epinal is located in the Eastern French Province, Lorraine. His father, Moise was the Chief Rabbi of Epinal, Vosges, and Haute-Marne, while his mother, Melanie, worked as an embroiderer. Durkheim was the youngest of their four surviving children. Durkheim’s great-grandfather, grandfather, and father were all Jewish rabbis. He was expected to follow suit so at a young age he was sent to a rabbinical school. He studied Hebrew, the Talmud, the Old Testament, as well as the curriculum taught in secular schools.... [tags: Biography ]
1366 words (3.9 pages)
- What is the significance for economic anthropology of the work of Marx and Durkheim. Introduction The works of Karl Marx and Emile Durkheim have proved that they were indeed the finding fathers of modern social theory during the late 19th to the early 20th century. Along with others (i.e. Weber, Simmel, Veblen etc.) they had laid down the foundations of our understanding of the relationships that are held between culture and society on one hand, and economic activity on the other hand. Marx saw economics in terms of conflicts between different interest groups, which he referred to as ‘classes’, over rights to various facets of the processes of production, and the effect that those conflicts... [tags: history, phylosophy, politics]
1542 words (4.4 pages)
- Throughout his life David Emile Durkheim managed to write about many aspects of life, however his most influential work had to do with sociology. Today he is known as the father of sociology for the innovative and revolutionary work he did. However, his works are not always easily understandable, but once understood its reach is endless. One of the questions that comes from Durkheim’s works is how the individual developed a sense of autonomy, how the individual was able to break out of the mold of centuries in the making.... [tags: autonomy, individual, rules, method, suicide]
1810 words (5.2 pages)
- How have Marx and Durkheim’s Views Contributed to our Understanding of Crime and Deviance. Karl Marx’s Marxist theory and Emile Durkheim’s functionalist theory were both significant in their own ways and therefore made a large contribution to our perception and understanding of how crime and deviance occurs and is dealt with in society. The Marxist theory on crime was focused on the concept that the huge shift towards a capitalist society was the root cause and driving force behind the formation of social divisions and subsequent increase in crime and conflict.... [tags: functionalist theory, elite, wealth]
888 words (2.5 pages)
- Emile Durkheim and Max Weber both appealed to me in the reading of chapter 1. They both have similarities and differences on their approaches to sociology. While reading the background of Emile, I found it fascinating how he studied sociology in a way that he put together the individual dimensions and added them together to better understand a society or social group. The case of suicide rates and religion. This one case can be analyzed through other elements, such as careers. For instance, the type of profession can be studied.... [tags: Sociology]
477 words (1.4 pages)