William Penn and the Quakers

William Penn and the Quakers

Length: 1275 words (3.6 double-spaced pages)

Rating: Excellent

Open Document

Essay Preview

More ↓
William Penn and the Quakers

The Quakers, also known as the Society of Friends was religious group that founded Pennsylvania. William Penn, one of the leaders, worked with the Quakers, Indians and the other population to make an ideal world for him, his followers, and the other people in his environment. With his efforts, and the help of others, the Quakers left a huge impact on Pennsylvania and the entire nation.
The Quakers are a religion that originated in England in protest of the Anglican Church's practices. The man in charge of this religious revolution was George Fox.1 He believed that God didn't live in churches as much as he lived in people's hearts.2 In that state of mind, he went out into the world in search of his true religion. He argued with priests, slept in fields, and spent days and nights trying to find followers. His first followers were mostly young people and women.

Besides freedom of religion, they wanted freedom of speech, worship and assembly, refusal to go to war or take oath, and equality of the sexes and social classes.3
In England, between the years of 1650 and 1700, more than 15,000 Quakers
were fined and/or imprisoned; 366 were killed.4 The reason why the Quakers were put through such torture was because their beliefs and culture was different from the Anglican Church. At that time, any religion that was practiced in England other than the Anglican Church would be persecuted. They believed that religion shouldn't be practiced in a church as much as in your heart. The differences that were between the Quakers and the Anglican Christians was that the Anglicans practiced strict discipline in their prayers. They would go to prayer every morning, and ask for forgiveness of their sins. They believed that the sacred authority was the Bible, the only way to make your way to heaven was to go to sermon; they should glorify God in the world; and pay no attention to the irrationality of God. They didn't believe men could achieve anything for themselves; only God could do that. The Quakers, on the other hand, believed that God should be in your spirit, not in sermon, and that your sacred authority shouldn't be a book, it should be your inner light, the force that drives you through you life. They believed you shouldn't be servants of God, but to be friends of God.

How to Cite this Page

MLA Citation:
"William Penn and the Quakers." 123HelpMe.com. 26 Feb 2020

Need Writing Help?

Get feedback on grammar, clarity, concision and logic instantly.

Check your paper »

William Penn Essay

- William Penn was a great individual who contributed tremendously to this nation. John Moretta’s “William Penn and the Quaker Legacy” talks about the courageous efforts by Penn and his perspectives on things. Penn was a spiritual human being who believed in god and wanted a peaceful society for one to live in. He was a brave individual who wanted everyone to be equal and was democratic. Religious tolerance alleged by Penn changed the views of many individuals who lived in that era. The importance of Penn’s background, Quakerism and the development of his society due to his view on religious tolerance will be discussed in this paper....   [tags: Biography, Quakers, Church]

Research Papers
930 words (2.7 pages)

The Quakers Essays

- As Americans it's difficult for most of us to understand what William Penn and his fellow Quakers lived through, being a member of an outcast religious sect in the seventeenth and eighteenth centuries in England was difficult, to say the least. The constant fear of persecution, discrimination, imprisonment, and even death was a reality most Quakers had to confront on a daily basis. So what was it about the Quakers' beliefs that led the monarchy, parliament, and the English citizenry in general to hold such a low opinion of the followers of this seemingly peaceful religion....   [tags: Religion]

Research Papers
1444 words (4.1 pages)

Biography of William Penn Essay

- William Penn, an English entrepreneur, had an unforeseen impact on the history of the United States of America. In the late 1600’s and early 1700’s, Penn was already a champion for democracy, religious freedom, and anti-slavery movements. Through his good relations both the nobility of England, and the Indians of Pennsylvania, Penn was able to secure an entire state for many years to come. Credited with establishing the city of Philadelphia, name after his ideal of ‘brotherly love’, William Penn left a lasting impression on the United States of America....   [tags: English Entrepeneur, Quaker]

Research Papers
1104 words (3.2 pages)

Essay William Penn

- William Penn he was alive in the 18th century.(4) William Penn was born October 14, 1644 to Sir William Penn and Margaret Penn. His father was a landowner and mother was the daughter of a merchant. William Penn was baptized at All Hallows church in London. He was born in London,United Kingdom. He was famous as a Quaker and the leader of the Pennsylvania colony. Penn was a lot of things in his life he was a land investor,Philosopher,lawyer,Minister,Missionary,and a Journalist. (1)William Penn had four kids Thomas Penn,Richard Penn,Sr.,William Penn Jr.,and John Penn....   [tags: biography, religious groups]

Research Papers
1094 words (3.1 pages)

The Quakers and Arts in Utopian Societies Essays

- The Quakers and Arts in Utopian Societies Today, we can still find many examples of past utopias. A utopia is an ideally perfect place, especially in its social, political, moral and legal aspects.1 They do not approve of any actions that are superficial and unnecessary. In addition to these beliefs, people from utopian societies are strong believers in God. Sharing many of these same ideals, the Quakers are a group with a strong faith. Despite the fact that Quakers feel art is a luxury and a frivolous thing that they should not take part in, many great artists and writers are members of the Quaker society....   [tags: Essays Papers]

Free Essays
1490 words (4.3 pages)

Colonization of Pennsylvanis by William Penn Essay examples

- ... King Charles II of England had a large loan with Penn's father, after whose death, King Charles settled by granting Penn a large area west and south of New Jersey on March 4, 1681. Penn called the area Sylvania, Latin for woods, which Charles changed to Pennsylvania in honor of the elder Penn. Perhaps the king was glad to have a place where religious and political outsiders could have their own place, far away from England. One of the first counties of Pennsylvania was called Bucks County, named after Buckinghamshire in England, where the Penn's family seat was, and from whence many of the first settlers came....   [tags: debt, agreements, freedom, america]

Research Papers
1313 words (3.8 pages)

The Life of William Penn Essay

- The Life of William Penn William Penn, most commonly known for the establishment of the state of Pennsylvania, could also be referred to as the first great pioneer of American liberty. His beliefs on equal rights and religious toleration not only contributed to liberty in the Old World, but in the New World as well. In a time when religions persecuted one another for their beliefs, colonists were stealing land from Indians, and women had little to no rights, Penn established a sanctuary free from the stereotypes that were common in that time in history....   [tags: American History]

Research Papers
1927 words (5.5 pages)

William Penn´s Treaties and Acquired Land in the New World Essay

- The policy of William Penn with the indians compared to the English settlers and the Spanish, French, and Dutch is quite different. This includes considering the certain agreements and ways they came to the New World to maintain land along with how it possibly changed the “New World”, now known as America, for the worst. A short background of how all of this even happened was due to King Charles II of England owing money to William Penn’s father because of a large loan he had with him. He gave it to William Penn because his father had already passed....   [tags: Pennsylvania, Iroquois]

Research Papers
761 words (2.2 pages)

Quakers: The Light Within Essay

- On Easter Sunday, a dozen adults and half that many children gathered at the Perry City Friends Meeting an hour before their usual worship time. They came, bringing plates of food for a time of fellowship before worship. The children had an Easter egg hunt, while the adults visited over coffee and snacks. After a while, the group moved to the meeting room for a time of singing. The meeting room, a plain room with a stage at one end and a few small tables holding brochures along the wall, has simple benches arranged in a circle around a central space....   [tags: Religion]

Research Papers
3053 words (8.7 pages)

William Penn Essay

- William Penn William Penn was born and raised in England, but he is well known for what he did in the Americas. First and foremost, William Penn was a religious nonconformist and writer: he wrote numerous religious books over his lifetime. Second, Penn is responsible for the “holy experiment”: the colony of Pennsylvania. He was a Quaker advocate, and as a proprietor had the opportunity to practice the Quaker Peace testimony. Penn was interested in religion from the time he was a child. When he was twelve years old he had the opportunity to hear testimony from a traveling Quaker minister, Thomas Loe....   [tags: essays research papers]

Research Papers
731 words (2.1 pages)

They believed violence was an unnecessary part of life, and things could be worked out in other ways.5 The Quakers thought the authority of God was absolute, but didn't need to be preached at a formal meeting as much as the Anglican Church
believed that should happen.
In 1661, William Penn was introduced to Quakerism. He had been studying at
Christ Church in Oxford. He started to notice that he didn't believe in some of the
things that he was studying in his religion. So, he started to go to Quaker meetings, and believe in that religion instead.6 In England, he was expelled from Oxford in 1662 for refusing to conform to the Anglican Church, so he moved on to Pennsylvania in the "New World." In this new colony that he established, he set up a freedom of worship. It became a retreat for many religious groups coming from Germany, Holland, Scandinavia, and Great Britain.7 He decided to go to the New
World, but first he made a trip with Quaker leader George Fox. When they got there, the construction from the plans of Penn's was already in progress. 8
In 1682, Pennsylvania was founded by William Penn. He came upon his own
personal ship, Welcome, along with William Bradford, Nicholas Waln, and Thomas Wynne and other less known men.9 Now they had many established colonies in Pennsylvania and a strong belief system with which build a state.
One of the things William Penn is known well for is his attitude toward the
Native Americans. He created a friendly environment with his colonies and the
Native Americans. He believed that treating the Native Americans fairly, not harshly, would prevent any tension between the two groups, which could cause wars otherwise. He knew that they were different than himself and his followers, but they should be given much respect for they were in the New World centuries before England even knew about it. He included them in jury and everyday actions. He considered them to be equal to him.10
"The Natives I shall consider in their Person, Language, Manners, Religion and Government, with my sence of their Original. For their Persons, they are generally tall, streight, well-built, and of singular Proportion; they tread strong and clever, and mostly walk with Bears-fat clarified, and using no defence against the Sun or Weather, their skins must needs be swarthy; Their Eye is little and black, not unlike a straight-look't Jew. The thick Lip and flat Nose, so frequently with the East-Indians and Blacks, are not common to them; for I have seen as comely European-like faces among them of both, as on your side of the Sea; and truly an Italian Complexion hath not much more of the White, and the Noses of several of them have as much of the Roman.11
He had great respect for the Indians, and understood their culture, so he, from
then on, would have an excellent relationship with the Indians. On of the most
famous things he had ever done was to have a treaty with the Indians under the Treaty Elm at Shackamaxon in 1682. Although it has been said it actually happened, there are no written records of the occurrence.12 He left the New World to go back to England in August of 1684, knowing he left behind economic wealth, and increasing political and social strengths.13
William Penn suffered from a crippling stroke in 1712, and managed to stay alive in a vegetable state until 1718 when he died.14 He was seventy-four.15 After his death, the Delaware Indians sent his widow a cloak sewn from the skins of wild animals "to protect her whilst passing through the thorny wilderness without her
guide."16 The rest of his family knew they could not let Penn's work go to waste, so they stepped in and worked to their fullest to keep his ideas alive. His wife became the Proprietor of Pennsylvania. Her goals had succeeded, and she ruled for eight years after his death, until she died in 1726.17 Thomas Penn, his middle child, was named the managing proprietor. He lived in the colony for forty years after his mother's death. He ruled for almost as long as his father, but like the rest of his family, he left the Quakers and joined the Church of England.
The French and Indian War broke up the friendly relationship of the Quakers and the Indians. Although a majority of the Indians stayed on the Englishss side, the others went to the French side. After the war, the Native Americans didn't agree with the Quakers, causing tension. They no longer got along. This caused violence on the part of the Indians. One tribe, on a visit to Philadelphia, killed cattle and robbed orchards as they passed. Another tribe on their way back from Philadelphia destroyed the property of the interpreter and Indian agent, Conrad Weiser.18
The Quakers had an enormous effect on Pennsylvania. They created the foundations of what is now Pennsylvania. William Penn will be remembered for his kindness and his hard efforts to help the Quakers and to be a great leader, which he was. That is why it is reasonable to call the colony that started so many great things Pennsylvania.
Return to 123HelpMe.com