War Strategies of Sir Arthur Currie

War Strategies of Sir Arthur Currie

Length: 1473 words (4.2 double-spaced pages)

Rating: Excellent

Open Document

Essay Preview

More ↓
War Strategies of Sir Arthur Currie
     Sir Arthur Currie was not a man raised to become a great general, he had to start from the beginning and work his way to the top. He served his country by fighting and leading battles that made Canada a great independent nation, making him a figure of inspiration to many Canadians. In the many battles of World War One, including Amiens, Passchendaele, Vimy Ridge, and others, Arthur Currie devised well prepared, flexible, unique, and intelligent war strategies that led Canadian troops to victory.
     Born on December 5th, 1875 in Napperton, Ontario, Arthur William Currie found his place in the world. Having been the third of seven children, Currie found his family to be very supportive of each other (Dancocks, 1985). At the age of 15, Currie’s father died of a stroke, leaving the family in financial problems. University was not the path to go down at this point for Currie, in hopes of becoming a lawyer. Instead, he took a teaching course (Harris, 1988).
     Later on in his developing career, Currie met with a woman named Lucy Charworth-Musters, who would one day be his wife. With a paying job as a teacher, he decided to enlist in the militia as a lowly gunner in the 5th Regiment at the Canadian Garrison Artillery. In 1901, Currie married Lucy and found a better-paying job at an insurance firm at Matson and Coles (Dancocks, 1985). With great devotion to his wife and two children, the militia was still one of Currie’s priorities and he became a commander of the 5th Regiment of Artillery, winning the Governor-General’s Cup for efficiency (Hyatt, 1987). On the 4th of August in 1914, the British ultimatum to Germany expired and Canada was now automatically at war (Hyatt, 1987).
     With careful planning, co-operation, good leadership and courage, Currie managed to bring out the characteristics of a well thought out success at Vimy Ridge in April of 1917 (Dancocks, 1985). Sir Arthur Currie’s responsibility was to command the 1st Canadian Division (Hyatt, 1987). He pushed his troops to undergo rigorous training and to prepare themselves by using a life-size course, with every trench marked by tape and a flag (Dancocks, 1985). Currie designed very accurate maps and he had a small-scale plasticine model built so that it could be studied by all soldiers. Arthur Currie insisted that his division’s knowledge of the enemy was excellent (Dancocks, 1985).

How to Cite this Page

MLA Citation:
"War Strategies of Sir Arthur Currie." 123HelpMe.com. 29 Jan 2020

Need Writing Help?

Get feedback on grammar, clarity, concision and logic instantly.

Check your paper »

Total Waste of Time, Total War: Canada Essay

- After the declaring war on Germany, Canada was excited to join Britain on the battlefield. As a result, many Canadians ran to sign up for World War I. They were desperate to prove their existence and capabilities as a nation to Britain. By 1918, the Canadian Government Robert Borden had spent over $1.5 billion and more than 600,000 Canadians had joined the war. Thus, the Canadian Government demonstrated the idea of total war by putting strain on the nation’s economy, people and resources in order to achieve Britain’s recognition as a nation....   [tags: countries participating in World War I]

Research Papers
740 words (2.1 pages)

General Sir Arthur Currie Essay

- LIEUTENANT--GENERAL SIR ARTHUR CURRIE (A brief account of the battle of Passchendaele) Lieutenant-General Sir Arthur Currie was the most capable soldier that Canada has produced. Certainly, he did not look like the great soldier he had become. A very tall man, at six-foot-four, he was also somewhat overweight. Through his successes as the Commander of the Canadian Corps, he knew how to delegate authority and stand by the decisions of his subordinates. Currie, however, was not a professional soldier....   [tags: essays research papers]

Research Papers
1958 words (5.6 pages)

Essay on Who helped Canada to become a nation?

- General Arthur Currie helped Canada to create an international reputation during World War One because he was a capable army commander who consistently has successful run of victories throughout the war. For example, his guts of going to the trenches while it was gassed and his calmness being under fire during the Second Battle of Ypres helped the allied won the battle. During the Poison Attack from the German, Currie issued from his brigade headquarter even though the area he was in was gassed and then destroyed by fire....   [tags: canadian history, general arthur currie]

Research Papers
866 words (2.5 pages)

Essay on Leadership Strategies in Art of War by Sun Tzu

- There are many books on military strategy and ways to win wars or battles in the world. Every book, manuscript, poem, song or play written on winning wars in the world has a history. In this case study, I will address the 'Art of War' written by Sun Tzu as it is regarded as one of the best and most successful documentation of military strategies. I will also compare and contrast Sun Tzu’s leadership strategies as compared to and contrasted with those of great military leaders throughout history; to include experience with past and present military leaders....   [tags: Military, Strategies]

Research Papers
1449 words (4.1 pages)

Death Of A Salesman By Arthur Miller Essay

- Author and Era: Death of a Salesman, the “first great American Tragedy,” is a 1949 play written by American playwright Arthur Miller. Miller is known for being a true activist, supporting and participating in many liberal issues, including the civil rights struggle and the protest against the Vietnam War. The basis for Death of a Salesman lies in Arthur Miller’s relationship with his uncle Manny Newman, a salesman. Miller expresses Manny’s emotions through Willy Loman, the main protagonist. In successfully doing so, Miller has been deemed an American who understands the true nature and values of the United States (Bloom)....   [tags: Death of a Salesman, Arthur Miller]

Research Papers
1292 words (3.7 pages)

Essay on Public Health Strategies During The Civil War

- The South contributed to the emergence of public health strategy in the United States by demonstrating the need for non-passive government presence in times of economic and social hardship. The South was able to have implement public health strategies during the Civil War, but their destitute state after the war proved difficult in maintaining successful public health strategies. During the Civil War, the Union troops brought sanitary programs to the South. These programs were established by the Sanitary Commission....   [tags: Poverty, United States, American Civil War]

Research Papers
802 words (2.3 pages)

Essay on Arthur: Myth, Legend, or Man

- King Arthur: myth, legend, hero or man. The mythical King Arthur is known as the man who became a king by pulling a sword, Excalibur, from a stone. The legendary King Arthur was thought to have had a table that he and his knights would gather around and it was round. Legend has it that King Arthur had commissioned Merlin, a powerful wizard, to design and enchant the table. This made way for the legend of “the knights of the round table”. The stories told about Arthur have evolved throughout the years, but was there a “real” Arthur....   [tags: King Arthur, Sword, Excalibur]

Research Papers
1086 words (3.1 pages)

The Crucible by Arthur Miller Essay examples

- Indians aren’t the only “things” that run rampant during the 17th century; in The Crucible by Arthur Miller, rumors of witchcraft spread contagiously throughout colonial Massachusetts. Dogmatic, ignorant, and fearful, the Puritans gave in to their suspicions and accused innocent women of being witches. The irony of this was that not only did the mobs harass these innocent women, but these women also accused one another, with one “witch” blaming another “witch” to divert the attention of the pitchfork wielding, torch bearing mob to another ovary bearing victim....   [tags: arthur miller, witchcraft, witches]

Research Papers
785 words (2.2 pages)

Essay about Arthur Miller's Death of a Salesman

- Arthur Miller's Death of a Salesman Many times while reading modern literature you will hear reference to the “American Dream”. What the various authors and or readers must decide is whether or not this is a true goal. There are many arguments that state that the “American Dream” is a figment of imagination. There are others that believe this is an attainable goal. One of the discussions that is held is what the true definition of the “American Dream” is. There are beliefs that think money and power are the ideal things to strive for....   [tags: Arthur Miller Death Salesman]

Research Papers
1761 words (5 pages)

Essay on Peloponnesian War Strategies

- Peloponnesian War Strategies "Just before the Peloponnesian War began, Pericles of Athens and King Archidamus of Sparta provided net assessments of the comparative strengths and weaknesses of the two sides. Evaluate their projections." A study of the strategies and projections of King Archidamus of Sparta as compared to those of Pericles of Athens reveal Archidamus' understanding of the "superiority of land power as a basis for success at sea" in the ancient Mediterranean - as well as Pericles' naiveté as to this tenet....   [tags: Papers]

Research Papers
1429 words (4.1 pages)

It was quite apparent that Currie had very well thought out and intelligent preparations for the battle of Vimy Ridge. Even Currie himself stated,
They had rehearsed the attack many times, and each and every man knew just exactly
where he was going in the attack, and what he was going to do when he got there.
Every feature of the German defence was studied, and definite plans made for the
overcome of every obstacle, in so far as it was humanly possible to make such plans
before and attack (Dancocks, 1985, p.94).
Currie’s troops’ readiness for battle led to remarkable success at Vimy Ridge, capturing nearly all the first objectives in the first 45 minutes (Hyatt, 1987). Not only did Currie lead his men to a significant victory, but the reputation of Canada had changed. As Field Marshal J.C. Smuts once wrote,
I see once more Vimy Ridge on that cold dull grey rainy morning of 9 April, 1917. I
witness once more the great deed that was wrought there by Currie and his men- a
deed that sent a thrill of hope and inspiration throughout the whole of our frustrated
ranks on the vast Western Front. Canada proved herself there, and it could never be
the same Canada again, as her subsequent history has already shown (Urquhart, 1950,
p. xiii).
     In October of 1917, Currie had to begin making preparations for an attack at Passchendaele. These preparations included exhausting and extensive work of building roads in the mud and gathering guns in just a few days (Dancocks, 1985). “Indeed, two of the most essential prerequisites for an attack in such complex conditions were very careful planning and close co-operation- qualities in which Currie excelled” (Hyatt, 1987, p. 82). The results of these preparations were excellent, in the words of Urquhart,
It is true these achievements were only possible because of the strength in man power
of the Canadians; but even so results would not have been so completely successful
had it not been for Currie’s tireless energy in insisting that the progress of the work be
kept up to strict timetable (Urquhart, 1950, p.177).
     In Currie’s opinion, the key to success for Passchendaele was to provide enough support at all times for the assaulting infantry. However, he was greatly worried about artillery not being able to do its share (Hyatt, 1987). Moreover, weather conditions were a big factor. Specifically, tremendous amounts of mud slowed Canadians down and casualties were increasing, but Currie was determined to keep his troops alive (Harris, 1988). Despite these obstacles the courageous men had fought their way through the mud and the outcome of Passchendaele was a victorious one (Hyatt, 1987). In one of Currie’s letters, he wrote, “I do not think it is too much to say… that the victory of the Canadians at Passchendaele kept the Allies in the war” (Dancocks, 1985, p.120). Passchendaele is a notable example of how Currie had well-prepared war strategies with plans that were based on efficiency and persistence.
     On August 8th, 1918 Canadian troops were to participate in the Amiens attack which meant that Currie’s role in making preparations became more important (Hyatt, 1987). A critical element of this attack was to move the corps to Amiens allowing them to engage in a surprise attack (Dancocks, 1985). Arthur Currie’s greatest contributions to this battle were suggestions which significantly accounted for the surprise attack that subsequently led to victory (Hyatt, 1987). Currie sent two infantry battalions north to Vimy in order to set up headquarters, where the signallers delivered phoney wireless messages to fool the enemy into thinking the Allies were moving north to Flanders (Hyatt, 1987).
Currie later summarized the results of the attack in a few words: “By afternoon the
Canadian Corps had gained all its objectives with the exception of a few hundred
yards on the right… but this was made good the following morning. The day’s
operations… represented a maximum penetration of the enemy’s defences of over
eight miles. The surprise had been complete and overwhelming” (Hyatt, 1987, p.116).
Currie’s plan of deception manifests his capability of making clever preparations and decisions which had a major impact on the successful results of the battle of Amiens.
     During the invasion of the Drocourt-Quéant Line, Arthur Currie manifested a more unique and flexible side of his personality by initiating a night attack (Dancocks, 1987). While he was not one to favour such a strategy; knowing that the Germans would be expecting an attack at dawn left him to believe that this was the proper course of action (Dancocks, 1987). This decision led to another rewarding attack allowing Canadians to quickly occupy enemy positions along the entire line (Dancocks, 1987). In Currie’s opinion, the D-Q Line was “one of the finest feats in our history” (Dancocks, 1985, p.162).
     While negotiations of an armistice were being discussed, Currie and his troops were preparing an attack on Mons in Belgium (Dancocks, 1987). Arthur Currie wanted to capture Mons, as long as there would not be many casualties (Hyatt, 1987). Mons was overrun quickly and easily without a single Canadian being killed (Dancocks, 1985). This was a great accomplishment for Currie, which he was very proud of. In addition, Currie had recaptured Mons from the Germans, finishing the war where it had first begun. For this reason, Currie received plenty of acknowledgement (Dancocks, 1985).
     Sir Arthur Currie was a superior strategist. Among his many unique characteristics, it was those of intelligence and conscientiousness which led Canadians to many victorious battles in the Great War. In the film, The Last 100 Days (1999), each man in the allied high command accepted and referred to Currie as “a master innovator of battle tactics against an entrenched enemy.” Currie is an important figure that deserves a lot of recognition and gratitude for his brilliant preparations that led to triumphant outcomes in battles of World War One.

     Dancocks, D.G. (1985). Sir Arthur Currie: A Biography. Toronto: Methuen Publications.
     Dancocks, D.G. (1987). Spearhead to Victory: Canada and the Great War. Edmonton: Hurtig Publishers Ltd.
     Harris, S.J. (1988). Canadian Brass: The Making of a Professional Army. Toronto: University of Toronto Press.
     Hyatt, A.M.J. (1987). General Sir Arthur Currie: A Military Biography. Toronto: University of Toronto Press.
     Nielson, Richard (Producer). (1999). The Last 100 Days. [Film].
Urquhart, H.M. (1950). Arthur Currie: The Biography of a Great Canadian. Toronto: J.M. Dent & Sons (Canada) Limited.
Return to 123HelpMe.com