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1.     Amendment: Written change in the Constitution.
2.     Balanced Budget: Budget in which income equals expenses.
3.     Birthrate: Number of births per 1,000 persons during one year.
4.     Block Grant: Federal funds given to state and local governments for broad purposes.
5.     Brown v. Board of Education: Concerned eight-year-old Linda Brown, a black girl living in Topeka, Kansas. The school only five blocks from Linda’s home was for whites only.
6.     City: Largest type of municipality.
7.     Commander-In-Chief: Role of the President as head of the armed forces.
8.     Concurring Opinion: Statement written by a Supreme Court Justice who agrees with the majority but for different reasons.
9.     Counties: Subdivision of state government formed to carry out state laws, collect taxes, and supervise elections.
10.     Debt Limit: Limit on the amount of money a government may borrow.
11.     Delegated Powers: Power given to the federal government by the Constitution.
12.     Dissenting Opinion: Statement written by a Supreme Court Justice who disagrees with the majority decision.
13.     Double Jeopardy: Being tried a second time for the same crime.
14.     Draft: Policy requiring men to serve in the military.
15.     Due Process: Right of all people to a fair trial.
16.     Electoral College: Group of people who cast the official votes that elect the President and Vice President.
17.     Filibuster: Method of delaying action in the Senate by making long speeches.
18.     General Election: Election in which the voters elect our leaders.
19.     Glittering Generalities: Method uses words that sound good but have little real meaning.
20.     Home Rule: Power of a city to write its own municipal charter and to manage its own affairs.
21.     Immigrant: Person who comes to a nation to settle as a permanent resident.
22.     Implied Power: Authority not specifically granted to Congress by the Constitution but which is suggested to be necessary to carry out the specific powers.
23.     Interest: Payment made for the use of loaned money.
24.     Interest Group: Organization of people with common interests who try to influence government policies and decisions.
25.     Lobbyist: Person paid to represent an interest group’s viewpoint at congressional committee hearings and who tries to influence the votes of Congress members.
26.     Marbury v. Madison: The case involved William Marbury, who had been promised appointment as a justice of the peace, and Secretary of State James Madison.
27.     Major-Council Plan: System of local government in which voters elect a city council to make laws and a major to carry out laws.
28.     Misdemeanor: Less serious crime, such as a traffic violation.
29.     Personal Income Tax: Tax on the income a person earns.
30.     Plank: Each part of a political party’s platform.
31.     Political Action Committee: Political arm of a interest group that collects voluntary contributions from members and contributes it to political candidates and parties it favors.

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32.     Popular Vote: Total votes cast by individual voters in a Presidential election.
33.     Presidential Succession: Order in which the office of President is to be filled if it becomes vacant.
34.     Press Secretary: Presidential assistant who represents the President to the news media and the public.
35.     Primary Election: Election in which the voters of various parties choose candidates to run for office in a general election.
36.     Profit: Income a business has left after expenses.
37.     Public Opinion: Sum total of the opinions held concerning particular issue.
38.     Revealed Propaganda: Propaganda that openly attempts to influence people.
39.     Rural Areas: Region of farms and small towns.
40.     Self-Incrimination: Testifying against oneself.
41.     Session: Regular meeting of Congress.
42.     Sheriff: Chief law-enforcement official in some county governments.
43.     Small Claims Court: State court that hears civil cases involving small amounts of money.
44.     Special District: Unit of local government set up to provide a specific service.
45.     State of the Union Message: Yearly report of the President to Congress, as required by the Constitution, in which the nation’s condition is described and programs and policies are recommended.
46.     Sunbelt: Region made up of states in the South and West.
47.     Surplus: Amount by which income exceeds expenditures.
48.     Testimonial: Political candidates and advertisers often seek endorsements from famous people.
49.     Third Parties: Political organization in the United States other than the major parties.
50.     Unconstitutional: Going against the Constitution, or beyond the powers granted by it.
51.     Veto: Refusal of the President or a governor to sign a bill.
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