Essay PreviewMore ↓
By looking at the Katz text, it is plain to see that his main argument on the topic of religious toleration is that these two groups of people in this time period did indeed desire separation and exclusiveness from each other. The problem that stemmed from this isolation was the difficulty in making everyday life work for both religious groups while at the same time keeping them apart from one another as much as possible. Furthermore, we see the struggle defined by Katz which describes the Jews and the difficulty they faced in translating their ancient texts to every day life scenarios. Much of what was written in the Aggadah and the Halakha was not always applicable to these past every day situations, so we begin to see a redefining and stretching of the sayings in the ancient text and the politics of the time in order to better suit the people and not disrupt the economy, society, etc. For example, we see the Jews now being able to represent themselves in court because of the new technicality which allows the oath to be taken. It is now allowed because the Christian taking the oath is swearing on a ?composite? God and more technically, a piece of paper which the Jews do not recognize as true authority (The Gospels). This shows how the social realities had changed and how the Jews had adapted to the situations by not getting rid of the text, but by instead articulating the text while maintaining exclusiveness.
On the other hand, R. Menahem ha-meir says in his article that toleration needs to be understood contextually, as in Katz?s work, however he also stresses that the need for the isolation and separation should be looked at strictly in its historical environment along with the already specific religious assumptions that the Christians and Jews have towards one another.
How to Cite this Page
"Tolerance in the Middle Ages." 123HelpMe.com. 19 Jan 2020
Need Writing Help?
Get feedback on grammar, clarity, concision and logic instantly.Check your paper »
- The True Beginning The Middle East has been considered the hub for the focal point of the world’s religions. However, the Middle East in itself has contributed to the innovation and evolution of all aspects in society since its beginning. Throughout its four regimes it has contributed culturally, ethnically and religiously in many methods. But, the early modern regime controlled itself and managed to blossom itself to the world religiously, ethnically, and culturally. The Middle East has flourished on its religious strengths and backgrounds.... [tags: Islam, Middle Ages, Middle East, Age of Discovery]
1388 words (4 pages)
- Part A 1) In several ways, Christians and Muslims in the Middle Ages shared in their approach to dealing with the infidels living in their lands, particularly in their proclamation of legal edicts defining the level of toleration and the protection offered those nonbelievers. Yet, however similar the two society's legislative relations were in managing minority faiths, there still existed minor fundamental differences stemming from disparities in their societal structure. A study of the legal decrees of either society reveals they both desired to maintain hegemony and obtain respect (manifestly and psychologically) for their faith.... [tags: Ottoman Empire, Papal Bull]
1959 words (5.6 pages)
- The Crusades of the High Middle Ages The Crusades of the High Middle Ages (a.d. 1050-1300) was a period of conquest or rather, reconquest, of Christian lands taken from Muslims in the early Middle Ages. It is an era romanticized by fervent Christians as the time when Christianity secured its honorable status as the true religion of the world. The affect of the Crusades is still with us today. It sailed from Spain and Portugal to the Americas in the fifthteenth century aboard sailing ships carrying conquistadors who sought new territory and rich resources.... [tags: Papers]
824 words (2.4 pages)
- The main difference in the Renaissance that differentiated it from the middle ages was the push for Humanism, the glorification of man rather than that of God. In medieval times, art was used solely for the spreading of the message of God. Especially because the medieval world was largely illiterate, art was an excellent way of communicating the stories of the Bible to the everyday peasant. Among many other artistic decisions, Art was intentionally not made beautiful, depicted flat scenes with no background, and used a hierarchical scale to represent its characters and message.... [tags: Florence, Renaissance, House of Medici, Art]
1811 words (5.2 pages)
- Calling for a Re-Write Homosexuality has been a controversial topic for hundreds of years now and has grown in awareness and acceptance over time. Past mentions of the subject can even be seen in older works of literature and art although it was not easily found because of the lack of understanding or “Androgynous” context, according to author, John Boswell author of, Christianity, Social Tolerance, and Homosexuality. It was not until the past 50 or so years that same sex marriage and gay rights began to make a huge up rise and today is seen as common and for the most part socially acceptable.... [tags: John Boswell, Homosexuality]
1251 words (3.6 pages)
- There are some wars that are not necessary, but there are some that are needed to save the world. The idea that World War II was not needed is preposterous. Though wars like the Gulf Conflicts and the Oil wars were not needed to save anything but oil for the United States. According to accession number AD0453887 “New methods of analysis were required. These were developed during World War II and formed the beginnings of a body of knowledge…” (Page 3) Decisions made by the United States military were made with good intentions and acted according to previous instances.... [tags: Military Decisions, Advanced Technology]
1538 words (4.4 pages)
- Food and water is essential for preserving life. It is not only important for sustaining life, but food also plays an important role in society functions. From Christmas, Easter, and thanksgiving food is an important part of celebrations. Food and celebration has always brought generations of people together to enjoy each other’s company. In our modern society, in particular the United States, we have an abundance of food at our disposal. However, in society today as well as in previous centuries there is a huge gap between wealth and poverty.... [tags: The Middle Ages]
1465 words (4.2 pages)
- The people of the middle ages showed their faith in many ways some were through prayer or fasting and others took a more violent approach. The Crusades were a way for men to resolve themselves of their sins according to Pope Urban II. This was also a way for the Crusaders to take back what they believed was stolen from their ancestors and their god. This was not only from the men who went to fight, there were also the elderly, women, and children who felt they needed to go help their faith. This would also make the Muslims who had control over Jerusalem because they believed it was their holy land as well.... [tags: Crusades, First Crusade, Middle Ages]
823 words (2.4 pages)
- The Middle Ages Throughout time, history has taken some strange turns. A single ruler establishing some new form of government can transform entire civilizations, or a single event can lead to the creation of a great new people. Whatever the case, history can repeat itself in time. One possible exemption of this could be Britain’s time period of the Middle Ages. Bearing a distinct and unique culture relative to the time period, some of the values and the customs held during this time have yet to be repeated in history.... [tags: History Historical Middle Ages Essays]
1210 words (3.5 pages)
- Middle Ages The history of the modern world derives from thousands of years of human history. Embedded in its history are the many eras of man which have constructed our modern learning, art, beliefs, and order. The middle ages, although represented as “dark”, backwards, and idle, were in fact a bridge linking the classical and modern world. Medieval society may not have been in a sense glorious, but the era of itself was a prime foundation of the modern world’s newfound stability, a revival of the law and teachings from the classical era, a reinvestment and reform in the church, and a precursor to the golden age of art.... [tags: History Historical Essays Middle Ages]
720 words (2.1 pages)
It is evident that relations in regards to tolerance between the Jews and the Christians in the Middle Ages depended on already existing and predisposed assumptions about the respective religions, as well as the present day social realities and the need to adapt to the ever changing social climate. It is also important to point out that the Jews have an absolute and authoritative text which they did not get rid of in the face of adversity, but rather altered it as to keep the balance between the isolation of the Jews from the Christians and the running of every day life. The two religious groups maintained isolation while at the same time maintained social, political, and economic prosperity and prestige.