Alcohol and Marijuana Initiation

Alcohol and Marijuana Initiation

Length: 781 words (2.2 double-spaced pages)

Rating: Excellent

Open Document

Essay Preview

More ↓
The Dynamics of Alcohol and Marijuana Initiation

Alcohol and Marijuana are the most popular substances among adolescents in the United States. To prevent our youth from ever using marijuana or using alcohol too early, we must find out the exact age they are most likely to be initiated to it. Alcohol and Marijuana are often considered as gateway substances to other deadlier drugs. By delaying the onset of use by youths, we can prevent them from ever using other drugs. Many factors play into whether one adolescent is more at risk than another to be a future drug or substance abuser. Such things as age, sex, religious beliefs, parental responsibilities, and peers. This study that I am expounding upon, examines the dynamic patterns and predictions of alcohol and marijuana initiation.
This study examined how the risk for initiation changes over the course of adolescent development. The study uses a social development model to examine key features of control, social learning, and differential association theories. The model hypothesis that children learn patterns of behavior, whether pro-social or antisocial , from socializing agents such as family members, peers, and others.
The method by which the study was conducted is through questionnaire or survey. In September 1985, 18 Seattle elementary schools were identified that had over-representations of students from high-crime neighborhoods, according to police records. The study population included all fifth-grade students who attended these schools. The amount of participants numbered 1,053. Of the 1,053 students, 808 consented to participate in the study and made up this social development project sample. The number of students involved was comparable to other similar studies.
The data was collected in the fall of 1985, when most students were 10.5 years of age. (Median=10.7, mean=10.8, SD=0.52) In the spring of each succeeding year through 1991 and in the spring of 1993, when most participants were 18 years old, data was collected through the same questionnaire. Every time the students were asked to complete the questionnaire, they were given a monetary or small incentive. Each questionnaire took an hour in duration to complete.
The study separated the groups by one being exposed to a muticomponent preventive intervention in the first two years of the study. The initiation rates showed differences between the intervention and control groups. The full sample of students was balanced between male and female, (412 male, 396 females). Racial/Ethnic composition was 46% white, 24% black, 21% Asian, 6% Native American, 3% from other racial/ethnic groups.

How to Cite this Page

MLA Citation:
"Alcohol and Marijuana Initiation." 01 Apr 2020

Need Writing Help?

Get feedback on grammar, clarity, concision and logic instantly.

Check your paper »

Should Marijuana Be Legalized For Medical Reasons? Essay

- Marijuana has been a frequently abused drug for quite some time, but is just now receiving national attention on the controversial issue of the question if it should become legalized, and what effects this will have on Americans and their communities. Recently there have been many arguments made about how marijuana should be legalized for medical reasons since, for example, it is a great option for people attempting to manage their chronic pain. By legalizing the drug, many people will begin to accept the fact that it is okay and will result in an extreme increase in drug use throughout the United States....   [tags: Drug addiction, Heroin, Addiction, Drug]

Research Papers
1248 words (3.6 pages)

Essay on Decriminalization of Marijuana in Canada

- In recent years, there has been a strong push towards decriminalizing marijuana in Canada. Decriminalization refers to the act of removing criminal sanctions, such that possession of marijuana as well as consumption of it would not result in a criminal prosecution. Currently, under Canada’s Controlled Drugs and Substances Act, possession of marijuana (up to 30 grams) carries a penalty of 6 months in jail as well as a $1000 fine for first offences with the penalty increasing for subsequent offences....   [tags: removing criminal sanctions for use and posession]

Research Papers
1277 words (3.6 pages)

Essay about Should Marijuana Be Legal?

- “I don’t know if marijuana is okay, but at least it won’t kill you. Not like tobacco. It might mess your brain up a little.” Sachi, a character from the Murakami Haruki’s short story, Hanalei Bay, says to two young men who want to know if marijuana is safer than other illicit drugs. Cannabis, well known as marijuana, is in the center of the most heated controversy in this contemporary society. According to Chris Boyette and Jacque Wilson of CNN, twenty-seven states and District of Columbia have either legalized medical marijuana or decriminalized marijuana possession....   [tags: Cannabis, Tetrahydrocannabinol, Psychosis]

Research Papers
1200 words (3.4 pages)

Drugs and Alcohol in the Adolescent Years Essay

- Drugs and Alcohol in the Adolescent Years The years of adolescence are a very important time for both young girls and boys to make decisions that will essentially have the power to shape their lives. In life there are conflicts to be overcome from both the “evil” social world and also a young girl’s vulnerability can cause problems. Both have a huge impact on decisions she will make. Drugs and alcohol are both issues that almost any young person in today’s society is going to come into contact with....   [tags: Influence Teenagers Peers Narcotics Essays]

Research Papers
1559 words (4.5 pages)

Essay on Concerns of Longterm Cannabis Use

- Long-term use of cannabis has deleterious effects on the outcomes of health. THC can cause a wide variety of impacts on the cardiopulmonary and CNS systems. According to the American Lung Association, smoking marijuana can greatly increase the risk of lung cancer due to approximately 33 carcinogenic chemicals contained in marijuana (Roan, 2013). Like tobacco smoke, the smoke generated from smoking marijuana also can cause 4 times as much tar deposition inside the lungs when compared to tobacco smoke....   [tags: health, marijuana, abuse]

Research Papers
636 words (1.8 pages)

Essay about Using Active Listening Is Valuable

- Using active listening is valuable because it gives the youth, a chance to open up and talk about their feelings and concerns. With saying this the lack of parental involvement in a youths, young up bringing is very crucial because they are able to have an open relationship to be able to talk to them. Allowing this will help the youth feel comfortable talking to their, parents about possible situations about them using drugs or questions they may have about it. Without the positive home environment, authoritative parenting, effective communication skills and understanding youth will resort to negative behavior and actions....   [tags: Alcoholism, Alcohol abuse, Drinking culture]

Research Papers
1474 words (4.2 pages)

Individuality In Sylvia Plath's Initiation Essay

- There is no shortage of media encouraging adolescents to ‘be themselves’, promoting self-worth regardless as to what others think. While many may be fed this message throughout music and film, rarely ever is it conveyed to actually have a lasting effect on one’s personal views quite like Sylvia Plath’s “Initiation”. Although formulaic, Plath’s uniquely optimistic short story warns against an obsession with belonging, and explores the importance of individuality through the protagonist Millicent Arnold’s gradual character development, from a self-conscious teenage girl to a stronger and more confident individual....   [tags: Bullying, Hazing, Abuse, Sylvia Plath, Initiation]

Research Papers
953 words (2.7 pages)

Essay on Alcohol as a Gateway

- Alcohol and heavy drinking throughout Canada plays a distinctive role in instigating other key addictions. Drinking and consumption abuse can be linked strongly to the abuse of illicit drugs. Binge drinking should be seen as a gateway or portal to the development of poly-drug users. As the gateway drug theory suggests, routine use of less harmful drugs, in this case alcohol, will lead to risk of abusing more serious drugs. Alcohol is so readily available and like any other psychoactive drug it can be very addictive....   [tags: Alcohol]

Research Papers
782 words (2.2 pages)

Alcohol vs Marijuana Essay

- Alcohol vs Marijuana There is no culture in the history of mankind that did not ever use some kind (kinds) of drugs. Despite the well-known consequences of drug addiction, millions of people constantly consume different legal and illegal drugs. Affecting people's mind and changing their behavior, drugs become one of the most threatening factors of social risk, resulting in increasing rates of mortality, aggressive and criminal behavior, and dissolution of social ties. This paper is devoted to comparison of social science outcome characteristics for two of the most commonly used drugs in the groups of legal and illegal drugs--alcohol in the first and marijuana in the second....   [tags: Compare Contrast Drugs Alcohol Weed]

Research Papers
1538 words (4.4 pages)

Alcohol the Most Lethal Drug Essay

- Alcohol is the most lethal drug causing injuries, health problems and even deaths to people worldwide. Most people think that because cocaine, heroine and bang are not legalized then they are the most dangerous drugs but this is untrue. Alcohol is the only drug which can cause sudden death to the user in relation to its effects. Taking an example, people drinking in a bar are more likely to engage in a fight and eventually harm one another while somebody using cocaine will be at lower risk of engaging in physical fights with the colleagues....   [tags: Alcohol ]

Research Papers
1427 words (4.1 pages)

Large portions of participants were from relatively low-income households. Median annual income for the sample in 1985 was approximately $25,000. Forty six percent of parents reported a maximum family income below $20,000 a year. Forty two percent reported having only one-parent households.
The study’s definition of initiation was the first point at which a participant reported having more than just one sip or two of alcohol and the first time someone smoked marijuana. The predictions for initiation were: Parents’ pro-active family management combined six items assessing parents’ monitoring, rules, discipline, and reward practices. Parents’ substance use norm combined with parents’ permissiveness and rules about alcohol and drug use, along with participants’ perceived likelihood of being caught and punished for drinking alcohol or smoking marijuana. Bonding to mother, friend’s substance use and participants substance use were also used. Higher scores, based on the participants’ answers, indicated better or worse family management, stronger norms against substance use, more bonding, and more substance use by peers or siblings.
The conclusion and results of the study seemed to show two different rates at which alcohol and marijuana had been initiated. For example; at the age of 10.5 years, 25% of the participants reported that they had tried alcohol, while only 3% had tried marijuana. These two rates showed very different trajectories in risk. Alcohol initiation rose sharply at age 13 to 64%, while marijuana only rose to only 13%. By age 18, the alcohol rate rose to a staggering 88%. And Marijuana initiation rose to 37%.
The study concluded with the results showing that from the age of 13 to 18, alcohol initiation skyrocketed. This seems to be mainly due to peer pressure, poor parental management and environmental factors. The same can be said of marijuana initiation. The flaws of this study include: The participants may not be giving truthful answers, especially when the subject in question is illegal or illicit. The adolescents being questioned may not be willing to tell the truth about about certain behaviors and exposure to illegal substances. They may fear retaliation if they answer that they have come in contact with these substances. Also, the figure of how many high school dropouts is omitted and could have impacted the results significantly
Return to