Essay PreviewMore ↓
The form of the Code of Hammurabi is significant in the way that it is written. The simple language used to write the Code allowed the average member of Babylonian society to understand the expectations placed on them. Each of 282 laws was written separately with specific examples of indiscretions that were illegal, and the precise form of punishment that would occur. The Code also sets guidelines for the fees that were paid to doctors, veterinarians, shipbuilders, ferryboat operators, and to the owners of rented livestock.
The author of the Code also makes some key assumptions while writing his laws. Hammurabi must assume that the members of his kingdom have the same values and morals that he does. He writes as if everyone will agree with each law written, and makes no provision for members of society to disagree with him. Hammurabi also assumes that the punishment he prescribes will be enough to deter crime and prevent repeat offenders. When prescribing the incentives given to doctors, Hammurabi made assumptions about how much money it would take to encourage doctors to practice medicine and shipbuilders to build ships.
The Code of Hammurabi, carved into stone, leaves no questions about its credibility. It stands out because it was the most complex and most advanced collection of law in its time.
Much can be learned about Babylonian society through reading the Code of Hammurabi. At a very basic level, the document itself and the materials used to produce it tell a lot about how advanced the empire was.
The Code reveals the priorities that Hammurabi and his kingdom held.
How to Cite this Page
"The Code of Hammurabi." 123HelpMe.com. 17 Dec 2018
Need Writing Help?
Get feedback on grammar, clarity, concision and logic instantly.Check your paper »
- Throughout history, many civilizations have endured through a system of social, political, religious, and economic laws and rituals. Most of these laws and rituals were set up as procedures for moral behavior, family life, education, government, and business. These basic values were set forth by an early civilization known as the Babylonians. Law codes were regarded as a subject for prayer. However, to truly gain an understanding of Mesopotamia in the 17th Century BC, we should take a closer look at the penalties rather than the laws themselves.... [tags: Code of Hammurabi, history, ]
1375 words (3.9 pages)
- The Hammurabi Code and Mosaic Law were used to lead their people during two different era. They were similarities and differences, between the two. For example, they were both discovered by their leaders in similar ways, but differed in their approach to justice and morality. Hammurabi Code respects women, but has distinct social class and penalties based on the class you belonged to, while the Mosaic Law had no distinction between people and gave everybody even fairness. Both the Hammurabi Code and the Mosaic Law were received by their peoples in similar ways.... [tags: Code of Hammurabi, Law, Babylonia, Babylon]
1266 words (3.6 pages)
- King Hammurabi’s code of laws was a reflection of their society. His set of 282 laws that were used to help govern his empire were set in stone over 3,000 years ago. These laws give clues to what life was like in the Babylonian society. Swift and just punishments were placed upon the offenders which kept crime levels down. These laws branched off of two different types of offenses; criminal and civil. Criminal offenses were larger crimes involving killing and theft. Civil offenses were more about family matters and marriage.... [tags: Social class, Sociology, Code of Hammurabi, Law]
1231 words (3.5 pages)
- The “Code of Hammurabi” is considered to be one of the most valuable finds of human existence. In fact its very existence created the basis for the justice system we have come to rely on today. The creation of “the Code” was a tremendous achievement for not only Babylonian society but for the entire Mesopotamian region as King Hammurabi was ruler over all of that area. Its conception can be considered to be the first culmination of the laws of different regions into a single, logical text. Hammurabi wanted to be an efficient ruler and realized that this could be achieved through the use of a common set of laws which applied to all territories and all citizens who fell under his rule.... [tags: Ancient History]
946 words (2.7 pages)
- The code of Hammurabi was presented in an eight-foot-tall stele made of gleaming black basalt. On the upper part of it shows Hammurabi the Babylonian king standing in the left next to the God of justice , Shamash. The laws were written in a phallic form , Hence made it obvious that it is a symbol of Hammurabi’s authority. Everyone at the time of Hammurabi could recognize the symbol of Hammurabi’s authority . Even those who could not read what was inscribed in the stele. Hammurabi ruled Babylon , which is a city in the center of Mesopotamia .... [tags: Babylonia, ruler, laws]
631 words (1.8 pages)
- Throughout history, many civilizations have endured through a system of social, political, religious, and economic laws and rituals. Most of these laws and rituals were set up as procedures for moral behavior, family life, education, government, and business. These basic values were set forth by an early civilization known as the Babylonians. There is a lot about Babylonian society that can be learned through reading the Code of Hammurabi. In the very least, the document itself and the materials used to produce it tell a lot about how advanced the empire was.... [tags: Babylonian Society]
1118 words (3.2 pages)
- “If a builder builds a house for someone, and does not construct it properly and the house which he built falls down and kills its owner, then the builders shall be put to death.” (Van der Heijden 2008) The above quote is derived from the earliest known building code from 2000 BC, which is also known as the code of Hammurabi. The code of Hammurabi is evident that duties and responsibilities of builders towards their client were regarded highly since the 19Th century (Van der Heijden 2008). In the present context, the construction industry is highly regulated, as anyone involved in the building and construction industry are subject to various laws, codes and regulations.... [tags: Building, Construction, Building code, Architect]
1115 words (3.2 pages)
- The Code of Hammurabi was written by King Hammurabi, who began ruling the Babylonian Empire in about 1800 BC. Hammurabi came to power using his strengths as a military leader, conquering many smaller city-states to create his Empire. Hammurabi believed that the gods appointed him to bring justice and order to his people, and he took this duty very seriously. Not long after his ascent to power, he created his Code, 282 laws written to define all relationships and aspects of life in the kingdom. The laws were displayed in a public place so that all the people could have the opportunity to study them.... [tags: essays research papers]
748 words (2.1 pages)
- During the early civilization of Babylonia arose King Hammurabi, which whom set fourth a moral code of written laws. These laws were strictly enforced by harsh punishments in which the people of Babylonia abided by. The moral codes were created by King Hammurabi to maintain order and stability in Babylonia. The basis for these laws were enforced by the saying "an eye for an eye, a tooth for a tooth." This meant that if harm was done to you by someone of the same social status, the equivalent harm would be done to them.... [tags: World History]
525 words (1.5 pages)
- Code Of Hammurabi The people of ancient Babylon lived their lives not how they wanted to, but by "The Code of Hammurabi". The code was the major reflector and shaper in the ancient Babylonian society. If there was something they wanted to do, they had to make sure that it wasn't against the code, because if it was, the consequences were serious, and could mean their life. But without the code, their society would be much more uncivilized and inhumane. Without the code, they wouldn't have been as advanced and as knowledgeable as they were.... [tags: History Babylon Essays Papers Ethics Society]
904 words (2.6 pages)
The Code also provides many laws about property. Property rights were very important to the Babylonians, and specific provisions are made about slaves, fields and crops, homes, personal property, and inheritances. For example, if a man left personal property with a friend for safe-keeping, and instead of returning it, uses it himself, he must pay the owner of the property five times the value of all of the items entrusted to him.
Perhaps the virtue that Hammurabi most wanted to instill in his people was personal responsibility. If a man built a house that was not properly constructed, and the walls caved in, resulting in the death of the owner, the builder was to be put to death. If a farmer did not tend to his dikes, and the resulting floods ruined the fields of his neighbors, the farmer had to compensate his neighbors.
The Code of Hammurabi illustrates the class structure that the Babylonians had, and the Code was designed with this structure in mind. Power to demand more severe punishments was given to the Amelu, what we would today call the upper class, but they also received harsher punishments if they broke the law. The Mushkinu, or middle class, did not receive such stiff fines or punishments, however they were restricted in their contributions to religion and were required to give money to people they injured. The Slaves were treated as little more than property, although they were able to do business, own their own property, and purchase their freedom. Their punishments were the most severe.
The Code of Hammurabi is still studied by historians and students for its contributions to history to the beginnings of civilization and law.