socrates

socrates

Length: 832 words (2.4 double-spaced pages)

Rating: Excellent

Open Document

Essay Preview

More ↓
This paper will argue that during “The trial and Death of Socrates”, Socrates could have given better arguments for his defense. First it will outline the prejudices or accusations Socrates has to face during his trial. It will then show how Socrates acted as tough he wanted to lose the case and finally it will conclude explaining the arguments Socrates could have given in order to be acquitted.

During the first speech (18a-19b) Socrates has to overcome two different types of prejudices: the old prejudice against Socrates set by the plays of Aristophanes and the new prejudices that included impiety charged by Meletus as well as the corruption of the youth.
     In fact more than once is Socrates confused for someone else. Aristophanes is responsible for latter but it is reconstructed by Meletus as including both impiety and corruption and Socrates is portrayed as a corrupt teacher .the first charge of impiety also originates with Aristophanes but Meletus confuses Socrates with the atheistic Anaxagoras when he describes Socrates as seeking to study the heavens (18a) the second charge of corruption is also in Aristophanes' Clouds but confuses Socrates with Protagoras. This led to confusion (18e) of Socrates with other sophists like Gorgias, Prodicus, and Hippias.
The new prejudice against Socrates really is because of the Socratic paradox (20c-21a): “he knows nothing and only in this he claims to be wise “ this paradox aroused hatred against him (21b, 23ab), even though he explains that the knowledge of his ignorance lead to his philosophical mission in life .his mission to question and to seek “the unexamined life is no life for a man”(21c-23c) this is explained by Chaerephon's enquiry at Apollo's oracle at Delphi declaring Socrates the wisest of men (21b-) Socrates turns this philosophical interrogation into his philosophical purpose ,as a consequence the young followed him trying to copy his questions to their leaders (23c) this arose the charge of corrupting the youth ( 23d) since like Socrates, they also questioned the leaders of democracy and religion, claiming not to believe in the gods and discover the heavens (d) .
Having in mind all theses accusations Socrates, should had defend himself better but that was not the case. Throughout the trial, he acted as though he wanted to lose the case. He went out of his way to antagonize the jury, making comments that associated himself with certain people and ideas that were offensive to the jury.

How to Cite this Page

MLA Citation:
"socrates." 123HelpMe.com. 27 Jan 2020
    <https://www.123helpme.com/view.asp?id=86511>.

Need Writing Help?

Get feedback on grammar, clarity, concision and logic instantly.

Check your paper »

Socrates, Socrates And The Right Decision Essay

- In Plato’s Crito, Socrates’s commitment to virtue is illustrated. Socrates is imprisoned and has been sentenced to death. Socrates will most likely be put to death the next day. One of Socrates’ friends and supporters, Crito, comes in and tells Socrates that he has paid off the guard and that they must move quickly and escape. Socrates says it would be unjust for him to escape, as Crito pleads for him to leave. Socrates acts according to his definition of virtue when ignoring Crito’s reasonings, and therefore is acting virtuously in his insistence on staying....   [tags: Socrates, Plato, Ethics, Philosophy]

Research Papers
1496 words (4.3 pages)

Socrates, Socrates And The Gods Of Athens Essay

- A. Under trial for corrupting youth and not worshiping the Gods in Athens, Socrates takes an attitude that many might interpret as pompous during his trial. Rather than apologise, as Plato’s dialogue title Apology suggests, Socrates explains why he is right and those who accused him are mistaken. He speaks in a plain manner, as if the jury is just another of his followers. Socrates first cites the profit at Delphi for why he behaves in ways that lead to him being under scrutiny of the law. He explains that his friend, Chaerephon, went to ask the oracle if anyone is wiser than Socrates and the oracle responded no (21a)....   [tags: Plato, Socrates, Philosophy, Logic]

Research Papers
895 words (2.6 pages)

The Dialogs Of Socrates By Socrates Essay

- When reading the dialogs of Socrates, it is easy to ready each as an individual story. It is more difficult to take into consideration every word that Socrates has said up to that point and allow that to influence the validity of Socrates current position or argument. Though this may be more difficult we must take everything that Socrates has claimed to hold in every dialog. While doing this brings up a potential contradiction between Socrates Apology and in his dialog with Crito. Though this contradiction is clearly visible when focusing on just the idea of these claims, there is background beliefs of the Gods that allows both Socrates claim in his apology and his argument in the Crito dial...   [tags: Plato, Socrates, Philosophy, Ethics]

Research Papers
891 words (2.5 pages)

Socrates And The Apology Of Socrates Essay examples

- Socrates was the kind of man who always spoke what was on his mind and had no trouble doing so. He was brought to trial for allegedly demeaning the people of Athens and challenging their perspectives on certain views. To ensure that there society run smoothly, people in Athens were taught to always strive and be excellent in everything they do. In Socrates eyes, in order to be wise, one must know how to deal with people and how to engage conversation with them, which is exactly what he tried to do with numerous people in, “Plato, The Apology of Socrates”....   [tags: Plato, Knowledge, Socrates, Apology]

Research Papers
1080 words (3.1 pages)

Socrates 's Views On The Apology Of Socrates Essay

- Socrates was a well-known philosopher in Ancient Greek who was named the father of Western philosophy. Yet, the counselors and state jurors did not believe that Socrates was the knowledgeable man that the city of Athens claims that he is. Therefore, the state accused Socrates for depraving the youth of Athens, as well as creating new gods that were not recognized by the state. In the Apology, one can understand that it was not much of an apology or an acknowledgment of offense. Later on, Socrates is sentenced to death and later writes Crito, where his friend Crito endeavors to convince Socrates to escape his jail cell....   [tags: Plato, Socrates, State, Trial of Socrates]

Research Papers
1285 words (3.7 pages)

Socrates ' Views On Socrates 's Philosophy Essay

- Socrates uses rhetoric to defend himself and his philosophy in the Apology written by his student, Plato. He responds to three charges including the slanders told about Socrates according to the Clouds, and two charges brought against him in the trail. Socrates’ novel way of thinking, living and practicing of philosophy challenges the prejudiced jury and the law that Athen built upon. The way Socrates defends himself and his philosophy shows his thinking of law, virtue and the meaning of life. I argue that Socrates doesn 't defend himself well for the three charges....   [tags: Socrates, Plato, Philosophy, Meaning of life]

Research Papers
1217 words (3.5 pages)

The Unjust Death of Socrates Essay

- The Unjust Death of Socrates The question of why Socrates was executed and if he deserved the charges put against him has been asked by historians for centuries. Socrates has a unique position in the history of philosophy. On one hand he is the most influential on another he is the least known. In his later life he is seen to stalk the streets barefoot, to spite shoemakers. He went about arguing and questioning people and revealing inconsistencies in their beliefs. He began teaching students but never accepted payments for doing so....   [tags: Socrates, Philosopher]

Research Papers
456 words (1.3 pages)

Wisdom of Socrates Essay

- Socrates was a man that was in search of the truth about wisdom. However, it became more than just a simple search, rather it tuned into a complex assignment where the answer of true wisdom leads Socrates to be brought up on charges of corrupting society. As a philosopher Socrates is known to take every angle of an argument and to never put belief into one idea. Therefore Socrates was known to perplex even simple ideas and to frustrate his opponent. People who have experienced this accuse Socrates of making his own truths about the natural and unnatural world when in actuality he his still in search of a better meaning....   [tags: Socrates]

Free Essays
507 words (1.4 pages)

Essay about Socrates Was NOT Guilty

-      Socrates, in his conviction from the Athenian jury, was both innocent and guilty as charged. In Plato’s Five Dialogues, accounts of events ranging from just prior to Socrates’ entry into the courthouse up until his mouthful of hemlock, both points are represented. Socrates’ in dealing with moral law was not guilty of the crimes he was accused of by Meletus. Socrates was only guilty as charged because his peers had concluded him as such. The laws didn’t find Socrates guilty; Socrates was guilty because his jurors enforced the laws....   [tags: Innocence of Socrates Essay]

Research Papers
1660 words (4.7 pages)

Plato’s Portrayal of Socrates Essay

- Plato’s Portrayal of Socrates The portrayal of Socrates by his student Plato creates one of the most controversial characters of all time. There are few other personalities in history that have drawn criticism and praise from the furthest ends of each spectrum. Socrates has been called the inventor of reason and logic, and at the same time has been condemned as a corruptor and a flake. Perhaps he was all of these. Despite this disagreement, one is a certainty: Socrates had a very interesting and active sense of humor....   [tags: Plato Socrates]

Research Papers
2381 words (6.8 pages)

Related Searches

He attacked the beliefs held by the jury, knowing that they held them dearly. He wanted to die—he wanted the death penalty. Still, with everything he gave to try to turn the jury against him, he was only convicted by the jury by a margin of approximately 280 to 230. The second part of the trial in Athens involved arguments over the penalty, which was also voted on by the jury. It is here that Socrates makes extreme suggestions in order to be sure that they voted for the death penalty. The jury had two choices for a penalty Death penalty suggested by the prosecution and one given by the defense. Socrates, according to the writings of Plato, originally made a “vulgar” suggestion. He wanted to be named a hero and be given free meals for the remainder of his life at the city hall and a place of honor. After changing his penalty once before, he finally settled on a fine of 30 minas of silver, which would have been a reasonable option, had he not done the damage with his original suggestion. The jury decided to give Socrates the death penalty; this was the result of Socrates’ determination to die as a result of the trial.
In the book we find enough arguments Socrates could have given in order to be acquitted. In regards to the accusations concerning his beliefs, or lack, in the gods of Athens, Socrates had forced Meletus to call him an atheist. Atheism was not illegal in Athens, and definitely not punishable by law. However Socrates does not even attempt to press this issue. This was not the major focus of the trial. It was more of a secondary accusation, made only so that the prosecution would have a backup plan. Socrates did not need to argue this accusation, because it left plenty of room for escape.
Concerning his teaching to the children and other listeners within the city, Socrates needed only to side with the Athenians and convince the jury that the trial was not a trial against him Socrates, but against the beliefs held dearly by the citizens of the city. They were attacking Socrates for his exercising of the people’s right to free speech. When we know that the Athenians were proud of this freedom they had, Socrates did not use this to his advantage. He did not use the fears of the jury to his advantage. He did not want to be acquitted. He did not want to win. Socrates wanted only one thing—for democracy to be disgraced.

Return to 123HelpMe.com