Salvador Luria

Salvador Luria

Length: 744 words (2.1 double-spaced pages)

Rating: Excellent

Open Document

Essay Preview

More ↓
Salvador Luria

     Salvador Luria was one of the founders of microbiology, as we know it. He emigrated from here from his native country of Italy in 1940. His work in the United States is his best known. His work on bacteriophage (bacterial virus) here brought up many new topics in bacteriology, biochemistry, and virology.
     Born in 1912 in Turin, Italy Salvador Luria was born to David Luria and Ester Sacerdote. His father was a well-respected Jewish leader in his hometown. Salvador attended Liceo d’Azeglio high school. This was one of Northern Italy’s most highly recognized schools. After he finished high school he enrolled in medical school at the University of Turin. In medical school he studied with nerve tissue expert Giuseppe Levi. He met Ugo Fano who later taught him calculus and physics in an after school class using astronomy as a base.
     The influence that Fano had on Salvador was so great that he decided to pursue basic sciences. He decided to go with Radiology, he believed this was the gap between physics and medicine. He received his medical degree in 1935. Although he had received his degree he was not happy. He believed Radiology was the most boring part of the medical world.
     Salvador was drafted into the Italian Army as a medic. This proved he was not made for a medical career. He was discharged in 1937 and moved to Rome. In Rome he study at the Physics Institute of the University of Rome. He was shown the writings of Max Delbruck, who had boldly stated a gene, was a molecule. Salvador later said that Max’s writings were the “Holy Grail of biophysics.”
     While living in an old broken down trolley car in the streets of Rome Salvador started a conversation with a microbiologist by the name of Geo Rita. Geo introduced him to bacteriophage, Salvador believed he could prove Max’s theory. He fled Europe in 1940 when the Nazi war machine was an approaching. He acquired an American visa and came to the United States.
     Once he arrived in the United States he got a position at Columbia University. He got a hold of Delbruck and Delbruck agreed to help him in his experiments. They spent the summer of ’41 in Columbia University’s Biological Laboratory. Here Salvador rejoined his old friend Ugo Fano. In 1942-1943 he continued his bacteriophage studies. He was trying to prove the process or processes that caused bacteria mutation.

How to Cite this Page

MLA Citation:
"Salvador Luria." 123HelpMe.com. 10 Dec 2019
    <https://www.123helpme.com/view.asp?id=84708>.

Need Writing Help?

Get feedback on grammar, clarity, concision and logic instantly.

Check your paper »

Analysis Of Oleg Shuplyak And Salvador Dali Essay

- Oleg Shuplyak and Salvador Dali are artists from different eras whose paintings have a lot in common. Commonalities include their style of surrealism and the inclusion of famous faces in some of their works. The use of illusion by both artists is a common thread that stands out when comparing their works. Although Salvador Dali and Oleg Shuplyak both use the element of illusion in their works, each artist implements illusion in a way that is unique to the respective artist. Oleg Shuplyak is a lesser-known Ukrainian artist who was born in 1967....   [tags: Oil painting, Painting, Salvador Dalí]

Research Papers
1146 words (3.3 pages)

Essay on How El Salvador Became The World’s Most Violent Peacetime Country

- Political violence is a topic that is not unheard of in the ears of our generation, being quite the common factor in a never ending struggle for power-thirsty individuals and groups throughout history. Empires, spanning countless miles of land, did not come to considerable power without violence and politics playing their roles. Regardless of the size, El Salvador was no exception. Political violence has transformed this country, not only economically and culturally, but emotionally as well. Peaceful Salvadorans, including their children, were taking up arms, becoming part of guerrilla communist groups or death squads....   [tags: El Salvador]

Research Papers
2660 words (7.6 pages)

Surrealism and Salvador Dali Essay

- Surrealism and Salvador Dali Salvador Dali, was born Salvador Felipe Jacinto Dali i Domenech on Monday, 11 May 1904, in the small Spanish town of Figueres, in the foothills of the Pyrenees, approximately sixteen miles from the French border in a region known as Catalonia. His parents supported his talent and built him his first studio while he was still a child in their summer home at Cadaques. Dali went on to attend the San Fernando Academy of Fine Arts in Madrid, Spain. He was married to Gala Eluard in 1934 and died on 23 January 1989 in a hospital in Figueres (Etherington-Smith, 12)....   [tags: Salvador Dali Artists Painters Paintings Essays]

Research Papers
808 words (2.3 pages)

Salvador Dali Essay

- Salvador Dali was born on May 11, 1904 in Catalonia Spain, but wasn’t so unique since he was named after his dead older brother. His parents had a photograph of the first born Salvador Dali Hanging on the wall next to a painting of Jesus, as if a shrine. Salvador was spoiled by his mother and often through temper tantrums. He would idolize her, mainly because she treated him so well compared to his father who was only around on weekends due to his job. He had a desire to be a beautiful women like his mother, and would admire himself in the mirror while hiding his genitals....   [tags: Biography]

Research Papers
1118 words (3.2 pages)

Salvador Dali Essay

- the persistence of dali Salvador Dali was born Salvador Dali y Domenech May 11, 1904 as in Figueras, Spain. He was born the third Salvador Dali after his father and brother, who died 9 months before Dali's own birth. Dali lived in the shadow of his brother all of his life. This had a great impact on his artwork. A lot of his works were an expression of how he felt towards his brother. These works included decay, putrefaction, and other disturbing images. Dali began painting at the age of 10....   [tags: ]

Free Essays
556 words (1.6 pages)

Salvador Dali Essay examples

- Salvador Dali precise and detailed painful reality and, placed them inside somber and depressing landscapes as in The persistence of Memory' in 1931 (Smith, 2002, 1/1). His paintings showed a surrealist maturity since he was twenty. From 1926 to 1929, Dali begun making objects loaded with modern sexual symbols. For example, showing a dirty figure filled with excrement as in 'The Lugubrious Game' done in 1929. At this period, surrealists were very attracted to Salvador Dali because of his strong personality and his violent works and paintings full of sexual and ex...   [tags: Biography]

Free Essays
851 words (2.4 pages)

Salvador Dali Essays

- (1904-1989) Salvador Dali was born into a middle-class family on May 11th, 1904 in Figures Spain. In 1921 he entered the San Fernando Academy of Fine Arts in Madrid where he made friends with Federico Garcia Lorca, Luis Bunuel, and Eugenio Montes. He pursued his personal intersest in Cubism and Futurism. In June of 1923 Dali was suspended from the Academy for having indicated the students to rebel against the authorities of the school. He was let back in October of 1925, and a year later Dali was permanently expelled....   [tags: essays research papers fc]

Free Essays
725 words (2.1 pages)

Essay about Salvador Dali

- Salvador Dali was a very important Spanish painter. He was born on May 11, 1904 in Figueras, Spain. He studied at the Academy of Fine Arts in Madrid and was expelled from the academy for indiscipline reasons in 1923. He as also a sculptor, graphic artist and a jewelry designer. His unusual pictures made him one of the most publicized figures in modern art. Dali passed through many phases of art. He painted his art in Cubisim, Futurism and Metaphysical painting, and he joined the Surrealists in 1929....   [tags: essays research papers]

Free Essays
463 words (1.3 pages)

Salvador Dali Essay

- Salvador Dali Salvador Dali, was born Salvador Felipe Jacinto Dali i Domenech at 8:45 a.m., Monday, 11 May 1904, in the small town, in the foothills of the Pyrenees, of Figueres, Spain, approximately sixteen miles from the French border in the principality of Catalonia. His parents supported his talent and built him his first studio, while he was still a child, in their summer home. Dali went on to attend the San Fernando Academy of Fine Arts in Madrid, Spain, was married to Gala Eluard in 1934 and died on 23 January 1989 in a hospital in the town he born....   [tags: Biographies Painter Artist Essays]

Research Papers
1374 words (3.9 pages)

Salvador Dali Essay

- From the real to the surreal, Salvador Dali embodied it all. Once he was satisfied with his abilities to mimic what he saw in the world, he began to play with objects and space. He comprehended, perfected, and finally transcended realism, and his works became much more than paint on canvas. At the youthful age of fourteen, his charcoal drawings patterned techniques that Claude Monet is so renown for using. Dali was capable of portraying Monet’s stylistic texture in a texture-less medium. By the time he reached his twenties, he had perfected this impressionistic style using oil paint on canvas....   [tags: Biography Essays]

Free Essays
439 words (1.3 pages)

Related Searches

He attended a faculty dance and watched a man playing a slot machine and watching the patterns. This gave him an idea the morning after the dance he setup an experiment to prove bacteria would use the same mathematical principal of distribution. He, within a week, had a working experiment that proved the theory of spontaneous mutation. The test later proved to open a whole new world of studies the study of genetics of bacteriophage.
     About the same time Salvador met up with Alfred Hershey. Hershey, Luria and Delbruck started the American Phage Group. The group agreed only to study certain strains of bacteriophage.
     In 1950, after most of his research on bacteriophage was complete he took the opportunity to teach at the University of Illinois at Champaign-Urbana (www.galenet.com/serlet/SCR, pg. 1-4) At the end of 1950 he began teaching microbiology at the Massachusettes Institute of Technology (Science Biographies, pg. 182). In 1964 Salvador was labeled Sedgwick Professor of Biology at the institute. In 1969 Luria, Hershey, and Delbruck shared the greatest honor, the Nobel Prize. The received the award for Physiology and Medicine “for their discoveries concerning the replication mechanism and the genetic structure of viruses.”
     Luria received many honors; some in the form of awards others in the rise in viral science. He won the Lenghi Prize of the National Academy of Science of Italy and the Louisa Gross Hurwitz Prize of Columbia University both in 1965. He wrote a book for the general science audience and received a National Book Award for Sciences in 1974. On February the 6th 1991 Salvador died of a severe heart attack, in his Lexington, Massachusetts home (www.galenet.com/serlet/SCR, pg. 4-5).
     Salvador Lure was a great help to the scientific world. Although he wasn’t well known he helped in mapping the genetics of some bacteriophage and helped prove the theory of spontaneous mutation in bacteria. He was truly a great man and should be more respected for it.
-------------
-------------
Works Citied

“Salvador Luria”(online) www.galenet.com/servlet/SRC, 1/2/02

Science Biographies, “Slavador Edward Luria” pg. 181-182

Return to 123HelpMe.com