Richard Gatling - The Gatling Gun

Richard Gatling - The Gatling Gun

Length: 641 words (1.8 double-spaced pages)

Rating: Excellent

Open Document

Essay Preview

More ↓
Richard Jordan Gatling was born in January 1818 in Winton North Carolina, and died at the age of 85 in 1903. Gatling's career as an inventor began when he assisted his father in the construction of machines for sowing cottonseeds, and also for thinning cotton plants. He spent a lot of time in the fields with his father who helped him build some of his inventions. Richard Jordan Gatling was a medical doctor with numerous patents for his farm equipment inventions.
To his credit he came up with the famous 1862-model Revolving Battery Gun, that is now referred to as the Gatling gun. The 1862-model was one of the first reliable Revolving guns, but still had a few problems that needed to be fixed. Richard was not the first to manufacture a multi-fire weapon, but his was the first multi-fire gun used in war because of its fast, rapid fire, and ease to use. Major General Ben F. Butler purchased 12, 1862-model gatling guns for $1000 each and used them successfully at the battle of Petersburg in 1863. In 1865 Gatling's improved model, the 1865-gun was tested by the Ordnance Department. One of the changes between the improved Gatling gun and the old one, was that the new

weapon used rim fire copper-cased cartridges instead of the steel-chambered paper kind. Though this model did not see service, it was adopted officially in 1866. The military was so pleased with the performance of the Gatling gun that it has been used in every battle since it was invented to this day and has been continuously upgraded and improved. Having received government approval, Gatling began to sell his guns throughout the world. This was a big mark in Richards’s future, he had gone from working in the fields to developing a gun that is used throughout the military of the world.
The gun was a hand-crank-operated weapon with six barrels revolving around a central shaft. Having a gun that revolves was very difficult because the barrels would not always line up correctly when being fired. The original gun was actually designed to fire the standard military issue paper cartridge of the day, .58 caliber. A .58 caliber bullet has a diameter of an inch and is capable of damaging anything it hits. The paper cartridge was placed inside a steel or brass chamber with a percussion nipple on the back end just like the muzzle loading rifles and pistols of there time.

How to Cite this Page

MLA Citation:
"Richard Gatling - The Gatling Gun." 20 Jul 2018

Need Writing Help?

Get feedback on grammar, clarity, concision and logic instantly.

Check your paper »

The Machine Gun Essay

- No other weapon in my opinion has changed the face of the battlefield as has the machine gun. It's design and and association with mass death makes it a great and powerful weapon. Two men, Hiram Maxim and Richard Gatling, made huge impacts in the development of the Machine Gun and bringing it to use in the military. These two brilliant men designed capable and reliable versions of Machine guns in a time when everyone was making unreliable models. However before we get into discussion about the inventions of Hiram Maxim and Richard Gatling, it's important to understand how machine guns were developed....   [tags: Weapon, Volley Guns, Gatling's Gun]

Research Papers
1364 words (3.9 pages)

Essay on Civil War Weapons

- Every American citizen over the age of six or seven should at least know the words “American Civil War”. Of the millions who have, most only know a little about it, like who won, and who the president was during the time. Many people do not think about all of the weapons of the time, though. I mean, the Iron Clad, Train, Telegraph, and the Gatling Gun are popular, but not many people think about revolvers and the Minie Ball. You didn’t think about that, did you. Technological changes during the American Civil War changed the tide of who was winning and who was losing....   [tags: gatling gun, telegraph, revolvers]

Research Papers
1195 words (3.4 pages)

Essay on Advancements in Firearm Technology during the American Civil War

- During the years leading up to and during the American Civil War there were a number of advancements in firearms technology. This paper will focus on a few of those advancements, namely the inventions of the Minié ball, the Spencer and Henry repeating rifles, and of the Gatling gun. Prior to the invention of the Minié ball it was necessary for the bullet to be the same diameter as the barrel in order for it to engage the rifling. This made it difficult and time consuming to load because the bullet would have to be rammed down the barrel with some force....   [tags: Minié ball, Henry rifle, Gatling gun]

Research Papers
1041 words (3 pages)

The Advancement of The Machine Gun Essay

- War has been a recurring part of America’s history for the past hundreds of years. From the 1700s to the present, America has gotten into numerous situations and turmoil, which eventually lead to the wars we currently study and know about today. Technological advancements in warfare were necessary and a great obligation during times of war. This was pursued with drastic improvement. From the transformation of the use of smoothbore muskets during the Civil War to the industrial revolution leading to weaponry innovations post civil war, the nature of warfare dramatically changed....   [tags: Warfare]

Research Papers
2029 words (5.8 pages)

The Development of the Machine Gun Essay

- Introduction Machine guns are designed to be fully automatic weaponry which can eject successive rounds of ammunition rapidly. The term is generally used to describe the non-automatic firearms which have been modified to operate like an automatic rifle. Over the years, the machine gun has seen major improvements that now make it a weapon of choice in many warfare and security operations. Over the years, there have been different brand names given to the modified machine guns. The use of the ammunition belt to feed the rounds into the gun makes the gun light and thus can be hand held or held on a stand while in use (Fowler et al....   [tags: Military Technology ]

Research Papers
1151 words (3.3 pages)

Irony in Richard Cory Essay

- Richard Cory was written in 1897 by Edwin Arlington Robinson. This sixteen line poem tells a lot about human irony. Richard Cory, a very wealthy man, admired and envied by those who consider themselves less fortunate than he, unexpectedly commits suicide. The most fascinating part of this poem is the reason why he shot himself when he had everything. Through their own mental prejudices and exaggerations of reality, the people, by putting Cory on a higher level than them, also created a communication barrier that later pushed Richard to commit suicide....   [tags: Richard Cory Analysis]

Research Papers
872 words (2.5 pages)

Gun Control and the Second Ammendment to the Constitution Essay

- ... He seems to be right as we must learn to love with guns, “we will be better off with more of them in the hands of law-abiding citizens” (John). Unlike other countries where various stringent criteria must be satisfied before having a gun, Americans must be able to say “yes I have a permit by the 1st and 2nd Amendment”. Using guns has become a popular sport in the US for many years as it comes to using them for games and hunting. When America was young it had its boundaries, and the citizens needed to defend themselves against foreign aggression, but today as the 2nd largest army in the world has and our bill of $700 billion a year for a defense budget....   [tags: literature on gun violence is biased]

Research Papers
554 words (1.6 pages)

Richard Cory, by Edwin Arlington Robinson Essay

- The narrator in “Richard Cory” by Edwin Arlington Robinson is a low class working citizen telling the reader, in detail, about a distinguished gentleman named Richard Cory who eventually “put a bullet through his head.” Almost everyone, including the narrator, would stare at him with awe every time they saw him. He was “imperially slim”(4), always charismatic and well-dressed. He was extremely courteous and polite. He would please everyone’s heart with a simple “Good Morning.” Then the narrator soon explains that on “one calm summer night” he executes himself by putting a gun to his head....   [tags: Richard Cory Analysis]

Research Papers
668 words (1.9 pages)

Essay about Richard III - Did Richard Kill the Children?

- Did Richard III Kill the Children. We really cannot know for certain. If there was a cover-up to protect the actual murderers, it was done exceedingly well and so thoroughly that we will never be able to prove beyond a shadow of a doubt what really happened. In spite of what I see as very persuasive evidence that Richard did not kill the children, there are many very intelligent, highly successful, and unquestionably reputable historical scholars out there who believe that they have evidence that the king did commit the murders and that this evidence is equally as compelling as anything I believe....   [tags: Richard II Richard III Essays]

Free Essays
1104 words (3.2 pages)

Richard II Essay: The Characters of Bolingbroke and Richard II

- The Characters of Bolingbroke and Richard II "What tongue speaks my right drawn sword may prove" is the sentence which concludes a short speech delivered by Henry Bolingbroke to King Richard II (1.1.6). These words are but the first demonstration of the marked difference between the above-mentioned characters in The Tragedy of Richard II. The line presents a man intent on action, a foil to the title character, a man of words. When Bolingbroke first appears in the play, he is accusing Thomas Mowbray of treason and then states that he is ready to act upon his accusations, to draw his sword against Mowbray....   [tags: Richard II Richard III Essays]

Research Papers
860 words (2.5 pages)

Related Searches

The cartridges were fed to the gun by gravity through a hopper mounted towards the top of the gun. As the six cam operated bolts alternately fired, and dropped the bullets, which were contained in steel chambers, it made quite an impression on their enemies. Gatling also used the six barrels to partially cool the gun during firing, because if there weren’t some sort of cooling system the gun would become so hot that you could not touch it after a

while. Since the gun was capable of firing about 600 rounds a minute, each barrel fired 100 rounds per minute, that’s a steady stream of bullets an inch in diameter following each other about every 6 inches or so.
The creation of the Gatling gun has changed US history. If we did not have such great inventors at the time then we would of never have had the kind of technology and weaponry that we do today. During the Civil war, though the Gatling gun was not used that much, it had a huge impact on our military. A few years later the Navy, seeing the benefit of such a weapon started mounting larger and more improved models of the gatling gun on there ships. In conclusion I think Richard Jordan Gatling did have a big impact on the United States, with his invention of the Gatling gun.
Words = 650
Return to