Peyote Information

Peyote Information

Length: 1885 words (5.4 double-spaced pages)

Rating: Excellent

Open Document

Essay Preview

More ↓
Just a Drug?
Throughout our entire lives we have always been told that drugs are bad. They have terrible consequences on our bodies, and can cause us to do things that we wouldn’t normally consent to do in a sober state. Drugs can have adverse and varying effects on people, but no matter what the drug is we have been made to believe that its use is bad. What if a drug was more than just a way to escape reality, or to feel good? Peyote is a drug that has had more than just physical use and meaning to people for over 400 years. It is used as a spiritual catalyst by many Native Americans, and is believed by them to cause a direct psychic link to God. People around the country have varying views on peyote use, but who can say that it is bad? If the drug does have bad effects on the body, Native Americans have surely accepted that as a reasonable tradeoff for the spiritual journey peyote brings. So is peyote as a drug, or it’s use in Native American religion, bad?
     In order to understand and base an opinion on a religion that is centralized around a drug, you must first understand the drug itself. Peyote is a small, round cactus that grows in the southern US and Mexico. Rather than spines or spikes, peyote has fuzzy tufts that stuck out from it’s edges. Only about an inch of the cactus is viewable above ground, with the majority of it being the deeply buried, carrot-like root structure. The small portion that is above ground is harvested, and is referred to as the peyote “button”. It is consumed either freshly cut, or dried, and has some extreme effects on the body.
     The effects of peyote are quite strong, and cause an array of feelings and emotional perceptions. According to;
“… There is a feeling of strange intoxication and shifting consciousness with minor perceptual changes. There may also be strong physical effects, including respiratory pressure, muscle tension (especially face and neck muscles), and queasiness or possible nausea… After this the state of altered consciousness begins to manifest itself…..among the possible occurences are feelings of inner tranquility, oneness with life, heightened awareness, and rapid thought flow…these effects will deepen and become more visual. Colors may become more intense. Halos and auras may appear about things. Objects

How to Cite this Page

MLA Citation:
"Peyote Information." 20 Nov 2019

Need Writing Help?

Get feedback on grammar, clarity, concision and logic instantly.

Check your paper »

Information Systems And The Information System Essay

- Information Systems An information system refers to a collection of components which are used for the collection, storage and the processing of some raw data so that information may be provided. Different fields have made use of information systems in various ways due to their capacity to inform and give digital products. These areas have relied on it (information system) in performing and managing operations with the aim of increasing production and efficiency. For instance, they have been used in running inter-organizational supply chains as well as the electronic markets....   [tags: Decision theory, Information systems]

Research Papers
1248 words (3.6 pages)

Essay about Information Security And Information Technology

- Information security refers to all of the approaches and policies designed to protect a corporation’s information and facts machine from unauthorized access, use, disclosure, disruption modification, or destruction. it 's a standard term that may be used regardless of the shape the data might also take. As for information protection, people typically divided it into two components, which are the IT safety and facts assurance. Sometimes referred as computer security, information technology security has been information security applied to technology, which most often some form of computer system....   [tags: Computer, Computer security, Information security]

Research Papers
983 words (2.8 pages)

Peyote and Native American Culture Essay example

- Peyote and Native American Culture Peyote was originally described in 1560, however it was not until the middle of the nineteenth century that botanists were able to conduct field research and correctly classify the cactus (Anderson, 1980). Field studies have concluded that there are two distinct populations of peyote which represent two species. The first and most common, Lophophora williamsii extends from southern Texas reaching south to the Mexican state of San Luis Potosi. The second and least common of the two species is Lophophora difusa, which occurs in the dryer terrain of the Mexican state of Queretaro....   [tags: Botany Biology Research Papers]

Research Papers
1756 words (5 pages)

The Economics of Information Essay

- Various Aspects of Economics of Information 3.1 Economics of information in Education According to Farid (2007), economics of information is based on the concept that quality information is a scarce and valuable resource. The production and dissemination of information in education constitute two major economic activities, with associated costs and benefits. The value of information depends on its degree of accuracy, completeness, timeliness, reliability, and relevance to issues under consideration....   [tags: Information Management]

Research Papers
1088 words (3.1 pages)

Essay about Information Management

- Information Management Johannessen and Olsen (2010) noted “with this economic landscape, knowledge itself became a factor of production—specifically, knowledge related to identifying and exploiting new ways to establish temporary competitive advantage” (p. 502). Their observation reflects that under today’s business environment, the ability to optimize information is a significant factor that enables such companies to succeed their businesses. However, the use of information is more important than just limited in business practices, also for everyone living and other professional arenas (Badke, 2009; Turusheva, 2009)....   [tags: Technology Information]

Research Papers
1136 words (3.2 pages)

Information Management Essay

- The management consulting industry deals in three different areas; risk management, consulting, and information management. In risk management, companies “seek greater protection against unexpected losses , whether from natural disaster, lawsuits, political events, and internet scandals.”1 Information management refers to the internet and how businesses organize and control the information flowing in and out of them2. Consulting combines the two, where businesses employ advisors to help them manage risks and their information to further profit and prevent loss within the company....   [tags: Information Technology ]

Research Papers
1371 words (3.9 pages)

Information Policy Essay

- Policy refers to those plans, positions and guidelines of government which influence decisions by government, for example policies in support of sustainable economic development or policies to enhance access to government services by persons with disabilities. There are various types and forms of policy. Among the range of policy type are: broad policy which enunciates government-wide direction; more specific policy which may be developed for a particular sector or issue-area; operational policy which may guide decisions on programs, and project selection....   [tags: government, Weingarten, ICT, information]

Research Papers
1156 words (3.3 pages)

The Value of Information Essay

- The Value of Information In the world today, information is an important aspect in almost every part of our life. From what time the movie we want to see begins to whether we should buy stock in Dell or IBM, we depend on accurate information. Is this kind of information a commodity. The dictionary defines a commodity as something valuable or useful (Webster 1993). Presently, information is a commodity because people are willing to pay high prices for information in order to make better decisions....   [tags: Technology Information Essays Papers]

Free Essays
1850 words (5.3 pages)

information Needs Essay

- Information needs Now a day’s Within the revolution and challenging in information and communication knowledge and technologies, stream of information enormously increased ( Huotari,2001) .The Internet is a new channel for academic resources, and contains the massive amount of information. Also it is significant that the user is conscious of the diverse information that is available on the Internet, and educated in what measurable should be evaluated (Case, 2007 ) . The most important function of information system if to occupied and full filed the needs for document s and information needs for the users....   [tags: Technology, The Internet, Information Systems]

Research Papers
1065 words (3 pages)

Essay on Information Ethics

- Information Ethics The paper addresses theoretical and practical aspects of information ethics from an intercultural perspective. The recent concept of information ethics is related particularly to problems which arose in the last century with the development of computer technology and the internet. A broader concept of information ethics as dealing with the digital reconstruction of all possible phenomena leads to questions relating to digital ontology. Following Heidegger's conception of the relation between ontology and metaphysics, the author argues that ontology has to do with Being itself and not just with the Being of beings which is the matter of metaphysics....   [tags: Technology Information Ethics ]

Research Papers
1041 words (3 pages)

Related Searches

may seem larger, smaller , closer or more distant than they actually are… upon closing their eyes they will see on their mind-screen wildly colorful and constant changing patterns… During the first part of the ceremony the participants submit to the feeling and let the peyote teach them. During the latter part of the ritual the mind turns to thoughtful contemplation and understanding with the conscious intellect what the peyote has taught the subconscious mind.
The effects of peyote are caused largely in part to the chemical compound mescaline. It was the first halucanogen isolated by man. It induces highly psycho tropic experiences, and the peyote button is about 1-6% mescaline. It usually takes about 6-10 buttons to get the desired effect. Peyote is proven to not be physically addicting, such as drugs like meth and heroine are, though in some extreme cases the user can become mentally addicted to the drug and ‘think’ that they need it. The only real risk associated with the drug is the possibility of a bad trip, which is centered around fear of dying or loss of control, which can lead to small panic attacks. Another drawback of the drug is its horrible taste. According to the website, Indians in Mexico had a saying for the drug; “Conquistadors come and go, but peyote endures forever”.
     Peyote use is very controversial, and peyote is considered a controlled substance by the government, and is illegal in all 50 states. However, Texas legalized peyote use to members of the Native American Church. The Native American Church was founded around peyote, and brings together elements of Christianity with Native American moral principles. Not all Native Americans were enthused about this new religion, as is shown on; “In 1940 the church was declared illegal by the Navajo Tribal Council, which saw it as a threat to Navajo culture and to Christianized Navajos. The church flourished underground, however, until 1967, when the tribe reversed its decision. By 1996, the church had 250,000 members in the United States, Mexico, and Canada.” But what made this religion so controversial? A combination of their beliefs and their use of peyote as a sacrificial food, most likely. But to make an informed opinionated decision about this religion and it’s beliefs, one has to take a closer look a it’s workings and rituals.
     Native Americans relate the story the first person who was given peyote by the Creator Spirit (;
..a man or woman lost in the desert. Their wandering leaves them exhausted, starving, and dehydrated. Just at the point of giving up all hope of life comes a voice which instructs them to reach out and take hold of the soft and cool plant which grows just within reach of their outstretched hands. They are then told to eat it to quench their thirst for water, food, and guidance back to their home.
This is the basis for the most simple and historically primitive form of peyotism, called the ‘vision quest’. A Native American goes out alone into nature, and the quest involves fasting, solitude, and quiet but steady contemplation. Peyote is eaten or consumed as tea and a vigil is kept until the communicant comes to a sense of physical and spiritual contemplation. This is the first use peyote had in Native American culture, and is the basis off of which the peyote religion is formed.
     Another, much more complex, use of the peyote cactus exists in the form of a deeply-involved ritual called peyote meetings. These meetings can be held for gratitude for the recovery of health, safe return from a voyage, to celebrate the birth of a baby, to name a child, for the dead, on Easter, Christmas, and Thanksgiving. You can see that the peyote religion incorporates many Christian beliefs also, since they celebrate on Easter and Christmas, which are Christian holidays. The leader of the peyote meetings can be anybody who is a member, and they are referred to as the ‘Road Man’. The Road Man must refrain from eating salt the day before and after a meeting, and they may not bathe for several days following the service. Women are admitted to meetings to eat Peyote and to pray, but they do not usually participate in the singing and drumming. After the age of ten, children may attend meetings but o not take part until they are adults.
     Usually, the ceremonies take place in a teepee erected over a carefully made altar of earth or clay, and the teepee is taken down the next day. They place a large button of peyote on a rosette of sage leaves or a cross, which is then placed at the center of the altar. The alter is crescent-shaped, and symbolizes the spirit of peyote. As soon as the peyote is placed on the alter, all talking stops at the meeting and everybody directs their gaze to the altar. Each person participating in the ritual then rolls a cigarette out of tobacco and corn shuck. These cigarettes are smoked during the Road Man’s initial prayers.
     After that initial prayers are over, a cedar incense is used to purify a bag of peyote buttons. Each person then takes four buttons from the bag while it gets passed around. Anybody is allowed to get more throughout the ritual, but four is what everybody starts with. Then when the initial peyote is consumed, the singing starts. The Road Man leads the first song, which translates into: “May the gods bless me, help me, and give me power and understanding”. Then the members do a variety of different songs and dances, and the peyote ritual lasts throughout the entire night.
     Peyote is considered sacred by Native Americans, a divine “messenger” enabling the individual to communicate with God without the medium of a priest. According to an interview between a Native American and an anthropologist on the Native American said that “God told the Delawares to do good even before He sent Christ to the whites who killed him… God made Peyote. It is His power. It is the power of Jesus. Jesus came afterwards on this earth, after Peyote… God (through Peyote) told the Delawares the same things that Jesus told the whites”.
     So why do people consider peyote, and it’s fruited religion to be bad? Sure, many of the beliefs and customs are much different than those of white culture in America, and though the basis of peyote religion is somewhat Christian, it’s far from straight-edged. did a great job of analyzing how their beliefs and medicinal customs are hard to understand;
The Peyote religion is a medico-religious cult. In considering Native American medicines, one must always bear in mind the difference between the aboriginal concept of a medicinal agent and that of out modern Western medicine. Primitive societies, in general, cannot conceive of natural death or illness but believe that they are due to supernatural interference. There are two types of ‘medicines’: those with purely physical effects; and the medicines, ‘par excellence’, that put the medicine man into communication, through a variety of hallucinations, with the malevolent spirits that cause illness and death.
So basically, being able to understand the peyote religion is all about being able to accept diversity and variances in cultures different from out own. The drug itself is proven to have no severely negative side effects, and isn’t addictive. A religion based on a sacrificial fruit isn’t that foreign, in fact. The way the Native American Church indulges in peyote is somewhat similar to the way that Christians receive Eucharist at mass. Nobody can say the peyote religion is right or wrong, but understanding and acceptance is nothing unfair to ask for. The world is full of diverse customs and rituals. It’s what gives the world so much flavor. The formation of the Native American Church noticeable cessated intertribal warfare. It gives Native Americans a way to keep many parts and aspects of their native culture, but incorporate elements of Western culture and Christianity also. Also, it gives Native Americans a health break from reservation life, and provides a platform for peaceful exchange of social and religious ideas. Peyote is a catalyst to so much more than just a hallucinogenic journey, and is as much a social tool as anything. The drug itself is harmless, so no injustices can be made in regards to the base of the religion, and the peyote religion is nothing but beneficial to the Native American community and will continue to flourish for years to come.

Works Cited
Gottleib, Adam. Peyote and Other Psychoactive Cacti. 1997.
James, Jennifer. Peyote and Mescaline: History and uses of the ‘Divine Cactus’. Jan
2000. Do It Now Foundation.
Mercado, Leo. Peyote Religion: Spiritual Soul Food. Council On Spiritual Practices.
Schults, Evans & Hoffman,Albert. Plants of the Gods: Their Sacred, Healing, and
Hallucanogenic Powers. Healing Arts Press. Vermont. 1992.
Return to