Essay PreviewMore ↓
In order to properly research a topic, first an adequate definition is required. Kellough (2003) defined block scheduling as:
The school programming procedure that provides large blocks of time (e.g., two hours) in which individual teachers or teacher teams can organize and arrange groupings of students for varied periods of time, thereby effectively individualizing the instruction for students with various needs and abilities. (439)
Traditionally, schools schedule six or seven 40- to 55- minute classes per day. These classes usually meet for 180 school days per school year. Block scheduling differs from traditional scheduling in that fewer class sessions are scheduled for larger blocks of time over fewer days. For example, in block scheduling, a course might meet for 90 minutes a day for 90 days, or half a school year. Block scheduling came along with many problems for school students and teachers. Disadvantages include attention span problems, retention problems, problems in transferring and difficulty when school is missed.
One of the first flaws of block scheduling is longer classes, which tend to lead to students loss of interest in the subject material. Queen found the average attention span of most
students is between twenty and fifty minutes (online). After this time frame, students are fidgety and ready to do everything except learn. Instead of trying to cover twice as much material in a longer class period, the natural tendency is to water down the material to maintain interest, resorting to movies, games, and doing homework in class. Either due to attention span limitations or to the watering down of material, learning is likely to be less effective, especially in courses such as math and science.
Another disadvantage related to the use of block scheduling is retention problems. Students taking all of their English, math, science, or other topics in one semester may experience a gap of eight to thirteen months before taking the next course in that series, whereas students under traditional schedules experience the longest gap of four months which is summer vacation. The long gap in learning a particular topic may translate into poor retention and the need for more than the usual two or three days of review at the beginning of a semester. Many students take tests, like Palmetto Achievement Challenge Test, Exit Exam, or Scholastic Aptitude Test, at the end of the school year on topics that were covered in the first semester only.
How to Cite this Page
"Disadvantages of Block Scheduling." 123HelpMe.com. 27 Feb 2020
Need Writing Help?
Get feedback on grammar, clarity, concision and logic instantly.Check your paper »
- In this article, Slate and Jones seek to determine the social validity of block scheduling, as one “specific [factor] that can either contribute to or undermine” its effectiveness at a large Georgia high school. The researchers use Wolf’s (1978) definition of social validity; that is, “the extent to which the participants in a program perceive the program is accomplishing worthwhile outcomes through acceptable means” (as cited in Slate & Jones, 2000). The importance of this article stems from the idea that much conflicting research has been done on the effectiveness of block scheduling versus traditional scheduling, and that such research will most likely remain conflicted.... [tags: Article Review ]
1099 words (3.1 pages)
- Penn State freshmen come from a variety of educational backgrounds, however, there is one commonality amongst the class of 2020: everyone had to graduate high school. Despite this fact, some incoming students are not properly prepared for a college education. This is because all students had different schedules and requirements at their respective high schools. Recently, education reform has been a controversial topic, and this is evident in Julie Mack’s article, “Rethinking Block Scheduling.” She argues that block scheduling, which is “is a system for scheduling the middle or high-school day, typically by replacing a more traditional schedule of six or seven 40–50 minute daily periods with... [tags: High school, Education, College]
1056 words (3 pages)
- How Block Scheduling Effects In recent years many educators have voiced their concern about as losing our edge in the global marketplace as well as an apparent decline in American students' achievements. This has become a recurring belief for many teachers, parents, and school districts throughout the United States. As a result, many states have begun to increase the amount of units necessary to fulfill graduation requirements in hope to enhance education and make American students more globally competitive.... [tags: essays research papers]
3315 words (9.5 pages)
- The early 1990s marked the beginning of major education reform in America's public schools. High school academic calenders were a primary focus of this reform. The four period block schedule was widely adopted over the traditional academic calendar in order to improve student performance, prepare graduates for college, and reduce discipline issues. Twenty years later, following flat academic performance, many of these schools are choosing to revert back to versions of the traditional eight-period school day.... [tags: Education]
1986 words (5.7 pages)
- Peripheral Nerve Block WHAT IS A PERIPHERAL NERVE BLOCK. A peripheral nerve block is a type of medicine that is injected into an area of the body to numb everything below the injection site (regional anesthesia). The medicine is injected around the nerve that provides feeling to the area where you will have a surgical procedure done. A peripheral nerve block is done so that you do not feel any pain during your procedure. You may be numb for up to 24 hours after your peripheral nerve block is done, depending on the type of medicine used.... [tags: Anesthesia, Surgery, Nerve block]
745 words (2.1 pages)
- Background This literature review deals with self-scheduling and retention within the healthcare arena. Scheduling/ staffing has always been an ongoing process and issue involving retention. The connection of retention to self- scheduling reveals many times over that once nurses are satisfied with their schedule they can focus on improving care for their patients. Equally important, the satisfaction of knowing they are able to attend to their family needs and work life as well. Once job satisfaction is in place, a more productive and happier the staff/employee member becomes.... [tags: Nurse, Nursing, Employment, Scheduling]
1466 words (4.2 pages)
- The involvement of social issues in young adult literature is no red flag to modern day society. New Realism, which first occurred around the 1960’s-1970, lead to the evolution of the appropriateness of social issues in the young adult literature genre. (Robinson) In Francesca Lia Block's Wolf, the author addresses the taboos of sexual violence and abuse in the home, and pairs this with the idea of female self-empowerment, and the age appropriateness of young adult literature for young adults.... [tags: Block's Wolf Essays]
1369 words (3.9 pages)
- Evaluation of Educational Scheduling Model In the early nineteenth century teachers had limited education, but were required to teach a variety of subjects at any given time of the day. In the early 1950s the Carnegie model of instruction was introduced reflecting the needs of an industrial era rather than the needs of the students of today’s world. In the late 1950s schools began to experiment with upgrading instruction by allowing students to participate in independent studies and by implementing larger class sizes.... [tags: Education]
1619 words (4.6 pages)
- What does the average person do when they have so much to do and they do not feel like they have enough time to do any of it. Some people work well under the pressure and even succeed, but other people crumble and may leave some things undone. Many students have this problem. Education is not an area where students should feel rushed or fall behind in their work because they do not have enough time. Teachers can also feel the strain of time when they are trying to teach. Block scheduling is the answer for time management and optimization.... [tags: time management, lessons, students]
633 words (1.8 pages)
- I. Title Page: Running head: OUTCOMES USING THREE SCHEDULING METHODS Which Schedule. Learning and Behavior Outcomes of At-Risk, Ninth Grade, Math and Science Students Using Three Scheduling Methods: Parallel Block Alternate-Day Block and Traditional Name University Name Name of Class / Title of Project / Name of Professor and his/her title Abstract Page: (State the Purpose of the Study) Abstract For many generations, high school students have had a schedule of six to eight periods a day with each class meeting every day for forty-five to sixty minutes.... [tags: essays research papers]
3133 words (9 pages)
Problems also arise when a student transfers in the middle of the school year from a school using block scheduling to a school using traditional scheduling and vice versa. Students may have missed half a year of material in required courses that they would have taken in the second semester under block scheduling, and they may needlessly repeat half a year of material
for courses already taken (Queen).
Difficulty when school is missed also has been proven to be a disadvantage of block scheduling. For a given course, missing a week of school due to sickness under block scheduling can be like missing several weeks under traditional scheduling. If the course is a challenging, content-based course like math or foreign language, catching up may be extremely difficult for the student. Of course, since the total amount of material covered in a day of block scheduled classes will be no greater and perhaps even less than the average under traditional scheduling, the problem of missed classes would appear to be no disadvantage under block scheduling. However, when it comes to a few truly difficult classes, missing the equivalent of two or four weeks instead of just one can be devastating (Lindsay).
Implementing block scheduling in the classroom requires more than simply extending the class periods. Teachers must alter their teaching for the new system to be successful. For example, Joan Bush, a researcher with the Irving, Texas, school district, observed forty-eight randomly selected high school classrooms in her district. She found that teachers were still spending the bulk of their time either lecturing or monitoring students as they did seat work. Longer lectures paired with independent seatwork are not the point of block scheduling; rather, the goal is increased classroom interaction so students can spend more time on a subject and ask questions as needed (Abate et al.).
Another potential disadvantage to block scheduling is the resistance of teachers and the public to implementing a new system. Some teachers may be reluctant to alter their long-observed practice of school scheduling and calendars. The public, including parents and business leaders, sometimes resists upsetting patterns such as vacations and student-employment practices
The elimination of a few class changes during the day reduces the amount of time that students socialize with their friends. Sometimes early adolescents, whose restlessness and hormonal surges make them function best within shorter parcels of time, can have trouble sitting for longer class periods. The transitions between classes, rather than being viewed as lost instructional time, become a moment for students to stretch their legs and clear their heads (Lindsay).
In conclusion, it seems that block scheduling has many disadvantages. Schools really need to see if changing from the traditional scheduling to block scheduling is really a change for the good. There are some good things about block scheduling, but before making the change educators at each individual school should ask themselves if it is really worth the risk. Block scheduling has a negative effect on students who have short attention spans as well as a negative effect on students transferring from one type of scheduling to another. It has not been proven to be beneficial in helping students on standardized tests; therefore; it is not really needed.
Abate, S., Baker, D., Cobb, B. Effects on students of a 4x4 junior high school block scheduling program. Education Policy Analysis Archives, 7(3), 1999. http:/epaa.asu.edu/epaa/v7n3.html. July 17, 2004.
Kellough, D. (2003). A resource guide for teaching (4th ed.). Columbus, OH: Merrill-Prentice Hall.
Lindsay, J. The case against block scheduling. 2002 http:/www.jefflindsay.com/Block.shtml July 17, 2004.
Queen, J.A. Block scheduling revisited. Phi Delta Kappan, 82(3), 2000. www.pdkintl.org/kappan/kque0011.htm July 17, 2004.
Schreiber, J., Veal, W.R., Block Scheduling: Effects on a state mandated test of basic skills. Education Policy Analysis Archives, 7(29), 1999. http:/epaa.asu.edu/epaa/v7n29.html July 17, 2004.