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Pilgrims and the New Englanders would come to prosper through their hard work, thrift,
and the quality of their commitment to God and each other.
The settlement pattern in New England Colonies during 1600 to first half of 1700 was
designed in clustered housing and small agricultural fields. The king will give out land
and the settlement set up will include a meeting house, a village commons, large open lots which is very large and it contains kitchens and places where animals are kept and agricultural highland. The highlands were beautiful fields divided into segments and planting and harvesting were done together as a family.
Land preparation for farming and animal rearing was done using a method called girdling – tree killing. They will cut around each tree to stop nutrient from getting to the tree and the leaves will later felled down. They will now come back and cut the branches of the trees and burn the underbrush. Farmer starts plowing as the trees stumps decays and stones will be removed from the fields. Fields for farming are always small because of labor and there are boundaries between fields and the neighbors. The house or the farm was viewed as the workplace. And land given out to each family will be fenced to stop cattle from wandering off going into the farm areas. The land allocated to each family will show the family social status within the community. The towns developed individually and community involvement was given a great significant although the community was close knit.
The society during the New England colonies comprises of different three social classes. The lowest in the social order is the slaves and were for the most part domestic servants, and they usually received mild and humane treatment, were instructed in religion and morals, and were not infrequently admitted to the family circle. The next class is the social ladder is the most numerous of all, comprised the traders, shop-keepers, and small farmers. Most people in this class were moderately educated, religious, comfortable and wealthy. The uppermost class comprises of the ruling class, which in New England includes the clergy, magistrates, college professors, and other professional men.
The government in New England is divided into three bodies: The governor, the council and the Assembly.
The Governor was appointed by the Crown - The governor represented the Crown directly.
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The council, also appointed by the Crown, The main functions of the council were to serve as a board of advisers to the governor, it constituted the upper house of the legislature, and it frequently formed the highest court of the colony.
The assembly or House of Representatives are elected by the people. Assembly has chief legislative power; but its acts could be vetoed by the governor. And they held the sole power over the purse and taxation which means they could vote for their taxes and Governor’s salaries were paid from these taxes. This means, the assembly could hold Governor’s salary until he approved some certain laws.