Essay PreviewMore ↓
Early Anglo-Saxon burials are traditionally based on cremation on a pyre, with the deposition of corpses in the ground in a pottery container. The Anglo-Saxons were experts at cremations, with their pyres being at least as efficient as today's pyres, reaching temperatures of up to 9000C. Cremation burials were never found with weapons - it is possible, of course, that these were a part of the cremation, but melted in the flames, but many are found with miniature weapons and miniature combs. In the fourth and fifth centuries, inhumation burials came into common use, where the unburned body is deposited in a rectangular grave. It was probably copied from the late Roman technique, although it is suggested that it was introduced from Denmark. Inhumation burials typically were accompanied by weapons, and grave goods according to status.
In the seventh century, Anglo-Saxon burials abruptly changed, as a direct result of Christianity. The most obvious indicator is the lack of pagan objects, such as weapons- a practice encouraged by the Church. Many cemeteries were abandoned that had been used in the fifth and sixth centuries, and the double cemetery also became common -that is, a cemetery was abandoned and a new one was setup beside it.
There were a number of new types of burial present after the Church arrived. The first of these is the 'Final Phase' burial, which is basically a transition between a pagan inhumation, with the corpse being accompanied typically by clothes, jewelry, weapons and other personal belongings, and a Christian inhumation, where the corpse is unclothed and unfurnished, except for a shroud. On the whole, these burials have very few grave goods when compared to the previous pagan period, and some have no grave goods at all. The graves are aligned east-west, after the Christian fashion, and all except a very small number are inhumation - after the sixth century, cremations become almost redundant.
Another type of burial identified, is that of the 'Princely' burial, normally located under a mound, with a high number of quality grave goods. They contain either a cremation or an inhumation. Anglo-Saxon standards is that burial mounds usually cover inhumations, rather than cremations. One such burial is that of Sutton Hoo, in Suffolk, on the River Deben. There were a number of burials here, all of them under mounds.
An interesting reflection of Anglo-Saxon society was the graves surrounding - the so-called 'sand-men', which appear to have been human sacrifices.
How to Cite this Page
"Naglo Saxson Burial Customs." 123HelpMe.com. 11 Nov 2019
Need Writing Help?
Get feedback on grammar, clarity, concision and logic instantly.Check your paper »
- Everyday people are dying. Some people die from old age, some from car crashes, suicide, medical issues, murder, and many more causes of death. Approximately 151,600 people die each day around the globe, which is 55.3 million people that die each year. (World Birth and Death Rates) That is a lot of deceased people and each person is buried based on the country he or she is from and its traditions and customs. Three countries with very interesting traditions and customs for the burial and funeral of a deceased person are China, Africa, and Australia.... [tags: Funeral, Burial, Cemetery, Death customs]
918 words (2.6 pages)
- You can’t judge a book by it’s cover; as much of a cliche as it is, the saying holds truth. However, when the content of the book is examined, one can gather a lot of information about the book. This goes for ancient civilizations as well: we may not know precise details on every aspect of the people living in the cities lives, but one can conclude a great deal of information based on their cultural customs. One aspect providing people with insight into the culture was the burial practices. They range from ornate ceremonies to simple affairs, but what each distinct practice allows for, is personal interpretation of the people in various civilizations and their view on the afterlife.... [tags: Death, Afterlife, Life, AfterLife]
1874 words (5.4 pages)
- To embalm means to treat a dead body so as to preserve it, as with chemicals, drugs, or balsams; also, to keep in memory and to cause to remain unchanged. A funeral is a ceremony which is often a time when loved ones can say their final goodbyes and talk about the good times they had with the person who has died. In Egypt, embalmment and funerals are combined to form an ancient custom that seems to blow the minds of many. Egyptians believe that the dead must be treated with great care. They also believe that the way someone lives their life determines how good their afterlife will be.... [tags: informative, Egyptian history, mummification]
1864 words (5.3 pages)
- The Chinese burial customs of the 1890’s to 1930’s are very different from what we see from funerals now. There are many different interesting things about the burial customs of the Chinese: The steps taken when a family member dies, the superstitions about funerals, and the difference between our burial customs and the burial customs during their time. There are many steps taken when a family member dies. The first step is called the wake. The wake is where The coffin is placed on its own stand in the house or in the courtyard depending on whether the family member die away from home or at home..... [tags: funerals, superstitions, the wake]
588 words (1.7 pages)
- Cremation vs. Burial Although many people don’t like to think about it, everyone’s life is going to end at some point. Understandably, this thought is often overwhelming, especially when you have aging parents or other relatives who have a limited amount of time left to spend with you. The good news is that if you’re lucky enough to have family members that took the time to make all of the funeral arrangements in advance, you can focus on working through the letting go process rather than frantically managing all the intricate details of planning an entire funeral in a matter of days.... [tags: Burial, Cremation, Death customs, Cemetery]
897 words (2.6 pages)
- What is a burial. A burial is the action or practice of interring a dead body. There are two reasons people get buried one to honor that individual remains respectfully, and two too cover up a murder. Even though the second reason is not recognized as a burial practice people still do so. There are unique ways people get buried which will be discussed thoroughly and the cultures that practice these burials. There was one thing these cultures did alike respect their deceased in traditional ways. Another main point will be the burial depth and why it has stayed the same over the centuries.... [tags: Burial, Cremation, Death, Cemetery]
1320 words (3.8 pages)
- "Home Burial," a dramatic narrative largely in the form of dialogue, has 116 lines in informal blank verse. The setting is a windowed stairway in a rural home in which an unnamed farmer and his wife, Amy, live. The immediate intent of the title is made clear when the reader learns that the husband has recently buried their first-born child, a boy, in his family graveyard behind the house. The title can also be taken to suggest that the parents so fundamentally disagree about how to mourn that their "home" life is in mortal jeopardyin danger of being buried.... [tags: Frost Home Burial]
1398 words (4 pages)
- The Three Tragedies of Home Burial Robert Frost’s "Home Burial" is a narrative poem that speaks of life’s tragedies. The theme of "Home Burial” centers around the death of a child. During the time period in which the poem is set, society dictated that men did not show their feelings. Therefore, men dealt with conflicts by working hard and being domineering. "Home Burial" demonstrates how one tragedy can cause another to occur. The unnamed couple in this poem has lost a baby to death.... [tags: Home Burial Essays]
1279 words (3.7 pages)
- “Roger Malvin’s Burial” and History Q. D. Leavis states that Hawthorne had among his forbears a “witch-hanging judge and the Quaker-whipping Major” (30). This is a reference to one instance of historical allusion in Hawthorne’s short stories. This essay will explore a variety of historical incidences referred to in his short story, “Roger Malvin’s Burial.” Clarice Swisher in “Nathaniel Hawthorne: a Biography” states the author’s deep historical ties: William Hathorne was a colonial magistrate involved in the persecution of Quakers, another Protestant religious group.... [tags: Roger Malvin’s Burial]
2012 words (5.7 pages)
- Japan and Its Customs General Information on Japan Japan has a population of approximately 125 million people packed tightly into a rather small geographic area. The official language in Japan is Japanese. Japanese is spoken only in Japan. The literacy rate in Japan is very close to 100 percent and 95 percent of the Japanese population has a high school education. Japan’s form of government is parliamentarian democracy under the rule of a constitutional monarch. The dominant religion is Shinto, which is exclusive to Japan.... [tags: Japan Japanese Customs Essays]
1613 words (4.6 pages)
A third type of Anglo-Saxon burial is the 'Unfurnished' burial, which are, due to their nature, very hard to define or date. They are a direct result of Christianity, and are generally orientated east-west. They are usually dated by radiometric or stratigraphic methods, but neither of these is absolute. However, features within the grave are useful, such as stone, charcoal or coffins, all of which may help distinguish Anglo-Saxon burials from later burials.
The final type of burial is the 'Deviant' burial, also known as 'execution' burials of 'battlefield' burials. They have little or no grave goods, and graves are poorly defined, with corpses often being buried in mass graves. The 'sand-men' burials of Sutton Hoo are examples of this, and, as mentioned, corpses may be found in a variety of unnatural positions, indicating ritual abuse and human sacrifice.
At the beginning of the eighth century you see the beginnings of churchyard burials.