My term paper

My term paper

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     What Came first the chicken or the egg? For centuries man has struggled with the question of our origin. Why are there so many distinctions in the creatures that inhabit this planet. Why are structures similar in a bird, a whale, a bat, and a human being creatures that seem to have no relation to one another. Although several theories have sprouted from different great thinkers of many cultures in many diverse parts of the world all of the theories seem to center around two main points divinity vs chance or for a more famous colloquialism Evolution Vs Creation. Once complete this paper should allow the reader to see not only the folly and boldness of evolution in the face of so many discrepancies, but also the sheer irrefutable beauty of creation in all of its complex simplicity
     In the beginning God Created the heavens and the earth. Now the earth was formless and empty, Darkness was over the surface of the deep, and the Spirit of God was hovering over the waters. And God said “Let there be light” and there was light Genesis 1:1-3 NIV     
     The bible, one of the oldest pieces of written history that follows an entire civilization for over 4000 years not only gives fascinating tales of mystery, intrigue, wars, famines, loves and loses also gives a very specific account of the origin of man and indeed all life on this planet as well as in the universe. The simplicity of the verses tells us that the big bang was possible, with divine help, it gives no more than God said it and it was so which would agree with the abrupt abitrary eruption of the solar system that scientist describe. This insight allows us to delve even deeper into the awesome power of Gods word. Here in the beginning we see how just the word can form solar system, delving even deeper we catch a glimpse of what that means for us as human beings and our origin.
     Classical evolutionary theory teaches that creatures change from one thing into another. For instance, amoebas changes from one celled creatures to multi celled creatures over time. Genesis in the first chapter tells us that things must reproduce “each according to its kind”. Recorded history and fossil records should support one of the theories. Evolutionist claim that it supports theirs however noted paleotologist have even noticed the apparent gaps in the record showing that there is a missing link.

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There is no gradual change but instead there are abrupt creatures that tend to burst on the scene and just as abruptly disappear which would imply spontaneaous generation and extinction instead of a gradual coming into existence.      
Instead of finding the gradual unfolding of life, what geologists of Darwin's time, and geologists of the present day actually find is a highly uneven or jerky record; that is, species appear in the sequence very suddenly, show little or no change during their existence in the record, then abruptly go out of the record. and it is not always clear, in fact it's rarely clear, that the descendants were actually better adapted than their predecessors. In other words, biological improvement is hard to find. (Raup, David M., Conflicts Between Darwin and Paleontology, Bulletin, Field Museum of Natural History, vol. 50, 1979, p. 23)
     If things happen gradually and animals change there should be abundant examples of this in the fossil record. The best scientific evidence to date support the creationst theory of life not evolution. One celled animals existed for 3.8 billion years and globular life forms lived for another 650 million years then the Cambrian explosion gave life to the “ancestors” of all life we know today. Plant and animals appear in the fossil record fully formed and complete. In 1999 Time magazine published an evolutionary chart in their August 23 issue page 55 that claimed to have an established line of decent for Homo Sapiens. However each line of descent begins and ends with itself.
     A complex system as our universe and our earth could not exist without a designer to create it. There is not enough time. Even with the thousands and billions of years given for evolution, to bring about the variety and complexity of creatures living on the planet without divine assistance would be impossible.
“The origin of life is still a mystery. As long as it has not been demonstrated by experimental realization, I cannot conceive of any physical or chemical condition [allowing evolution]...I cannot be satisfied by the idea that fortuitous mutation...can explain the complex and rational organization of the brain, but also of lungs, heart, kidneys, and even joints and muscles. How is it possible to escape the idea of some intelligent and organizing force?
(d'Aubigne, Merle, How Is It Possible to Escape the Idea of Some Intelligent and Organizing Force? in Margenau and Varghese (eds.), Cosmos, Bios, Theos, p. 158)
      S. Weinberg in an article in Scientific America, October 1994, titled life in the Universe wrote that “life as we know it would be impossible if the energy of the big bang were different by one part in ten to the 120 power.” Gerald L Schroeder describes the fine tuning required to pull off that feat with this simile “The precision is as if one could throw a dart across the entire universe and hit a bulls eye one millimeter in diameter on the other side.”
     In his book The Science of God Schroeder describes the creation of the universe in terms of a person winning the lottery. Someone is going to win the lottery this is certain out of the billions of players one person will certainly benefit. This is not news it never arouses suspicion or even elicits surprise. What would happen however if someone won the lottery twice? Not likely. What about three times? This incredibly lucky persons good fortune would be short lived, because the proper authorities would see that this person is hauled off to jail before he can even collect the winnings This seems logical even warranted. It doesn’t take a statistician to see that it is not possible without criminally tampering with the entire lottery process. Why then are scientist trying to pawn of the scenario of evolution on the public where we not only won three times but countless others on the way to becoming us.
We won at the choice for the strength of the electromagnetic force (which encourages atoms to join into molecules). We won at the strength of the strong nuclear force (which holds atomic nuclei together; were it a bit stronger the diproton and not hydrogen would be the major component of the universe, and no hydrogen means no shining stars). Other winning lotteries were the strength of the weak nuclear force and the strength of gravity (which dominates the universe at distances greater than the size of molecules and clusters mass into galaxies, stars, and planets), the mass and energy of the big bang, the temperature of the big bang, the rate of expansion of the universe, and much more. Lottery upon lottery, and all winners. They have meshed to produce the wonderful world in which we live. By chance? Not if our understanding of the laws of nature is even approximately correct. The Science of God, page 26.
The Science of God by Gerald L. Schroeder, published by The Free Press, a division of Simon & Schuster, Inc., 1230 Avenue of the Americas, New York, NY 10020
ISBN: 0-684-83736-6
Science is the means through which we understand ourselves and the material world. Technology is what science has learned applied to man's needs and wants. We need science and technology. Human beings enjoy better health and a higher standard of living now than at any other time in history because of science and technology. And while we eagerly read the newest scientific findings about weight gain or loss, hair loss, heart disease and so on, we seem to forget that often what we are reading is throwing out the previous findings or at least altering them. We adjust our beliefs to fit the new information and go on. We overlook that even the current findings that we have just adopted may also not be the truth.
Aristotle, the famous Greek philosopher, believed the universe to be eternal, with no beginning. This “truth” was unchallenged for thousands of years in spite of the testimony of the Bible to the contrary (In the beginning . . . ). Only in recent times have scientists come around to the concept of a beginning for the universe. Now that scientific opinion explains that the universe began with a big bang we take it for granted.
Until recent times scientists believed that life began on earth only after billions of years of random chemical reactions. Their theory depended on a lengthy period wherein the chemical reactions would have enough time to produce life. The Bible says that life began right away--the next day. Fossil evidence backs up the Bible's assertion and the theory that life began after billions of years of random chemical reactions has been discarded. Even so, it still seems to get air time. Scientists are hard pressed to explain how life appeared so rapidly. Some have gone so far as to suggest that life was planted on earth by an alien life form.
Another example of how scientific theory is treated as fact is the current teaching that cholesterol is the cause of heart problems. Every person who's ever looked at TV or read a magazine in the doctor's office knows this is a fact. WRONG. It's been taught as a fact, everyone is living their lives as if it were a fact, doctors treat their heart patients as if it were a fact, but it's not a fact. The notion that cholesterol causes heart trouble is a theory. Scientists don't really know what causes heart trouble. A recent article in Discover magazine, December 1999 issue, reveals this.
As it turns out, Kilmer McCully, a researcher who originally published his findings in the 1960's, has come a long way in proving that heart disease isn't caused by cholesterol at all. It's caused by high homocysteine levels.
Homocysteine comes from the breakdown of an amino acid called methionine, which is abundant in meat and dairy products. McCully discovered that the homocysteine molecule is metabolized by enzymes that act in concert with B vitamins: B-12, which comes from meat, seafood, and dairy products, and B-6 and folic acid, which are both abundant in vegetables and whole grains (Discover, page 40). The upshot of this is that the cause of heart trouble goes back to a deficiency of B-vitamins in otherwise healthy people.
Lack of B-vitamins means that a person can't completely process animal proteins that they are eating thus high levels of homocysteine which is the root cause of heart trouble.
     This all brings us back to the hard science that is evolution. Society treats it less as a theory and more as dogma, an inflexible set of principles laid down by an authority. It is vulnerable to the changing times no matter how much popular science would preach otherwise. It is also worth noting that evolution is a very new science less than 300 years old while the bible is over 3000 years old and has held up to some very intense scrutiny.
     Homologous structures are thought to be proof of common ancestors however what is to be said of a master designer. Michelangelo, although a famous painting who created many great works of art all poriginal and unique in their own way all point back to him. We can analyze his brush strokes and easily and therefore detect a fake quickly. In all original works of art there are tell tale signs that speak of the masters hand, why then is it hard to believe that the same is true for the greatest work of art ever created the universe and its inhabitants. Evolution uses vestigial organs as a means to show a link to the past For instance the skeletons of snakes retain vestiges of the pelvis and leg bones of walking ancestors. This too can be explained and in this particular incidence is done so quite clearly again in the book of genesis.
So the LORD God said to the serpent, Because you have done this, cursed are you above all the livestock and all the wild animals You will crawl on your belly and you will eat dust all the days of your life. Genesis 3:14
      His organs were taken from him as a punishment vestigial organs were left as a reminder of Gods power and authority not as a clue to some mystery that isn’t there.
     Allow the summary to leave you with this science is not exact not because the answers are not there to be found or because they have been hidden from sight by some sort of puck like god who takes pleasure in keeping human being grouping around in the dark. Science can only be as reliable as the individuals who chose to delve into its recesses. Those individuals are always first and foremost human which makes them vulnerable to speculation interpretation and fallibility.
“Scientists have no proof that life was not the result of an act of creation, but they are driven by the nature of their profession to seek explanations for the origin of life that lie within the boundaries of natural law. They ask themselves, How did life arise out of inanimate matter? And what is the probability of that happening? And to their chagrin they have no clear-cut answer, because chemists have never succeeded in reproducing nature's experiments on the creation of life out of nonliving matter. Scientists do not know how that happened, and furthermore, they do not know the chance of its happening. Perhaps the chance is very small, and the appearance of life on a planet is an event of miraculously low probability. Perhaps life on the earth is unique in this Universe. No scientific evidence precludes that possibility.
(Jastrow, Robert, The Enchanted Loom: Mind In the Universe, 1981, p. 19)
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