Essay PreviewMore ↓
To be able to answer this question it is important to define what is meant by ‘totalitarian dictatorship’. Totalitarian means a form of government that does not allow rival political parties and demands total obedience from the people and, dictatorship means ruler who has complete power . The Nazi Party did have as its intention the creation of what we would see as a totalitarian dictatorship, but the important question is how far they achieved this goal.
The Third Reich was a totalitarian state in the sense that it was a ‘one party state’. A law was passed making illegal any other political party other than the Nazi Party. All political parties other than the Nazi party were abolished; the Social Democratic Party was outlawed as ‘hostile to the nation and state’ and, smaller parties were ‘persuaded’ to dissolve themselves. The individual German states also lost their independence. Nazi governors were put in charge to replace the elected state governors, making the Third Reich a Nazi only state. This principal is further enforced by ‘The Enabling Law’, which gave Hitler the same authority to make decisions and pass laws as the Reichstag once had. The Enabling Law allowed Hitler a dictatorial position, as he no longer had to consult the Reichstag on matters arising, he could pass whatever policy he wished. However, it can be argued that the Third Reich was not a totalitarian dictatorship as Hitler did not exercise his authority efficiently enough to become a totalitarian leader. Mommsen describes how he became much removed from day-to-day decision making and distanced himself from policies, either through laziness or through a fear of becoming associated with unpopular decisions e.g. the Euthanasia programme, which became unpopular and was officially withdrawn. By the later stages of the regime so many orders of the Führer were issued he must have had these brought to him by the government machine, orders which were then signed and issued as Hitler’s direct will. Indeed Mommsen goes further, saying that Hitler’s fanatical and irrational objectives could not have formed the basis for rational government. He remained a propagandist and much of what he said was nothing more than propaganda.
The use of propaganda was however a vital aspect to the indoctrination of the ordinary German people to follow Nazi ideology through sensorship. The media was virtually taken over by the Nazi’s.
How to Cite this Page
"Hitler's Totalitarian Dictatorship." 123HelpMe.com. 11 Dec 2019
Need Writing Help?
Get feedback on grammar, clarity, concision and logic instantly.Check your paper »
- Adolf Hitler (German: [ˈadɔlf ˈhɪtlɐ] ( listen); 20 April 1889 – 30 April 1945) was a German politician who was the leader of the Nazi Party (NSDAP), Chancellor of Germany from 1933 to 1945, and Führer ("leader") of Nazi Germany from 1934 to 1945. As dictator of Nazi Germany, he initiated World War II in Europe with the invasion of Poland in September 1939 and was a central figure of the Holocaust. Born an Austrian citizen and raised near Linz, Hitler moved to Germany in 1913 and was decorated during his service in the German Army in World War I.... [tags: Adolf Hitler, World War II, Nazi Germany, Nazism]
1834 words (5.2 pages)
- "Hitler" redirects here. For other uses, see Hitler (disambiguation). Adolf Hitler Bundesarchiv Bild 183-H1216-0500-002, Adolf Hitler.jpg Hitler in 1938 Führer of Germany In office 2 August 1934 – 30 April 1945 Deputy Rudolf Hess (1933–41) Position vacant Preceded by Paul von Hindenburg (as President) Succeeded by Karl Dönitz (as President) Reich Chancellor of Germany In office 30 January 1933 – 30 April 1945 President Paul von Hindenburg (until 1934) Deputy Franz von Papen (1933–34) Position vacant Preceded by Kurt von Schleicher Succeeded by Joseph Goebbels Leader of the Nazi Party In office 29 June 1921 – 30 April 1945 Deputy Rudolf Hess Preceded by Anton Dr... [tags: Adolf Hitler, Nazi Party, Nazi Germany]
821 words (2.3 pages)
- 1) There have been many totalitarian rulers over the years from Stalin all the way to Hitler. As you could rightfully assume we are a free democratic society, in which the people rule. Totalitarian society’s one person rules as a dictator. There have been many totalitarian rulers over the years such as Stalin who would “execute any people who were not in alignment with the goals of the state”. Policing is different in a free and democratic society as opposed to a totalitarian society due to the amount of power, different goals, and a difference in leaders.... [tags: Police, Constable, Criminal justice, Crime]
1907 words (5.4 pages)
- Hitler as a Totalitarian Dictator In order for me to begin answering the question whether or not Hitler was a totalitarian dictator I must first identify the significance of the key phrase ‘Totalitarian Dictator’ exactly what it means and what factors of a totalitarian dictator were employed in Germany. I believe a totalitarian dictator must attempt to control every aspect of life for the people of the nation also dictate as a single party and only one ruler, they should also have full control over aspects such as the media and what gets into papers; on the television and on the radio, the education system and the way the new generation is taught, the states econo... [tags: Papers]
771 words (2.2 pages)
- Hitler as a Totalitarian Dictator Before I begin to answer the question, "to what extent was Hitler a totalitarian dictator", I must first expand on the meanings of these two widely used political terms. In the "Reader's Digest Great Encyclopaedic Dictionary", the definition of totalitarian dictator is as follows: "Totalitarian (adjective). Of, pertaining to, rÃ©gime which permits no rival loyalties or parties and arrogates to itself all rights including those normally belonging to individuals." In short, totalitarian means a political system that has complete control over all aspects of people's lives.... [tags: Papers]
2847 words (8.1 pages)
- Hitler and Stalin: The World’s Greatest Enemies In world history, there have been countless cruel leaders; the cruelest of which are brought forth by totalitarian governments. Governments such as 1930s Italy, early 20th century China, and modern day North Korea have brought forth leaders such as Benito Mussolini, Mao Tse-tung, and Kim Jong-un. The most terrible and most remembered totalitarian dictators, however, emerged in the years leading to World War II. National leaders subjected millions of European and Asian citizens to cruelty.... [tags: Nazi Party, Adolf Hitler, Nazism, Nazi Germany]
1447 words (4.1 pages)
- Adolf Hitler was the dictatorial leader of the Nazi party, commanding German forces throughout World War II. He was a fanatic militarist, nationalist, racist and anti-Semite and once he became Chancellor of Germany in 1933 he quickly transformed Germany into a totalitarian fascist state. However, his efforts to create an ethnically purer fatherland for the German people ended in world war and Holocaust. Hitler retained his power in Germany until his suicide just before Germany’s surrender in 1945.... [tags: Adolf Hitler, Nazi Germany, Nazism, Germany]
1344 words (3.8 pages)
- Comparison of Mussolini and Hitler Fascism was a totalitarian political movement that developed after 1919 as a reaction against the political and social changes brought about by World War 1 and the spread of socialism and communism. It flourished between 1919 and 1945 in several countries, mainly Germany, Spain, Italy, and Japan. Fascism is a form of totalitarian dictatorship that had ideals such as extreme nationalism, economic self sufficiency and military strength. The dictators abolished all opposition against them and basically took complete control of the lives of everyone in their country.... [tags: Dictatorship Totalitarianism Facism Essays]
4380 words (12.5 pages)
- “How Hitler’s Method Affected the Sensibility of the United States” Adolf Hitler, political leader and totalitarian dictator, was the most strenuous chancellor of Germany during the era of the World War II. He substantiated his power accompanying animosity from 1933 to 1940; thereby, turning Germany into a rigorous army, killing over 40 million people. The diplomatic leader’s ideas led to the invasion of Italy, the war against the United States, and the invasion of Poland. His National Socialist German Worker’s Party, or Nazi Party, established a mass movement that over turned the Versailles Treaty, which helped the Nazis pass the Enabling Act.... [tags: World War II, Nazi Germany, Adolf Hitler, Germany]
1074 words (3.1 pages)
- The Man in the High Castle: Criticisms of Reality and Dictatorship by Philip K. Dick “Reality is that which, when you stop believing in it, doesn't go away.” -Philip K. Dick Botwinick writes in A History of the Holocaust, “The principle that resistance to evil was a moral duty did not exist for the vast majority of Germans. Not until the end of the war did men like Martin Niemoeller and Elie Wiesel arouse the world’s conscience to the realization that the bystander cannot escape guilt or shame” (pg.... [tags: Holocaust Hitler History]
1302 words (3.7 pages)
The Nazi’s employed control over social groups one of which being manipulated was the young. Hitler was a firm believer in the need to indoctrinate Nazi ideology early and the power of young people in ensuring the continued vitality of the "Thousand Year Reich." The Hitler Youth was based on Hitler's anti-intellectualism, focusing on military training in preparation for becoming a soldier at 18. Young German women were indoctrinated with the values of obedience, duty, self-sacrifice, discipline and physical self-control. The goal of girls in the BDM was to prepare women for motherhood and raise children who would be educated in the ways of National Socialism . This would secure the continued obedience to the Nazi party and fulfil the Nazi aim of the one party state.
The Third Reich was not a totalitarian state as there were other groups in Germany outside the direct control of the Nazis. The Elites continued to operate as an effective group with their own identity, but these had of course allowed the Nazis into power for their own objectives, especially to prevent left-wing or democratic government from resuming after the Great Depression.
Although the S.S. gained the Third Reich a lot of its control through force and terror, it could be seen as a double edged knife as it also worked as an independent from the party, opposing the idea of a totalitarian state. The S.S. members were totally dedicated to what they regarded as the supreme virtues of Nazi ideology, loyalty and honour. Some historians, such as D. Schoenbaum, have argued that Himmler created an organisation which potentially superseded the state and perhaps the party as well . The S.S. was a state within a state, having its own economic independence was somewhat left alone by the government, and worked with the Nazi party not for it.
From early on the Nazi party’s intent was to create the ultimate totalitarian dictatorship and images of the regime may deceive us into thinking that it had more power and control than it did. Whilst it did incorporate some aspects of a totalitarian regime by being a one party state and following an ideology with media sensorship, the Third Reich could not be classed as totally totalitarian because of the independence of the S.S. Hitler could not be totally defined as a dictatorial leader because he left a lot of the policy making to his generals.