Malaria

Malaria

Length: 1679 words (4.8 double-spaced pages)

Rating: Excellent

Open Document

Essay Preview

More ↓
The Disease……………
      That lead everyone in for a great awaking.
     Malaria in humans is caused by a protozoon of the genus Plasmodium and the four subspecies, falciparum, vivax, malariae, and ovale. The species that causes the greatest illness and death in Africa is P. falciparum. The disease is transmitted by the bites of mosquitoes of the genus Anopheles, of which the Anopheles gambiae complex (the most efficient) is responsible for the transmission of disease in Africa. Fever is the main symptom of malaria. The most severe manifestations are cerebral malaria (mainly in children and persons without previous immunity), anemia (mainly in children and pregnant women), and kidney and other organ dysfunction (e.g., respiratory distress syndrome). Persons repeatedly exposed to the disease acquire a considerable degree of clinical immunity, which is unstable and disappears after a year away from the endemic-disease environment. Immunity reappears after malarial bouts if the person returns to an endemic-disease zone. Most likely to die of malaria are persons without previous immunity, primarily children or persons from parts of the same country (e.g., high altitudes) where transmission is absent, or persons from more industrialized countries where the disease does not exist.
Why Is Malaria Reemerging?
Do you think that when that thought they got everyone that had Malaria it was over? Well I think you knoe that’s no where this titie nor paragraph. In the last decade, the prevalence of malaria has been escalating at an alarming rate, especially in Africa. An estimated 300 to 500 million cases each year cause 1.5 to 2.7 million deaths, more than 90% in children under 5 years of age in Africa. Malaria has been estimated to cause 2.3% of global disease and 9% of disease in Africa; it ranks third among major infectious disease threats in Africa after pneumococcal acute respiratory infections (3.5%) and tuberculosis (TB) (2.8%). Cases in Africa account for approximately 90% of malaria cases in the world. Between 1994 and 1996, malaria epidemics in 14 countries of sub-Saharan Africa caused an unacceptably high number of deaths, many in areas previously free of the disease. Adolescents and young adults are now dying of severe forms of the disease. Air travel has brought the threat of the disease to the doorsteps of industrialized countries, with an increasing incidence of imported cases and deaths from malaria by visitors to endemic-disease regions.
     A number of factors appear to

How to Cite this Page

MLA Citation:
"Malaria." 123HelpMe.com. 19 Apr 2019
    <https://www.123helpme.com/view.asp?id=75840>.

Need Writing Help?

Get feedback on grammar, clarity, concision and logic instantly.

Check your paper »

Optimizing Chloroquine to Make a Better Drug to Fight Malaria Essay

- Optimizing Chloroquine to Make a Better Drug to Fight Malaria Abstract: Malaria has haunted man for centuries. Humanities experiments in drugs allowed for the discovery of chloroquine, perhaps the most successful cure against the parasitic infection. However, a new strain of malaria, plasmodium falciparum, has proven to be resistant against chloroquine and other cures we have for this virulent disease. Should man then cast aside this antique drug. Not before trying to optimize it to once again combat malaria....   [tags: Biology Medical Malaria Disease]

Research Papers
1415 words (4 pages)

Malaria- Falciparum Malaria Essay

- The most common strain of malaria, falciparum malaria, must be treated in the hospital since it is considered a medical emergency. The mode of treatment including the type of drugs administered depends on the severity of the disease and the place in which the malaria was contracted. The basic treatment for all strains of malaria (except falciparum) is normally chloroquine, which is administered for 3 days by mouth. Since most falciparum strains are resistant to chloroquine, a combination of tetracycline and quinine is normally used to treat them....   [tags: Medical Emergency, Hospital, Health, Treatment]

Research Papers
1057 words (3 pages)

Malaria Essay

- Malaria is regarded as one of the world's deadliest tropical parasitic diseases. It claims more lives than any other communicable disease except tuberculosis. In Africa and other developing countries, it also accounts for millions of dollars in medical costs. Malaria, however, is a curable disease if promptly diagnosed and adequately treated. Malaria is a mosquito-borne disease caused by the parasite plasmodium. In recent years, most cases in the U.S. have been in people who have acquired the disease after travelling to tropical and sub-tropical areas....   [tags: essays research papers fc]

Research Papers
1071 words (3.1 pages)

Malaria Essay

- The Disease…………… That lead everyone in for a great awaking. Malaria in humans is caused by a protozoon of the genus Plasmodium and the four subspecies, falciparum, vivax, malariae, and ovale. The species that causes the greatest illness and death in Africa is P. falciparum. The disease is transmitted by the bites of mosquitoes of the genus Anopheles, of which the Anopheles gambiae complex (the most efficient) is responsible for the transmission of disease in Africa. Fever is the main symptom of malaria....   [tags: essays research papers fc]

Free Essays
1679 words (4.8 pages)

Malaria Essay

- Malaria (also called biduoterian fever, blackwater fever, falciparum malaria, plasmodium, Quartan malaria, and tertian malaria) is one of the most infectious and most common diseases in the world. This serious, sometimes-fatal disease is caused by a parasite that is carried by a certain species of mosquito called the Anopheles. It claims more lives every year than any other transmissible disease except tuberculosis. Every year, five hundred million adults and children (around nine percent of the world’s population) contract the disease and of these, one hundred million people die....   [tags: essays research papers fc]

Research Papers
1302 words (3.7 pages)

Malaria Essay

- Malaria There are a great number of diseases that are endemic in many of the poorer, developing nations due to the lack of sanitation and disease prevention programs in these areas. The steady increase of malaria epidemics in many of the African countries is a point of great concern, because this continent is home to 90% of the world’s total cases of this particular disease. Malaria gets its name from “mal aria,” meaning bad air, because patients used to blame the sudden illness on the poor air quality of the nearby swamps....   [tags: Exploratory Essays Research Papers]

Research Papers
962 words (2.7 pages)

Malaria Essay

- Malaria Malaria parasites have been with us since the beginning of time, and fossils of mosquitoes up to thirty million years old show that malaria’s vector has existed for just as long. The parasites causing malaria are highly specific, with man as the only host and mosquitoes as the only vector. Every year, 300,000,000 people are affected by malaria, and while less than one percent of these people die, there are still an estimated 1,500,000 deaths per year. While Malaria was one of the first infectious diseases to be treated successfully with a drug, scientist are still looking for a cure or at least a vaccination today (Cann, 1996)....   [tags: essays research papers fc]

Research Papers
1189 words (3.4 pages)

malaria Essay

- It is one of the ten deadliest diseases of all time. It effects men, women, children, and animals. It is in full force in Africa, India, Asia, China, South America, and the Caribbean. This disease is malaria. Nearly 40 percent of the world’s population lives in areas that are effected by the disease. Malaria is a serious, infectious disease spread by certain mosquitoes. It is caused by infection with the Plasmodium genus of the protozoan parasite. More than one hundred species of this parasite exist....   [tags: essays research papers]

Research Papers
688 words (2 pages)

Malaria Essay

- Abstract: Malaria, which has killed more people than those killed by all the war and all the plagues combined, is caused by a small protozoan parasite of the genus Plasmodium that resides within cells in the bloodstream to mature and avoid detection. There are four main species of Plasmodium that cause malaria. These species of the parasite infect humans and female anopheline mosquitoes at different stages in their life cycle. When an infected female anopheline mosquito feeds upon the blood of the vertebrate, the parasite is transferred through the saliva, into the body of the vertebrate host....   [tags: Biology Medical Biomedical Disease]

Research Papers
780 words (2.2 pages)

Essay about Understanding Malaria

- Understanding Malaria For several years, I have had an interest in virology and the spread and characteristics of various infectious diseases. Though it makes sense not to possibly induce a state of panic by informing individuals of illnesses that are not native to the area they live in and that they are not likely to contract, I have always liked to remain informed out of my own curiosity and interest. Thus, I have decided to write about malaria. Malaria kills more people than any communicable disease except for tuberculosis....   [tags: Research Papers Term Papers]

Research Papers
732 words (2.1 pages)

Related Searches

be contributing to the resurgence of malaria: 1) rapid spread of resistance of malaria parasites to chloroquine and the other quinolines; 2) frequent armed conflicts and civil unrest in many countries, forcing large populations to settle under difficult conditions, sometimes in areas of high malaria transmission; 3) migration (for reasons of agriculture, commerce, and trade) of nonimmune populations from nonmalarious and usually high to low parts of the same country where transmission is high; 4) changing rainfall patterns as well as water development projects such as dams and irrigation schemes, which create new mosquito breeding sites; 5) adverse socioeconomic conditions leading to a much reduced health budget and gross inadequacy of funds for drugs; 6) high birth rates leading to a rapid increase in the susceptible population under 5 years of age; 7)changes in the behavior of the vectors, particularly in biting habits, from indoor to outdoor biters.

How to control yourself
The present strategy for malaria control, adopted by the Ministerial Conference on Malaria in Amsterdam in 1992, is to prevent death, reduce illness, and decrease social and economic loss due to the disease . Its practical implementation requires two main tools: first, drugs for early treatment of the disease, management of severe and complicated cases, and prophylactic use on the most vulnerable population (particularly pregnant women); second, insecticide-treated nets for protection against mosquito bites. Each tool has its own problems in regard to field implementation.




April 1
Nigeria: U.s. Supports Malaria Programme With $21m The United States Government has increased its support to Nigeria's Malaria Pro-gramme from $8million for the period between 1999 and 2003 to $21 million for the period between 2004 and 2008.           This Day
Nigeria: Council Boss Promises Free Malaria Treatment Chairman, Amuwo-Odofin Local government of Lagos State, Prince Rasheed Adesina Otolorin has pledged the continuity of free medical services in health delivery services for malaria treatment within the area.           This Day
March 29
Kenya: Malaria Still Kenya's Biggest Killer Disease Malaria still tops the list of diseases that affect most Kenyans, a new report says.           Nation
Gambia: Malaria Death Toll Worrisome The death toll for malaria, as the major killer disease in the sub-Saharan Africa is worrisome, as statistics show increasing rate of the pandemic, and The Gambia without exemption, registered an annual death rate of one thousand for children under the age of five.           Independent (Banjul)
Gambia: 'Let's Fight Malaria' - SoS Faal The Secretary of State for Youths and Sports, Samba Faal has urged Gambian youths to rise up and get rid of the menace caused by malaria, the world?s main killer disease.           Independent (Banjul)
South Africa [opinion]: Drugs Sector Needs Dose of Courage INDIA's lower house, the Lok Sabha, has just passed patent legislation that will provide protection for innovators that, to date, has been largely lacking. The new rules - which will grant product patents for medicines and other novel technologies - have been heavily criticised by activist organisations such as Mèdicins Sans Frontiéres and Oxfam, which fear it will deny poor people cheap drugs.           Business Day
March 28
Nigeria: Intels, Joygirl, SFA, Build Hospital for Aids, Malaria Intels Nigeria Limited, a comprehensive logistic support outfit in Rivers State has partnered with internationally acclaimed singer and President of Support For Africa (SFA) NGO, Patti Boulaye to build a cottage hospital in Port Harcourt, the Rivers State capital.           This Day
March 25
West Africa: Stakeholders Review Anti-Malaria Nets' Success in Abuja Bolstered by the results of household surveys conducted in Nigeria, Ghana, Senegal and Zambia, which indicated a significant rise in the use of Insecticide Treated Bednets (ITNs) in the prevention of malaria, stakeholders have scheduled a dissemination meeting for next week in Abuja.           This Day
March 24
Namibia: Country Co-ordination Mechanism Prepares HIV, TB and Malaria Funding Requests NAMIBIA has started preparations to apply for grants under the fifth round of funding by the Global Fund to fight HIV-AIDS, tuberculosis and malaria.           Namibian
March 23
Liberia: African Malaria Comes to Town First, the bad news: urban malaria in Africa is becoming a major health problem and looks set to get worse.           Observer
Uganda: US$33m to Import New Malaria Drug US$33m (sh56.7b) has been set aside by the health ministry for the importation of Coartem in August, a new drug that will replace Chloroquine, Dr John Bosco Rwakimari, the co-coordinator of the Malaria Control Programme, has said.           New Vision
March 22
Uganda: Muhwezi Advises On Malaria THE Government has urged the private sector to fight malaria through vector control, writes James Odomel and Herbert Sempogo.           New Vision
Sierra Leone: NaCSA Holds Sensitization Workshop The National Commission for Social Action (NaCSA) has held an HIV/AIDS and malaria sensitization workshop in the Kroobay Community Centre in central Freetown.           Standard Times
March 21
Nigeria: New Malaria Drug for Pregnant Women Debuts Pregnant women in Nigeria and West African sub-region would now heave a sign of relief as a new malaria drug already endorsed by Federal Government debuts in market.           This Day
Liberia [opinion]: Combating Malaria in the Next Liberian Republic Dr. Syrulwa Somah thinks that Liberia needs to reconsider its reliance on chloroquine as malaria treatment by seeking other viable treatment options for malaria, including ATD and traditional Liberian herbs.           Observer
Nigeria: Yousou Ndour Stages African Concert to Fight Malaria Tens of thousands of fans turned up for the first of two Africa Live concerts staged in the Senegalese capital, Dakar, last weekend to raise awareness in the fight against malaria. Senegalese music icon, Yousou Ndour, was the brain behind the project which featured other African artistes.           Daily Champion
March 18
Angola: Flooding Leaves At Least 10,000 Homeless Flooding in Angola's northern Kwanza Norte province has left at least 10,000 people without shelter and created conditions ripe for malaria and diarrhoeal diseases.           IRIN
PanAfrica: 'Malaria Deadlier Than Aids' A call has been made to African leaders, especially Nigeria, to pay more attention to the eradication of malaria, which research has shown is deadlier than HIV/AIDS and other seemingly deadlier diseases.           This Day
March 16
Senegal: Anti-Malaria ACTs Expected for Rainy Season Once Funds Approved Senegal plans to switch to more expensive but more effective artemisinin-based anti-malaria drugs before the rainy season kicks off this year, with the help of funding from the Global Fund to Fight AIDS, Tuberculosis and Malaria, a senior health official said on Wednesday.           IRIN
Angola: Over 74.000 People Died of Malaria From 2001-2004 At least 74.901 people died of malaria in Angola between 2001 and 2004, said today in Luanda, Milton Saraiva, member of the Malaria Controlling Technical Team.           ANGOP
Botswana: Media Told to Increase Coverage On Malaria, TB The media has been advised not to focus only on HIV/AIDS but to increase their coverage of malaria and tuberculosis.           Mmegi
March 15
Senegal: Wanted! 100 Million Mosquito Nets to Stop Malaria When Senegalese superstar Youssou N'Dour rolled into this dusty village and bellowed "How many people want a bed net?", hundreds of hands shot up into the air.           IRIN
PanAfrica [press release]: Africa Action Co-Sponsors Embassy Protests urging G-7 Action on Debt & Aids Joins other Groups in ‘Global Day of Action’ Calling for Debt Cancellation and Money for Global Fund to fight AIDS            Africa Action
March 14
Southern Africa: Health Crisis Threaten's Zimbabwe's Neighbours The collapse of medical services coupled with political and economic instability means Zimbabwe is starting to export its health problems.           

And this is a data chart that shows information about malaria and how it is effecting or help killing there loved ones that are left in Africa.












Bibliography/ yahoo/how malaria started.com

Emerging infections diseases volume 4 number 3. Malaria: A Reemerging Disease in Africa. Thomas C. Nchinda world health Organization Geneva, Switzerl

World Health Organization
Division of Control of Tropical Diseases


Return to 123HelpMe.com