Essay PreviewMore ↓
John Hammond was one of the greatest electrical and mechanical inventors of his time. The things he invented during his lifetime impacted history a great deal.
According to John Pettibone, John Hays Hammond, Jr. was born in 1888 in San Francisco, California (Pettibone 1). Most of his life Hammond was known as Jack. He was the second son and namesake of a world-famous mining engineer, who was the friend, confidant, and almost running mate of William Howard Taft. Jack’s father grossed a supposed one million dollars a year as well as bonuses at the South African gold and diamond fields where his father relocated his family in 1893. While in South Africa, Jack’s father got imprisoned by accident and in prison got really sick. Mark Twain was on tour of Africa and visited the prison and soon afterwards the Hammond family moved to recuperate in England (Dandola1-2). Young Hammond became devoted to studying life in the past and castles after his family relocated to England in 1898. At the beginning of the century his family moved back to the United States. Years later, as a marriage gift for his wife Irene, Hammond started building a medieval castle home in Gloucester, MA. In 1929 the couple took up residence in the castle and in 1930 revealed it as a museum (Pettibone 1).
To invent, John Hays Hammond would at no time have to look far for ideas. He was born into an educated family in 1888 and some of the family’s associates included Nikola Tesla, the Wright brothers, and Thomas Edison. Hammond was both a realistic and fanciful inventor; his attractions varied from culinary and music to torpedoes and electronics (John 1).
In New Jersey where John Hammond enlisted at the Lawrenceville School in 1903, his first invention came along. To elude the school’s 8:00 PM rule for lights out, Hammond was delighted to install into a lot of his friend’s dorms a sensor and an over current protection device that automatically turned off the rooms lighting as the door was opened. Hammond was disappointed years afterwards, that he had not listened to Edison’s advice, when a device similar to his became commonplace in vehicles and refrigerators. Edison had told him: Patent all your ideas, and get yourself a good lawyer (John 1).
Jack never lost interest in medieval history, which became one of his passions after he was exposed to castles while enrolled in an English prep school.
How to Cite this Page
"John Jays Hammond JR.." 123HelpMe.com. 19 Nov 2018
Need Writing Help?
Get feedback on grammar, clarity, concision and logic instantly.Check your paper »
- ... In attempt to assert his dominance, Hammond stripped the blacks of many freedoms they once enjoyed. Hammond was threatened by the assembly of slaves who gathered in worship and praise. Hammond wanted to psychologically dominate the slaves and used the regulation of church to enforce that control upon the negroes by emphasizing obedience and tranquility in Sunday afternoon services led by white ministers. Faust says, “slaves…were not accustomed to the rigorous demands made by their new master, and they resented and resisted his drive for efficiency” (Faust,73).... [tags: Slavery in the United States, Slavery]
885 words (2.5 pages)
- James Henry Hammond was born in South Carolina on November 15th, 1807 and died on November 13th, 1864. Not only was Hammond a very wealthy plantation owner, but he was also a very successful politician. From 1835 to 1836, he served as a United States Representative. He also served as South Carolina’s Governor from 1842 to 1844. In his later years, he served as United States Senator from 1857 to 1860. Hammond’s voice was very loud when it came to the issue of slavery. He was not ashamed to let everyone know how much he supported it.... [tags: all those in favor of slavery say aye]
625 words (1.8 pages)
- Alan Moore's graphic novel V for Vendetta is not only a call for revolution, but also an explanation of how such process should materialize. V, who transcends beyond a character and embodies the concept of revolution, establishes the procedure for social change. He understands that his role is to avenge and “make rubble” of injustice and corruption; however, true social reform must move beyond destruction and forge an improved society on the ruins of an oppressed past. Therefore, V adopts Evey Hammond, a young victim of the regime, as his protégée and educates her to guide society through the second stage of revolution: reconstruction.... [tags: alan moore, vendetta, revolution]
827 words (2.4 pages)
- Alan Moore's graphic novel V for Vendetta is not only a call for revolution but also an explanation of how such process is to materialize. V, who transcends beyond a character and embodies the concept of revolution, establishes the procedure for social change. He understands that his role is to avenge and “make rubble” of injustice and corruption; however, true social reform must move beyond destruction and forge an improved society on the ruins of an oppressed past. Therefore, V adopts Evey Hammond, a young victim of the regime, as his protégée and educates her to guide society through the second stage of revolution: reconstruction.... [tags: victim, transformation, regime]
1043 words (3 pages)
- ... Both are merchants from London. At the age of fifteen, his mother falls ill and dies of tuberculosis. At Enfield, John was not thought to be destined as a writer of any sort. Keats was remembered as a nice young boy. The Keats brothers were loved by many at school, especially John. In fact, He was known for being valiant and giving towards others. Classmate Edward Holmes recalls: "The generosity and daring of his nature - in passions of tears or outrageous fits of laughter always in extremes will help to paint Keats in his boyhood" (Marilee, "Keats: Facts and Biography").... [tags: John Keats, Romanticism, Ode to a Nightingale]
1262 words (3.6 pages)
- Toronto Blue Jayss case study The Toronto Blue Jays baseball team was founded in the 1970s and experienced support from the fans during the 1970s and 1980s. In 1992 and 1993, the Jays won back-to-back World Series, yet in 1994, the team faced setbacks. The team had a losing streak, there was a major league baseball strike, and no World Series was played. At the same time, gambling came to Toronto, and the team had to compete for the fan's time. Also, players' salaries skyrocketed at a time when the Canadian dollar fell in value.... [tags: GCSE Business Marketing Coursework]
487 words (1.4 pages)
- Thesis Statement: When Hammond and a portion of his associates thought they were in control, the table's were turned and little did they know, the dinosaurs had gained control of more than just Jurassic Park but their lives as well. When Hammond thought him and his associates had complete control of Jurassic Park, Nedry, who knew how to enter the computer system manually, shuts off the electricity to the whole Park. Nedry was hired by another company to steal the dinosaur embryos. The dinosaurs where not held captive anymore.... [tags: Hammond, dinosaurs]
642 words (1.8 pages)
- Contents Introduction 3 Industry analysis 4 Competitive Rivalry 4 Substitute Products 4 Threat of new Entrants 4 Strategy 5 Operations – Cost analysis 5 Administration – Cost Analysis 6 Proposed Complex Cards – Cost Analysis 6 Recommendations 7 Conclusion 8 Appendix 9 Table 1: Hammond Cards Production Cost 9 Table 2: Creative Designs Production Costs 10 Table 3: ABC of combined Administration Functions 10 Table 4: Complex cards sold to Hammond Customers 11 Table 5: Complex cards sold to Creative Customers 12 References 13 Introduction Hammond Cards, Inc.... [tags: Production Costs, Greeting Cards]
2358 words (6.7 pages)
- ... The blockade contributed to some of the South’s inability to export cotton as the Union continued to improve upon their blockade tactics, and the South moved to smaller and faster ships with less cargo capacity. To combat the Union blockade, the South had contracted with British shipyards to build blockade runners and commercial raiders. These ships, built under private names, were destined for the Confederacy thus violating international law and British domestic law that did not support a neutral providing support to a belligerent.... [tags: Confederate States of America, American Civil War]
741 words (2.1 pages)
- John constable What made Constable different from the majority of his contemporaries was his attitude towards the things that he saw. He was not, like so many other landscape artists, a conscious seeker of the picturesque. As an artist he was virtually self-taught and his periods of formal study amounted to little more than process of directive discipline. His real master was his own sensitive and perceptive eye (Peacock, 15). It was through a study of nature rather than by a study of academic principles that his artistic philosophy was evolved.... [tags: John constable]
1777 words (5.1 pages)
Hammond started testing with radio-operated remote control in ardor. He laid the groundwork for all following radio control by 1914. He guided a ghost ship around Gloucester Bay by constructing a gyroscope into its receiving system. This Gyrad system of his permitted an unmanned boat to be sent on a successful 120-mile journey from Gloucester to Boston and back. An anti-interference innovation was added, since World War I had just begun, and that would stop others from interfering with his systems signals. Another thing that he invented, that permitted a remote controlled boat to seek out an enemy ship’s searchlights, was a target seeking system, and he also started work on the first radio-guided torpedo (John 2).
Some of the more whimsy inventions of Hammond’s career were a magnetic bottlecap remover, a hypodermic meat baster, a panless stove on whose disposable aluminum surface food was cooked directly, and a failed cure for baldness (John 2). By 1916 he acquired the high regards of the U.S. War Department (John 2). More than 437 patents and 800 inventions are attributed to Hammond (Pettibone 1).
Hammond concentrated on radio transmission after World War I. One of the first people to work in frequency modulation (FM) broadcasting, he also licensed a patent in telephone amplification to Bell Telephone and invented the single-dial radio tuner. Hammond’s most notable invention at the time of the Second World War was a variable-pitch propeller. By adjusting to the conditions of the water that it was going through, the propeller maximized productivity. In the Gothic castle he constructed as his residence in Gloucester, his most impressive work was installed, a 10,000-pipe organ (John 2).
Jack’s inventions obtained him a seat on the Board of Directors of R.C.A. and made him financially self-sufficient. The Franklin Institute dubbed him Father of Radio Control and his museum would declare him to be The World’s Second Greatest Inventor, whereas in real life he ranked sixth behind Edison, who was first (Dandola 3-5). In 1959 the Franklin Institute in Philadelphia presented Hammond with the Elliot Cresson Medal for his input to American inventions. Following that, the Institute of Radio Engineers gave a Medal of Honor to him in 1962 and 1963 (Pettibone 1).
In his latest castle laboratory at the time, Hammond labored with aides on a lot of his inventions. These inventions included, the synchronization of motion pictures, radio dynamic controls, television communications, the dynamic amplifier (today’s stereo), and a cosmic ray detector. John Hays Hammond died in New York on February 12, 1965 at a Board Meeting of R.C.A. and lies at his castle house in Gloucester (Pettibone 1).
John Hammond’s inventions are still impacting history to this day. Many of his inventions are still used in modern times, only in a modified form. If Hammond had not lived, FM radio or radio-operated remote control may not have been invented.
Dandola, John. John Hays Hammond, JR. and His Castle Museum. John Hays Hammond and His Castle Museum. Online. Available http://community-2.webtv.net/JohnDandola/HammondCastle/. 18 Mar. 2004.
John Hays Hammond, JR. Massachusetts Institute of Technology. September 1998. Online. Available http://web.mit.edu/invent/iow/hammond.html. 18 Mar. 2004.
Pettibone, John. John Hays Hammond JR. Hammond Castle Museum. Online. Available http://www.hammondcastle.org/Bio.htm 18 Mar. 2004.