Essay PreviewMore ↓
Statesman and 35th U.S. president (1961-63), born on May 29, 1917, in Brookline, Massachusetts; the second of Joseph and Rose Kennedy's nine children.
Kennedy was the youngest man elected president of the United States, dying from an assassin’s bullet after serving less than one term in office.
Kennedy attended private elementary schools, including a year at Canterbury School in New Milford, Connecticut, and four years at Choate School in Wallingford, Connecticut. He spent the summer of 1935 studying at the London School of Economics. He entered Princeton University but was forced to leave during his freshman year because of an attack of jaundice. In the fall of 1936 he enrolled at Harvard University, graduating cum laude in June 1940. During World War II, he commanded a PT (torpedo) boat in the Pacific. When the boat was rammed and sunk by a Japanese destroyer in August 1943, Kennedy, despite serious injuries, led the surviving crew through miles of perilous waters to safety.
After the war, Kennedy worked for several months in 1945 as a reporter for the Hearst newspapers, covering a conference in San Francisco that established the United Nations. In 1947, he became a Democratic Congressman from Boston, and in 1952, successfully campaigned against Henry Cabot Lodge in Massachusetts to advance to the Senate. He married Jacqueline Bouvier on September 12, 1953, and the couple had two children, Caroline Bouvier (born 1957) and John Fitzgerald (born 1960). Another son, Patrick Bouvier, died shortly after birth in 1963.
While recuperating from back surgery, Kennedy wrote Profiles in Courage (1956), a study of courageous political acts by eight United States senators, which won a Pulitzer Prize. Kennedy campaigned for and nearly gained the Democratic nomination for vice president in 1956, and four years later was a first-ballot nominee for president. A young, handsome and personable candidate with a beautiful wife, Kennedy enjoyed the friendship and support of many high-profile Hollywood celebrities, who helped raise money for his campaign. Kennedy engaged in a series of television debates with the Republican candidate, Richard M. Nixon, which were seen by millions. After winning the presidency in 1960 by a narrow margin, Kennedy became the 35th president of the United States, the youngest president ever elected, and the first Roman Catholic president.
Kennedy’s economic programs launched the country on its longest sustained expansion since World War II. He promoted social legislation, including a federal desegregation policy in schools and universities, along with Civil Rights reform.
How to Cite this Page
"John Fitzgerald Kennedy." 123HelpMe.com. 16 Feb 2020
Need Writing Help?
Get feedback on grammar, clarity, concision and logic instantly.Check your paper »
- John Fitzgerald Kennedy, he was born in 1917 on May 29th, being born to Joseph and Rose Kennedy in Brookline, Massachusetts. Additionally, he I 'd the grandson of Fitzgerald, John Francis, the mainstream leader of Boston, he also went by "Honey Fitz". John, Alison going by "Jack" was the age of 3 when he contracted Scarlet Fever for which he was hospitalized for. Way back then it was extremely infectious and destructive, he was on the verge of kicking the bucket. He was hospitalized for a full month for this incident.... [tags: John F. Kennedy, John F. Kennedy assassination]
859 words (2.5 pages)
- John Fitzgerald Kennedy was born in Brookline, Massachusetts on May 29, 1917 and died in Dallas, Texas on November 22, 1963. Regarded as their father 's favorite, JFK felt continuously overshadowed by his older brother, Joseph Kennedy, Jr. JFK joined the Navy, where he commanded PT-109, a Patrol Torpedo boat, in the South Pacific. After a Japanese destroyer rammed his boat, he became a hero for his efforts in saving his men in August 1943. In November 1946, Massachusetts elected JFK to the House of Representatives, where he served until 1952.... [tags: John F. Kennedy, Cuban Missile Crisis]
1767 words (5 pages)
- John Fitzgerald Kennedy, born May 29, 1917, became the 35th President of the United States January 20, 1961 and served his country until November 22, 1963 when he was assassinated while riding in a motorcade in Dallas, Texas (Freidel and Sidey 35). Despite his short tenure in office, President Kennedy will be remembered for the hope he brought to the people of the United States. Kennedy’s commitment to encouraging goodwill and service, to blocking communism, to protecting civil rights, and his commitment to exploring space are what make him the “Person of the Century.” From the moment President Kennedy took office, he urged and inspired Americans to participate in public service.... [tags: John F. Kennedy, Cuban Missile Crisis, Cold War]
1108 words (3.2 pages)
- Who was the killer of John Fitzgerald Kennedy. Does anyone know who killed Kennedy. The J.F.K Assassination is a conspiracy wrapped in a conspiracy. Can the people of the world seriously accept what the U.S government has told them that Lee Harvey Oswald solely killed the President of the U.S.A. Evidence shows that it seems possible that the American Central Intelligence Agency could have been involved in the president 's death. All the facts suggest that this assassination was not the work of one, Lee Harvey Oswald, but a higher power.... [tags: John F. Kennedy, John F. Kennedy assassination]
1126 words (3.2 pages)
- Lone suspect or conspiracy Decades after the assassination of beloved president John Fitzgerald Kennedy and still no closer to solving the mystery of whether or not Lee Harvey Oswald acted alone in the killing or if the assassination was conspired by more the one person. Three keys items that will help you the reader take a stance on this subject are the mental stability of Mr. Oswald, a declassified report of withheld by the CIA, and a report saying that JFK 's assassination was supposed to happen in Chicago, not Dallas First a report of the mental instability of Oswald as an adolescence performed by Renatus Hartogs, M.D., Ph.D.... [tags: John F. Kennedy assassination, John F. Kennedy]
1178 words (3.4 pages)
- “Ask not what your country can do for you, but what you can do for your country” John Fitzgerald Kennedy’s famous 1961 inaugural address began one of the most important presidencies in the history of the United States. The 35th president of the United States was like no other, he had a leadership quality that as the quote implies, gave the people empowerment, and held a relationship with the American people different than the prior 34 presidents. Kennedy was born into a very wealthy Irish Catholic family in Brookline Massachusets on May 29, 1917.... [tags: John F. Kennedy, John F. Kennedy assassination]
1392 words (4 pages)
- ... Norman Vincent Peale opposed his candidacy on religious grounds. Billy Graham made no secret of his support for Richard Nixon.” Many Protestants opposed the idea of a Roman Catholic president because they were concerned that he might be controlled by the Catholic Church or might make Catholicism the religion of the nation (American President: John Fitzgerald Kennedy). According to Herbert S. Parmet, John F. Kennedy even felt that many Catholic Bishops were upset with him because they did not like either his opposition to federal funds supporting parochial schools or the idea that he was interviewed and questioned about the issues of separation of Church and state and the difference betwe... [tags: president, catholic]
949 words (2.7 pages)
- This essay contains information about the childhood of JFK, his adventures in politics, and information about his assassination. John F. Kennedy had a seemingly normal childhood, but he also faced many illnesses over a long period of time. John F. Kennedy became a very successful politician during his career, holding several different titles.John F. Kennedy was assassinated by Lee Harvey Oswald in 1963, devastating the american public. Overall, John F. Kennedy was a great american president who led a fascinating life before being tragically murdered.... [tags: JFK, Biography, Assassination, US President]
1040 words (3 pages)
- John Fitzgerald Kennedy - JFK John Fitzgerald Kennedy was born in Brookline, Massachusetts, on May 29, 1917, the second son of financier Joseph P. Kennedy, who served as ambassador to Great Britain during the administration of Franklin D. Roosevelt. He graduated from Harvard University in 1940, winning note with the publication of Why England Slept, an expansion of his senior thesis on Britain's lack of preparedness for World War II. His part in the war was distinguished by bravery. In August 1943, as commander of the U.S.... [tags: President Kennedy]
1271 words (3.6 pages)
- The Killer of John Fitzgerald Kennedy John Fitzgerald Kennedy was born in Brookline, Massachusetts on May 29, 1917, the second of the nine children of Joseph Patrick Kennedy and his wife, Rose Fitzgerald Kennedy. Kennedy’s Irish ancestors had immigrated to Boston and his grandfather, Patrick J. Kennedy, was a Boston political leader as well as a successful businessman and saloonkeeper. His maternal grandfather, John F. Fitzgerald was the mayor of Boston, popularly known as “Honey Fitz”.... [tags: Papers]
5434 words (15.5 pages)
In the height of the Cold War period, Kennedy displayed moderation and a firm hand in foreign policy. In April 1961, a force of anti-Castro Cubans, under direction of the U.S. Central Intelligence Agency prior to Kennedy’s election, failed in their invasion of Cuba at the Bay of Pigs. Kennedy accepted responsibility for this political misstep, which was considered an enormous setback in foreign relations. At the risk of all-out nuclear war, Kennedy engaged in a showdown with the Soviet Union over its missile installations in Cuba, which were ultimately withdrawn by the Soviets in October, 1962. Kennedy attempted to slow the arms race by negotiating a partial nuclear test ban treaty with the Soviet Union in 1963.
On November 22, 1963, Kennedy was assassinated by rifle fire while being driven in an open car through Dallas, Texas. The alleged assassin, 24-year-old Lee Harvey Oswald, was shot and killed by night club owner Jack Ruby two days later, while under heavy police escort on a jail transfer. Much controversy remains concerning the Kennedy assassination, and speculation about conspiracy theories abounds, despite the Warren Commission’s conclusion that Oswald most likely acted alone.