James Gregory

James Gregory

Length: 631 words (1.8 double-spaced pages)

Rating: Excellent

Open Document

Essay Preview

More ↓
James Gregory is described as "the greatest scientist associated it St. Andrews". Gregory contributed many diverse consepts and helped spread the new teachings of his time.
James Gregory was born in a small town just outside of Aberdeen, called Drmoak, Scotland. When he was little James suffered from quartan fever for a year and a half. Because of the fever he was afflicted with fevers in 72 hour intervals. His mother introduced basic math and geometry at a very young age. Gregory was home schooled untill his fater, a wealthy minister, died when James was about 13 years old. After his father died, his older brother, David, sent him to grammar school in Aberdeed. After finishing grammar school James attended Marischal College, Aberdeen University.
Shortly after college he began to study optics and the construction of telescopes, and wrote his first book, Optica Promota ^1. In 1663 James went to London where he published Optica Promota, which discussed topics such as lenses, mirrors, reflection and refraction, paralax and transits. Optica Promota also discussed Gregory's most famous invention, the reflective telescope. It later became known and the Gregorian Telescope. However, at the time the telescope was only discussed because the mirror polishers could not polish the mirrors properly, so it was never auctually made untill after Gregory's death. He laso invented the feflective burning mirror. In 1664 James went to Puda, Italy and studied under Stefano degli Angeli in geometry, mechanics, and astronomy. While he was there, the published two more worksVera circuli et hyperbolae in which James showed how to compute logarithms by finding the areas of inscribed parallelograms between a hyperbola and its asymptotes, thus leading to the term "hyperbolic logarithms" in 1667. ^2 And Geometriae para universalis where he attempted to prove that the (little shape thingy that i cant type ...looks like a n mixed with pi) and e are transcendual, unfortunatly, his arguments contained a subtle error which was published in 1668, right before he left Italy for London.
In 1668, he was elected as a member of the Royal Society of London. James was appointed the chair professor of mathematics at the University of St. Andrewsin 1669 where he greatly improved the mathematics department. He bought instruments such as clocks, astrolabes, and an armillary spere, he also planned an observatory. However, the masters of the university began to dislike Gregory's new teachings.

How to Cite this Page

MLA Citation:
"James Gregory." 123HelpMe.com. 07 Dec 2019

Need Writing Help?

Get feedback on grammar, clarity, concision and logic instantly.

Check your paper »

The Southern Diaspor The Great Migrations Of Black And White Southerners By James N. Gregory

- The Southern Diaspora was one of the largest American population movements among the white and black population. From 1900 to 1970 more than 28 million southerners left their home regions in search of better jobs in the cities and suburbs of the North and the West making “the size of the diaspora is the first revelation” (pg. 13). “The Southern Diaspora: How the Great Migrations of Black and White Southerners Transformed America” by James N. Gregory shows the migration of black southerners and whites together to see the connections and differences....   [tags: African American, Southern United States]

Research Papers
1012 words (2.9 pages)

How are Sherlock Holmes and Dr. Gregory House Alike? Essay

- There are an abundance of similarities between detective Sherlock Holmes and Dr. Gregory House; many which are obvious and others that appear more subtly. Just like in almost every form of literature, when you have a main character that appears to have a “heroic” persona, there is a trusty sidekick next to them. Sherlock and Dr. House both share this characteristic, a friend who is not only a colleague that helps them professionally but a friend who supports them through everything. For Sherlock Holmes, his partner in crime is Dr....   [tags: relationship, addiction, reputation]

Research Papers
842 words (2.4 pages)

Essay on gregory peck

- Gregory Peck, the well remembered actor, began his acting career in the 1940’s, People loved him and respected him on and off the stage. Not only was he a talented man, he was also very generous and deeply involved in politics. The story of this great actor began on April 15, 1916 in La Jolla, California (Fishgall insert). The name Gregory had been a family name, but Bunny, Peck’s mother, did not find this quite suitable for her son. She searched through her yearbook and chose the name Eldred. Her new baby boy was to be named Eldred Gregory Peck (Fishgall 23)....   [tags: essays research papers]

Free Essays
1612 words (4.6 pages)

Comparing James Joyce’s, The Dubliners, and the Screen Adaptation of the Novella

- James Joyce’s’ “The Dubliners” is the story of a gathering of people who come together for a party following the New Year. The short story was adapted for the screen by writer Tony Huston, directed by John Huston and was released in 1987. Throughout this essay, any alterations from the novella will be examined. These alterations will include any omissions and inclusions of certain aspects from the film. The location, setting and timeframe are very important elements of the text and their influence on the overall production will be taken into consideration....   [tags: the dubliners, films]

Research Papers
1292 words (3.7 pages)

Essay on Main Character in James Thurber's The Secret Life of Walter Mitty

- In James Thurber's short story, The Secret Life of Walter Mitty, the main character, Mr. Mitty, immerses himself into an alternate reality several times throughout the piece to escape the hollow, unexciting life he leads. These instances in which he takes the place of others in more thrilling situations are spurred by actual occurrences in his own life. Through the use of these alternate realities, Thurber shows the monotony of an average life and how even average beings search to test the waters of heroicness and bravery in important occupations....   [tags: essays research papers]

Research Papers
1013 words (2.9 pages)

Allegorizations of the Active and Contemplative Lives in Philo, Origen, Augustine, and Gregory

- Allegorizations of the Active and Contemplative Lives in Philo, Origen, Augustine, and Gregory This paper examines the allegorical interpretations given to several Scriptural pairs as they relate to the idea of the active and contemplative lives in Philo, Origen, Augustine, and Gregory. As will be shown, Augustine combines elements found in the two previous writers to form his allegory of the two wives of Jacob as representative of the active and contemplative lives. In Philo, most of the essential elements of later Christian thought on the active and contemplative lives are already present....   [tags: Philo Origen Augustine Gregory]

Research Papers
2777 words (7.9 pages)

Analysis of Wicked, the Life and Times of the Wicked Witch of the East by Gregory Maguire

- Wicked, the Life and Times of the Wicked Witch of the East is a fantasy book by Gregory Maguire. It follows the life of the Wicked Witch, the character from the Wizard of Oz, from her birth to her death, or her pseudo-death. It also explores the question the nature of good and evil. The main character is, of course, the Wicked Witch, Elphaba. She is born green, with really sharp teeth, and afraid of water. When she gets near water, she just gets really scared, and when she cries or a couple drops of water get on her it burns her....   [tags: Wicked, Gregory Maguire]

Research Papers
1339 words (3.8 pages)

Essay on Gregory of Tours’ Clovis' Conversion to Orthodox Christianity

- Gregory of Tours’ Clovis' Conversion to Orthodox Christianity In The History of the Franks, Gregory of Tours portrayed Clovis as a leader who, although his conversion to Christianity appeared to be genuine, nonetheless, used his conversion to realize his political aspirations. By converting to Christianity, Clovis, according to Gregory of Tours’ narrative, was able to garner the support of Christian leaders such as Saint Remigius and, consequently, gain powerful political allies. Moreover, as a result of his conversion, Clovis became a king who was more attractive to orthodox Christians....   [tags: History Franks clovis Gregory Tours Essays]

Research Papers
2541 words (7.3 pages)

James Hogg Essay

- Biographical Summary James Hogg was born and raised in Scotland on his family farm. Hogg only went to school for a few months due to the family bankruptcy. This caused his early introduction into literature to be consisted of the Bible and the stories he was told from his mother and uncle. When he grew older, Hogg received a job as a Shepard’s assistant from James Laidlaw. While working there, Laidlaw taught Hogg how to read, using newspapers and countless theological materials. As Hogg became increasingly better at reading and writing, Laidlaw allowed him to use Laidlaw’s own library, in order to continue his reading career....   [tags: James Hogg Biography]

Research Papers
1712 words (4.9 pages)

Henry James Essay

- Henry James In August of 1904, after more than two decades abroad, the sixty-year-old Henry James returned to the United States for a year. While William James had famously remarked that his brother was "a native of the James family" (W James 517), with little else in the way of national affiliation, Henry considered himself as American as ever after his twenty years in Europe. The book he wrote about his American journey was titled The American Scene only because James's first choice had been taken; he would have preferred to call it The Return of the Native.[1] But James's sense of himself as a native, as one at home in the United States, was shaken by his alienating experie...   [tags: American Scence Henry James Essays]

Free Essays
3090 words (8.8 pages)

Related Searches

Controversy rocked the mathematics department as they kept students from attending his classes and lectures, and withholding his pay. Gregory left St. Andrews late in 1643.
In 1674, James was invited to teach at Edinghburgh University. He accepted and was the first person to hold Chair of Mathematics and also was appointed professor of mathematics of that year. Unfortuanatly, he died before he could begin his teaching career at Edinburgh of a stroke while observing Jupiter and its moons though one of his telescopes with some of his students. The stroke blinded him and he died a few days later.

Foot notes
1.JJ O'Connor and EF Robertson JAMES GREGORY, internet
2. National Council of Teachers of Mathematics, HISTORICAL TOPICS FOR THE MATHEMATICS CLASSROOM (Reston the National Council of Teachers of Mathematics, Inc. 1989) p. 154

Works Cited
A HISTORY OF MATHEMATICS; James Gregory, Gregory's series, p. 385-386, 1983
GREAT MOMENTS IN MATHEMATICS AFTER 1650, Like Opening and Closing a Door, p.35, 1991
FROM 5 FINGERS TO INFINITY, The Newthon-Lebiniz Controversy Concerning the Discovery of Calculus, Mathematical Responses to a Mechanistic World Outlook, pp. 500, 511
HISTORICAL TOPICS FOR THE MATHEMATICS CLASSROOM, Computation, The Number, The Calculus, pp.114, 115, 154, 309, 393
James Gregory, online.Internet, 10/04/2003. http://www.-gap.dcs.st-and.ac.uk/~history/Mathematicians/Gregory.html

*some cosmetic editing is needed-> everyting that is in all caps needs to be unerlined, possible spelling mistakes too, sorry...i'm tired
Return to 123HelpMe.com