indus valley

indus valley

Length: 724 words (2.1 double-spaced pages)

Rating: Excellent

Open Document

Essay Preview

More ↓
Beneath the Himalayas, Northwestern sector of the Asian subcontinent was beginning stage of an evolved city life. It was the earliest known civilization in South Asia. It is called the Indus Valley Civilization. It was the first civilization to flourish in India. This lasted from 2500 BC until 1500 BC. It is sometimes referred to as the Harappan civilization, named for the site of Harappa, one of its major centers. Sir John Marshall and his colleagues discovered this civilization. The Indus peoples used wheeled carts, designed creative jewelry and toys, and had written languages.
The Indus valley civilization had reached it’s heights around 2500 BC “Among the indigenous people of ancient India, the Indus valley civilization stands out particularly advanced an impressive (Ludwig pg.65.)”. Researchers say that the Indus Valley civilization is far more advanced that prehistoric Egypt, Mesopotamia or anywhere else in the Western Asia.
The Indus Valley stretches for thousands of miles. It had many cities, which included the two largest cities Harappa and Mohenjo-daro. These two cities had the population of more than 40,000 each while Sumerian cities only had 10,000 each. In the entire Indus valley civilization had about seven hundred towns and villages.
The Indus valley people lived off of agriculture, and trade. They grew barley, wheat, rice and etc. There was remarkable achievement on cotton. It was the earliest traces of cotton. Trade and agriculture was their source of wealth and survival. The Indus people used bronze and copper greatly. They use it to make spears, knives, short swords, axes and fish-hooks. Gold and silver was used to create ornaments, amulets, and charms. These were used to protect them from evil sprit or people that were going to be of harm to them.
There was also trade with domestic and international trafficking by water. “Archaeology and Ecology show that imports included gold from Southern India or Afghanistan, copper from Rajasthan or Afghanistan or even farther afield, turquoise from Iran and etc. (Wheeler pg. 64)”.
The Indus civilization had a polytheistic religion. The Indus people worshipped natural forces such as trees, animals, water, and mother goddess. These are also important in the Hindu religion. They believed that water had a purifying power. Many clay figurines of animals, women, and men were found. Sometime after 2000 B.C. the Aryans migrated into India from the northwest, it became dominant, but some of the Indus people and their religion ideas were absorbed into the Hinduism religion.

How to Cite this Page

MLA Citation:
"indus valley." 19 Jul 2019

Need Writing Help?

Get feedback on grammar, clarity, concision and logic instantly.

Check your paper »

Comparing Mesopotamia And The Indus River Valley Essays

- Mesopotamia and the Indus River Valley Civilization are two early civilizations that were the foundation of the urban world we live in today. These two empires were extremely productive and successful and played a key role in the advancement of human life. Both of these civilizations were able to produce new ideas, beliefs, systems, and technologies that we still use in modern times due to their stability. Their stability was the ultimate factor that made these empires prominent among the other civilizations during that time....   [tags: Indus Valley Civilization, Mesopotamia]

Research Papers
1501 words (4.3 pages)

Differences Between The Nile And Indus River Valley Civilizations Essay

- The Nile and Indus River Valley civilizations were both unique civilizations in their own way in comparison. Yet despite being separated by thousands of miles there are similarities in these two ancient civilizations. It is seen that amongst ancient civilizations, rivers are fundamental for them to prosper and provide for a relatively stable society for which a people can grow and develop. There are general similarities with pinpoint differences as well as general differences with pinpoint similarities....   [tags: Ancient Egypt, Indus Valley Civilization]

Research Papers
1525 words (4.4 pages)

Essay about Indus Valley and the Beginnings of Agriculture

- The Indus Valley is located in northern India and is an important site concerning the early beginnings of agriculture in the old world. The geography, environment, and timeframe of the Indus Valley are distinct to the area and different from other sites of agricultural origin. Many plants and animals were domesticated in the Indus Valley, and due to the areas susceptibility to flooding, technological innovations had to take place. The Indus Valley is important to understanding the beginnings of agriculture and early civilization....   [tags: Agriculture, World History]

Research Papers
969 words (2.8 pages)

Essay about The Indus Valley : The Earliest Indian Civilization

- The Indus Valley was the earliest Indian civilization. This civilization flourished for about a thousand years, then disappeared without a trace. Even though archeologists have no solid evidence, they know that it covers the largest area than any other civilization until the rise of Persia a thousand years later. The Indus Valley had well-planned cities, such as Harappa and Mohenjo-Daro, which were so carefully planned. Houses were built in a modernly fashion, which surprises us today. From the conclusion that the archeologists made, the Indus Valley cities had a well-organized government; the powerful leaders made sure that their people had good supplies....   [tags: Shang Dynasty, Zhou Dynasty, Civilization, Tian]

Research Papers
1218 words (3.5 pages)

indus valley Essay

- Beneath the Himalayas, Northwestern sector of the Asian subcontinent was beginning stage of an evolved city life. It was the earliest known civilization in South Asia. It is called the Indus Valley Civilization. It was the first civilization to flourish in India. This lasted from 2500 BC until 1500 BC. It is sometimes referred to as the Harappan civilization, named for the site of Harappa, one of its major centers. Sir John Marshall and his colleagues discovered this civilization. The Indus peoples used wheeled carts, designed creative jewelry and toys, and had written languages....   [tags: essays research papers fc]

Free Essays
724 words (2.1 pages)

Indus Valley Civilization in India: Notes Essay

- Indus Valley civilizations covering approx 1/2 million miles of Northern Indian subcontinent is the largest ancient civilization in history till now. Since both stone and copper are used it is a chalcolithicivil.The Indus Valley people are highly artistic and skilled.Their chief features include a highly organized urban setup and a strong economy. The IVC economy is flourishing with extensive cultivation of wheat, barley. The Indus river is used for transport, weights are all very accurate and highly standardized and traders have own personalised seals....   [tags: essays research papers]

Free Essays
461 words (1.3 pages)

Mesopotamia And Harapp The Fertile Crescent Essay

- Starting in 3500 B.C., city-states began growing across Mesopotamia in the region known as the Fertile Crescent, which was surrounded by two great rivers, the Tigris and Euphrates. Around five thousand years ago, starting in approximately 2600 B.C., settlements such as Harappa were built near the Indus River, an area that extends from northeast Afghanistan to Pakistan and northwest India today. Mesopotamia and Harappa were similar in that their geography was both surrounded by the rivers. However, they had some distinct differences in their culture, lifestyles, and religions....   [tags: Mesopotamia, Indus Valley Civilization]

Research Papers
2007 words (5.7 pages)

Exploring Life at Mehrgarh and Its Importance as One of the Major Cities of the Indus Valley Civilizations

- This paper explores life at Mehrgarh and its importance as one of the major cities of the Indus valley civilization. Mehrgarh represents long chronological sequence from the 7th millennium to the 3rd millennium B.C. which has been divided into seven main periods from the Pre-Ceramic Neolithic to the Bronze Age. The third period belongs to the farming society (agriculture and animal husbandry). For decades archaeologists believed that plants and animals were first domesticated in the near east (Israel, Lebanon, Syria, south west Turkey, Iraq, western Iran) early in Holocene (8000 to 10000 years ago)....   [tags: Neolitic sites in Pakistan]

Research Papers
589 words (1.7 pages)

Essay about A Map Of The Eastern World

- If you were to look on a map of the Eastern world, you would see a distinctly shaped country at the bottom of Asia. This country, known as India, is one whose history goes back almost as far as civilization itself. It started out as many other countries did during the rise of civilization, by tribes inhabiting areas around sources of water, or in the case of India, the Indus River Valley. When the first tribes settled, they chose the area for several reasons. It promoted agriculture development and would allow them to grow....   [tags: India, Indus Valley Civilization, Civilization]

Research Papers
727 words (2.1 pages)

Essay on Comparison Between Civilizations And Civilizations

- Compare and Contrast Civilizations Throughout history, the way civilizations have changed over time have varied greatly, in the specific environment civilizations where located. Civilizations can be located near rivers, trough arid land, and with predictable or unpredictable climate. With the environment being anything form the surrounding vegetation, to neighboring villages that may pose a potential threat. Civilizations need to establish themselves within the environment has led many to warfare and others to collapse....   [tags: Ancient Egypt, Indus Valley Civilization]

Research Papers
1243 words (3.6 pages)

Related Searches

“Many terra-cotta figurines representing females have been discovered clearly associated with powers of fertility and the growth of plants (Ludwig pg. 65)”. They also had a religious emphasis with male creative power. They used powerful male animal figurines such as tiger, elephants, and bulls. Religious worshipping was done in homes or in public shrines. There would be offerings involving fertility figures, bathing and ritual purity.
The Indus Civilization was very advanced with their architect. “For example, the cities were all carefully laid out on the same plan, with major street crossings each other at right angles. They had large two story homes equipped with plumbing. The buildings of the Indus were made of mud-brick and were separated by streets and cities. They have buildings such as colleges, temples, palaces, and etc.
The Indus valley civilization began to decline around 1900 B.C. “Circumstances which affected it in the sub-montane lands of the central Indus may well have differed widely form those which it encountered south or east of the Indian Desert and in the watery coast lands of the Rann of Kutch (Wheeler pg72)”. Violent geomorphologic changes have been blamed for the end of the Indus civilization. They could have been declined because floods washed away villages, soil lost fertility, famine and drought caused people to flee, or ecological changes.

1. Beyer, Barry K. Eastern Hemisphere. New York:
Macmillian/ Mcgraw-Hill School Publishing, 1991.

2. Editors Of Time-Life Books. Ancient India: Land of
Mystery. Alexandria, Virginia: Time-Life Books, 1994.

3. "Granary/ Palace? at Harappa," Harappa., 1996.

4. Hawkes, Jacquetta. The First Great Civilizations. New
York: Alfred Knopf, Inc., 1973.

5. "History,"

6. "The Indus River Valley Civilization,"

7. "The Indus Civilization," Global Infocom., 1996.

8. Ludwig, Theodore M. Ludwig. The Sacred Paths. New
Jersey: Prentice Hall, 2000.

9. Wheeler, Mortimer Sir. Civilizations of The Indus
Valley and Beyond. New York McGraw-Hill Co. 1966.
Return to