Essay PreviewMore ↓
In 1922 the government declared that they could no longer pay reparations to France due to severe economic problems. The French responded to this by sending 60,000 French and Belgian troops to invade the Ruhr. They took most of Germany’s raw materials, the government called for the workers to carry out passive resistance; the workers in Germany refused to collaborate with the French. Consequently industrial production ground to a halt. Many in Germany blamed the government for the invasion of the Ruhr as it was the government who signed the treaty which meant they had to pay large reparations to France. Already the government was facing unpopularity with some Germans. After the invasion of the Ruhr, industrial production decreased dramatically so industries and factories shut down. This meant that unemployment rose. Consequently poverty in Germany rose too. The government decided to print more money to give to the people. As more and more was printed prices rose higher and higher and then more money had to be printed to meet the increasing prices. As a result money became worthless. This was the second problem the Weimar Republic faced; hyperinflation. Although the wages rose the prices always seemed to rise faster this meant that many people’s income was too low to live on. Most people suffered from the hyperinflation, and were extremely fed up with how the government had printed more money. It wasn’t just the fact that all their life savings could now only buy them a loaf of bread but it was also that it was degrading and it was humiliating: the German mark and economy had become worthless. Before Stresemann the Weimar Republic was facing unpopularity amongst most people, without Stressemann the Weimar Republic might not have seen 1924.
I will first examine how Stresemann was in helping the Weimar Republic overcome the economic and social problems which they faced. Stresemann put an end to hyperinflation, he did this by getting rid of the mark and introducing the new Rentenmark. This stabilized the German currency and meant that money was worth something again. It also meant that Stresemann gained the confidence of many people because during hyperinflation many people were suffering.
How to Cite this Page
"Germany's Recover Under Gustave Stresemann." 123HelpMe.com. 26 Aug 2019
Need Writing Help?
Get feedback on grammar, clarity, concision and logic instantly.Check your paper »
- Gustav Stresemann Gustav Stresemann was given the job of German Foreign Minister during the six years commencing 1923. A foreign policy was needed. The German Nationalists needed to be given confidence in the Republic as it was not happy with the Republic's acceptance of the VersaillesTreat. Throughout the time of 1923 to 1929 Stresemann had certain choices to make which question whether he was acting as a 'Good German' or a 'Good European' There are arguments for both sides to the question.... [tags: Papers]
1071 words (3.1 pages)
- In the world created by Gustave Flaubert, Emma Bovary lives in torment. As a dreamer and idealized hopeless romantic, characters and critics belittle and disgrace her. Characters like Charles’ mother complain that Emma is idealistic because she reads too many romance novels that trifle with her mind. Some critics echo this complaint, while others defend Emma against this charge. I side with the latter and argue that Emma cannot be held responsible for idealistic notions she gets from novels because her entire social context insists that she substitute novel reading for actual experience, whether it be sexual or romantic.... [tags: Novel, Gustave Flaubert, Madame Bovary, Woman]
1006 words (2.9 pages)
- Imagine being at home and out of work. A family with many small children are hungry, while the parents have to take care of their loved ones with no money. This is what many Germans experienced before Hitler came to power. Whether Germany benefitted under Hitler or not, should be completely out of the question. Germany most definitely projected in the positive direction under Hitler’s rule once he came to power. In order to understand just how Germany could have possibly done well under the deemed evil dictator, we first have to look back to a post WWI Germany.... [tags: Adolf Hitler, Nazi Germany, Germany, Nazism]
1001 words (2.9 pages)
- The book Madame Bovary by Gustave Flaubert is a story about a woman named Emma Bovary who has multiple affairs in order to escape the predictabilities and emptiness of small-town life. Emma is married to a doctor named Charles and together they have a girl named Berthe. Throughout the novel, Emma looks to find passion and pleasure, therefore leading her to such affairs. Emma can be seen as morally ambiguous through her affairs, dedication to her family, and sudden mood swings. In the novel, Emma has two affairs; one with a landowner named Rodolphe Boulanger and another with a law clerk named Leon.... [tags: Madame Bovary, Gustave Flaubert, Novel, Marriage]
1183 words (3.4 pages)
- One last area that has yet to be discussed to deeply is Germany’s influence in the CEE countries in Europe, such as Poland. A quote by former Polish Prime Minister Radek Sikorski clearly lays his view of Germany out when he called them ‘Europe’s most indispensable nation’ (Pro Quest). This undoubtedly shows the amount of reverence that Poland has had for Germany in the past, which has proven to been a more common sentiment throughout a number of CEE states. For example, the aforementioned, Poland, along with the Czech Republic have proven to be two of Germany’s most in depth relations in Europe, who have fluctuated between having ‘strategic partnerships’ and at times more ambivalent relation... [tags: Europe, European Union, Poland, Germany]
850 words (2.4 pages)
- Gustav stresemann was chancellor and latter became foreign minister. When hyperinflation was sorted out stressmann tried to improve relations between Germany and the rest of the world but especially Britain France and the U.S.A. to avoid another financial collapse in the future all the old currency was called in and replaced by a new one the rentenmark America lent Germany 800 gold million marks to help pay for reparations and improve the standard of living of the German people this was called the dawes plan, a reasonable schedule was worked for reparations repayments to be paid over the years, even the French agreed this was acceptable.... [tags: essays research papers]
451 words (1.3 pages)
- Germany's Recovery After 1924 Having survived foreign occupation and internal subversion from the Rightt and Left, the Republic found its situation improving. The immediate crisis was halted by the courageous realism of Gustav Stresemann, who was appointed Chancellor in 1923. A genuine Liberal and leader of the German Worker's Party, Stresemann ended the policy of passive resistance and slashed government expenditure. He then proceeded to introduce the Rentenmark as a temporary currency which, being based on a mortgage of all land and industry to the value of 3200 million gold marks was theoretically secure and quickly helped to stabilizese the economy.... [tags: Papers]
581 words (1.7 pages)
- The Tragic Love Triangle of Gustave Flubert's Madame Bovary Gustave Flubert's masterpiece, Madame Bovary, was first published in 1857. The novel shocked many of its readers and caused a chain reaction that spread through all of France and ultimately called for the prosecution of the author. Since that time however, Madame Bovary, has been recognized by literature critics as being the model for the present literary period, being the realistic novel period. It is now considered a novel of great worth and one which contains an important and moving plot. In addition, it provides a standard against which to compare the works of writers to follow. It is nearly im... [tags: Gustave Flubert Madame Bovary]
602 words (1.7 pages)
- The Fall Of Germany In World War I None of the European power wanted World War I, but they feared Germany. Germany was newly unified, and was beating the European powers in population and Industry. France wanted to recover the Alsace-Lorraine. Britain was a country used to being on the ocean, so they felt threatened by Germany's colonial expansion and William II's insisting on a large navy. Russia and Austria feared pressure on their unstable empires. In 1887 William II refused to renew the Reinsurance treaty with Russia, but continued the Triple Alliance of Germany, Austria-Hungary, and Italy.... [tags: History World War One Germany]
1060 words (3 pages)
- None of the European power wanted World War I, but they feared Germany. Germany was newly unified, and was beating the European powers in population and Industry. France wanted to recover the Alsace-Lorraine. Britain was a country used to being on the ocean, so they felt threatened by Germany’s colonial expansion and William II’s insisting on a large navy. Russia and Austria feared pressure on their unstable empires. In 1894, russia made an alliance with France, and Great Britain settled it’s differences with France in the Entente Cordiale in 1904 forming the Triple Entente.... [tags: essays research papers]
1000 words (2.9 pages)
The economy flourished under Stressemann, industrial production rose, unemployment fell and trade from abroad started once more. From this we can say that economy improved drastically under Stresemann from 1923-1929 however, more care should have been taken to make sure that Germany was still independent economically. Most aspects of the social problems in Germany were solved were solved and most Germans were a lot better off than before and with new schools and universities German people could be properly educated and go on to help Germany in the future.
Now I will evaluate how far Stressemann improved the political situation in Weimar Germany. As Germany became more stable economically and socially Stresemann’s support from the public increased. Therefore there was a decline in extremist parties such as the Communists and the National Socialists because many Germans didn’t want an extreme change and liked Germany pretty much as it was. However, although support for extremist parties had declined, the parties themselves had not vanished and they were still out there plotting against the Weimar Republic. There was still political instability in Stresemann’s Germany because no one party could gain a majority in the republic. This meant that decision making was difficult and could easily be overturned at the whim of a minority of parliamentarians. From this we can say that politically Germany had not recovered much although there was a lot of support and the Weimar Republic government had support at that time, if in the future people did not agree with something the government was going to do, the Weimar Republic could easily lose control due to the system of parliament. Just because the Weimar Republic had gained the people’s popularity then did not mean it would stay like that and because other parties still existed, the government could change on even the account of one person’s vote.
Now I will assess the extent to which he improved Germany’s relations with other countries. Stresemann reintegrated Germany into Europe and international politics. At the Locarno conference in 1925 Germany was involved in the negotiations as an equal with the other European countries. Stresemann gained a lot of popularity amongst the German people for doing to his as after the treaty of Versailles Germany had been made to feel humiliated and like an outsider in Europe and now Stresemann had made the people feel patriotic towards Germany and that they were a country and were back on the map. In 1926 Germany was made an equal and was allowed to join the league of nations. This was a very important part in Germany’s development because now Germany was seen as an equal to very powerful countries. Again this helped the German people feel more patriotic and it also meant they would continue to work hard and go along with the government new ideas as Germany had come such a long way. In 1928 Stresemann signed the Kellogg-Briand pact with over 60 other countries this Pact promised that the participating countries would never wage war against each other. Not only was this recreating the bonds with other countries and making them seem reliable and truthful to other countries it also protected Germany from any kind of war that was likely to happen in the future. Signing the Kellogg-Briand pact also helped the economy as people trusted Germany as they had signed a pact with them so people began to do trade once more so German exports and imports increased as well.
International relations had recovered dramatically under Stresemann, other countries such as France, Britain and the USA trusted Germany enough to lend them money, Sign plans with them and even to the extent that they formed a pact with Germany saying they would never wage war against each other (The Kellogg-Briands pact -1928) International relations increase Germans economy, built trust and protected them from any invasions in the future.
Lastly I will decide how far Stresemann improved the cultural life of Germany. In the 1920’s the was a huge change in Germany’s culture, Berlin became the pleasure capital of Europe. There was more freedom than ever before in Germany, there was freedom of speech and therefore there was many books and newspapers being published that meant people criticised things that the never could have done before. “Erich Remarque wrote an antiwar novel called ‘All Quiet on the Western Front’ ” and Gorge Grosz used his art to criticise society. Going to clubs and cafes that were built under Stressemann were an important part of German culture. Many people saw this as a positive thing as many foreign people flocked to Berlin to experience its well known social life. However some people saw the new culture unpatriotic and degrading but to most it meant that Germany was catching up with the rest of Europe Berlin had become more well known that even France’s capital city: Paris.
I think Stresemann improved Germany’s cultural life a lot, whilst the rest of Europe moved on Germany remain the same with the same old culture. Maybe the cultural revival in German made more people have a positive attitude towards change and made people want to modernise Germany.
In conclusion I believe that Stresemann was quite successful recovering Germany as overall he managed to improve Germany economically, Socially and politically. Economics increased in Germany, Socially life became better for the German people and although politically the recovery was not as drastic as seen in other parts of German recovery we can still say politics had become more stable than before Stresemann and because of his tremendous recovery with the international relations in Germany we can say that Stresemann’s achievements outweighed his weaknesses. Stresemann was not as successful in politics as he was in other areas I think the reason for this was the way the Weimar Republic was sat up in the first place as if even a minor party disagreed with a law the law could not be passed unless the chancellor or president was given the right to rule by decree. Apart from this issue I feel that Stresemann made tremendous recovery in Germany between 1923 and 1929 because in such a short time he managed to change Germany around from being a backward country suffering from war effects into a modern and richer country. The real genius thing about Stresemann was that he managed to link his achievements to help more than one problem. By solving social/economical problems such as the shortage of home’s Stresemann gained political support from the people in parliament. By making international relations meant that Germany would become economically better off as trade from abroad would start again. I have reached the conclusion that although German was not perfect under Stresemann, Stresemann had recovered Germany a lot.