HIV Prevention in Africa

HIV Prevention in Africa

Length: 800 words (2.3 double-spaced pages)

Rating: Excellent

Open Document

Essay Preview

More ↓
HIV prevention in Africa

A continuing rise in the number of HIV infected people is not inevitable. There is growing evidence that prevention efforts can be effective, and this includes initiatives in some of the most heavily affected countries.

One new study in Zambia has shown success in prevention efforts. The study reported that urban men and women are less sexually active, that fewer had multiple partners and that condoms were used more consistently. This is in line with findings that HIV prevalence has declined significantly among 15-29 year-old urban women (down to 24.1% in 1999 from 28.3% in 1996). Although these rates are still unacceptably high, this drop has prompted a hope that, if Zambia continues this response, it could become the second African country to reverse a devastating epidemic.

This suggests that awareness campaigns and prevention programs are now starting to work. But a major challenge is to sustain and build on such uncertain success.

What form should AIDS education take?

Peer education

A social form of education without classrooms or notebooks, where people are educated outside a 'school' environment but still have the opportunity to ask questions.

Most peer education focuses on providing information about HIV transmission, answering questions and handing out condoms to people in a workplace, perhaps in a bar, or where a group of women gather to wash clothes.

Most peer educators make contact with their target audience at least weekly and their sessions will usually be in the context of informal discussions with individual people or within a group.

Active learning

Active learning can sometimes link into peer education, especially when AIDS education is aimed at young people, as one of the best methods of learning something oneself is to teach it to others.

Blanket education

A general message aimed at the population as a whole. Blanket education usually aims to inform the population about which behaviors are risky and to give them support in changing these behaviors.

Targeted education

This type of strategy is usually used to speak to social groups who are perceived as being at a high risk of HIV infection. It focuses on risky activities particular to the specific target group.


January of 2000 kicked off the campaign to literally help keep Africa Alive! in the new millennium.

The Mission of the Africa Alive! campaign is to give youth the skills they need to fight against HIV/AIDS. The vision is a new generation of Africans who are HIV/AIDS-free.

How to Cite this Page

MLA Citation:
"HIV Prevention in Africa." 17 Aug 2018

Need Writing Help?

Get feedback on grammar, clarity, concision and logic instantly.

Check your paper »

HIV/AIDS Prevention Among Adolescents in South Africa Essay

- Policy Brief: HIV/AIDS Prevention Among Adolescents in South Africa Heterosexual intercourse among adolescents is the primary method of HIV transmission in South Africa, with the majority of new infections occurring in the 21 – 25 year age group. An HIV-prevention campaign promoting abstinence among young people would seem to be an effective barrier to further infections. However, a policy promoting abstinence approaches the problem only superficially, and would not take into account all of the factors driving adolescents to engage in sexual relations, specifically unprotected sex, in the first place....   [tags: HIV in Africa]

Free Essays
1169 words (3.3 pages)

Essay about HIV in South Africa

- A country once in denial now has it’s South African political leaders addressing the disease that is slowing killing their population The Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV) which evolves into acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (AIDS) is affecting South Africa socially as well as economically. This disease is also leaving over a million and a half children orphaned. Most of these children are not only orphaned but living with the virus as well. Brief History of HIV/AIDS and Government Involvement in South Africa The Centers for disease control (CDC) has declared AIDS a global pandemic....   [tags: HIV in Africa]

Research Papers
1760 words (5 pages)

Essay about HIV / AIDS among Kenyan Youth

- In 2001, Sub-Saharan Africa recorded the highest number of deaths from HIV/AIDS, with 29.4 million people living with AIDS; 10 million young people and 3 million children. Among these, 12.2 million were women and 10.1 million men. In 2002, 3.5 million new infections were reported. From this backdrop, Kenyans were interviewed on their perceptions of sex and condom use within heterosexual relationships revealing that denial and silence played a major role in the escalation of the pandemic while gender differences, culture and power were perceived as negatively impacting negotiation of sex and condom use within Kenyan communities....   [tags: HIV in Africa]

Free Essays
4064 words (11.6 pages)

Essay about AIDS Prevention in Africa

- During the last three decades, the Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndrome and the Human Immunodeficiency Virus have taken the lives of many women and men in Africa, as well as infecting their unborn children. Is there enough being done to eradicate this disease in Africa, and will the cost of these treatments limit those who do not have the available income to afford these drugs. Scientist and researchers have worked over the years to find a cure or vaccine for Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndrome and the Human Immunodeficiency Virus, but it remains the most incurable infection in the world....   [tags: Africa ]

Research Papers
1625 words (4.6 pages)

HIV in South Africa v. Uganda Essay example

- The Emergence of HIV in South Africa Much like the emergence of HIV in the United States, the first HIV cases in South Africa were found in the homosexual male population. In 1983, two homosexual, South African men passed away from opportunistic infections associated with autoimmune deficiency syndrome (AIDS). In the months following, many other homosexual men became infected with the human immunodeficiency virus (HIV), which caused the people of South Africa to consider AIDS a disease that solely infected homosexuals....   [tags: Africa ]

Research Papers
2281 words (6.5 pages)

The History of HIV Essay

- There are many inequities in this global world; should there be such gross inequities in the health of people around the world. We hear words like health gap, health care inequality and sustainability. What can be done to eliminate the health gap, health care inequities and maintain sustainability. The World Health Organization (WHO) and other organizations, private and public are working towards eliminating these disparities. Healthy People 2020 are one such goal that has achieved considerable progress in attaining sustainability in the pursuit of global health goals (Gostin et al., 2013)....   [tags: discovery, prevention, treatment]

Research Papers
1456 words (4.2 pages)

The Cause and Effect of HIV in Africa Essay

- The Cause and Effect of HIV in Africa The ubiquitous acronym HIV stands for Human Immunodeficiency Virus. It is a virus that gradually weakens the immune system until the body cannot fight off common infinitesimal infections such as pneumonia, diarrhea, the “flu”, and other illnesses. All of which can be part of the Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome, the final stage of HIV that usually develops between 2 to 10 years after the infection. This infection is frequently transmitted through unprotected intercourse with someone who has already been affected with HIV and is an increasing problem in Africa....   [tags: Biology Medical Biomedical Disease HIV AIDS]

Research Papers
1407 words (4 pages)

Gender Equity Influences in HIV Infection in South Africa Essay

- Healthcare During Apartheid Beginning in the late 1940s, black Africans living in South Africa became targeted by the government and were subjected to exploitative laws based on the color of their skin. They made up 80% of the population at the time (Scrubb). Africans were forced to relocate and live in primarily rural areas that were separate from white South Africans, called Bantustans (Scrubb). The South African government let each Bantustan take control over its own healthcare, which allowed for the government to escape responsibility for how they were run....   [tags: apartheid, bastuntas, exploitative laws]

Research Papers
1890 words (5.4 pages)

HIV and AIDS Essays

- HIV/AIDS INTRODUCTION At the beginning of the 20th Century it was believed by many, including the United States Patent Office, that there was nothing else to invent. Now, 100 years later at the beginning of the new millenium the ancient Egyptian philosopher is more relevant, "there is nothing new under the Sun". While HIV/AIDS may be a new disease, there is nothing new about a novel epidemic, which can potentially or actually decimate a population. In the late middle ages, the Black, now known as the Bubonic Plague, swept through Europe killing virtually half the population....   [tags: STD, HIV, AIDS]

Free Essays
3478 words (9.9 pages)


- With reference to one animal or human disease, explain why its economic consequences can vary spatially. Introduction There are many diseases, which produce economic consequences and which can vary in their effect depending on location. Some are Tuberculosis (TB), Malaria, Ebola Virus and AIDs. Throughout this report I am going to focus on the AIDs virus. HIV is the Human immunodeficiency virus, and AIDs is the Acquired immunodeficiency syndrome, which it causes. HIV is a slow retrovirus, which means that not only does it take months to show any symptoms and years to develop fully....   [tags: HIV, AIDS, Health]

Free Essays
1969 words (5.6 pages)

Related Searches

The operation principles of Africa Alive! are to create an African network where youth HIV/AIDS prevention programs at all levels can share ideas, have a universal, focused strategy and seek funding for their programs.

With support from the Johns Hopkins University Center for Communication Programs (JHU/CCP), the Africa Alive! network will help organizations that have formerly been working on their own.

The strategy for Africa Alive! encourages young people not only to learn and talk about HIV/AIDS, but also to make the choice to adopt safer sexual behaviors.

With staff in 26 countries, JHU/CCP has developed and managed over 300 country-based projects and contracts in 47 countries, involving more than 200 local organizations and subcontractors. Africa Alive! with support from JHU/CCP reaches African youth by tapping into popular, creative channels of communication that appeal to youth in Africa and all over the world, such as:
•     Music contests, where contestants compete to have their songs with HIV/AIDS prevention messages recorded.
•     Radio and TV dramas that help educate and promote safe behavior, by depicting and discussing HIV/AIDS prevention and dealing with the decision-making process regarding sexual activity.
•     Radio and TV variety/talk shows with phone-ins, discussion, and mini-dramas addressing HIV/AIDS.
•     Comics with HIV/AIDS prevention messages.
•     Youth-focused newspaper and magazine articles.
•     Public Service Announcements by entertainers popular with youth.
•     Peer outreach/counseling in schools and in the communities.
•     Telephone hotlines providing information and referral resources.
•     Traveling road shows (music, performance, and quiz) that reach both urban and rural areas, getting youth involved in talking about HIV/AIDS.
•     Free merchandise with the HIV/AIDS prevention message on it
•     Games such as "Snakes and Ladders" with the HIV/AIDS prevention message integrated into the physical materials and strategy of the game.
•     Sporting events with prevention messages at breaks, on tickets, and at HIV/AIDS information booths in and around the venue.


Africa is home to 70% of the adults and 80% of the children living with HIV in the world, and has buried three-quarters of the more than 20 million people worldwide that have died of AIDS since the epidemic began. - UNAIDS Global Summary of the HIV/AIDS Epidemic, December 2000

In the eight African countries where at least 15% of today’s adults are infected, conservative analyses show that AIDS will claim the lives of around a third of today’s 15-year-olds. - UNAIDS Global Summary of the HIV/AIDS Epidemic, December 2000

Return to