Hitler Youth: The Future of Germany

Hitler Youth: The Future of Germany

Length: 3854 words (11 double-spaced pages)

Rating: Excellent

Open Document

Essay Preview

More ↓
Hitler Youth: The Future of Germany


The Hitler Youth (Hitlerjugend-HJ) were for Hitler the future of the Nazi party. Hitler’s
dream of a thousand year Reich could only be accomplished through the youth, which were
deemed the most important aspect of Germany's future as a powerful nation. "The future
of the German nation depends on its youth, and the German youth shall have to be prepared
for its future duties."(i) The youth were important because they would continue the Nazi
legacy and spread propaganda to future generations. Hitler was so obsessed with his quest
for the future of Germany, that he devoted most of his endeavors, such as the acquisition of Lebensraum and the elimination of the subhumans, for the purpose of gaining more land for the future generations.

Hitler was not some all mighty God that was able to just snap his fingers and the youth
would follow him, he was aided in the fact that the youth were on a quest of their own:
independence. They were energetic, full of life, and had an overwhelming love for
Germany along with spirit and a quest to find their position in life. Hitler recognized these
characteristics of the youth and decided to incorporate them into his plan for the National
Socialist German Worker's Party (NSDAP or Nazi Party) to flourish. These
characteristics and Hitler's involvement became the leading tragedy and inspiration of the
German youth movement. This youth movement began before World War I, was the result
of the industrial revolution, and came to be known as the ‘Youth Revolution.’(ii)



The Early Movement



In the 1920's, the German youth were involved
in about two thousand groups and organizations.
The most popular organization was the
Wandervogel, which was popular due to the
involvement of sports. Boys were able to go on
weekend retreats, where they would hike and
learn to survive on their own in the wilderness.
Organized sporting events of soccer and other
various competitions kept the interests of the
children. The Wandervogel were noted for their
love of the land, not the new, modern
conveniences of the cities. Hiking and skiing were chosen over activities such as watching a
movie or going to a dance.
The Wandervogel, which was formed November 4, 1901(iii), reflected the main attitudes of
the of the youth movement.

American Boy Scouts saluting Hitler Youth in Munich in 1935. Koch p. 196.


In some ways the Wandervogel was a manifestation of the perceptible mood of boredom and
restlessness appearance of Wilhelmian Germany was little more than a facade which

How to Cite this Page

MLA Citation:
"Hitler Youth: The Future of Germany." 123HelpMe.com. 05 Dec 2019
    <https://www.123helpme.com/view.asp?id=69823>.

Need Writing Help?

Get feedback on grammar, clarity, concision and logic instantly.

Check your paper »

Essay on The Hitler Youth Organization

- ... And the girls section age 10 to 18, the Bund Deutcher Madel (the league of German Girls). 1933 was the year that changed the future of the HJ. Hitler was appointed Chancellor on January 30, 1933 and formally entered office in March of 1933. Hitler then disbanded over 400 youth groups and encouraged the youths’ for the canceled groups to join the HJ. Due to Hitler’s demolishing of Germany youth groups by 1933 the Hitler Youth membership had enlisted over 25,000 boys aged 14 and up along with the junior branch and the League of German Girls....   [tags: children, future, brainwash, military]

Research Papers
866 words (2.5 pages)

Essay about Propaganda in Hitler's Germany

- During Hitler’s reign in Germany, propaganda was his main method of control. He and the National Socialist German Workers’ Party, or Nazis, believed that to remain in control, it is necessary to prevent any and all internal unrest through strictly regulated popular opinion. The mission was to keep public opinion in favor of the Nazi party’s ideology. One of the primary aspects of their ideology was extreme anti-Semitism and racial inequality. Within years they were able to introduce this belief to nearly all of the German people through heavy influence by propaganda....   [tags: National Socialist German Worker's Party, Nazi]

Research Papers
1017 words (2.9 pages)

Hitler 's Influence On Nazi Germany Essay

- As Hitler rose to power he soon created Nazi Germany, a totalitarian state, by making himself a famous dictator, being known as a ‘Fuhrer’. When Hitler was in power he made some significant changes to Nazi Germany with both changes being positive such as: keeping promises, teaching discipline, created Volkswagen, restored German pride (nationalism) and provided employment to those who lost their jobs during The Great Depression. However, the negatives of Hitler being in power of Germany are: control of education, use of terror and violence, torture and execution, concentration camps and strictly controlled businesses....   [tags: Adolf Hitler, Nazism, Weimar Republic]

Research Papers
883 words (2.5 pages)

Hitler Youth Essay

- “The future of the German nation depends on its youth and the German youth shall have to be prepared for its future duties” The youth of Germany were an important target for Hitler. He knew that if his dream for the thousand year Reich were to be fulfilled he needed the loyalty of the young German people. But how did he obtain that loyalty. How did he set about bending the German children’s hearts and minds to his will. The answer is simple-the Hitler Youth. In the years from 1929 to 1933 economic hardship, a faltering political regime and generational tensions left many young people with no place to turn....   [tags: World War II WWII WW2 Nazi Germany]

Research Papers
585 words (1.7 pages)

What Was the Nature and Purpose of the Hitler Youth? Essay

- What was the nature and purpose of the Hitler Youth. In this essay I shall be looking at what the purpose of the Hitler Youth was and as to why Hitler chose to set it up. The Hitler Youth was an organisation in which Hitler used to indoctrinate pupils into believing in the superiority of the Aryan race, to value compliance, discipline and sacrifice while having indisputable loyalty to the Fuhrer. The purpose of this was to create a Germany that would always remain faithful to Hitler so there would never be anarchy....   [tags: Nazi Germany]

Research Papers
985 words (2.8 pages)

Essay about The War Of Nazi Germany

- Current as of the end of 1936 the condition of Nazi Germany is in decently good hands, from the look of employment rates, creation of jobs unions. The spread of Nazism and the defeat of communism, Germany is as of the looks of it stabilizing under the control of Nazi party. As compared to 1928, which is 8 years ago, Germany showed a significant amount of changes when it comes to employment and the economical conditions of Germany. As of 1936 the security of employment increased, people are more secure with their level of employment such as a long lasting job position without a high fear of being laid off or demoted due to financial circumstances....   [tags: Nazi Germany, Adolf Hitler, Nazism, Nazi Party]

Research Papers
1220 words (3.5 pages)

Nazi Germany A Totalitarian State Essay

- MODERN HISTORY – RESEARCH ESSAY “To what extent was Nazi Germany a Totalitarian state in the period from 1934 to 1939?” The extent to which Nazi Germany was a totalitarian state can be classed as to a substantial amount. With Hitler as Fuhrer and his ministers in control of most aspects of German social, political, legal, economical, and cultural life during the years 1934 to 1939, they mastered complete control and dictation upon Germany. In modern history, there have been some governments, which have successfully, and others unsuccessfully carried out a totalitarian state....   [tags: Nazi Germany, Nazism, Adolf Hitler, Fascism]

Research Papers
2864 words (8.2 pages)

Propaganda As A Tool Used By Nazi Germany Essay

-   Propaganda is a tool used by many governments, organizations and movements throughout history, but one of the most notorious uses our world has ever seen was during the Nazi regime. It was used widely throughout Germany’s occupied territories to promote destructive values in order to further the Fuhrer’s own agenda and justify the atrocities done by the Nazi’s. “Propaganda works on the general public from the standpoint of an idea and makes them ripe for the victory of this idea" (Hitler). The messages are spread through media in all forms, including; radio, television and magazines and appeared to be effective....   [tags: Adolf Hitler, Nazi Germany, Nazism]

Research Papers
2166 words (6.2 pages)

Nazi Germany And The Nazi Party Essay

- In 1922, the Nazi Party whilst still in its beginning stages Baldur von Schirach conceived the Hitler Youth unlike most at the time of other politicians Hitler did not neglect young people the next generation or miscalculate the future political value. His vision of an enduring Third Reich was based not just on obedience and the loyalty of adults, but also of their children it was an extension of Hitler’s belief that the future of Nazi Germany was its next generation. By the early 1930’s, a third of young Germans were members....   [tags: Nazi Germany, Adolf Hitler, Nazism, World War II]

Research Papers
1015 words (2.9 pages)

Hitler 's Influence On The Nazi Party Essay

- In 1933, Hitler constructed camps for young German Boys. They taught German boys from the age of ten to eighteen. A powerful speaker, Adolf Hitler showed the boys his ways of thinking at Hitler Youth. The camps made the boys obedient, hopeful, and disciplined. Hitler named the main where Hitler Youth and the other was called German Young People. Both camps were organised by Adolf Hitler himself. At Hitler Youth, the boys were trained how to complete various tasks that would prepare them for war....   [tags: Nazi Germany, Adolf Hitler, World War II]

Research Papers
1155 words (3.3 pages)

Related Searches

concealed latent tensions beneath the surface. (iv)


The youth movement was a rejection of the Weimar government, which was one of the
reasons why they were so easily supportive of the Nazi regime. They were also
disenchanted with the older generation and their new sets of values: work and money.

The Hohe Meissner meeting of 1913 showed the spirit of the youth.(v) The youth
wanted to rejuvenate Germany and were so serious in their convictions that they were
approached by a variety of people and organizations. These people included reformers,
intellectuals and critics of Weimar Germany. They wanted the youth to become their allies,
but they were making a serious mistake. This mistake was that they expected that the
youth to be led by adults, but the youth were not willing to give up their independence.


Start of the Hitler Youth



On July 4, 1926, the NSDAP held a convention (Parteitag)
where youth leaders and party members attended. The
theme was "Educational Questions and Youth
Organizations." At this convention the Nazi party agreed
to the formation of a Nazi youth group named the Hitler
Youth (HJ). Kurt Gruber was appointed Reichsfuehrer of
the Bund deutscher Arbeiterjugend (German Youth
Workers Organization) and adviser for youth affairs on the
NSDAP Reichsleitung. Hitler officially recognized these
decisions on July 27, 1926.(vi) Hitler decided that if the
youth loved the outdoors, they would also love weapons; unfortunately, he was right. The
youth loved weapons and the programs set by the Schutzstafel or SS. The programs
involved all the activities the youth normally would do in their other organizations, with the
exception of the use of weapons.(vii)
Dummy hand grenade throwing. Koch p. 164.


Three of Hitler’s seven points of business for the German people dealt directly or
indirectly with education in the Third Reich. Point 4 states that the state must take the
sport of the youth to an unheard-of-level. With Point 6 the state must emphasize the
teaching of racial knowledge in schools. Point 7 dealt indirectly with education, it stated
that the state must awaken patriotism and national pride in all its citizens. This is clearly a
goal that was enforced in the HJ.(viii)

Back to Top

Organization of Hitler Youth
Hitler Youth uniforms.
Constable
p. 110
Enrollment/Membership
The HJ was the youth’s way of making their voice heard and acknowledged.

Enrollment in the HJ became mandatory March of 1939. When membership became
mandatory, parents were warned that the kids would be taken away and sent to other
homes or orphanages. Parents, who kept their children out of the HJ and were found
guilty, had to serve severe prison sentences.(ix)

The youth were fully incorporated into Hitler's dream of a Nazi society by the 1930's.
They had their own uniform and a creed that officially recognized them as an organization.
In December of 1936, in order to complete his dream of a sound future in the youth of
Germany, Hitler issued this decree:

1. The whole German youth inside the region of the Reich are incorporated into the
Hitler Youth.
2. The whole German youth, outside of home and school, is physically, spiritually, and
morally to be educated
in the Hitler Youth in the spirit of National Socialism to the service of Volk and
Volk community.
3. The task of the education of the whole German youth in the Hitler Youth is given
over to the Reich Youth
leader of the NSDAP. He holds the office of a Highest Reich Authority with its seat
in Berlin and is
directly responsible to the Fuhrer and Reich Chancellor.
4. The legal orders and general administrative regulations requisite to the execution
and completion of this
law will be issued by the Fuhrer and Reich Chancellor.(x)

This Decree outlawed the Concordat of 1933, which stated the Catholic Youth organization
should not be hindered in any way, by any other organization, but Hitler disregarded this
and incorporated them into the HJ anyway.(xi)

The boys were taught to respect the
Nazi party and live up to their creed by
learning from the Nazi Primer, which was
the official handbook of the Hitler Youth.
Mein Kampf, Hitler’s bibliography, was
considered their "Bible." They learned of
the superior race: the Nordic race.
According to the Nazi Primer, "when
considering bodily form, the HJ have to
take into account above all things size and
shape of body, skull, color of hair, the eyes
and the skin, as well as the texture of the
hair."(xii) Upon reading the section
entitled the German races, one can clearly
see the intention that the Nordic race is above all the best in the German region. The
Primer gives example after example of why one race is inferior to another. (xiii)



HJ military training camp Koch p. 196

The Law for the Restoration of the Professional Civil Service forced teachers and
professors to join the National Socialist Teachers League. In order to join this league, they
had to provide proof that they were Aryan, but they were not allowed to teach unless they
joined this league. (xiv) Hitler rewrote the curriculum, so the teachers were instructed of
what they could and could not teach. Hatred of the Jews and subhumans was the main
theme in all courses, even math. Problem solving included word problems with questions
about ammunition or the cost of maintaining an insane asylum. (Mentally ill people were
considered a burden on society.)

The HJ organization gave the youth the chance to find their place in life. The colorful
banners, parades, uniforms, status and sense of purpose were all aspects of the organization
that the youth bought into and encouraged them to join. The HJ was the youth’s way of
making their voice heard and acknowledged.


Leaders and Youth Officers

Baldur von Schirach is the most renowned HJ leader. Schirach
joined the Nazi party and the SA (Sturmabteilung-Nazi
paratroopers) in 1925. In 1929, he became the leader of the
National Socialist Students Union. He became Reich youth leader
of the NSDAP in 1931, then Youth Leader of the German Reich in
June 1933. The first thing Schirach did, after attaining this
position, was send fifty HJ to occupy the national offices of the
Reich Committee of German Youth Associations, which was an
organization that Hitler had wanted to gain control. (xv)

Membership in the HJ was remarkable. In 1932, 107,956 boys
were enrolled. The end of 1939 enrolled almost eight million boys
enrolled in the HJ. Part of the reason enrollment grew so fast was
that Schirach knew how to play on the sympathies of the youth. He had gone through the
youth movement as well and was only 26 years old upon being appointed leader of the HJ.
He knew that sport, outdoor activities, and independence was important to the youth. He
also knew that they had a striking nationalistic attitude. They were against the Weimar
government and so were the Nazi’s.
Shirach and Hitler Youth Koch p. 68

Part of the Reason the HJ was successfull was that youth led youth. In other words, the
youth were promoted to positions of leadership that enhanced their sense of independence.

Schirach had many responsibilities as the HJ leader, such as dissolving other groups or
incorporating them into the HJ. Educating the youth was the most important responsibility
Schirach had, as he stated here:

I am responsible to the Reich that the entire youth of Germany will be educated physically,
morally and spiritually in the spirit of the National Socialist Idea of the State. (xvi)


Schirach kept his position as Reich Youth Leader of the NSDAP until 1940, when he was
appointed Gauleiter, Reichsgovernor and Reich’s Defense commissioner of Vienna. Even
though he acquired all of these new positions, he still retained his job as Reichsleiter of
Education. Arthur Axmann was chosen to replace Schirach.


Leaders and Instructors of the HJ. Koch p. 196


Activities of the Hitler Youth

Ages of the Youth
In a speech at the Reichsparteitag of 1935, Hitler said, "He
alone, who owns the youth, gains the Future!" He then went on
to describe the different age groups and possibilities for the future
the youth had. They could enter the program at the age of six,
then at ten they graduated into the Jungvolk. At fifteen years of
age they were officially Hitler Youth. As a Jungvolk, the boys had
to swear an oath, basically saying that they were willing to give up
their lives for Germany and Hitler.

…The boy of the Hitler Youth will join the SA, the SS and the
other formations, and the SA man and the SS man will one day
join the Labor Service, and from there he will go to the Armed
Forces, and the soldiers of the people will return again to the
organization of Movement, the Party, the SA, the SS. (xvii)


A 'courage test' of the HJ. Koch p. 164

The Different Divisions

Upon entering the HJ, the boys were given a
choice of entering some other different
branches within the organization. Those
interested in flying could enter the Flieger-HJ
(the flying youth) or if motors and automobiles
were of interest, there was the Motor-HJ (the
motor or mechanical Youth). The Marine-HJ
(navy) and the Waffen-SS (weapons and
protection squad) were branches for the more
military-oriented youth. Signal, medical, and musical units were also options for the youth.
(xviii)

HJ calvary unit. Koch p. 164.







HJ in river-crossing exercise. Koch p. 164







HJ building model gliders. Koch p. 164





If they did not join one of these detachments, but showed
promise in leadership abilities, they could be chosen to join the
SS instead of the army. The SS gave them opportunity to use
violence and weapons, which they found extremely useful when
dealing with Jews or other subhumans.
Boys had to stay in the HJ until they were eighteen, then were
encouraged to enter the army or forced to enter the labor
service then the army. The labor service was six months of
work out in the country. Helping out on a farm, rebuilding
roads, or beautifying parks were the usual forms of labor. (xix)





Right Land
-service
leadership
candidates.
Koch p.
196. Left
HJ pitching
hay for
farm-duty
program.
Constable
p. 132.






Back to Top

Rival Youth Movements in the WWII Era

The Nazi's might have failed to reform all the German youth in believing their
brainwashing, but they did manage to make some gruesome warriors even though the youth
values had changed. These Youth were more interested in weapons and survival in the new
era, than dancing or independence. SS officers that used terror tactics to enforce rule
trained the Youth. The youth learned these tactics and put them to use in trying to get
other children to join the organization or get them to conform to society. These techniques
would often work, but not in the cases of the Swing kids and Edelweiss Pirates.


Edelweiss Pirates

At fourteen it was possible to quit school. This allowed for resistance youth groups to
form. The Edelweiss Pirates and Swing Kids were two such groups. The Edelweiss Pirates
met on street corners and had a deep passionate hate for the HJ with the slogan of
"Eternal war on the Hitler Youth" (xx) . Street brawls were a sign that the two groups had
met. The pirates took every opportunity possible to attack the HJ, and loved thier
independence which was hindered by the HJ.


Swing Kids

The other resistance group was the Swing kids. These kids loved American jazz music
and they especially loved dancing even though this was forbidden. They came from middle
class families and met at nightclubs. They had money and wore the newest styles of
clothing from Britain and America. (xxi)

Back to Top
Role of Hitler Youth in and after WWII

The youth had many roles during WWII; they were used as propagandists,
reinforcements, and warriors. At first their role was to act as propaganda enforcers in the
occupied territories such as France, the Benelux countries, and Norway. They youth were
used to help set up youth movements in these countries and to enforce the Nazi ideology.
They also had another very important role as propagandists that of being role models to
siblings and the younger generations so that they too would fully believe in the HJ
movement. (xxii)

Their role as reinforcements was to help the army in areas they did not have the time or
manpower to maintain. The German army had a shortage of military so the different HJ
detachments were used to defend certain areas. They were considered the Volksturm or
home guard. They would ambush passing allied detachments, which usually ended up in
their death. The HJ worked along with women and men over sixty to build up barricades or
dig trenches to trap Soviet tanks. (xxiii)

The HJ had a renewed sense of worth. With the onset of war, materials such as copper,
scrap metal, razor blades and so on, were needed. The youth attacked this mission with
such a determination that they often collected more than was necessary. (xxiv)

The role of being warriors was realized when the youth were used
in actual battles such as that of the battle for Berlin. This was a
crude move on Axmann’s part. The enemy did not want to kill youth,
but they had to due to the ferocity of the HJ. "They fought bitterly
for every yard; the help of one comrade for another was so
spontaneous and unselfish that it was unequalled." (xxv)








Signaling unit of Berlin HJ-- six months before Battle for Berlin. Koch p. 228.




The division between the Jungvolk and
the HJ was abolished, so boys as young as
ten were fighting on the front lines.
Because of the shortage of men, a draft
was conscripted. Any German male
between the ages of sixteen and sixty
were incorporated into the army. This
meant that there were very few older
leaders for the younger HJ. Fifteen
year-old boys would find themselves
commanding 500 troops, many of which
were significantly older.





HJ on the Eastern Front. Koch p. 228


The youth were valiant fighters; many times fighting until the division was no more.
Inadequate ammunition also took its toll on the young warriors. One group was told to
attack Soviet tanks with Anti-tank mines that were supposed to stick to the Soviet armor.
The mines did not stick so the youth ran along side the tanks, holding the mines to the tank,
until they were both blown apart. (xxvi)



Youth Activities after the War

The youth disbanded after the war. They no longer wore the showy costumes or
paraded through the streets. The days of playing war games and hiking in the woods were
over. The youth had to face the reality of what they had done. A quote from Rilke, a
World War II historian, sums up the feelings after the war, "Who talks of victory? To
endure is all". (xxvii)

The youth lacked basic educational skills. In the Nazi schools they were taught Nazi
ideology. Reading, writing and grammar skills were not emphasized as much as being able
to understand strategies, anti-Semitism, or propaganda. The youth experienced things they
would only have read about in books, so they felt the idea of going back to school was kind
of ridiculous. Even though they felt this way they knew they had to learn. An American
professor visiting at Marburg University noticed the determination:

To me and my colleagues these young men and women displayed unusual intellectual
earnestness, characterized by a deep understanding of the problems of the time and by a
burning desire to acquire reliable knowledge and instruction and information about the
methods of scientific work. (xxviii)

A few members of the Nazi Youth gathered in 1946 to reminisce about the past and
former friends. They each knew of only a few other Nazi Youth, so they decided to invite
them all to their meeting place. The others met with them and there was a surprising air of
camaraderie. All differences were forgotten; they had all lived through the Nazi era. (xxix)

The idea of re-creating the youth was never brought up. The comrades figured that the
new generation could start up an organization if they wanted. The new generation
eventually did start their own organization, one that was just as fulfilling to them as the
previous movement had been for the Hitler Youth. This time a sinister man named Hitler
did not control their destinies, futures, or fears; the youth controlled their own lives.


Back to Top


Hitler Youth Links
German Boys giving a salute and Hither Youth throwing mock grenades

Hitler Youth Recruting Poster and German boys saluting

Hitler Youth in a Parade past Striecher

Another Paper on the HJ by John S. Massingill


Back to Top

Endnotes
(i) Nazi Conspiracy and Aggression Vol. 1 ch 7 Means Used by the Nazi Conspirators in
Gaining Control of the German State,
http//www1.ca.Nizkor.org/hweb/imt/nca/nca-01/nca-01-07-means-45.html online 2/11/98.

(ii) Peter D. Stachura, The German Youth Movement 1900-1945, (New York: St. Martin’s
Press, 1981) Page 2.

(iii) Peter D. Stachura, Nazi Youth in the Weimar Republic, (Oxford: Clio Books, England:
1975), Page 2.

(iv) Ibid.

(v) Stachura, The German Youth Movement 1900-1945, 22.

(vi) Stachura, Nazi Youth in the Weimar Republic, 22-23.

(vii) Col. John R. Elting and William Sheridan Allen ed., The Third Reich: The New Order,
(Alexandria, Virginia: Time Life Books, 1989) Page 135.

(viii) Louis L. Snyder, ed., Hitler’s Third Reich: A Documentary History, (Chicago: Nelson
Hall, 1981) Page 46.

(ix) William L. Shirer, The Rise and Fall of the Third Reich, (New York: Simon and Schuster,
1960) Page253.

(x) Lawrence D. Walker, Hitler Youth and Catholic Youth, (Washington D. C.: The Catholic
University of America Press, 1970) Page 160-161.

(xi) Shirer, 253.

(xii) Fritz Brennecke, comp. & Ed. The Nazi Primer, (New York: Harper and Brothers
Publishers,1966) Page 15.

(xiii) Ibid. 13-35.

(xiv) Klaus P. Fischer, Nazi Germany: Anew History, (New York: Continuum, 1995), Page
347.

(xv) Shirer, 253.

(xvi) Nazi Conspiracy and AggressionVol. 1, ch 7 Means Used by the Nazi Conspirators in
Gaining Control of the German State,
http://www1.ca.nizkor.org/hweb/imt/nca/nca-01/nca-01-07-means-46.html. Online 2/11/98.

(xvii) Shirer, 253.

(xviii) Ibid.

(xix) Shirer, 254.

(xx) Detter J. K. Peukert, "Life in the Third Reich: Young People for or Against the Nazis?"
History Today, Oct. 1995. v. 35 page 18.

(xxi) Ibid. 22.

(xxii) Russel Miller, World War II: The Resistance (Alexandria, Virginia: Time Life Books,
1979) Page 94.

(xxiii) Gerald Simons, World War II: Victory in Europe, (Morristown, New Jersey: Time Life
Books, 1982) Page 38.

(xxiv) H. W. Koch, The Hitler Youth: Origins and Developments 1922-45, (New York: Stein
and Day, 1975) Page 233.

(xxv) Simons, 61.

(xxvi) Hans Dollinger, The Decline and Fall of Nazi Germany, (New York: Bonanza Books,
1967) Page 78.

(xxvii) Walter Z. Laquer, Young Germany: A History of the German Youth Movement, (New
York: Basic Books Publishing Co. Inc., 1962) Page 216.

(xxviii) Koch, 255.

(xxix) Laquer, 216.


Works Consulted
Brennecke, Fritz, comp. & Ed. The Nazi Primer. New York: Harper and Brothers Publishers
,1966.

Constable, George, ed. The Third Reich: The New Order. Time Life Books. Alexandria,
Virginia, 1989.

Dollinger, Hans. The Decline and Fall of Nazi Germany. New York: Bonanza Books, 1967.

Fischer , Klaus P. Nazi Germany: A New History. New York: Continuum Publishing Company,
1995.

Koch, H. W. The Hitler Youth: Origins and Development 1922-45. New York: Stein and Day,
1975.

Laquer, Walter Z. Young Germany: A History of the German Youth Movement. New York:
Basic Books
Publishing Co. Inc., 162.

Miller, Russel. World War II: The Resistance. Time Life Books. Alexandria, Virginia, 1979.

Nazi Conspiracy and Aggression Vol. 1 ch 7 Means Used by the Nazi Conspirators in Gaining
Control of
the German State, http//www1.ca.Nizkor.org/hweb/imt/nca/nca-01/nca-01-07-means-45.html
online 2/11/98.

Nazi Conspiracy and Aggression Vol. 1, ch 7 Means Used by the Nazi Conspirators in Gaining
Control of
the German State, http://www1.ca.nizkor.org/hweb/imt/nca/nca-01/nca-01-07-means-46.html.
Online 2/11/98.

Peukert, Detter J. K. "Life in the Third Reich: Young People for or Against the Nazis?" History
Today
October 1995. V. 35.

Shirer, William L. The Rise and Fall of the Third Reich. New York: Simon and Schuster, 1959.

Simons, Gerald. World War II: Victory in Europe,. Morristown, New Jersey: Time Life Books,
1982.

Snyder, Louis L., ed., Hitler’s Third Reich: A Documentary History. Chicago: Nelson Hall,
1981

Stachura, Peter D. The German Youth Movement 1900-1945. New York: St Martin’s Press,
1981.

Stachura, Peter D. Nazi Youth in the Weimar Republic. Oxford: Clio Books, 1975.

Walker, Lawrence D. Hitler Youth and Catholic Youth. Washington D.C.: The Catholic
University of
America Press, 1970.
Return to 123HelpMe.com