Essay PreviewMore ↓
All the messages would be sent in packets, each with its own address. These packets would be sent at one node and would arrive at another one. This may seem rather obvious, but what was new was that the way the packets went through the net was not important. That means that if one node was destroyed, the rest of the nodes would still be able to communicate. This is of course was inefficient and rather slow, but extremely reliable. The Internet still uses this method nowadays, and there has been only one collective crash so far.
The Pentagon's Advanced Research Projects Agency (ARPA) wanted to install an advanced network based on the principles in the US. The network was called ARPANET and consisted of four high speed computers (nodes). In 1969, the first node was installed in UCLA. By 1971 there were 23 nodes on ARPANET.
In 1972 the first e-mail program was created by Ray Tomlinson of BBN. He chose the @ symbol to link the username to the address. Telnet protocol allowed logging on to a distant computer. It was published as Request for Comments (RFC). These were means of sharing developmental work throughout the network community. Instead of using the ARPANET for long distance computing, the scientists used it for communicating with each other. Each user had his/her own e-mail address.
In 1973, “Development began on the protocol later to be called TCP/IP, it was developed by a group headed by Vinton Cerf from Stanford and Bob Kahn from DARPA. This new protocol was to allow diverse computer networks to interconnect and communicate with each other (Kristula 1974-1983).” During its development was when the term Internet was first used. TCP/IP was adopted by the Department of Defense in 1980 replacing the old NCP and became universal in 1983. Also in 1983 ARPANET split into ARPANET and the military segment, MILNET. MILNET became integrated with the Defense Data Network created the previous year. Thanks to TCP/IP and its decentralized structure, ARPANET grew and grew during the early eighties.
How to Cite this Page
"history of the internet." 123HelpMe.com. 12 Dec 2018
Need Writing Help?
Get feedback on grammar, clarity, concision and logic instantly.Check your paper »
- What we know today as the Internet began as a Defense Advanced Research Projects Agency (DARPA) project in 1969, which was designed to connect several research databases across the country. However, until the end of 1991, the advances were almost completely technical, as the goals set by those responsible in its growth were beyond what the hardware was capable of providing. In 1988, the Internet began to receive attention in the popular press, when the first documented computer virus was released at Cornell University.... [tags: Internet]
1850 words (5.3 pages)
- Background The Net Generation is a popular term used to describe children born after the development of the Internet, a publicly available Global Communications Network. It was first used in 1998 by Donald Tapscott; a social commentator observing how young people were using new Internet technologies, such as the World Wide Web (WWW), with apparent ease and confidence. When the term first appeared, it was quickly circulated via the Internet and the attributes assigned to the Net Generation were rapidly adopted by the popular media.... [tags: internet]
603 words (1.7 pages)
- The History of the Internet The Internet is the latest and most powerful invention that has expanded the world’s communication. It has greater effects on our civilization than any other previous inventions. It has reached every corner of the globe. It has interconnected the world and created an electronic village. Unlike any previous human inventions, the Internet is a wide common resource for all people. Anyone can say whatever he/she wants to say and this can be heard by anyone else with access to the Internet.... [tags: Technology Computer Essays]
1006 words (2.9 pages)
- Term Paper: The History of the Internet The Internet began like most things in our society, that is to say that the government started it. The Internet started out as a experimental military network in the 60's. Doug Engelbart prototypes an "Online System" (NLS) which does hypertext browsing editing, email, and so on. The Internet is a worldwide broadcasting resource used for distributing information and a source for interaction between people on their computers. In 1973, the U.S.... [tags: essays research papers]
778 words (2.2 pages)
- The History of the Internet When one thinks of the internet, one may think of America Online, Yahoo!, or of Sandra Bullock being caught up in an espionage conspiracy. For me, it is a means of communication. A way to talk to some of my friends who live off in distant places such as Los Angeles, New Jersey, and the Philippines. The U.S. Defense Department originally had this intent in mind when they connected a computer network with various other radio and satellite networks.[1 Krol] They wanted a means of communicating within the U.S.... [tags: Web Computers Technology Essays]
1265 words (3.6 pages)
- The History of The Internet Imagine talking about the latest elections with someone three thousand miles away without receiving a tremendous phone bill. Or sending a letter to a friend or relative and having it arrive one second later. How would it feel to know that any source of information is at your fingertips at the press of a button. All of these are possible and more with a system of networks all connected and sending information at light speed from place to place known as the Internet.... [tags: essays research papers]
2370 words (6.8 pages)
- History of the Internet Works Cited Buick, Joanna and Jevtic, Zoran. Introducing Cyberspace. New York, NY: Totem Books, 1995. Crick, Prof. Rex E. E-Mail History. [Online] Available http://www2.uta.edu/geology/compulit/mailhist.html, December 20, 1999. Hafner, Katie and Lyon, Mathew. Where Wizards Stay up Late. New York, NY: Simon & Schuster Inc., 1996. "Internet." Encyclopedia Britannica, 1999 ed. Kristula, Dave. The History of the Internet. [Online] Available http://www.davesite.com/net-history.html, November 19, 1999.... [tags: essays research papers fc]
1525 words (4.4 pages)
- History of the Internet The internet has been a fast progressing technology. It is not quite known who exactly invented it because many people helped invent it. The development of the Internet began to progress very quickly after the invention of the satellite. The Russians put sputnik, the first satellite, into space and the US got scared. The cold war helped facilitate the internet because the US had to compete with other technologies being developed by Russia. Versions of the internet were around at the time (like in Britain), but the government wanted the Internet to be explored more because the US saw benefits of it for the military.... [tags: Expository Essays Research Papers]
441 words (1.3 pages)
- In 1964, the RAND proposal was put forward. Written by Paul Baran, this proposal stated the principles of a new network which was to be built for maximum strength and flexibility. This new network would have no central authority. The principles of this network were that all the nodes would be equal in status and each could send and receive messages. All the messages would be sent in packets, each with its own address. These packets would be sent at one node and would arrive at another one. This may seem rather obvious, but what was new was that the way the packets went through the net was not important.... [tags: essays research papers]
834 words (2.4 pages)
- History of The Internet The Internet is a worldwide connection of thousands of computer networks. All of them speak the same language, TCP/IP, the standard protocol. The Internet allows people with access to these networks to share information and knowledge. Resources available on the Internet are chat groups, e-mail, newsgroups, file transfers, and the World Wide Web. The Internet has no centralized authority and it is uncensored. The Internet belongs to everyone and to no one. The Internet is structured in a hierarchy.... [tags: essays research papers]
862 words (2.5 pages)
In 1986, the National Science Foundation (NSF) funded the development of a cross country 56 Kbps backbone network. The NSF wanted to make supercomputers useable for research projects, so they decided to link five super-computing centers. After its completion, traffic increased dramatically and needed to be upgraded. In 1987 NSF signed a contract with Merit Networks to increase the performance of the network.
By 1990, ARPANET ceased to exist, but its users scarcely noticed because ARPANET's functions were continued. The disbandment of ARPANET by the DOD was due to the fact that Merit, IBM and MCI formed a not for profit corporation called Advanced Network & Services (ANS) that did research in high speed networking and who was responsible for the T3 line concept (Kristula 1984-1990). The NSF adopted ANS’s new T3 line and caused the original ARPANET lines to be taken out of service. This later led to the development of a new network by the NSF called the National Research and Education Network (NREN). Its purpose was for conducting high speed networking research, not for commercial use. By this time there over 500,000 hosts.
In 1992 the Internet Society is formed. “Since then Internet Society has served as the international organization for global coordination and cooperation on the Internet, promoting and maintaining a broad spectrum of activities focused on the Internet's development, availability, and associated technologies (isoc.org).” Also in 1992 WWW was released by CREN and the number of hosts broke 1,000,000. One year later, the first browser, Mosaic, was released. Mosaic was a GUI that allowed easy browsing of the WWW.
The growth rate of Internet was increasing sharply and it still continues to grow everyday.
It is a valuable source of information for anyone and on any topic, and also a new, exciting way of communicating with people thousands of miles away. Without the internet there would be no platform for the enormous amount of e-commerce that takes place on a daily basis. With the all the technological advancements, the use of the internet is limitless.
United States. Internet Society. “A Brief History of the
Internet and Related Networks” 18 Nov. 2001
Kristula, Dave. The History of the Internet. Aug 2001.
Howe, Walt. A brief History of the Internet. April 2002.