Essay PreviewMore ↓
Throughout the Iliad, heroic characters make decisions based on a specific set of principles, which are referred to as the “code of honor.” The heroic code that Homer presents to readers is easy to recognize because the heroic code is the cause for many of the events that take place, but many of the characters have different perceptions of how highly the code should be regarded. Hector, the greatest of the Trojan warriors, begins the poem as a model for a hero. His dedication and firm belief in the code of honor is described many times throughout the course of the Iliad. As a reward for heroic traits in battle, prizes were sometimes awarded to victors of war. In Book 1 Achilles receives Chryseis as a prize and a symbol of honor. Heroism had its rewards and its setbacks which ultimately was the backbone of the Illiad in the case of Achilles prize. Hector, arguably the greatest Trojan warrior or even the bravest of the Homeric heroes is very fierce and fights for what he believes is his destiny. In book VI Hector expresses his bravery when Andromache pleads with Hector not to fight when Hector says, “But I would die of shame to face the men of Troy and the Trojan woman trailing their long robes if I would shrink from battle now, a coward. Nor does the sprit urge me on that way. I’ve learned it all too well. To stand up bravely, always to fight in the front ranks of Trojan soldiers, winning my father great glory, glory for myself” (VI, 387).
Achilles, the greatest of the Greek warriors, is portrayed as a hero in some ways but, on the other hand, performs some controversial acts in the Iliad. Throughout the entire Trojan war, Achilles spent most of his time pouting in his tent after Agamemnon kidnapped his prized maiden, Chryseis.
How to Cite this Page
"Heroic Code in the Iliad and the Odyssey." 123HelpMe.com. 21 Jan 2020
Need Writing Help?
Get feedback on grammar, clarity, concision and logic instantly.Check your paper »
- In two of Homers epics, The Iliad and The Odyssey, it can be seen that in his epics he displays his own Homeric and heroic. The honor of every person in Homeric culture was important, but to the hero, his honor was extremely important. Not only does ones heroism and honor define ones social status and ranking, it is also defense mechanism to build within their own persona of themselves. This way of thinking can cause the Homeric characters to feel invincible and untouchable to their enemies with pride of dying with honor.... [tags: Iliad, Achilles, Trojan War, Odyssey]
1495 words (4.3 pages)
- The views and beliefs of societies are often portrayed in the literature, art, and cinema of a certain era. The epic poems, The Iliad and Odyssey, give scholars and historians an idea how the Ancient Greek lived their everyday lives. By reading the two "novels," the reader is able to experience the three thousand years old society of Homer. The various similarities between our society and the societies depicted in the Iliad and the Odyssey are surprising profuse. To name a few: the superfluous violence in Iliad and Odyssey, the characterization of Odysseus, the obscure use of narcotics, the similarities between Catholicism and certain stories of the Odyssey, and the role of pets... [tags: essays research papers]
1793 words (5.1 pages)
- The characters in Homer’s Iliad follow the Heroic Code which is all about honor. For them, honor is the most important thing and a person who dies without honor is worth nothing. To be someone honorable, one must standout from the army, like Akhilleus and Hektor. The two are recognized as the best in their army and community. But the Heroic Code is more than just exerting more effort as a warrior, more than being the best warrior there is and more than doing something that the army, community and opposition will recognize.... [tags: Modern Society Hero Compare Contrast]
1219 words (3.5 pages)
- Homer is a well-known and glorified enigma. Homer is the sum of two texts, the Iliad and the Odyssey. During antiquity, there were many texts attributed to Homer, or Homers, rather. These works of art were called Homeric hymn. We think of the Iliad and the Odyssey as being most strongly attested to Homer. The two were present at the very beginning of Greek literature. Who was Homer. Or moreover, who were Homer. This mystery surrounding authorship of the precursor hymns to Greek and Roman literature has been deemed the Homeric Question.... [tags: Homer, Trojan War, Odyssey, Iliad]
2512 words (7.2 pages)
- Can two things ever truly be exactly the same. When it comes to epic heroes, I’m not sure. In both the Iliad and the Odyssey, written by Homer and translated by Robert Fagles, the journey of two epic heroes are depicted for us. Achilles, hero of the book The Iliad, is fighting in the Trojan War. Odysseus, hero of the book The Odyssey, is simply fighting to get home. Although both the epic heroes are put through some of the same very tough and difficult situations, it doesn’t mean they are quite the same person.... [tags: Trojan War, Iliad, Achilles, Odyssey]
1901 words (5.4 pages)
- The Iliad and The Odyssey are epic poems written by Homer, telling the stories of the heroes: Akhilleus, the strongest man in the Akhaian army, fighting in the Trojan War, and Odysseus, the cleverest man in the army, who is trying to get home after that war. The gods often intervene, shaping the lives of the characters. Divine intervention in The Iliad and The Odyssey exists to characterize the statuses of the mortals and the gods. The gods remind the mortals of their power over them through divine intervention, elevating the statuses of the gods and reinforcing their superiority.... [tags: Trojan War, Iliad, Odyssey, Poseidon]
894 words (2.6 pages)
- Women 's roles in the Iliad and Odyssey the seem to differ from the roles of men. Women were depicted as possessions to the men. Athena seems to stand out the most when it comes to both of these books Athena is the goddess of wisdom and war. Not only was Athena the goddess of wisdom and war, she played the role of the protector. Athena is one of the main female characters that truly show out throughout the Iliad and the Odyssey. An ancient history website states that “Athena was a major protagonist in Homer’s account of the Trojan War in the Illiad where she supports the Achaeans and their heroes, especially Achilles, to whom she gives encouragement and wise counsel." Athena beings to firs... [tags: Trojan War, Iliad, Odysseus, Odyssey]
703 words (2 pages)
- The Iliad and the Odyssey give great accounts of Greek history, allowing readers to see inside the world of the gods. With such reading, it’s very obvious to tell that the gods are not how they would appear to be. They rule over Greece and are in almost complete control of the citizen’s daily lives, however, they don’t take this position with respect. Instead, they choose to resort to human-like games in order to get what they want. The female goddesses are the worst offenders of this. Hera and Athena especially choose to interfere with the lives of humans for their own personal gain.... [tags: Trojan War, Iliad, Odysseus, Odyssey]
1325 words (3.8 pages)
- Around 850 BC, there was a major discovery when Homer was introduced. Through his poetry, he relinquishes two stories called the Iliad and the Odyssey. Homer narrated a cultural norm where women were idolized and held great power over men in some ways, but were still found as property in their eyes. Homer acquaints us with two characters in each parable. From the Iliad, we receive a character of great beauty who is married to King Menelaus of (place) named Helen. The readers also learn of a diligent ad passionate wife of Odysseus named Penelope.... [tags: Trojan War, Iliad, Odyssey, Odysseus]
921 words (2.6 pages)
- Homer discusses several important themes in his poems the Iliad and the Odyssey in order to develop specific characters and the situations in which they find themselves. Achilles shows signs of geras and Hubris throughout the Iliad. Odysseus also shows signs of these traits throughout his epic poem. Many of Homers other characters share these traits as well, such as Agamemnon in both poems. We first meet Achilles in book one where he is enraged at the fact that he needs to give up his well-deserved prize Breisis to Agamemnon.... [tags: Odyssey, Homer, Iliad, Trojan War]
840 words (2.4 pages)
In the Odyssey, Odysseus is considered the heroic figure. Throughout both the Iliad and the Odyssey, Odysseus showed many acts of bravery, maybe more than Achilles showed. Both men, in the beginning, did try to make an attempt to avoid fighting in the Trojan War; however, neither succeeded. Odysseus later was tricked into serving the Greeks when he was sent to recruit Achilles who had not been fighting because of Agamemnon taking his prized maiden away. When Odysseus found Achilles, Achilles was dressed as a woman, hiding among the maidens, and persuaded Achilles into coming to the Greek camp and joining their army. This shows that Odysseus was smart and very cleaver. Another smart and cleaver event took place when Odysseus came up with the plot to defeat Troy, using the Trojan Horse.
A certain fire that drives both Achilles and Odysseus is revenge. Revenge is what could be the driving force in a hero’s quest for total victory or could ultimately end in death. Achilles’ soul is full of anger, and the death of Patroclus gives Achilles a deep sense of guilt, which does not cure him of his anger (Bowra 20). As mentioned earlier Achilles is not content with just revenge, he takes his actions a step further and dishonor’s Hector’s body. When Odysseus kills the suitors Homer does not go into any detail if what he did was justified or not. “The true heroic note is sounded by Odysseus when he forbids rejoicing over the dead suitors” (Bowra 22).
There are many different forms of heroes in the Iliad and the Odyssey. The one thing that each hero tries to achieve is honor from the people who have put trust in them to keep them safe and protect them from enemies. Without honor, their life would be meaningless, unless their destiny proves otherwise. For Achilles and Odysseus, their destiny was to lead and be great during battle which was proven in the books. This proves to be true that the highest honor can only be won in battle where they are needed most.