Algeria

Algeria

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Algeria is a large nation in northwestern Africa. Its neighbors are Libya, Morocco and Tunisia, all members of the Arab League of Nations. The nation’s primary languages are Arabic and French (Algeria was colonized by France). In terms of surface area, Algeria is the second largest in Africa with a size three times that of Texas. The current population is over 31 million with a GDP/capita of $1650 and a life expectancy of 70 years.

COLONIALISM
     In 1830, the French annexed Algeria, and ruled for over 130 years. It was a rule associated with racism, brutality and human rights abuses. The Algerians gained independence in 1962 and the French left the nation in a state of economic and social disarray. In addition to the physical destruction, the exodus of the colons deprived the country of most of its managers, civil servants, engineers, teachers, physicians, and skilled workers--all occupations from which the Muslim population had been excluded or discouraged from pursuing by colonial policy. Algeria, though rich in oil and other natural resources, was unable to make use of them on its own. Civil war broke out between various militia groups that had once been united in the struggle for freedom, but now wanted power.
It is clear that French colonialism has had a tremendous impact on Algeria and its development. For thirty years after independence, government forces continued to clash with militant groups and hundred of thousands of lives have been lost in the process. Whenever the government has sought to bring reform in the political system, an extremist group has protested and killed innocent civilians.

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