Essay PreviewMore ↓
Mecca is also known as Makkah and its full name is Makkah al-Mukkaramah. Mecca is a city in the Hijaz region of western Saudi Arabia. It is known as the holiest site in the Islamic religion. The history of Mecca goes back as early as the fifth century. It was an independent and powerful city in pre-Islamic times. It is the religious center for Islamic people and it houses the Kaaba and the Great Mosque. It is also the birthplace of Muhammad, the first capital of caliphate, and the center of present day mosques. In 630 Muhammad and some of his followers went into the city of Mecca and captured it. Mecca is said to have started one of the most important religions in the world and it brings together the Islamic religion.
When people think about Mecca one of the first things that might come to their heads is the pilgrimage or the black stone. Muhammad is one of the reasons that Mecca is what it is today. Muhhamad was a prophet born 570 in Mecca. He was orphaned as a child and sent to ended up living with his uncle. Muhhamad would get away from everything by going to the desert to meditate. One night while alone at Mt. Hira he was visited by an angel named Gabriel. After this Muhhamad began to accept Allah and started to believe. Some of the things Muhhamad believed was Jihad, holy struggle. He also began to believe you live for Allah. He believed all those who did would be rewarded and the rest punished. Not everyone believed the way Muhammad did. People at first thought that his teachings were a threat to the religious and material order. He was accused of making up what the Angel Gabriel had told him. He got followers from the poor and people who thought they were being unequally treated. Muhhamad took these people and then left and went to Medina to find more followers. He then returned to Mecca later and took over the city and converted everyone to Islam.
In the Islamic faith there are five pillars that they must follow to their best ability. The Salaht, the Hajj, they must give to the poor, fasting during the month of Ramadan, and repetition of the creed, "There is no God but Allah; Muhammad is the messenger of Allah." These pillars are more like obligations in the Islamic religion.
How to Cite this Page
"Hajj." 123HelpMe.com. 19 Apr 2019
Need Writing Help?
Get feedback on grammar, clarity, concision and logic instantly.Check your paper »
- On Hajj The religion of Islam is held up by five pillars, known as the five pillars of Islam. These are five ritual duties that Muslims view as central to their faith. These are: (1) pronouncing the confession of faith (shahada); (2) performing the five daily prayers (salat); (3) fasting during the month of Ramadan (saum); (4) paying the alms tax (zakat) and (5) performing at least once in their life, the major pilgrimage to Mecca (hajj). Hajj is a pilgrimage carried out by people who follow the Islamic religion.... [tags: Papers]
898 words (2.6 pages)
- The Hajj Just about every religion has one thing that a person must do in their lifetime in order to go on after death and Islam is one of those religions. It is required of a Muslim to make the pilgrimage to Mecca and perform the given tasks at least once in their lifetime. It is said that the Prophet Muhammad had rid the Ka'ba of its idols and re-established it as a shrine dedicated to the one God (Hofe 96). Now it is the duty of every Muslim to make a trip to that very place. About 2 million Muslims from just over 70 different countries will journey to the holy city of Mecca each year.... [tags: Papers]
1205 words (3.4 pages)
- Saudi Arabia may be well known for its oil reserves and precarious geographic location, but the Islamic faith defines the country far more than any other quality. While it may appear to be an absolute monarchy, the country runs as near to a theocracy as it can in the modern world. The real Saudi Arabian ruler is Allah. This is evidenced in every aspect of Saudi Arabian life, even down to their tourism industry. While other countries rely on stunning natural views, impressive shopping districts, or relaxing beaches, Saudi Arabia has proven itself the pinnacle of religious tourism.... [tags: theocracies, Islam defining a country]
1240 words (3.5 pages)
- Exploration of Hajj Hajj, or pilgrimage to Makkah is a central duty of Islam whose origins date back to the time of Prophet Abraham (PBUH). It brings together Muslims of all races and tongues for one of life's most moving spiritual experiences. For 14 centuries, countless millions of Muslims, men and women from all over the world, have made the pilgrimage to Makkah, the birthplace of Islam. In carrying out this obligation, they fulfil one of the five "pillars" of Islam, or central religious duties of the believer.... [tags: Papers]
1760 words (5 pages)
- Exploration of Hajj Hajj means "inhabitation" and in Islamic terminology refers to the pilgrimage to the mosque of the noble Ka'bah in the magnificent city of Mecca. Hajj is the pilgrimage to Mecca, it is one of the five basic requirements of Islam. Muslims should make this journey at least once in their lifetime, it is a duty for all Muslims to visit the Ka'bah and stand before God on Mount Arafat. Hajj is the fifth pillar of Islam. The true Hajj is to be made between the 8th and 13th of Dul Hijjah, which is the twelfth month of the Islamic calendar.... [tags: Papers]
1862 words (5.3 pages)
- Hajj and Its Importance to Muslims Hajj is a once in a lifetime pilgrimage of Muslims to Mecca. It is in Saudi Arabia, in the Middle East in Asia. Hajj should be performed at least once in a Muslims lifetime. For Muslims, the Hajj is the fifth and final pillar of Islam. It occurs in the month of Dhul Hijjah, which is the twelfth month of the Islamic calendar. The hajj makes Muslims feel the real importance of life here on earth, and the after-life and shows the real meaning of life.... [tags: Papers]
1997 words (5.7 pages)
- Hajj the Sacred Mosque Islam has two main celebrations. The first is after the completion of Ramadan, the Islamic month during which Muslims fast daily from dawn to sunset as part of an effort towards self-purification. This holiday is known as Eid ul-Fitr. The second main celebration takes place during the time of the Hajj, or pilgrimage to Makkah. This week-long event occurs during the Islamic month of Dhul Hijjah, and it's a holiday known as Eid ul-Adha. The Hajj has several parts.... [tags: Papers]
1717 words (4.9 pages)
- The Hajj: Pilgrimage Mecca is also known as Makkah and its full name is Makkah al-Mukkaramah. Mecca is a city in the Hijaz region of western Saudi Arabia. It is known as the holiest site in the Islamic religion. The history of Mecca goes back as early as the fifth century. It was an independent and powerful city in pre-Islamic times. It is the religious center for Islamic people and it houses the Kaaba and the Great Mosque. It is also the birthplace of Muhammad, the first capital of caliphate, and the center of present day mosques.... [tags: essays research papers]
1085 words (3.1 pages)
- About Hajj A Muslim is obliged once in their lifetime ,by their religion along with their own will, to take a pilgrimage to Makkah in Saudi Arabia. This pilgrimage is called Hajj and is an amazing journey that is done for a definite purpose. It is part of the Five Pillars of Islam that is the basis of the entire religion making it obligatory. Through completing Hajj, a Muslim can begin to feel closer to Allah (Islam's God) and experience inner fulfilment. Hajj must be done for the right reasons, "it is for the glory of Allah not for the glory of the person making the journey." Hajj literally means 'to set out for a place', it's a journey with rites and rituals al... [tags: Papers]
1225 words (3.5 pages)
- Explaining Hajj Hajj is the official Muslim pilgrimage made to Makkah. Hajj means 'visit to the revered place' or 'set out with a definite purpose' and is the most significant manifestation of Muslims. For those who are able to travel to Makkah, the Hajj is said to be the peak of their religious life. Hajj is an obligation. It is the duty of every Muslim who can afford it and who is physically fit to visit the Ka'bah and stand before God at Mount Arafat, at least once in their lifetime.... [tags: Papers]
2384 words (6.8 pages)
The pillar that most people remember about the Islamic religion is the Hajj, pilgrimage. This pilgrimage brings together many Muslims for a ritual that is in the Koran as a ritual duty. It is supposed to be performed at least once in a lifetime. If you can not afford to make the pilgrimage to Mecca as long as you tried or in your heart you really wanted to go you will not be punished. People have heard of Mecca, but do you really know what goes on during the pilgrimage? Do you know what is in Mecca that makes it so holy? The Kaaba, black stone,
lies in the center of a stone building, which has large beautiful arches and pillars. The Black Stone is also here and they believe that the prophet Abraham put it there while he was building the Kaaba. The black stone is not worshiped or regarded as anything but as a sentiment that brings people closer to Muhammad. When these believers arrive at Mecca they do not just go in and look around. There is a set of rituals that must be performed before you get to Mecca, while you're at Mecca, and after you leave Mecca. Before setting out, a pilgrim should redress all wrongs, pay all debts, and plan to have enough money for their journey and the support of their family while away. You enter your state of holiness and purity when you are ten kilometers away. They take a shower that helps purify them. They put on this perfume and they also put on two pieces of white sheets that are wrapped around their bodies. There is no head gear. Some of the people that make the pilgrimage to Mecca keep the white clothes to be buried in or hung in their houses. Before entering, they chant from the Koran, "Here I am at your service. O my Lord, here I am. Here I am. No partner do You have. Here I am. Truly, the praise and the provisions are Yours, and so is the dominion. No partner do You have". After all this is done they then can enter and they start a process called tawaf. They circle the black stone seven times in a counterclockwise direction. Three times fast and four times slow. On each lap, they pause to kiss the large Black Stone that sits in the center. The next thing they do is the Sa’i. They go up the stairs to the Safa and praise Allah three times. Then the Muslim comes back down and ends by shaving their heads. When all this is completed the second part of the pilgrimage must begin. The second part of the pilgrimage is known as the Lesser Pilgrimage. They must trot seven times across the valley between Safa and Marwa. The point of this is to celebrate Hagar's journey to search for food or drink for her son Ishmael. The last part of the pilgrimage is the Greater Pilgrimage to the mountain of mercy in the plains of Arafat. This is where from noon to sunset the pilgrims must stand before God. After all this is complete the pilgrimage is followed by an animal sacrifice, a night in the open, and three final days of feasting. The last thing that must be done on the pilgrimage to complete their time at Mecca is to have a final turning of the Kaaba. This is said to be the pinnacle of Islamic joy.
When they leave Mecca and everything is done with they now can add titles to their names. The females ad the title hajjiyah to there names while the males add al-Hajji to their names. Today Mecca is still very important. In 1924 an Arab leader conquered it and made it part of Saudi Arabia. The government is trying to modernize Mecca, but the people are refusing to give up their history because it is still very important even today. Mecca is still the center for present day mosques. Muslims still consider Mecca the holliest spot on earth.