Essay PreviewMore ↓
Ancient Greek Contributions
It is always important to look to the past in order to move towards the future. This was done in the formation of Western Society, and more specifically the formation of American society. The Greek culture served as a frame of reference for many aspects of Western life including government, architecture, math and the arts. Ancient Greek culture served as a very broad base for our society to be built upon.
During the age of Pericles, the ideal form of government was believed to be a government formed by all of the citizens regardless of wealth or social standing. This was known as democracy, literally meaning “ government of the people” [Document 3.] This government favored the many instead of the few. Athens was a direct democracy, meaning every citizen participated in debates. Western civilization used this philosophy of government by many, and created an indirect democracy where citizens elect officials to make and enforce laws.
Geometry, a cornerstone in modern civilization, also had its beginnings in Ancient Greece. Euclid, a mathematician, formed many geometric proofs and theories [Document 5]. He also came to one of the most significant discoveries of math, Pi. This number showed the ratio between the diameter and circumference of a circle.
Grecian architecture formed its own conventions in the ancient world, buildings in Greece were built with meticulous mathematic design. Great buildings were believed to be symmetrical, and perfectly proportioned [Document 7]. Another prominent aspect of ancient Greek architecture is the extensive use of columns. There were three basic types used, Doric which were plain capitals, ionic in which the capitals were fashioned after ram’s horns, and Corinthian which were made to mirror acanthus leaves.
How to Cite this Page
"Greek Influences on Western Civilization." 123HelpMe.com. 21 Aug 2019
Need Writing Help?
Get feedback on grammar, clarity, concision and logic instantly.Check your paper »
- History is full of ups and downs, twists and turns that ultimately shaped the modern world we live in today; its foundation laid throughout history. The events of the past; good, bad, and indifferent could have adversely affected our modern society had they different outcomes or ceased to happen at all. There are countless historical events that are significant in their own right, but I have chosen to discuss five of the most significant historical events in Western Civilization occurring pre-1689.... [tags: Ancient Rome, Roman Republic, Roman Empire]
1046 words (3 pages)
- The Greek's notion of rational thought is a very strong reason why Western Civilization has become so influential in the world today. During their time, the Greeks spurred an intellectual revolution. They questioned the meanings of life and began using their minds to expand the world. According to Glenn Blackburn: "In many ways, they "discovered" the human "mind" through their philosophy and rational thought [ . . . ]"(64). Their "opening" of the mind influenced all ways of life and society. Major ideas blossomed like politics, governing laws, literature, art, history, and new inventions.... [tags: Philosophy Ration]
1010 words (2.9 pages)
- 1. Discuss the world economy of the nineteenth century, explaining how it functioned and how the West benefited most from the global market involved. We currently live in a globalized economy. This is often referred to as the second one because from 1870 til World War I, the world markets were globalized. This previous period, called the new industrial Revolution, is where the world's markets integrated and then collapsed between the two World Wars and had a long period of recovery after these major world events.... [tags: industrial revolution, technology, western]
822 words (2.3 pages)
- The great feats of the ancient Greek and Roman civilizations are fact and still stand today after a long stretch of time. The term “ ‘classical’ essentially means ‘perfect’ or ‘complete’ ” (Pothorn 26). This relates to ancient Greek culture, art, literature or regarded as representing an exemplary standard or a traditional long-standing form or style. The Greek and Roman art of architecture has certainly held it’s style for “the formulas they invented as early as the sixth century B.C. have influenced the architecture of the past two millennia” (Architecture).... [tags: Doric order, Ionic order, Corinthian order]
1796 words (5.1 pages)
- The ancient Greeks and Romans were perhaps two of the greatest civilizations of the ancient world. These two civilizations thrived in their ancient environments which eventually led to a vast amount of prosperity within these two cultures. It is because of this prosperity that these ancient cultures were able to make a variety of advancements in literature, architecture, art and a variety of other fields. These two civilizations also produced some of the ancient world’s greatest writers, leaders, and philosophers.... [tags: literature, philosophy, democracy]
2014 words (5.8 pages)
- “Greek civilization is alive; it moves in every breath of mind that we breathe; so much of it remains that none of us in one lifetime could absorb it all.” Ancient Greeks are known to be one of the greatest and most advanced people and have left behind a legacy that helped define the Western civilization. Cultural diffusion helped spread Greek culture all over the world, and its effects can still be felt today in almost every aspect. Greek culture has greatly affected different parts of my daily life including architecture, food, government, inventions, music, religion, and education.... [tags: Ancient Greece]
1159 words (3.3 pages)
- Unit #1 – The Fundamentals Summary #1: The Introduction of Temples and Foreign Influence, and the role of the Architect Upon the end of the Dark Ages, the Hellenic civilization began to form, introducing temples as the main architectural focus of that era (Lawrence, 58). Despite forming after the Hellenic period, temples were influenced by a variety of factors, including the home plans of the Dark Ages (58). Temples served as a home for deities, a structure for them to visit, rather than what we would normally think of as a house of worship (58).... [tags: History, The Dark Ages, Hellenic Civilization]
711 words (2 pages)
- Greek Excellence and the Hero The hero of an epic poem repeatedly endures many trials that can prove his ability to be worthy of the title hero. In the passage 6.440-481 in The Iliad of Homer, Hektor's heroism is tested, especially when he faces the choice of returning to battle or staying with his family. When analyzing what drives Hektor to return to the battlefield and what makes him a hero, it is obvious that the "Greek educational ideal" known as areté greatly influences him (Western Civilization: A Brief History, Perry, 43).... [tags: Papers]
845 words (2.4 pages)
- When people think of ancient cultures and civilizations, they don’t think about the kind of influences they might have had on our society. One of those cultures having the most influence being Ancient Greece. The Ancient world of Greece is far from ancient in the arts, philosophies, ideas, architectures, governments, religions, and everyday life of the people in the latter half of the twentieth century. Come, discover and explore the civilization that forms the foundation of human history. Come, step into the ancient past.... [tags: essays research papers]
616 words (1.8 pages)
- Western Humanities The Western Humanities covers a broad scope within the world as me know it today. Many of the influences and inspirations that many claim to motivate them to make continuous advancements are from a basis of our past. Whether it is art, literature or social movements we as a civilization must always look at our past as a blueprint. Our history is our blueprint for life. I think the purpose of studying the Western Humanities is to take a look at our past. No matter what race color or religion a majority of our countries’ people are a descendent of the Western world.... [tags: essays research papers]
1075 words (3.1 pages)
Ancient Greek culture has become one of the most profound examples that Western civilization has mimicked. Not only did Greek culture influence one area, it influenced a multitude of aspects of advanced civilization. Although this civilization fell many centuries ago, its contributions to the world will not be soon forgotten.