The Political System in India and America

The Political System in India and America

Length: 969 words (2.8 double-spaced pages)

Rating: Excellent

Open Document

Essay Preview

More ↓

Man, being a social animal, has to live in harmony with fellow human beings. Human society has created the unique institution of organized state in order to maintain public order, defend frontiers, and ensure harmony among individuals and groups. After centuries of struggle, only in the modern era has it generally come to be accepted that the state cannot be controlled by divine right or power. Neither hereditary succession nor favors are acceptable as arbiters of political power in a civilized society. Throughout most of our ancient and medieval history, there is no clear evidence of a theory of state at work. While the absolute power of the absolute monarchy was accepted, the relative self-governing state of individuals and groups from state power was recognized and respected in large spheres of human endeavor.
I am a student from India and I would like to tell you about my countries political system. India is the largest practicing democracy in the world. India, a union of states, is a Sovereign, Secular and Democratic Republic with a Parliamentary system of Government. The Indian polity is governed in terms of the Constitution.. The constitution of India is the second biggest in the world. Our constitution consists of Parts, Schedules and the Preamble. The President is the constitutional head of Executive of the Union. Real executive power vests in a Council of Ministers with the Prime Minister as head. The two houses of he parliament are called The Rajya Sabha and The Lok Sabha
In the states, the Governor, as the representative of the President, is the head of Executive, but real executive power rests with the Chief Minister who heads the Council of Ministers. The power to amend the Constitution also vests in Parliament. Under the Constitution, Parliament has the power to make laws for the whole of or any part of the territory of India. The Union Executive consists of the President, the Vice-President and Council of Ministers with the Prime Minister at the head to aid and advise the President.
The President is elected by members of an Electoral College consisting of elected members of both Houses of Parliament and Legislative Assemblies of the states, with suitable weightage given to each vote. His term of office is five years The Vice-President is elected by the members of an electoral college consisting of members of both Houses of Parliament by means of a single transferable vote.

How to Cite this Page

MLA Citation:
"The Political System in India and America." 17 Feb 2020

Need Writing Help?

Get feedback on grammar, clarity, concision and logic instantly.

Check your paper »

Political, Economic, and Social Problems in India Essay

- During the time I have had to think about and research this paper I ask myself what I have seen most in the news about India, the answer is irrevocably about their political, economic, and social situations, everything else is somehow tied into one of the three. I will start out with the political situation. Political Situation India is the world’s largest democracy. As a secular country India has protected the right to freedom of religion in its Constitution, this is important because 82% of the population is Hindu, 13% Muslim, 2% Sikh, and 2% Christian, followed by relatively small communities of Buddhists, Jain Dharma, Parsee, Jew and Bahia’s....   [tags: violence, stability, agriculture]

Research Papers
672 words (1.9 pages)

History of India Essay

- On the other hand, the story of India from Latin America is different. There were two competing models of society when Indian attained political freedom. One model was that of the capital democracies (Oommen:1996). These democracies had evolved on the principle that state, market and civil society had to be separated. This is belief was based on that: First, the state is an agency of coercion and is motivated by power. Hence, the process of acquiring and exercising power should be well-defined and checked through legal mechanism....   [tags: Society, Industry, Market, Economy]

Research Papers
2167 words (6.2 pages)

The Raise of China and India to Power Essay

- China and India rising to power makes us think of a world where it will not just look less American, it will also look less liberal. Not only is the United States' prominence will pass away, but so, too, its open and rule-based international order that the country has adopted since the 1940s. In this view, newly powerful states are beginning to advance their own ideas and agendas for global order, and a weakened United States will find it harder to defend the old system. Here we are taking as a given that the liberal world order gets modified and not completely dissolved....   [tags: liberals, offensive realism]

Research Papers
869 words (2.5 pages)

Positive Effects of the British Colonization of India Essay

- Many positive things happened during, and as a result of, the British colonization of India. When the East India Company took control of India in 1612, they began modernizing, westernizing, and industrializing India. This westernization included giving women more rights, an attempt to eliminate the caste system and the loss of many of the more backward Hindu religious beliefs such as the domination of women by men and denying an entire class of people any rights. British occupation also did things long term for India....   [tags: world history, european history]

Research Papers
1363 words (3.9 pages)

Essay on Corelation between Political Stability and Voting System

- Electoral systems define the manner in which the political system of any individual country operates, and fulfil a number of important functions, which differ according to the nature of the electoral system. The primary function of an electoral system is clearly to operate efficiently and legitimately, but it can also influence the political system in terms of the degree of social representation, the number of political parties in government and so on. Electoral systems can be classified in various manners, one method being according to the `output' of the election, for example `proportional' or `non-proportional' outcomes....   [tags: Politics]

Research Papers
2321 words (6.6 pages)

The European Nations Organized Manual Labor System Essay

- Throughout the 19th and 20th centuries, western powers exploited the regions of India, Africa, and Latin America by the formation of colonies. The formation of these colonies, for most western powers, created efficient avenues to increase their economic, political, and social prowess. The European nations organized manual labor systems within their respective colonies to maximize their economic efforts. Their culture and values were also forced on the indigenous societies, discounting and diminishing their already established values....   [tags: Colonialism, United States, South America, Europe]

Research Papers
1189 words (3.4 pages)

Political Economy Of International Trade Essay

- Political economy of international trade is a matter of widespread discussion. One of the most salient changes in the world economy since 1980 has been the move toward freer trade among countries across the globe. Countries as diverse as Mexico, India, Poland, Turkey, Ghana, Morocco, and Spain not to mention Chile, which moved earlier in the 1970 have all chosen to liberalize unilaterally their trade policies. In addition, the successful conclusion of the multilateral trade negotiations under the General Agreement on Tariffs and Trade, the Uruguay Round, in 1994 further liberalized trade among many developed countries and between them and developing ones....   [tags: International trade, Free trade]

Research Papers
1132 words (3.2 pages)

Feminist Political Ideology Essay

- Throughout history, women have remained subordinate to men. Subjected to the patriarchal system that favored male perspectives, women struggled against having considerably less freedom, rights, and having the burdens society placed on them that had been so ingrained the culture. This is the standpoint the feminists took, and for almost 160 years they have been challenging the “unjust distribution of power in all human relations” starting with the struggle for equality between men and women, and linking that to “struggles for social, racial, political, environmental, and economic justice”(Besel 530 and 531)....   [tags: Gender Studies]

Research Papers
1237 words (3.5 pages)

Government in India Today Essay

- Government in India Today India's present constitution went into effect on Jan. 26, 1950. At that time, the nation changed its status from a dominion to a federal republic, though it remained within the Commonwealth. A president, chosen by an Electoral College replaced the governor-general, appointed by the British Crown. The president is the official chief of state, but the office is largely ceremonial. In parliamentary government, the people in a country elect members of at least one house of the legislature (by any variety of means: proportional representation as in Israel, single member districts as in Britain)....   [tags: Papers]

Research Papers
2656 words (7.6 pages)

The Effects of the Green Revolution on the Punjabi Soils of India Essay

- The Effects of the Green Revolution on the Punjabi Soils of India The Green Revolution hopes to avert global hunger crises by enabling developing nations to be self sufficient. The goal is to replace old agricultural traditions with newer Western practices. Developing nations can increase their total yields by using genetically engineered seeds, large irrigation projects, and prolific quantities of fertilizer. The aim of this paper is examine the methods of the Green Revolution, and their effects on the soils of the Punjab region in India....   [tags: Agriculture Persuasive Argumentative Papers]

Research Papers
1489 words (4.3 pages)

Related Searches

He also holds office for five years. The Council of Ministers comprises Cabinet Ministers, Minister of States and Deputy Ministers. Prime Minister communicates all decisions of the Council of Ministers relating to administration of affairs of the Union and proposals for legislation to the President. This was the brief explanation of how the political system works in India.
Now I would like to tell you about the working of political system in America which will help in comparing it with the political system of India. The Constitution of the United States is the central instrument of American government and the supreme law of the land and consists of a preamble, seven articles and 27 amendments. The primary aim of the Constitution is to create a strong elected government, directly responsive to the will of the people. The Constitution and the federal government stand at the peak of a governmental pyramid that includes local and state jurisdictions. In the U.S. system each level of government has a large degree of autonomy with certain powers reserved particularly to itself. The courts resolve disputes between different jurisdictions. The three main branches of government - executive, legislative, judicial — are separate and distinct from one another. The powers given to each are delicately balanced by the powers of the other two. Each branch serves as a check on potential excesses of the others. The people have the right to change their form of national government by legal means defined in the Constitution itself. The office of president of the United States is one of the most powerful in the world. Democratic and Republican are the two main political parties in United States.
All legislative powers granted are vested in a Congress of the United States, which consist of a Senate and House of Representatives. The Senate of the United States is composed of two Senators from each state, chosen by the legislature for six years; and each Senator has one vote. The Senate has the sole power to try all impeachments. The executive power is vested in a President of the United States of America. He holds his office during the term of four years, and, together with the Vice President, chosen for the same term. He has power, by and with the advice and consent of the Senate, to make treaties, provided two thirds of the Senators present concur; and he appoint ambassadors, other public ministers and consuls, judges of the Supreme Court, and all other officers of the United States. The President has the power to fill up all vacancies that may happen during the recess of the Senate, by granting commissions, which expires at the end of their next session.
India and United States of America are both democratic countries and their executive and legislative powers are pretty much similar to each other as I mentioned earlier in this paper. The major difference in their political system is that in India the Prime Minister is the head while in United States of America the President is the head. The constitution and the political system of United States of America is well organized more reform has more power as compared to the constitution and political system of India. I hope I have provided adequate information for the reader to understand the difference and similarity between the political system of India and United States of America.

Return to