Essay PreviewMore ↓
Gifford Pinchot was one of America's leading advocates of environmental conservation at the turn of the twentieth century. Born into wealth and endowed with imagination and a love of nature, he shared his money, possessions and intellect to further the causes of the common good. It was at Grey Grey Towers that James Pinchot first encouraged his son to explore the profession of forestry. But such training did not yet exist in the United States, so, after graduating from Yale University in 1889, Gifford went abroad to study at L’Ecole Nationale Forestiere in Nancy, France.
With equal fervor Pinchot set to work. In the next two decades he raised forestry and conservation of all our natural resources from an unknown experiment to a nationwide movement. He became head of the Division of Forestry in 1898 and under President Theodore Roosevelt was named Chief Forester of the redefined U.S. Forest Service. National forest management was guided by Pinchot’s principle, “the greatest good of the greatest number in the long run.” His magnetic personal leadership inspired and ignited the new organization.
During his government service, the number of national forests increased from 32 in 1898 to 149 in 1910 for a total of 193 million acres. Pinchot and Roosevelt together made conservation public issue and national policy. Roosevelt considered the enactment of a conservation program his greatest contribution to American domestic policy. Gifford Pinchot was born at Simsbury, Connecticut, on August 11, 1865, in a house recently purchased by his grandfather, Amos R. Eno. The home had earlier been owned by Gifford's great grandfather, Elisha Phelps, a distinguished politician who served as Speaker of the U.S. House of Representatives during the 1820's.
Gifford grew up spending his early summers with relatives in Connecticut and the rest of his time in New York City. Because of his father's business interests abroad, the family traveled extensively while Gifford was a child. He prepared for college at Phillips Exeter Academy, and in the fall of 1885, entered Yale University. Deciding to pursue forestry, and finding no such beast at Yale, he left for Europe after graduation to pursue his dream. When Roosevelt failed to win the Republican presidential nomination from Taft in 1912, Pinchot took an active role in founding the new Progressive Party, commonly known as the Bull Moose Party.
How to Cite this Page
"Gifford Pinchot and Environmental Conservation." 123HelpMe.com. 21 Feb 2020
Need Writing Help?
Get feedback on grammar, clarity, concision and logic instantly.Check your paper »
- ... He saw nature as a place where people could go and relax from every day problems. He believed that wilderness should be left alone, because man could not know was right for nature. For him the wilderness was a sanctuary, free from developed places. He was very spiritual. Muir in this article compares U.S. with other civilized nations in the world such as, France, Japan, Switzerland, Russia etc. that have been compelled to care for their forests by systematic managing. He also says that, “In their natural condition, or under wise management, keeping out destructive sheep, preventing fires, selecting the trees that should be cut for lumber, and preserving the young ones, these forests woul... [tags: forrest, conservation, environmnent]
1016 words (2.9 pages)
- Supporting Land and Water Conservation In the United States, non- governmental organizations or NGOs, which refers to an organization that operated independently from the government, represents the environmental movement in political views. The environmental movement is more deeply rooted in politics than science and it is involved in direct action in political campaigns and the protection of the environment. At a White House Event on Wednesday, February 17, 2016, Obama declared, "These are the right steps to take in our environment, but they 're also the right steps to take for our country,” mentioning the economic growth, the job creation, and the support for protecting rural la... [tags: Environmentalism, Conservation movement]
1316 words (3.8 pages)
- Conservation and Preservation at the Turn of the 19th Century Missing Works Cited The environmentalist movement of the late 19th and early 20th centuries presents a picture of America at the time: torn between the desires to expand while seeking to protect nature. Although all members of the movement sought to protect nature, there were two predominant schools as to how to go about this. In their two philosophies, they created two methods for human interaction with the wilderness. The conservationist movement can be called the utilitarian movement, and sought the greatest good for the greatest number over the longest term.... [tags: Environment Environmental Essays]
1891 words (5.4 pages)
- The United States has earned the reputation of a rebellious country since its birth in the revolution against Britain. Over the course of history, Americans have repeatedly confronted oppression, both foreign and national, through various wars and rights movements. Unfortunately, when it comes to environmental issues the average American has grown increasingly complacent. With a renewed urgency, government is working to combat global warming, but lacks the necessary social backing. This social support could be supplied through a new environmental movement that differs from past efforts.... [tags: Literature, American History, Movements]
1029 words (2.9 pages)
- The first two acts of this film are truly inspiring because they capture the "fire" of the environmental movement. It chronologically begins by discussing the origins of conservative environmentalists, to documenting the details of successful environmental movements, and concluding by explaining the merging of civil rights with environmentalists. Ultimately, “A Fierce Green Fire “serves as a dynamic call for the continuing action of protecting and conserving our biosphere. The battle between humanity and nature began when the industrial civilization started threatening our environment and natural resources.... [tags: Environmentalism, Environmental movement]
711 words (2 pages)
- ENVIROMENTAL CONSERVATION Ever think of what would happen to the world without Mother Nature. Nature as a whole is a vital factor that is essential for the survival of man on this earth. Mother Nature is commonly perceived as the forces of nature controlling and regulating maternal being. It is also known as mother earth. It is characterized as an ecosystem where each organism has its own role to play. It is an occurrence of wonderful interaction of living things and their environment. Any time where an excessive activity or an external factor is introduced to an ecosystem, it can destroy the natural balance of the interaction and potentially harm the environment of the ecosystem.... [tags: Natural environment, Nature, Environmentalism]
1622 words (4.6 pages)
- Response 3: Arguments for Environmental Conservation Since the beginning of civilization humanity has adopted a subjugating stance toward nature. Ecological exploitation has become the de facto standard, contributing to the illusion of self-subsistence provided by modern society. This mindset is untenable given humanities reliance on the natural world, as best demonstrated by the critical importance of various parts of the environment to humanities continued existence. This includes the importance of biodiversity to medicinal advancement and climate adaptation, the role of insects in the renewal of the biosphere, and the importance of the environment for humanities psychological health.... [tags: Environmental Issues]
677 words (1.9 pages)
- As often as humans use its facilities, it is a conspicuous fact that the environment requires continuous care. As Canada has struggled in the past to promote the care of the environment, many individual Canadians and organizations have brought the subject to light for all to see and regard. Some may say that Canada has not done enough to promote the sustainability of the environment, but through these memorable Canadians, Canada has overcome many obstacles and reached numerous goals towards environmental sustainability.... [tags: Environmentalism, Environment]
1358 words (3.9 pages)
- The conservation movement of the nineteenth and early twentieth centuries and the environmental movement which came about after 1950 had symbolic and ideological relationships, but were quite different in their social roots and objectives. A clear point is that especially in the beginning, only the elite, wealthy class, had time left to think and enjoy nature and joined the environmental movement organizations. It was born out a movement of amateurs. The organizations of the environmental movement viewed natural resources such as water, land, and air, as recourses that would improve the quality of life (Sandbach, 1980).... [tags: Environmental]
1255 words (3.6 pages)
- Economic Conservation vs. Environmental Conservation Around the world people are being affected by conservation and endangered species laws and regulations. Some want the biggest house on the most beautiful land and have the money to get it, while others feel that we have developed enough and there has to be more land left to nature. I feel that while endangered species should be protected, their protection should not change the way that local people function, and interact with one another. This has prompted a battle of economic growth versus environmental conservation that can be found both locally such as in Duxbury, Massachusetts, and world wide such as the southern mountainous region o... [tags: Economics Environment Essays]
1948 words (5.6 pages)
On October 4,1946, at the age of eighty-one, Gifford Pinchot died in New York City of leukemia.