Essay PreviewMore ↓
To begin with, the Id is what provides the most primal urges and instinctual drives that want to fulfill desires, even if those desires are not allowed or are looked down upon by society. Jack well embodies the Id, as his main goal on the island is to “Kill the pig! Cut her throat! Bash her in” (page 75)! This is obviously very violent and primal, not too useful, and is meant as a source of joy or pleasure.
How to Cite this Page
"Freudian Division Of Mind Applied To Characters Of Lord Of The Flies." 123HelpMe.com. 26 Aug 2019
Need Writing Help?
Get feedback on grammar, clarity, concision and logic instantly.Check your paper »
- The characters of Lord of the Flies and their actions symbolize many things in reality. Most characters have a counterpart such as Ralph and Jack, Piggy and Roger, and Simon. Ralph symbolizes a civil leader. He repetitively calls meeting to attempt to restore order and to figure out a way to get rescued. An example of Ralph’s leadership is when he says "this meeting must not be fun, but business" (Pg. 76); this shows leadership because he is urgent to get rescued instead of having only fun and no organization and order.... [tags: Character Analysis]
911 words (2.6 pages)
- "Piggy saw the smile and misinterpreted it as friendliness. There had grown up tacitly among the biguns the opinion that Piggy was an outsider, not only by accent, which did not matter, but by fat, and ass-mar, and specs, and a certain disinclination for manual labour." (Golding 68) The character Piggy in William Golding's novel Lord of the Flies serves as the intellectual balance to the emotional leaders of a group of shipwrecked British boys. Ironically, their new society values physical qualities over intellectual attributes whereas it is the rational actions that will lead to their survival.... [tags: William Golding, Character Analysis]
1383 words (4 pages)
- Jean-Paul Sartre’s play, The Flies is a tragedy in which Sartre melts philosophy, politics, and literature together. Sartre uses his literary talents and places countless themes and literary devices in The Flies in order to make statements about human beings as well as the political turmoil of 1946; freedom is a constant and obvious theme throughout the play, and Sartre even goes so far as to use inanimate objects, such as stones, to insert deeper meaning into the play. Sartre inserts bits of his life into the tragedy as well.... [tags: the flies]
922 words (2.6 pages)
- The novel, Lord of the Flies, deals a lot with characterization. The character that stood out the most was Ralph, who was excellently developed by Golding as a leader. The very first time Ralph is introduced to the reader, one can see his sense of observation even in the first sentence that he says: "This is an island, at least I think it's an island. That's a reef out in the sea. Perhaps there aren't any grownups anywhere." As everyone knows, a good sense of observation is essential for a leader.... [tags: Lord Flies William Golding Book Character Analysis]
919 words (2.6 pages)
- Character Development in Lord of the Flies The ability to create characters of depth plagues many a contemporary writer. Many of those writers should look to William Golding for expertise on this issue. Golding diverges from the path of contemporary authors and sets an example of how character development should be accomplished in his novel, Lord of the Flies. Golding's Ralph exemplifies this author's superior style of character development in this novel. At the commencement of the novel, the author introduces Ralph as an innocent boy far from adulthood.... [tags: Lord Flies Essays]
1094 words (3.1 pages)
- Lord of the Flies Characters In his first novel, William Golding used a group of boys stranded on a tropical island to illustrate the malicious nature of mankind. Lord of the Flies dealt with changes that the boys underwent as they gradually adapted to the isolated freedom from society. Three main characters depicted different effects on certain individuals under those circumstances. Jack Merridew began as the arrogant and self-righteous leader of a choir. The freedom of the island allowed him to further develop the darker side of his personality as the Chief of a savage tribe.... [tags: essays papers]
2273 words (6.5 pages)
- Lord Of The Flies Book Analysis Title: Lord of the Flies Author: William Golding Date of original publication: 1954 Setting: The setting of Lord of the Flies is somewhat vague. The island is unnamed, and besides stating that it is during wartime, there is no specific date given. The island is uninhabited, and characterized by a beach, jungles, orchards, and a rocky mountain. The jungle that surrounds the characters represents death. It is dark and entangled in vines, which remind the small boys of snakes, and instill fear.... [tags: Lord of the Flies Essays]
1925 words (5.5 pages)
- INTELLIGENCE, CIVILIZATION, AND INSTINCTS Often times, authors use characters in their novels and stories as symbols. The characters may be symbolic of the tangible as well as the non-tangible. In addition, characters can often be looked at with a psychological approach to literature in order to better determine or understand their symbolic significance. In William Golding’s Lord of the Flies, special symbolic significance may be found in the characters, Piggy, Ralph, and Jack. Piggy, the heavy, asthmatic, nearsighted boy, was often teased and ridiculed, however Golding made it obvious to the reader that Piggy was indeed the super ego.... [tags: Lord of the Flies Essays]
1442 words (4.1 pages)
- Comparing Ralph and Jack to Show How the Characters Change in Lord of the Flies Golding uses many techniques to change his characters as they progress throughout the novel. The main character Ralph is a prime example of this developing character. Both of the boys arrive on the island with a certain manner. They are sensible and being from well brought up families and homes, soon start to work together in harmony on the island. The first time we encounter Ralph is at the beginning of the novel where he is described as "The boy with fair hairâ€¦[He had] taken off his school sweater...[His] grey shirt tuck to his back and his hair was plastered to his forehead." The fact he has fair hair and a... [tags: Lord of the Flies William Golding Essays]
1074 words (3.1 pages)
- The Character of Simon in William Golding's Lord of the Flies Throughout William Golding's, Lord of the Flies, many of the characters go through changes in their personality traits. From beginning to end, Simon goes through the smallest amount of change than anyone in the novel. Despite the fact that Simon did not really fit in with the other boys, he tried his hardest to make a difference in his and the other's lives. In the beginning, Simon was described as a 'skinny, vivid little boy…,'; (Golding 24) showing that he was undersized and possibly weaker than the others.... [tags: William Golding Lord of the Flies]
425 words (1.2 pages)
Another Freudian Division of the Human Mind is the Super Ego. This is “the [Division] which reasons, masters impulses and generally controls the environment around it. It helps us come to terms with reality, with the world as it is.” Another quote from David B. Stevenson, it well summarizes the Freudian concept of the Super Ego. In Lord of the Flies, the two characters that best support this concept are Piggy and Simon. Though two very different characters, they both have the same basic principles. Piggy, to begin with, is considered to be logical and intelligent; he thinks things through. “…I can’t think. Not like Piggy…Piggy could think. He could go step by step inside that fat head of his, only Piggy was no chief. But Piggy, for all his ludicrous body, had brains” (page 78). The ability to think things through logically is a characteristic of the Super Ego. Another Super Ego-based character in the book is Simon. He is bright, but not in a book smart kind of way. Simon can comprehend emotions and understand the way people feel. He does something about people who are treated poorly and sees the true or good side of things. After the first pig is killed and cooked by Jack, he distributes meat to everybody except Piggy, whom he dislikes. Being the kind person he is, Simon “shoved his piece of meat over the rocks to Piggy, who grabbed it” (page 74). He is laughed at and looked down upon for this, but it was the right thing to do. Simon sees the good of the island physically, as he often visits an enclosed clearing in the jungle where “Nothing moved but a pair of gaudy butterflies danced round each other…[and] the white tips of the flowers rose delicately to meet the open air” (page 57). Jack (the Id) obviously doesn’t appreciate this area as it is the place where he later murders the mother pig. Piggy and Simon well-exemplify the Freudian concept of the Super Ego.
The third and final Freudian Division of the Human Mind is the Ego. The character from Lord of the Flies that best embodies the concept of the Ego is Ralph. Ralph is by no means evil or cruel like Jack (the Id), but he does not think logically in a manner considering what society allows or fully understand human emotions like Piggy or Simon (the Super Egos). He is a force that is caught between the two. The Ego is “ruled by the reality principle and satisfies the urges of the Id in a reasonable manner or suppresses them.” Another quote from David B. Stevenson, it describes the role of the Ego. The “reality principle” simply means an understanding of what is allowed by society and is realistically possible. To satisfy an urge in a reasonable manner is to, for instance, in the desire of meat, catching a fish or a crab instead of brutally murdering a mother pig. The more Super Ego side of the Ego can be seen when Ralph says, “You pinched Piggy’s specs. You’ve got to give them back…You played a dirty trick-we’d have given you fire if you’d asked for it…You could have had fire whenever you wanted. But you didn’t. You came sneaking up like a thief and stole Piggy’s glasses” (page 176)! Ralph understands that stealing is wrong and demands that Jack return Piggy’s glasses so that he can see, two very righteous things indeed. One could consider Ralph a Super Ego, but he has his Id-like moments like all other Ego-driven people. This is seen not only when Ralph insults Piggy when he mentions his asthma by saying “Sucks to your ass-mar” (page 13), but he betrays Piggy’s trust by telling the other children of the island, against his wishes, “He’s not Fatty, his real name’s Piggy” (page 21)! Piggy, after telling Ralph that “Piggy” was the nickname given to him by people back home, asked Ralph not to tell anybody else. Ralph telling others of the nickname was wrong and did not bring Piggy’s feelings into consideration. The Ego is the Freudian Division of the Human Mind that is caught between the crossfire of the Super Ego and the Id.
Aside from using characters to personify the Freudian Concept of the Human Mind, William Golding attempted to say things about the human psyche through events in the novel Lord of the Flies. Throughout the novel, it is shown that the Id is constantly trying to overpower the Ego and the Super Ego. After Simon stumbled out of the forest, “The sticks fell and the mouth of the new circle crunched and screamed. The beast was on its knees in the center, its arms folded over its face. It was crying out against the abominable noise something about a body on the hill. The beast struggled forward, broke the ring and fell over the steep edge of the rock to the sand by the water. At once the crowd surged after it, poured down the rock, leapt on to the beast, screamed, struck, bit, tore. There were no words, and no movements but the tearing of teeth and claws” (page 153). The “beast” was obviously Simon (the Super Ego) and the crowd of boys who murdered him were at the time attending a gathering headed by Jack (the Id). The Id had overpowered the Super Ego. Another incident similar to this was when Roger (working for Jack) killed Piggy by rolling a boulder down the side of the rock they were perched atop. “The rock struck Piggy a glancing blow from chin to knee…[he] traveled through the air sideways from the rock, turning over as he went…Piggy fell forty feet and landed on the square red rock in the sea. His head opened and stuff came out and turned red. Piggy’s arms and legs twitched a bit, like a pig’s after it has been killed” (page 181). Again the Id (Jack) has defeated the Super Ego (Piggy). “They’re going to hunt you tomorrow” (page 188). These are the words of Sam and Eric, informing Ralph of Jack’s plans with him. The next day Jack and his tribe actually fulfilled that goal, armed with spears, an island set completely on fire, and a stick sharpened at both ends. If a naval cruiser had not arrived to rescue the castaways, Jack (the Id) would have killed Ralph (the Ego), completing the Id‘s destruction of the other two Freudian Divisions of the Human Mind, the Ego and the Super Ego. By having the Id being the supreme ruler of the island in Lord of the Flies, Golding was trying to say that humans are truly evil people and without any parental or higher influence they will destroy themselves by destroying the Ego and the Super Ego, leaving only the primal mindset of the Id.
In conclusion, the human mind can be broken into three parts, the Id, the Ego, and the Super Ego (this idea is the Freudian Concept of the Human Mind). The Id is the “pot” of primal desires, the Ego is the “tamer” of the Id, but keeps the Super Ego in consideration, and the Super Ego is the “list” of values, what is acceptable by society, and what has been learned by parental figures. Characters from William Golding’s novel Lord of the Flies can fit into this Freudian concept of the Id, Ego, and Super Ego. Jack embodies the Id with his violent urges to kill, Piggy and Simon embody the Super Ego with their logic and emotional understanding, and Ralph embodies the Ego, caught between the Id and the Super Ego, the bad and the good. In our society, the majority of people are dominated by their Ego; they understand what is right and wrong, but fail to completely understand emotions. This statement can be proven as easily as tuning a television set to CNN. On the news, one will see the extreme best of people (the Super Ego) in bits on Mother Teresa or organ donors, or the extreme worst (the Id) in bits on international terrorism or gang wars. One will rarely see bits on everyday people as they are run by their Egos and are quite common. People who are Ego-based hardly ever do anything extreme or severe, so are not worth reporting on national news. The society of the island in the Lord of the Flies was Id-run and ended in a short period of time, while ours is Ego-run and has lasted thousands and thousands of years, so according to this chart, there’s no telling what a Super Ego-run society would be like, though no doubt much better than the other two. There is much to be learned from the now-debunked Freudian Concept of the Human Mind and Golding’s application of the concept to his novel’s characters and the microcosm in which they reside.