French Revolution

French Revolution

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The French Revolution signaled the beginning of the rise of the Bourgeoisie in national politics. By how the French bourgeoisies helped to cause the French revolution, and how the French bourgeoisie lost control over the bourgeoisie, and by the major effects of the French Revolution.
The French bourgeoisie helped cause the French revolution by the Absolute Monarchy, which is a ruler with complete authority over the government and lives of the people he or she governs. This was wrong because of the Enlightenment being tax. King
Louis XVI had total power and denied all right of the people. Some problems with the Estates General was that the estate general parliament was made up of 3 classes, The first class which were known as the clergy was made up of .5%, the second class nobles who were made up of 2.5%, and the third class commoners which was made up of 97%. In this estate Third class had no say in government this cause a problem by the voting each
Estate had one vote first & second would shut out third with a total of 2 to 1 votes. The enlightenments did not agree with the estate. The enlightenments was a group started in France, and inspired by philosophers they were emphasized on democracy which is a government in which the people hold ruling power. The enlightenments had the inspiration of the American Revolution and of the democratic changes in England. The Economic causes that it led to was the Royal Debt, which meant France bankrupt, and loans. It also caused many wars such as the Louis XIV French & the Indian war, and American Revolution. Another major cause was the unfair tax practice, which was that the first two estates paid no taxes, and the third paid toll. By this many causes occurred with the poor harvest and Class struggled among estates. There was no social mobility disgruntled third estate who were led by the bourgeoisies who were upset no social status and no political say. In 1789-1792 the Bourgeoisie revolutionary leaders ended feudalism and transformed the absolute monarchy into a constitutional monarchy. In may of 1789 Louis the Xvi called a meeting of the Estates General because he was desperate need of money, Third estate refuse to accept the traditional way of voting, which was each state had one vote. They wanted all estates to meet together and each person to vote.

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King Louie XVI said no. Result of the kings refusal it lead into the June 17 Tennis Court Oath were the third estate declared itself the national assembly and in the tennis court and oath pledge not to disband, until they wrote a constitution for the nation. In July 14 storming of the Bastille Paris Mob attacked prison for fear that the king would send troops against National assembly the next day, the king accepted and recognized the National Assembly. In 1789 August 27 the declaration of the rights of man, the English bill of rights inspired the declaration of independence, which freedom of speech, press and religion. Feudalism was abolished with class structure privileges. In 1970 the civil Constitution of the clergy made a big mistake French catholic church was put understate control bishops, priest became elected salaried positions dissolved monasteries convent and ended papal authorities. The constitution of 1791 was a permanent government, which created a legislative assembly and made all tax paying men vote equality before law.


The French bourgeoisie lost control over the bourgeoisie by radical leaders taking control and setting up a republic, they used terror as a political weapon. Jacobins radicals were superiors by sans -culottes city workers. In 1792 the war with European countries France went to war with Australia, Prussia, Britain, eventually Holland Spain Portugal, Switzerland and some Italian states. In the September of 1792 there was the creation of the National Convention controlled by Jacobins, this new assembly was elected by universal make suffrage, and abolished the constitutional monarchy created by the first French republic. Creation of the committee of public safety 12 man committee had almost absolute power there goal was to save the revolution and deal with threats. And in 1793 to July 1794 the reign of terror the reason was 4,000 enemies killed in the name of liberty. Statistics say 15 percent were nobles and clergy's 15 percent bourgeoisie and 70 percent peasants and city workers.
The major effects of the French revolution were Political, Economic, and social. Universal Draft won the war without European countries, which inspired revolution through out Europe, patriotism nationalism increase, and political parties emerges and titles were banned. Economic effects were the abolishment of slavery set up social service and the fix up the price of food. Social effects were the set up of new calendars, got rid of all months festivals and fashion, women gain rights to divorce and own property religious toleration and compos try of elementary schools. The importance of the French revolution was the absolution and feudalism was over thrown, emphasis an enlightenment ideal and product of enlightenment. The French soldiers and the growing power of the bourgeoisies spread Liberty, quality and fraternity a sense of nationalism, the revolutionary ideas.
In conclusion the French Revolution signaled the beginning of the rise of the Bourgeoisie in national politics. Absolute monarchy was wrong because of the enlightenments and because they had no political say in government. And also by the major effects of French revolution.

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