President Harry S. Truman's Executive Order 9981

President Harry S. Truman's Executive Order 9981

Length: 512 words (1.5 double-spaced pages)

Rating: Excellent

Open Document

Essay Preview

More ↓
President Harry S. Truman's Executive Order 9981


On July 26, 1948, President Harry S. Truman orders the
desegregation of the Armed Forces by Executive Order 9981.
Prior to Harry Truman passing the Executive Order 9981 on
February 2, 1948 he asked Congress to create a permanent
FEPC, and in December 1946, he appointed a distinguished
panel to serve as the President's Commission on Civil
Rights, which would recommend "more adequate means and
procedures for the protection of the civil rights of the
people of the United States." The Commission noted the
many restrictions on blacks, and urged that each person,
regardless of race, color or national origin, should have
access to equal opportunity in securing education, decent
housing and jobs. Harry Truman sent a special message to
Congress on February 2, 1948 calling for prompt
implementation of the Commission's recommendations.
Southerners were unhappy with that idea and “immediately
threatened a filibuster”, so Truman, unable to secure action
from the Congress had no choice but to move ahead using his
executive authority. Critics on Capitol Hill easily
stopped his proposals.
     Some historians believe President Truman had hoped to
unite the Democratic Party by
promising civil rights to African Americans, but not pushing
so fast as to alienate segregationists. Southern Democrats
formed the Dixiecrat Party and nominated South Carolina
Governor Strom Thurmond for president.
     President Truman’s Executive Board was the beginning
step for further integration in the Armed Forces. Following
President Truman's Executive Order, two boards were
established to make recommendations about integration. A
presidential commission chaired by Charles Fahy recommended
an end to discrimination in jobs, schooling, assignment, and
recruitment.
     In 1952 it was the Korean War that finally led to the
desegregation of previously all-white combat unit.
The main goal of President Trumans Executive Order 9981 was
to grant equality of treatment and opportunity for all
persons in the armed services without regard to race, color,
religion or national origin. “There shall be created in the
National Military Establishment an advisory committee to be
known as the President's Committee on Equality of Treatment
and Opportunity in the Armed Services, which shall be
composed of seven members to be designated by the
President.” He also states that the Committee “shall
confer and advise the Secretary of Defense, the Secretary of
the Army, the Secretary of the Navy, and the Secretary of
the Air Force”.
     Over 2.5 million African-American men registered for
the draft, and black women also volunteered in large
numbers. While serving in the Army, Army Air Forces, Navy,

How to Cite this Page

MLA Citation:
"President Harry S. Truman's Executive Order 9981." 123HelpMe.com. 22 Nov 2019
    <https://www.123helpme.com/view.asp?id=64932>.

Need Writing Help?

Get feedback on grammar, clarity, concision and logic instantly.

Check your paper »

Harry S. Truman's Accomplishments: Dessegregation and Hiroshima Essays

- The actions and decisions made by the United States President, leader of the free world, are subject to be analyzed, scrutinized, and debated for the rest of eternity. These decisions are how that man will be judged. Out of the 44 men to hold this honored position, one man, Harry S. Truman, made several proclamations such as the institution of Desegregation in the US Military, the dropping the atomic bombs, and the declaration of the Martial Law, which forever changed our society and the world as we know it....   [tags: Harry S. Truman, president, USA, Dessegregation, H]

Research Papers
1726 words (4.9 pages)

Influential US Presidents: Harry S. Truman Essay

- What does it mean to you when you hear ‘Visionary Leader’ or ‘Ethical Leader?’ Who do you think of. I reflected back on my career to determine what leaders I have worked for that match these statements. Once I begun to research leaders that would fit into both categories I came across someone that stood out to me: President Harry S. Truman. He was regarded as an honest, hardworking, ethical, and visionary leader dedicated to the betterment of the United States. He made ethical decisions based on the best interests of the American people, and he had a vision to transform the economy of the United States....   [tags: visionary, ethical leaders]

Research Papers
966 words (2.8 pages)

Harry Truman 's Moral Decision Theory Essay

- President Biography Harry Truman known as for having a heroic presidency served our country as the 33rd president of the United States after the death of Franklin Roosevelt in April. Truman only had a high school education and was only vice president for 82 days before the passing of FDR. He had inherited the huge tasks of leading the United States through the end of World War II and the beginning of the Cold War. Truman’s legacy as the nation’s leader is on point of controversial decisions. Harry Truman applied utilitarian and Kantian principles in his ethical behavior....   [tags: Cold War, World War II, Harry S. Truman]

Research Papers
1142 words (3.3 pages)

Essay on Truman Made the Right Choice

- President Harry Truman’s use of the atomic bomb on Hiroshima and Nagasaki, Japan during the Second World War is the most controversial decision in history. While it was an undoubtedly difficult decision, it was indeed necessary in order to end this six year war that had ravaged the world. While many critics argue that the bomb was used primarily as an act of vengeance toward Japan, simplifying such a crucial moment in human history downplays the very real threat Japan posed to the United States....   [tags: Harry Truman, Atomic Bomb]

Research Papers
1261 words (3.6 pages)

President Harry S. Truman Essay

- President Harry S. Truman had been sworn in as President of the United States on April 12, 1945.Most Vice-Presidents would have been accepting to the fact that they were succeeding their superiors, however, not only was President Truman succeeding Franklin D. Roosevelt, he was also inheriting a world war. With this undesirable inheritance came the victory over Europe, in addition to a need for a strategy to end the war in the Pacific. Although President Roosevelt and Vice-President Truman were in the authoritative position to be aware of all aspects of defeating the axis countries during World War II communication of such ideas were not as expressed openly as the public had assumed....   [tags: World War II, Franklin D. Roosevelt]

Research Papers
1005 words (2.9 pages)

President Harry S. Truman Essay

- President Harry S. Truman was born in the small town of Lamar, Missouri on May 8, 1884 to a farmer and livestock dealing father, John Anderson Truman and Martha Ellen Young Truman. Truman was named after his grandfather on his mother’s side, Harrison Young. He was given a middle initial but not an actual middle name; it is only ‘S’ which was to please his two grandfathers and refers to their names, Anderson Shipp Truman and Soloman Young. Truman had two siblings, John Vivian and Mary Jane. Soon after Harry was born, his parents moved the family to a farm near Harrisonville and when he was 6 years old they moved to Independence, Missouri where he attended the Presbyterian Church Sunday School...   [tags: American Presidents]

Research Papers
874 words (2.5 pages)

Harry Truman Essay

- Harry Truman Harry Truman became President in April of 1945, and led 2 very vibrant terms. Although he was very unpopular and inexperienced, he made a lot of important decisions, which helped America to develop during a difficult period in time. He also solved many national and international crises, and without his leadership, the nation may not have prospered the way it did in the years following his Presidency. Truman was sworn in while there was an Allied attack of Germany and preparations for an invasion of Japan....   [tags: Papers]

Research Papers
470 words (1.3 pages)

Harry Truman Essay

- Harry Truman Harry Truman, a president who witnessed and was a part of some of the most memorable events in U.S. and world history, is said to have had a reputation for being an honest and efficient man. Born in the town of Lamar, Missouri on May 8, 1884, Truman was used to living a humble life. Growing up as a Baptist on a farm near Independence, Missouri, Truman was the eldest of three children. His parents were John and Martha Truman. As a youth, Truman had weak eyesight which resulted in keeping him out of the regular army....   [tags: Papers]

Research Papers
621 words (1.8 pages)

Harry Truman Essay

- At the time WWII was ending, Roosevelt, who was our president who led Americans through the Depression and WWII, died. Harry S. Truman the vice president takes over and carries out Roosevelt's plans and new plans for the ending and reconstruction of the war throughout the world. Truman will be remembered in history for all his contributions and hard work put into our war effort and helping international economy. Harry S. Truman was the 33rd President of the United States. Born on May 8, 1884, in Lamar, Missouri, he was the oldest of three children....   [tags: Biography]

Research Papers
1383 words (4 pages)

Essay on Harry S. Truman

- Harry S. Truman Depending on how old you are, it is possible that you have experienced many great presidents throughout your lifetime. Every single person in this world has their own view as to what a president’s role in the world should be, and how their values should reflect them. So far, the United States has gone through 42 Presidents who have all offered many new ideas that have aided our country tremendously. One of these great men was our 33rd President, Harry S. Truman who was thrown into the presidents’ seat on April 12, 1945 when Franklin Delano Roosevelt died suddenly....   [tags: essays research papers]

Research Papers
1416 words (4 pages)

Related Searches

Marine Corps, and Coast Guard, they experienced
discrimination and segregation but met the challenge and
persevered. They served their country with distinction, made
valuable contributions to the war effort, and earned high
praises and commendations for their struggles and
sacrifices.
     During World War II (1939-1945) African Americans were
fighting for the United States in a segregated Army. They
were treated unfairly and fought under harsh circumstances.
I believe that President Truman saw what the African
American troops were going through and I guess he ifelt that
it was time that American should be intergrated and no more
“separate but equal”.
Return to 123HelpMe.com