Dreams Rem

Dreams Rem

Length: 723 words (2.1 double-spaced pages)

Rating: Excellent

Open Document

Essay Preview

More ↓

Dreams are a form of cognitive activity that occur during sleep. Like vivid memories and daytime fantasies, dreams involve visual images in the absence of external visual stimulation. Some dreams are so realistic and well organized that we feel as though they must be real-- that we simply cannot be dreaming this time.
Dreaming has always been the subject of controversy. Egyptian papyrus documents dating back to 2000 BC discuss dreams and their interpretations. In ancient Greece the dreamer was believed to be in contact with the gods.
In 1900, Sigmund Freud ushered in the modern age of dream research in his monumentally original book The Interpretation of dreams. According to Freud, dreams have a meaning which can be deciphered if one looks deeply enough. In his view, the dreams concerns the dreamers past and present, and it arises from unknown regions within. He saw the dream as significantly analogous to a hysterical symptom. On the surface, they both appear meaningless and bizarre, but they become understandable when understood as
veiled expressions of an unconscious clash between competing motives.
Freud developed an elaborate theory and how the mind works while asleep. In 1953 sleep researchers led by Nathaniel Kleitman made the important discovery of rapid eye movement--or REM-- sleep. Curious about the long-standing observation that the eyeballs of sleeping subjects in both humans and animals periodically move during sleep, they connected laboratory subjects to equipment that measured their brain waves, muscle tone, and eye movement. About 90% of the time when subjects were awakened during REM sleep, they reported a dream.
Prior to laboratory REM research, it was unknown how frequently Humans dreamed. Some theories even held that dreaming was a signal of mental disturbance. With laboratory REM research, however, subjects can be awakened after each REM period in order for researchers to extensively sample most mental activity that occurs during sleep. It was discovered that humans, and all mammals--except the echidna or spiny anteater, and perhaps the duckbill platypus-- dream every night. In adult humans these dreams begin about 90 minutes after the sleep begins and recur about 90 minutes apart with increasing length, for a total of nearly 2 hours of REM dreaming per night. With approximately five dreams a night, humans will have about 136,000 dreams in a lifetime, spending the equivalent of six years in a REM dream state. For a newborn, REM sleep constitutes 50% of sleep.

How to Cite this Page

MLA Citation:
"Dreams Rem." 123HelpMe.com. 21 Feb 2020
    <https://www.123helpme.com/view.asp?id=62933>.

Need Writing Help?

Get feedback on grammar, clarity, concision and logic instantly.

Check your paper »

Essay on Sleep, Dreams and REM Sleep Behavior Disorder

- Sleep, Dreams and REM Sleep Behavior Disorder The discovery of rapid eye movement (REM) sleep suggested that sleep was not, as it was thought to be, a dormant state but rather a mentally dynamic one. Your brain is, in fact, very active in this state, almost to the level at which it is when a person is awake. Yet during this active stage in which most dreams occur, the movements of the rest of the body are completely stilled. To imagine this paralysis during dreams not occurring is a frightful image, since in many cases dreams are violent and active....   [tags: Biology Essays Research Papers]

Free Essays
1428 words (4.1 pages)

Essay on What is the Purpose of Dreaming

- They say, “It’s not a straight answer. Everyone does it. It naturally comes.” (Morgan, 2012) Dreaming is part of our everyday life. It isn’t something that we have to think of in order for it to happen. It is something that is going to happen either we think about it or not. “We spend one-third of our lives dreaming”, says, (Dell’Amore, 2011). Sleeping is called REM. For adults REM is about every 90 minutes (1hr 30 min). The first cycle is short for 3 minutes but can increase to 55 minutes.” (Dell’Amore, 2011) “Dreams can happen during “Non-REM” too.” (Dell’Amore, 2011) She says that “REM sleep paralyses your muscles for temporary time....   [tags: lucid dreams, sleeping, REM, nightmares]

Research Papers
957 words (2.7 pages)

Taking a Look at Dreams Essay

- Ninety percent of the time when you are falling asleep you will have a dream that you are walking along a cliff and you accidently slip and fall off the edge and it seems like you are falling forever. When you have already been sleeping for a while and you have this falling dream, it means you are losing grip of something important or you have a fear of an event coming up in the future that you can’t stop thinking about and you keep thinking you are going to fail. Writing down your dreams every time you have one and wake up remembering it is a good idea because you can look back at the dream and think about why you might have had that dream and what was going on in your life when that dream...   [tags: REM, psychoanalysis]

Research Papers
682 words (1.9 pages)

Essay about A Study of Dreams

- Starting from the ancient times human was always interested in strange phenomena of sleeping and most especially in dreams. Dreams were depicted in different ways. For instance, dreams were explained psychologically like images of sub consciousness and feedback of neural processes in human's brain. Spiritually, it was described like messages of god. Remarkable that not only human have the ability to see dreams but several species of animals (Wilkerson R. 2003). For example, rat's sleep is almost the same as the human's; they have multiple stages of sleep starting from slow wave sleep to REM stage of sleep (Animals have complex dreams, 2001)....   [tags: REM Stages, Critical Thinking]

Research Papers
1294 words (3.7 pages)

Essay on Theories About The Meaning of Dreams

- Dreams are mysterious things that happen to everyone. Dreams have been around for centuries and many theorists have tried to figure out exactly what dreams mean. From ancient times to now people still wonder what goes on inside their mind that makes them produce these amazing things called dreams. Dreams have been interpreted into various meanings throughout the years and almost everyone has a different outlook on what they mean and on why people dream. Different kinds of sleep have effects on certain types of dreams....   [tags: REM and NREM sleep]

Research Papers
1596 words (4.6 pages)

Shy Dreams and Nightmares Happen? Essay

- Dreams mostly occur with mental and physical sensations of events while you are in your subcience state of mind. The first discovery of this was before conniel times; which they believed that dreams were the did trying to communicate to their love ones. Then later now, scientist believe that dreams are a way to sort out life problems. They also believe that is dreams are meant to be. You could have a dream of flying high above everyone or you could be chased from a scary stranger. Whatever it is they are there for a purpose, and that is to help make sense of what is going on in your life....   [tags: rem, non rem, sensations]

Free Essays
657 words (1.9 pages)

Essay about Dreams and Sleep

- Most people think of sleep as a passive and relatively still and unchanging process; however, sleep is a very active state of consciousness. While asleep, we also have thoughts, visions, and feelings otherwise known as dreams. This assessment on sleep and dreams points out the alterations in the sleep cycle while focusing on REM sleep. It will also examine the history behind dream analysis, as well as introduce lucid dreams. All about Dreams and Sleep Sleep is our body’s way of restoring energy while resting....   [tags: Sleep Cycles, REM Sleep, Rapid Eye Movement]

Research Papers
1701 words (4.9 pages)

Theories About Dreams Essay

- In this paper I hope to open a window to the vast and mysterious world of dreaming. To most people, information about dreams isn’t common knowledge. In researching this subject though, I found that everybody has and reacts to dreams, which are vital to your mental health. You will also find how you can affect your dreams and how they affect you. All over the world different people, scientists, and civilizations have different dream theories. For instance, the Senoi tribe in Malaysia has a fascinating tradition of dream telling....   [tags: Dreams]

Research Papers
947 words (2.7 pages)

The Power and Purpose of Dreams Essay

- The human brain is capable of handling and performing even the most detailed tasks. Although scientists can’t fully and clearly explain what that the definition of dreaming is, observing, testing, and performing different practices, has given experts and scientists enough information to have a general idea of what is going on in the human brain while in this dream state. It is a way to travel into time or into a place that could never exist. Dreams can be a gateway to see your future, to what lies ahead or a way to look back on memories....   [tags: science of dreams]

Research Papers
1132 words (3.2 pages)

Essay The Scientific Mystery of Dreams

- Since the beginning of time, people have been trying to understand the different functions of the human body, how we move, talk, act, and for the most part many of these physiological behaviors have been explained on some level. However, one area of the human body that has had researchers and scientist confused for a long time is the mind. Many things go on inside the mind that don’t make sense and so far have no tangible explanation of why it occurs and how. One of the most fascinating and mysterious sections of psychology is that of dreaming....   [tags: dreams, psychology,]

Research Papers
865 words (2.5 pages)

Related Searches

This level gradually decreases to a stabilization level of 20 to 25% at adolescence. It reaches a low of 18% during old age. The severely mentally retarded and those with an extreme low I.Q. spend less time in REM sleep than normal subjects.
Variations in REM sleep also occur with some kinds of mental disorders. In the middle ages nightmares were thought to be the work of demons who were sent to pay sleepers for their sins, or they might try to suffocate you. If you were given to sexual fantasies or behaviour, they might have sexual intercourse with you. Night terrors are similar to nightmares but more severe. Night terrors usually occur during REM sleep. They occur early during the night while nightmares are usually events of the morning hours. The dreamer may suddenly sit up with a surge in the heart and respiration rates, talk incoherently, and move about wildly. The dreamer is never fully awake, returns to sleep, and may recall a brief image of someone pressing on the chest. In contrast to the nightmare, memories of the episode are not vivid. Night terrors are often decreased by a minor tranquillizer at bedtime, which reduces the amount of time spent in stage 4 sleep.
Calvin Hall has linked dreams to life stresses, He has interviewed hundreds of dreamers and recorded the content of thousands of dreams, most dreams are simple extensions of the activities and problems of the day. If we are preoccupied with death or illness, sexual or aggressive urges, or moral dilemmas, we are likely to dream about them. The characters in our dreams are more likely to be friends and neighbours than spies, monsters, and princes.
Dreams have been studied for hundreds of years and will continue to be studied for hundreds of years. Some people may believe that these groups of subjective images and thoughts are our key to the past, present, and future.
Return to 123HelpMe.com