Essay PreviewMore ↓
Living in a democratic society, we as Americans have the right to vote on just about all aspects of our lives. The votes that we cast either have a direct or an indirect representation of our beliefs. In cases such as city and statewide laws, our beliefs are directly represented; in all national and organizational matters our votes have an indirect impact. The decisions are made by elected officials who we vote into office to represent our beliefs. One example of this indirect representation can be found in any citywide school board where the elected members make decisions on everything ranging from teacher employment to class curriculum. It is debatable whether, on situations as sensitive as class curriculum, we should be directly involved in such decisions or have them made for us by our elected officials. As we will find, however, class curriculum is something that must continue to be an indirect representation of the public’s beliefs, rather than the direct result of a democratic vote.
The people we have voted onto the school board were elected because they have the education and experience to make the decisions that the public is not qualified to make. They try, to the best of their abilities, to represent us with their decisions, but no matter what there will always be people who are not satisfied. In some instances the school board must make a decision which the majority of people will not agree with, but nonetheless will benefit our children. Our representatives have done the research and the public has not, which is why the public should not make judgement calls on the importance and relevance of certain materials and subjects within our school systems. An example of what happens when the public is allowed to decide can be found in the case of evolution vs. creationism. Some states have, in the past, outlawed the teaching of evolution because the public didn’t agree with it, even though almost all scientists had accepted it. The children in school at that time were deprived of important information. There is no reason why a scientifically recognized subject should be banned from schools simply because the public doesn’t “agree” with it.
Our society is obligated to keep our citizens informed. A direct vote on class curriculum only perpetuates the older generation’s perspective, as their children grow up to take their place.
How to Cite this Page
"Direct and Indirect Representation." 123HelpMe.com. 19 Aug 2018
Need Writing Help?
Get feedback on grammar, clarity, concision and logic instantly.Check your paper »
- The Use of Free Indirect Discourse in Northanger Abbey "The novel as a whole is a phenomenon multiform in style and variform, in speech and voice. In it the investigator is confronted with several heterogeneous stylistic unities, often located on different linguistic levels and subject to different stylistic controls." p 261 -"Discourse in the Novel", M.M. Bahktin The novel as a genre, is defined by a multitude of languages and dialects, which, broken down on the various spectrums of type, from proper to colloquial speech, class, and age is essential for the novel to in fact be a genre.... [tags: European Literature Essays Papers]
1768 words (5.1 pages)
- ... When perceiving an object, indirect realists claim that what we see is not the object itself but a representation of the object and this representation that is seen in our minds is sense-data. Partial Character of Perception Argument One of the main arguments against direct realism is the partial character of perception argument. The argument is as follows; P1: Direct realists claim that we directly and immediately perceive material objects. P2: But in order to perceive a material object, all parts must be observed at once.... [tags: perception, indirect realism]
1136 words (3.2 pages)
- One may be surprised to learn that the turnout rate of individuals voting in Canada's federal elections has never reached 80% (Elections Canada). In fact, it has been decreasing since the middle of the twentieth century, as shown by an increase in voter apathy. An electoral system is designed to provide those who live in democratic governments with the opportunity to vote – in an election – for the candidate whose platform coincides with their political beliefs. This can be achieved through a direct democracy, where citizens are directly involved in the decision-making process, or through an indirect democracy, where citizens elect a delegate to act on their behalf.... [tags: increase in Canadian voter apathy]
1686 words (4.8 pages)
- “Awake. Save your liberty!” exclaimed B.W. (Copeland 196). While some people were horrified with the Stamp Act, others were completely accepting of this new act. Janis Herbert stated that after the French and Indian War, England had many debts, which obviously needed to be paid (3). England’s Parliament decided the American colonists needed to pay their debts for them. England went about this matter by raising taxes and requiring a stamp for 50 different documents (Gale Encyclopedia ¶ 2). Since America was not yet a country, and had no representation, they were stuck with whatever law Parliament passed.... [tags: Stamp Act 1765]
1010 words (2.9 pages)
The Representation of Race in Sonny’s Blues by James Baldwin and The Buddha of Suburbia by Hanif Kureishi
- The Representation of Race in Sonny’s Blues by James Baldwin and The Buddha of Suburbia by Hanif Kureishi The journey undergone by the narrator (and elder brother) in Sonny’s blues may be short in literary terms but is said to be one of the tenderest and thought provoking pieces in modern fiction. Indirect comparisons between life and music are rich within many of the paragraphs and pages and remain quietly present throughout the duration of the story even when less patent. Jazz as a genre is undeniably unpredictable and often misunderstood.... [tags: Sonny's Blues Baldwin Buddha Suburbia Kureishi]
1521 words (4.3 pages)
- What is democracy. Democracy a form of government in which the people freely elect representatives to govern them in a country, democracy guarantees free and fair elections, basic personal and political rights and independent court of law. There are two types of democracy, direct and indirect democracy. Direct democracy or pure democracy is where there is direct participate of the people; people make decisions for them instead of letting them representative make decision for them. Indirect democracy the decisions are made by the representative on behalf of the people that voted for them.... [tags: election, representation, people, government]
1302 words (3.7 pages)
- Horses are valued by humans for the past million of years. Humans began to domesticate horses due to their ability to modulate with their environment. Horses' anatomy enables them to use of speed to escape predators. They have a well-developed sense of balance and a strong fight-or-flight instinct. Most domesticated horses begin training under saddle or in harness between the ages of two and four. The average life span of horses is approximately between 25 and 30 years. Horse breeds are based on general temperament.... [tags: Horses]
1081 words (3.1 pages)
- We are lucky, today, that the majority of the world’s nations are democracies. This has only been the case in very recent times. For the greater part of human history, society has subscribed to the belief that birth is the most important determinant of one’s future. In Elizabethan England, this was especially true. Those born into the nobility enjoyed a lifetime of privilege, while those born outside of their ranks mainly existed to serve them. A century later, the British encountered an even stricter form of this belief when they conquered India.... [tags: Representations of Nature in King Lear]
856 words (2.4 pages)
- The concept of representation in a political state that embraces a democratic system is determined by its capability to include a plurality of views when creating legislation. Election systems in a democratic government should, thus, aid and enforce the proportional representation of most politically active members of the state. As depicted by the International Institute for Democracy and Election Assistance (IDEA), “The purpose of an election is to translate the freely expressed political will of the people into a workable representative institution […] a government (i) must accurately represent the population and (ii) must be able to govern effectively.”(IDEA) These premises of a democrati... [tags: Proportional Representation, Voting, Democracy, US]
903 words (2.6 pages)
- The aim of this project is to identify and explain modern day social representations of both men and women found within a contemporary magazine aimed at a male audience, GQ magazine. This will be achieved by gaining a sample from several back issues of the magazine forming a female sample and a male sample. Both of these will comprise only of articles featuring overtly a picture of either a male representation or a female representation or in some cases both, such pieces will fall into both samples or into which they are most appropriate too.... [tags: Social Representation of Gender]
3275 words (9.4 pages)
We must also consider the consequences of letting our children’s education plans be a democratic decision. One danger is the possibility of a small group influencing others with skewed logic and false propaganda. There are too many instances where ignorance would be allowed to spread like an infectious virus, keeping our children from getting the education they need and deserve. An even greater warning, however, can be drawn from history. As Isaac Asimov states in Armies of the Night:
There are numerous cases of societies in which the armies of the night have ridden triumphantly over minorities in order to establish a powerful orthodoxy which dictates official thought. Invariably, the ride is towards long range disaster.
These “armies of the night” are not literally legions of soldiers, but rather those who would throw away reason for blind faith, and do everything they can to push their standards upon others. It happened to Spain in the 16th century, and as a result the country’s scientific development fell behind while the other main powers of Europe continued to grow. More recently, the fanaticism of the Nazis drove the Jews (including many scientists and doctors) out of Germany. They never recovered from this, and lost World War II. Americans should pay heed to these warnings. There are already many things in our country that are not directly decided by us. There is no reason to add something as important as our children’s education to the ballot.
Some people would point out that it was the corrupted regimes forcing their will upon the people, rather than the armies of the night, that caused the countries’ stagnation. That is why, they say, we should vote on what our children are taught in school, rather than having it decided by a small group of people. What they fail to point out is the circumstances in which these regimes were created. In the case of Germany, for example, the Nazis started as a small organization. They gathered more and more followers with their twisted logic, and before long had gained so much support that Adolf Hitler was actually voted into office. What had begun as a small minority opinion and non-violent criticism of Jews had turned into the non-rational massacre of millions of people. Aside from this is the fact that as it is right now, there isn’t just one person in charge of deciding what our children are taught. Currently, there is a group of people, all of whom were voted in, which collaborates and comes up with what they think will best serve our children. So after all, it isn’t as if we have absolutely no say on our children’s education. Our vote is an indirect representation of the wishes we have for our children rather than a direct one.
Once the distinction between direct representation and indirect representation has been made, the arguments for a democratic vote start to crumble. One of these possible arguments claims that if we take away the peoples right to vote on their children’s education, the next step will be to take away their right to vote completely. This is a weak argument because their right to vote has not been taken away at all. Instead, their vote is an indirect representation of their beliefs through their school representatives.
Another argument claims that, since different regions have different learning priorities, the class curriculum needs to be decided democratically in order to ensure that the important materials of the region are taught. For instance, an agricultural district might want to stress science more than English. A democratic vote is not required for this, as the people they elect on to the school board will be from the region and share the same priorities. Their beliefs are indirectly represented. The advantage of not having this decided democratically is that the school board knows that, although science may be more important in the case of the agricultural region, other subjects are important too. They will find the right balance to stress what is important, and also give our children the rest of the education they need to contribute to society to their fullest potential.
Finally, a last argument might be, if there is something excluded from the curriculum, without a vote, there is no way to have it added. This is not true. Even though the public does not decide our children’s education, this doesn’t mean the school board will be completely deaf to the public’s wishes. If there is something the community feels strongly about, and the school board finds enough scientific ground for teaching it, they should be reasonable enough to fit it into the curriculum, even if it is covered only briefly. However, if the public requests something unreasonable or lacks any proof that their subject will benefit the children, the board will also have the wisdom to keep it out of the curriculum.
Since the public is not qualified to make decisions concerning class curriculum, we must leave it to the school board we elected as an indirect representation of our beliefs. All a direct vote on the curriculum would accomplish is the projection of the adult’s opinions, and as history shows us, there can be terrible consequences. We are not being denied any rights by not being allowed to vote on the curriculum, and just because we don’t vote directly on it doesn’t mean it isn’t flexible. There is still the option of adding materials specific to certain regions, while also leaving in the subjects the rest of the country’s children are taught. Leave the decision making to those who know what’s best for our children’s education.