Comparing Tribal and State Hunting Laws

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Introduction In the following essay I will be talking about the differences and similarities between state and tribal hunting laws such as general provisions, the Game and Fish Department, licenses and permits, regulations, etc. I will also mention how they enforce penalties to the people who break the rules of the state and tribal Game and Fish Department. State Hunting Laws State hunting laws are what hunters like me follow. If there were no laws for hunting I think the animal population would decrease and some animals could possibly become extinct. This could happen due to over hunting and diseases, because there was no regulation on hunting or anybody observing the species like the game wardens do. General Provisions General provisions involve definitions, unauthorized methods of taking game, hunting hours, posted land, tampering with traps such as fish nets that the Game and Fish Department set up (North Dakota Criminal and Traffic Law Manual, 2003, p.176). There are lots of definitions that are used in the state Game and Fish Department. For instance, “Afield” means being away from one’s home or camp. Another example is “Big Game” which refers to deer, moose, elk, bighorn sheep, mountain goats, and antelope (p. 177). Some examples of unauthorized methods are setting traps, nets, birdlime, swivel gun, or any other unpermitted device to capture game, which are most often used by poachers. Posted land is another general provision that says no person may hunt or pursue game, trap protected fur-bearing animals, or enter on legally posted land belonging to another person without permission (p. 180 & 181). There are many rules that are involved in these general provisions. I think these are very important in the hunting world today. If these were not in effect, there would be a lot of chaos between people and law enforcement. Game and Fish Department The Game and Fish Department manages all the wildlife in the state. If a shortage in fish or coyotes occurs, they do everything they can to try to raise it again. Game wardens go out and watch hunters to make sure they do not break the rules sent down by the department. If a violation does occur, the person will face a penalty and a fine, which is decided by agency. Now I will talk more about the main positions held in the department, rather than what the precinct does. The game and fish department has a director, which is appointed by the governor of the state.

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