Essay PreviewMore ↓
Research has demonstrated that consistent condom use is an effective way to prevent the transmission of HIV and other STDs and in the prevention of pregnancy.
Analyses of the Urban Institute’s National Survey of Adolescent Males (NSAM) show that although most sexually experienced teenage males have used condoms at least once, many do not use them consistently. Only 35 percent reported using a condom every time they had sex in the past year. But teenage males use condoms more than older men, and between 1979 and 1988 reported condom use among male teenagers doubled. These patterns indicate that teenagers are a promising target population for condom promotion efforts since they appear more ready than older men to change their behaviors.
Unfortunately, condom use among young men appears to have plateaued since 1988. Comparisons of 1988 and 1991 NSAM data show no change in rates of use.
Attitudes Related to Use
Condom use is higher among young men who worry more frequently about AIDS when the effects of other factors are held constant. Between 1988 and 1991, however, sexually experienced teenagers showed declines in the frequency with which they worried about AIDS, how serious they thought AIDS was, and the likelihood they would get AIDS. These reductions were associated with lower levels of condom use.
Male teenagers who think they will be embarrassed buying or using condoms, use them less consistently than those with higher embarrassment thresholds. If they think that the use of a condom will reduce the physical pleasure associated with intercourse, they are even less likely to use condoms. Anticipated loss of pleasure is one of the strongest correlates of reduced condom use.
Beliefs about male responsibility for contraception are also associated with condom use. Teenage males use condoms more often when they believe that men bear responsibility for initiating discussion of contraception with their female partners, refusing sexual intercourse if contraception is not used, helping to pay for the contraceptive pill, and assuming financial responsibility for any resulting children. Further work has shown that young men’s views of their contraceptive responsibility are very much related to their beliefs about masculinity.
How to Cite this Page
"Condoms, STDs, & Pregnancy." 123HelpMe.com. 16 Jun 2019
Need Writing Help?
Get feedback on grammar, clarity, concision and logic instantly.Check your paper »
- Comprehensive Sexual Education Sex, pregnancy, and STDs. Thats what the United States has and the education program they have now to prevents students from these things has no effect or progress on how students can use it to their advantage. While many believe it is okay to teach sexual education, others feel that it is wrong because it interferes with the parenting styles as well as some religion, and worries parents about how their children will be taught on this subject. Sexual Education should be taught in schools openly and more in depth.... [tags: Sexual intercourse, Human sexual behavior]
1584 words (4.5 pages)
- In the mid-1990s, 400 Secondary school throughout the United States (U.S.) introduced a program that enabled students to easily obtain condoms. The intention of this initiative was to reduce the number of unwanted teenage pregnancies and stop the spread of Sexually Transmitted Diseases (STDs), including HIV. In Seattle, Washington State, condoms were available in school health centres. Students could obtain condoms free of charge and without the need for parental consent. The condoms were located in baskets next to pamphlets on condom use, HIV and abstinence.... [tags: AIDS, Sexual intercourse, HIV]
1418 words (4.1 pages)
- What causes Teen Pregnancy. Many teens are not taught about methods of birth control and how to deal with peers who pressure them into having sex before they are ready. All around the world teens are getting pregnant. How can society prevent things like teen pregnancy and std’s in today’s youth. There are many factors as to why teenagers become parents. One major reason is that kids don’t know how to buy the condoms that is why it is getting high; or are not educated on the hardship of being a teen parent.... [tags: Sex education, Birth control, Teenage pregnancy]
1690 words (4.8 pages)
- Most of the best moments in a teenager’s life happen in high school. Attending homecoming football games and forming lifelong friendships matter the most to them. With all of the activities happening in school, it is possible to fall into peer pressure and lose focus. Some of the peer pressure teenagers receive from their schoolmates may cause a bump in the road. In some cases, this could be a baby bump. About one million girls in the world get pregnant each year (“Statistics on Teen Pregnancy”).... [tags: Teenage pregnancy, Sex education, Pregnancy]
1232 words (3.5 pages)
- Teen pregnancy is surprisingly decreasing over the years. According to Farber, “the most recent studies have shown that there has been a decrease in the rate of pregnancies among all teenagers and among sexually active teenagers (16). Although this issue seems is decreasing this is still a problem faced by many teenage girls today. Each year, 7.5 percent of all 15-19 year old women become pregnant (Maynard 1). Not only does this issue affects the pregnant teen but it also affects the economy. Teen pregnancy affects graduation rates.... [tags: sexual intercourse, abstinence, STDs]
1162 words (3.3 pages)
- Teen pregnancy is a major issue in the world and is related to many different factors. In 2014, the World Health Organization (WHO) indicates that the average global birth rate among 15 to 19 year olds is 49 per 1000 girls (WHO, 2014). While, teen pregnancy rates have dropped 11 percent worldwide in the past years, pregnancy and childbirth in adolescents are the second cause of maternal and infant death (WHO, 2014). Adolescent pregnancy is a global issue, and nurses are the first in line to educate, prevent, and advise adolescents about complications to decrease the rates of mortalities and fetal abnormalities related to teen pregnancy.... [tags: Pregnancy, Teenage pregnancy, Adolescence]
1243 words (3.6 pages)
- Conception and Pregnancy To start this off, conception is the action of conceiving a child, and pregnancy is the period from conception to birth. They both share the same meaning: the process of getting pregnant. Conception happens when a sperm penetrates on one of the female’s eggs. Then, at around day 14 of a 28 day cycle, the egg leaves the ovary, and it is surrounded by a protective layer of cells. The fallopian tube is lined with cilia, which helps move the egg towards the womb. This is called ovulation.... [tags: Abortion, Pregnancy, Birth control]
1080 words (3.1 pages)
- Many teenage girls are unaware that their life may change due to an unplanned pregnancy. An unplanned pregnancy is a huge issue among the adolescent population. According to Lawrence Finer and Mia Zoina, 51% of pregnancies were unintended in the United States. The majority of the unintended pregnancies in the United States begin with the age of 15 (Lawrence and Zonia 2013). I chose this topic because many teenage girls are not aware that they are exposed to unplanned pregnancies. The best practices in preventing teenage pregnancies relates to health counseling because teenage girls need the appropriate guidance to prevent an unintended pregnancy from occurring.... [tags: Teenage pregnancy, Pregnancy]
1754 words (5 pages)
- Teen Pregnancy Among Uneducated High School Girls Establish the Importance of Safe Sex The history of teen pregnancy has been a topic of interest in the American school system for quite a while (Hamilton &Ventura, 2012). According to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), “The U.S. teen birth rate declined 9 percent from 2009 to 2010, reaching a historic low at 34.3 births per 1,000 women aged 15–19; the rate dropped 44 percent from 1991 through 2010” (Hamilton &Ventura, 2012). Although teen pregnancy in the United States decreased, it is still higher than all of the Western Nations (Hamilton &Ventura, 2012).... [tags: Pregnancy, Teenage pregnancy, Adolescence]
1726 words (4.9 pages)
- Sexually Transmitted Diseases (STDs) Essay written by: "pci" STDs (Sexually Transmitted Diseases) are diseases that are transmitted through sexual intercourse with another domestic partner. Usually STD’s are transmitted through oral, anal, vaginal, or other sexually active bodily contact. Sexually Transmitted Diseases are 100% avoidable. There are many techniques, but the most effective way is to have sexual intercourse with only one partner in your whole life, making sure that your partner didn’t have sexual involvements with anyone else.... [tags: essays research papers]
1172 words (3.3 pages)
Several surveys, including the NSAM, have found that the younger teenagers are when they initiate sex, the less likely they are to use contraception at that time. As sexually experienced male teenagers grow older, their use of condoms declines. Further analyses demonstrate that some of this decline is explained by changes in partner relationships.
Influence of Female Partners
As young men grow older, their female partners are more likely to use effective female methods of contraception, which appear to substitute for condoms. Indeed, pregnancy prevention, not STD prevention, appears to be the main reason that condoms are used when they are used. When young men who used a condom at last intercourse were asked why they did so, 83 percent said "to prevent pregnancy." Only 12 percent reported condom use to prevent disease and 2 percent to prevent both pregnancy and disease.
Further work suggests that condom use in a relationship drops off the longer a relationship lasts, the greater the frequency of intercourse, and the closer the relationship. It seems likely that over time the partners stop using condoms as the risk of STDs becomes less salient. However, there are two causes of concern. Informal assessment of a partner’s STD risk may not be very accurate. Also, teenagers change partners frequently and may not resume the habit of condom use, once having abandoned the precaution.
Another aspect of partner dynamics is the responsiveness of young men to their female partners’ wish for them to use condoms. Indeed, one of the strongest predictors of condom use is the young man’s belief that his partner would appreciate his doing so.
Implications for Prevention Efforts
New strategies are needed to reach teenagers and change their behaviors.
Based on the NSAM survey results, the researchers recommend that condom promotion efforts target teenagers before they become sexually active. The promotion efforts should encourage them to delay the start of sexual relations and to use condoms consistently when they do start. These campaigns should focus on both young men and young women because the female partners’ views are important predictors of male behavior. In addition, such efforts should be designed to help teenagers deal with their embarrassment, at using condoms and with their concern about the reduced sensation associated with condom use. Finally, the condom promotion should seek to strengthen young men’s beliefs about their contraceptive responsibility and address their views of masculinity.