Comparison Of Karl Marx And Matthew Arnold

Comparison Of Karl Marx And Matthew Arnold

Length: 642 words (1.8 double-spaced pages)

Rating: Excellent

Open Document

Essay Preview

More ↓
Comparison of Karl Marx and Matthew Arnold

Through their writing, Karl Marx and Matthew Arnold show their opposing
views on the importance of internal and external functions of culture. In the
first chapter of Culture and Anarchy, "Sweetness and Light", Arnold describes
culture as being responsible for the progress of politics and society and as
"the best knowledge and thought of the time" (19). Matthew Arnold's culture is
based on two main aspects, religion and education. Karl Marx, however, strongly
contrasts Arnold's ideas. Marx views culture as being derived from the
advancement of the sciences.
     Matthew Arnold's definition of culture comes from "a mid-nineteenth-
century Germanic notion of culture which is founded upon his study of Goethe and
Schiller" (19). He believed many other cultures are based on the thought of
curiosity and on scientific expansion. Arnold believed culture was based on the
expansion of the individual's mind; only through education can a perfect
culture be reached. In his writings, Arnold stated that for a man to be
cultured he has to be versed in both religion and classic literature. Although
Arnold's culture sought the advancement of the human mind; he did not want
people to get wrapped up in technology. "Faith in machinery is, I said, our
besetting danger; often in machinery most absurdly disproportioned to the end
which this machinery" (23). Arnold believes his culture is "more interesting
and more far-reaching than that other, which is founded solely on the scientific
passion for knowing" (21). Arnold believed that culture dealt with perfection;
as he stated in "Sweetness and Light", "Culture is then properly describe not as
having its origin in curiosity, but as having its origin in the love of
perfection; it is a study of perfection" (21). Arnold also says that culture is
the endeavor to make the moral and social characteristics of individuals
prevail. Because culture is a study of perfection, then it is also an "inward
condition of the mind and spirit, not in an outward set of circumstances"
(Arnold 23). Arnold states that, "In thus making sweetness and light to be
characters of perfection, culture is of like spirit with poetry…" (25).
     Matthew Arnold felt that religion was an important aspect of culture.
Arnold felt that when the reason of God prevailed all society will be cultured.
As Arnold states, "Now, then, is the moment for culture to be of service,
culture which believes in making reason and the will of God prevail, believes in
perfection, is the study of perfection,…" (21). Marx states that the ruling
class of culture would be the intellectual and material force, he makes no

How to Cite this Page

MLA Citation:
"Comparison Of Karl Marx And Matthew Arnold." 19 Apr 2019

Need Writing Help?

Get feedback on grammar, clarity, concision and logic instantly.

Check your paper »

Essay on Karl Marx And Abraham Kuyper

- Two great writers, whose ideas have been read by many, are Karl Marx and Abraham Kuyper. Marx was a philosopher and because of his writing about Communist many places responded with revolutions. Kuyper was a Christian leader inspired many with his writings about society and culture. Marx and Kuyper both addressed how social issues in the world. Marx and Kuyper’s views of human nature are very different. While Kuyper believes that God shapes our lives and humans have no control; Marx, on the other hand, believes that human beings can shape and control the direction of their own lives....   [tags: Karl Marx, Marxism, Communism, Working class]

Research Papers
1384 words (4 pages)

Essay on Adam Smith And Karl Marx

- Adam Smith and Karl Marx are undoubtedly two of the finest economic minds of the eighteenth and nineteenth centuries respectively. Karl Marx was a revolutionary political philosopher and believed that those with means would invariably use their power to exploit the working class beneath them, and viewed communism and revolutions as an eventuality brought about by this rift between rich and poor. Adam Smith posited that individuals should own the means of production and reinvest said capital for the betterment of society, a system that he believed would allow equal opportunity for gaining wealth....   [tags: Capitalism, Karl Marx, Free market, Adam Smith]

Research Papers
1114 words (3.2 pages)

Karl Marx and Capitalism Essay

- Karl Marx, in the Capital, developed his critique of capitalism by analyzing its characteristics and its development throughout history. The critique contains Marx’s most developed economic analysis and philosophical insight. Although it was written in 1850s, its values still serve an important purpose in the globalized world and maintains extremely relevant in the twenty-first century. Karl Marx’s critique of political economy provides a scientific understanding of the history of capitalism. Through Marx’s critique, the history of society is revealed....   [tags: Karl Marx]

Research Papers
893 words (2.6 pages)

Karl Marx 's Theory Of Alienation Essay examples

- Karl Marx’s Theory of Alienation: An Interpretation and Critical Evaluation Karl Marx is one of the most influential socialists, economists, and philosophers to emerge in the 19th century. His work was largely ignored by the scholars of his lifetime, yet has gained rapid acceptance since his death in 1883. One of his greatest works includes the Economic and Philosophical Manuscripts of 1844 which introduces his central concepts of alienation labor. In this essay I will provide an interpretation of what I understand Marx’s account of alienated labor to be well as a critical evaluation of the material he provides....   [tags: Capitalism, Karl Marx, Meaning of life, Marxism]

Research Papers
1843 words (5.3 pages)

Karl Marx : The Great Philosopher Essay

- Karl Marx is considered one of the greatest philosopher in history. Conflict Theory The most influential socialist thinker of the 19th century is Karl Marx. Karl Marx is known for studying the conflicts that occur between different classes. Karl Marx has introduced some radical ideas and theories to society through his writings. As the industrial revolution moved forward in society, so did the widening gap between class structures. Karl Marx studied the differences arising between the bourgeoisie and the proletariat people....   [tags: Communism, Marxism, Karl Marx, Socialism]

Research Papers
1163 words (3.3 pages)

Biography of Karl Marx Essay

- Biography of Karl Marx 15Karl Marx was born on May 5, 1818 to Heinrich and Henrietta Marx in the historical city of Trier. Karl was one of seven children raised within a comfortable middle class home provided by his father. Marx’s father worked as a counselor-at-law at the High-Court of Appeal in Trier. David McClellan believes that, “Trier first imbued Marx with his abiding passion for history.”1 Although the Marx family was linked to a long lineage of Jewish ancestry, Heinrich converted his family to Protestantism in order to keep his position at the courthouse....   [tags: Karl Marx Biographies Essays]

Research Papers
1082 words (3.1 pages)

Biography of Karl Marx Essay

- Biography of Karl Marx Karl Heinrich Marx was a German philosopher, social scientist, and revolutionist whose writings formed the beginning of the basic ideas known as Marxism. Although he was largely disregarded by scholars in his own lifetime, his social, economic and political ideas gained rapid acceptance in the socialist movement after his death. With the help of Friedrich Engels, Karl Marx created much of the theory of socialism and communism that we know today. Karl Marx was born in Trier, Germany, on May 5, 1818 to Hirshel and Henrietta Marx....   [tags: Karl Marx Biographies Essays]

Research Papers
1083 words (3.1 pages)

Biography of Karl Marx Essay

- Biography of Karl Marx Only in the course of the world’s history can a person born over a hundred years ago be as famous today as they were back then. Karl Marx is one person that fits this category. He paved the way for people of the same political background as his own. Marx’s ideas were unique and started uproar all over Europe. Marx helped write the Communist Manifesto one of the most important pieces of literature on Communism ever written. At one time people feared Communism as a power, which prompted Marx to write the Communist Manifesto and explain his ideas....   [tags: Biographies Karl Marx Essays]

Research Papers
1208 words (3.5 pages)

Biography of Karl Marx Essay

- Biography of Karl Marx Karl Marx was a professional intellectual and philosopher. Throughout Marx's life, chance meetings with other professional intellectuals and philosophers helped guide Marx to his final destination. Although Marx died in March of 1883, some 122 years ago, his theories are still being studied, and in some cases, used in some governments. In his lifetime Marx explored many different social settings and groups. His final accumulation of work can be found in his Communist Manifesto, which he co-authored with Fredrick Engels....   [tags: Karl Marx Communism biographies Essays]

Research Papers
1448 words (4.1 pages)

Essay on Karl Marx

- Karl Marx Karl Marx was the greatest thinker and philosopher of his time. His views on life and the social structure of his time revolutionized the way in which people think. He created an opportunity for the lower class to rise above the aristocrats and failed due to the creation of the middle class. Despite this failure, he was still a great political leader and set the basis of Communism in Russia. His life contributed to the way people think today, and because of him people are more open to suggestion and are quicker to create ideas on political issues....   [tags: Karl Marx Biography Essays]

Free Essays
2015 words (5.8 pages)

Related Searches

mention of the religious aspects. In Karl Marx's culture, on the other hand,
there would not be enough time to devote to the enrichment of the individual's
religious mind. This is caused by his strong devotion to technological
     The view Marx has toward religion and culture as a whole vividly
portrays his feelings toward the internal aspect of culture. Marx thought the
culture of a nation derived from the economic situation of the nation. His
writings show he is more inclined toward the external aspect of culture. This
external view of culture includes the thoughts of production, industry, and
scientific breakthroughs. Another aspect of Marx's focus on external culture is
his lack of focus on the development of religion and education. The focus on
Marx's culture was the advancement of technology and power.
     The writings of Marx and Arnold strongly oppose each other. The vast
differences between Marx's and Arnold's opinion on culture are well noted in
their writings. Marx's view of religion and education being non-important in
his perfect culture contradicts the view of Matthew Arnold. Arnold believed
that culture was a study of perfection in the mind of the individual. These
contradicting views are an example of culture's various definitions in the world.
Return to