A Comparison of Karl Marx and Max Weber

A Comparison of Karl Marx and Max Weber

Length: 568 words (1.6 double-spaced pages)

Rating: Excellent

Open Document

Essay Preview

More ↓
  
     During the nineteenth century, Karl Marx and Max Weber were two of the most influential sociologists. Both of them tried to explain social change taking place in a society at that time. On the one hand, their views are very different, but on the other hand, they had many similarities.

Weber had argued that Marx was too narrow in his views. He felt that Marx was only concerned with the economic issues and believed that that issue is a central force that changed the society. Weber, on the other hand, tried to look at the macro-sociological phenomenon in his explanation. Weber felt that there is just more than one explanation about causes of change.

     Marx’s perspective was not based on the conflict of ideas, but rather on the conflict of classes. This conflict is the results of a new mode of production. According to Marx, history would consist of epochs of modes of production. He states that these modes of production are: primitive communism, slave society, feudalism, capitalism, and then socialism and communism.

The changes accompany the transition from one epoch to another. In the late nineteenth century labor has become a commodity to the merchants, and the formation of a new mode of production has risen which gave rise to a capitalist society. There is a new class distinction between the laborer and those who owned the means of production.

     Max Weber was opposed to Marx and believed that his theory was an oversimplification of history. He thought Marx’s view of history was too focused on economics and was not considering the role of ideas and values as causes. Weber felt that scientific, historical, and philosophical causation was so connected with economic development that they can not be
considered separately as causes of change in the society. He used the relationship between society and the individual to explain the causes of change in terms of social development.
     Weber also thought there was a link between capitalism and the Protestant work ethic. Specifically he looked at Calvinism. Calvinism was a simple way of life in which you were to do good for others. The way into heaven was to do the greatest good for the greatest number of
people. Work was done not for one’s own personal gain, but for the sake of god. Weber found that in areas where Calvinism was the highest is where capitalism rose first, and no other religion resulted in the rise of capitalism.

How to Cite this Page

MLA Citation:
"A Comparison of Karl Marx and Max Weber." 123HelpMe.com. 25 Feb 2020
    <https://www.123helpme.com/view.asp?id=59553>.

Need Writing Help?

Get feedback on grammar, clarity, concision and logic instantly.

Check your paper »

Sociology Of Religion And Sociology Essay

- The sociology of religion had been notably discussed for a long period of time among influential sociologists famously known for their different approaches towards religion and their understanding of religion. Although some thinkers including Auguste Comte, the man who coined the term sociology, thought of sociology as a religion itself1 there will always be differences in the terms ‘sociology’ and ‘religion’. Throughout the years, sociology of religion developed into a field of study and various approaches of this study were cultivated....   [tags: Sociology, Religion, Max Weber, Karl Marx]

Research Papers
1182 words (3.4 pages)

Emile Durkheim and Max Weber Comparison Essay example

- Emile Durkheim and Max Weber both appealed to me in the reading of chapter 1. They both have similarities and differences on their approaches to sociology. While reading the background of Emile, I found it fascinating how he studied sociology in a way that he put together the individual dimensions and added them together to better understand a society or social group. The case of suicide rates and religion. This one case can be analyzed through other elements, such as careers. For instance, the type of profession can be studied....   [tags: Sociology]

Research Papers
477 words (1.4 pages)

Essay on Karl Marx And Max Weber

- Karl Marx and Max Weber are two of the most significant and influential theorists and sociologists of the 19th century. Both examined very similar ideas but had very different conclusions and are now famously known as ‘The Founding Fathers of Sociology’. One of the Crucial contributions to sociology is both sociologists views and findings on class and equality. Karl Marx found that class was categorised by the means of production. Almost half a century later Max Weber contrasted, class was based on three things Power, Wealth, And Prestige....   [tags: Sociology, Karl Marx, Max Weber, Marxism]

Research Papers
1333 words (3.8 pages)

Essay on Karl Marx And Max Weber

- Karl Marx and Max Weber, were two great social scientists, who devoted much of their work to the defining of capitalism through understanding its creation, causes, workings, and destiny. In their evaluations of capitalism they arrive at two distinct conclusion caused by similar and distinctly different factors. Though Marx and Weber apply the concept of specialization in very different ways, the implementation and consequences specialization have much in common. What is important about these two sociologist is that they both studied the same and one capitalism but their approach is miles apart from each other and have reached on totally different conclusions....   [tags: Capitalism, Marxism, Max Weber, Karl Marx]

Research Papers
1207 words (3.4 pages)

Karl Marx, Durkheim, And Max Weber Essays

- Karl Marx, Emile Durkheim, and Max Weber were all pioneers in the area of sociology. Individually, Marx, Durkheim, and Weber contributed to the shaping of sociology as a field. Each had differing ideologies and concepts that ranged from mortality to society, to love, and so forth. All three theorists came up with concepts that applied to the societies that they lived in, and still apply to our current society. Within this essay, Marx’s idea of alienation and how it affects social classes will be discussed....   [tags: Sociology, Karl Marx, Marxism, Max Weber]

Research Papers
719 words (2.1 pages)

Max Weber, Karl Marx And Emile Durkheim Essay

- Introduction Max Weber, Karl Marx, and Emile Durkheim are all part of a “holy trinity” of classical sociological interests. They all hold different beliefs and agreements, which ultimately end up being the social norms/ideas that they stand by. Ultimately, the different beliefs held by each sociologist, are based on their background and the different viewpoints they grew up around. Max Weber was raised by a tyrannical father creating a terrible life for him, but was very smart, which lead to Weber’s success and his belief in authority....   [tags: Sociology, Max Weber, Karl Marx, Capitalism]

Research Papers
711 words (2 pages)

Max Weber And The False Consciousness Of Karl Marx Essay

- As a practical sociologist, Charlie Chaplin film Modern times embodies the ideas of hyper-rationalization of Max Weber and the false consciousness of Karl Marx. His film critiques the structural evolution caused by modern society. Through satire, the film reflects the lived reality of modernity by showing how individual agency succumbs to ruthless pragmatism, and how false consciousness is taught to marginalized individuals. With the writings of Martin Luther in the sixteen century, a large portion of Europe and the eventually the rest of the west converted from Roman Catholicism to Protestantism....   [tags: Sociology, Social class, Karl Marx, Working class]

Research Papers
1189 words (3.4 pages)

Karl Marx : The Rise Of Modernity Essay

- Karl Marx is perhaps the first in a series of late 19th and early 20th century theorists who initiated the call for an empirical approach to social science, theorizing about the rise of modernity accompanied by the simultaneous decline in traditional societies and advocating for a change in the means of production in order to enable social justice. Marx’s analysis of modernity reveals his conceptualization of modern society as being dictated by the rapid advancement of productive forces of modern industry and the corresponding relationships of production between the capitalist and the wage laborers....   [tags: Sociology, Max Weber, Marxism, Karl Marx]

Research Papers
2329 words (6.7 pages)

Karl Marx : The Classical Sociological Theorist Essay

- During our studies on the classical sociological theorist there has been a heavy focus on three key figures inspired the enlightenment period. Karl Marx was one of the first enlighten thinkers of his time, he saw the usefulness of observing the world with empirical data to obtain information about the world. He view the mode of production and the source of materialism the source for all things. He viewed the interaction between people and the material they worked with influence each other. He also believed that capitalism created a sort of alienation between all things in the world: Alienation from work, from people and from the world itself....   [tags: Sociology, Max Weber, Karl Marx, Marxism]

Research Papers
1091 words (3.1 pages)

The Concept Of Alienation By Karl Marx Essay

- An Analysis of the Concept of Alienation by Karl Marx Karl Marx was one of the greatest social thinkers during his time. His theories regarding society and its structure, as well as the various ins and outs of the society were revolutionary at the time of their conception. As a great social thinker, Marx was able to contribute invaluable insight on the present form of society and was even able to somehow predict the potential future outcomes. His theories became the stepping stones towards the future discovery of various other theories which we use today in order to further understand our society....   [tags: Marxism, Karl Marx, Capitalism, Max Weber]

Research Papers
1125 words (3.2 pages)

Related Searches


     Marx was concerned with the structure of society rather than the meaning. He thought that it is the class structure which gave power to the classes. This term of class is used differently between Marx and Weber. For Marx the causes of change was the result of conflict between the
two classes. Weber, on the other hand, felt that once feudalism had been abolished so was the class system. Class in feudal era was determined by one’s blood line. If one were a serf then one’s son or daughter would be born into the same class status. The same would hold true for any other social status. The next in line for the throne of the king is his first born son. With
change this distinct line between classes vanished. They both may have different reasons as to causes of change, but they both agree as to what society has become.
Return to 123HelpMe.com