Essay PreviewMore ↓
It is undeniable that cellular technology has become main stream. “It was estimated that there were 92 million cell phone users in the US, a number growing by one million every month.” (Frumkin, Jacobson, Gansler & Thun 2001). The arrival and widespread use of cell phones has peaked interest of the health effects of radiofrequencies in the human body.
Cell phones use radio frequencies to transmit signals. Radio Frequencies (RF) are a form of electrical waves similar to those used in radios, microwaves, radars or satellite stations. They are emitted from a transmitter, and received using an antenna. This telephony technology is restricted geographically to small zones called “Cells”. Every cell has a base station capable of sending and receiving radio waves. When a call is started a signal leaves the handheld unit headed to the closest base station. This station answers by allocating a specific channel to the unit. When this “channel” is established, modulated radio frequency signals are both received and transmitted. The head of the user is in the near field of use because the distance from the antenna to the head is a few centimeters. (Blettner & Berg 2000) If the antenna is inside the body of the phone, the exposure to Radio Frequencies is greater. The antenna might be requesting a stronger signal to contest with the interference of the battery or the actual shell of the phone’s body.
The level of RF a person receives is related to many factors, not only the placement of the antenna. Factors that can increase the level of RF are the number of “cells”, the distance to the “base station”, or the obstacles between the caller and the station. The number of cell zones depends on the user population. Heavily populated areas have more cells allowing for more telecommunication traffic. Being close to a cell site lowers the power needed to sustain a call, hence reduces the exposure to RF.
How to Cite this Page
"Can cell phones cause cancer?." 123HelpMe.com. 23 Jan 2020
Need Writing Help?
Get feedback on grammar, clarity, concision and logic instantly.Check your paper »
- After reading this title, I imagine how many people in our generation do not fall under in this category. In today’s world it is hard to go anywhere without seeing someone talking on a cell phone. Even if it’s walking, driving, or playing is the streets, you will be able to see them everywhere. Whether or not someone answering their cell phone is increasing the likelihood of fatal brain cancer, is in question. Apparently in recent years there has been much research completed looking for a solid answer to the question.... [tags: genetic damage, brain tumor, radiation]
1323 words (3.8 pages)
- Technology has always made an impact on our society. Over the last few decades, there have been many inventions that have changed our lifestyles. Cellular Telephony has, by all accounts, modified how we interact with others; but at what cost. Are there health issues associated with this technology. More explicitly can cell phones cause cancer. This question is the basis of this review. The researcher has compiled articles that cover this topic from diverse scholarly sources, and diverse countries.... [tags: essays research papers]
1457 words (4.2 pages)
- Today’s technologies are advancing at such an astonishing rate. This can make it difficult for even the most avid “techie” to keep pace. Technology is that wonderful thing that brings comfort and convenience to our lives. But, with that comfort and convenience, there often comes a price; and the technology of the cell phone proves no exception. Arguably, as a communication tool, the cell phone has no equal in how it has changed and affected our lives. Mostly, the effect has been positive in many ways.... [tags: Cell Phones, Cancer Risk]
1301 words (3.7 pages)
- Introduction: Ever since the invention of the first cell phone in 1973, the use of cell phones has increased and it has changed the way people communicate drastically. Cell phones are a portable device that uses frequencies to send and receive calls and text messages over two devices and it has been regarded as the most commonly used portable device. Cell phones use and emit radio waves and microwaves so inevitably, this begs the question of whether or not cell phones are dangerous. There has been many concerns that the use of cell phones can cause brain tumours and/or other health risks, so over the past many years scientists from all over the world have conducted researches and are still r... [tags: oxidative stress, electromagnetic radiation]
3138 words (9 pages)
- Do Cell Phones Increase the Risk of Cancer. Millions of people around the world use cell phones on a daily basis and people hardly realize the terminal risks. Cell phones may seem completely harmless, but they actually emit radio waves that can be hazardous towards the human body. Each time someone makes a call or receives a call, a type of cancerous radiation is given off by the cell phone in order for the user to communicate with the person on the other side of the line. Since the amount of cell phone users has rose rapidly, more people are being exposed to this kind of radiation.... [tags: radiowaves, risks]
1149 words (3.3 pages)
- The Use of Cell Phone The cell phones usage started in 1973. Motorola was the first company to invent cell phones. They produced first cell phones which were connected with the cars. (‘’http: mashable.com’’). People were using car cell phones primarily for business. Companies started up dating cell phones technologies throughout the years. Cell phones technologies has variety of options. The use of google maps, which people use to find addresses, how many mileage people need to drive. Video chatting, people use to make a video call where they can see the person they are talking to library book store app, the old days people will have to buy the books from bookstore but now people can downlo... [tags: Mobile phone, Cellular network]
864 words (2.5 pages)
- Tens of millions of people all over the world use cell phones on a daily basis. As of 2002, 100 million people and rising had cell phones just in the United States alone (EHSO 1). However, if an individual considered their cell phone to be a cause of brain cancer, would one still be inclined to utilize it. Some researchers have implied that the use of cell phones is a potential cause of brain cancer. On the other hand, this claim has not yet been sufficiently established. Of course it is understandable why one may suppose cell phones to produce brain cancer.... [tags: Technology ]
2071 words (5.9 pages)
- Now days people are owning cell phones and becoming dependent. People use cell phones at various places for different use. People use cell phones for online shopping Also use to reach home safe by using GPS in cell phones. People also started using cell phones to reduce cost of car services by using diagnoses features in cell phone. As we see cell phones have more disadvantages than its advantages. Cell phone can cause problem like cancer, traffic delays, DNA problems and many more. Taking a call while cell phone is charging can lead to death.... [tags: Mobile phone, Mobile phone radiation and health]
1007 words (2.9 pages)
- Nomo phobia, or no mobile phobia, is the feeling of anxiety most people get when they cannot use their cell phones or they do not have their phones. Think about how you feel when you don’t have your phone with you or when the battery dies. Some teens say that cell phones improve their lives by making simple tasks, such as sending someone a message, more convenient. Approximately 75 percent of teens own cell phones and almost half of them are smart phones. Although cell phones make life easier for teenagers, their excessive use of cell phones is harmful to their health, interfering with their ability to function effectively in society, and creating a dangerous environment for people in other... [tags: nomo phobia, normal social functioning]
682 words (1.9 pages)
- The Unknown Dangers of Cell Phones When I was sixteen years old, I wanted a cell phone more than anything. Not only did all my friends have them, but my parents did not allow me to talk to my boyfriend Jimmy. So I thought having a cell phone would be the instant solution to all my problems. Not only would I be able to talk to Jimmy whenever I wanted but having a cell phone would give me so much more independence. Not to mention the fact that they were extremely glamorous and simply the thing to have.... [tags: Health Communication Papers]
2567 words (7.3 pages)
Another consideration is the equipment itself. Different manufacturers use different power levels for their phones. Each manufacturer is required to report the power level needed for its equipment to work, and the amount of absorption of RF. The specific absorption rate (SAR) is the amount of radiofrequency energy absorbed into the local tissue. According to the FCC’s safety guidelines for handheld cellular phones, the limit is 1.6 watts per kilogram of body weight. It should also be noted that as technology improves, better receivers are created, and lower power is needed. Hence newer equipment has lower SAR ratings.
RF exposure can cause heating of cells and human tissue. This heating might cause malign effects on the body especially the central nervous system which is more sensitive to heating due to its limited capability to dissipate the heat. Goldsmith in a 1995, stated in his article, “Laboratory studies suggest that adverse biologic effects can be caused by temperature rises in tissues that exceed 1ºC above their normal temperatures”. There is additional concern that RF exposure below detectable heating might have carcinogenic effects. RF does not have enough energy to cause DNA degeneration. General concern is that studies are generally short.
It is a common theme among all the reviewed articles that “widespread of cell phone use is little more than a decade old, and there has been limited opportunity to examine long-term health effects…” (Ahlbom, Green, Kheifets, Savitz, & Swerdlow. 2004). Only short term exposure has been researched. Case studies have been mainly performed in the Scandinavian countries, United Kingdom, and the United States. Animal studies have reported a lack of connection between RF and damage to cell tissue. There is no support for an increase of cancer risk among rats. The only incidence of cancer had been related to whole body RF irradiation of animals (Fisher 2000).
A human controlled study in Sweden compared 233 patients diagnosed with brain cancer to their cell phone use statistics. They found that there was no general type of cancer to associate with cell phone use. (Mild, Hardell, Kundi, Mattson, 2003). Another study in New York, Providence and Boston compared 469 patients and found that when specific locations of tumor within the brain were considered there were no links to the use of cell phones. Other researchers agree that there has not been a study that shows a clear link between the side of the head on which the brain cancer occurred and the side of the head where the user holds the phone.
Currently the International Agency for Cancer has launched a case control study in 13 countries. This multinational study will include approximately 6000 brain tumors and they relationship to phone usage. (Blettner et al. 2000). All the current conclusions for these numerous studies tend towards a precautionary approach. They argue that where the public health is a stake, the risks can be so high and the cost of latter correction action is too great, therefore the prevention is better than the cure (Maisch 2001).
Cellular technology is relatively a new technology, we cannot assume complete safety because the lack of long-term follow-up of its biological effects. However, we can see that equipment is getting more and more advanced and is requiring less power to function. Lower power requirements will lower the energy emitted and probably make it unlikely to cause tissue damage. Some common sense should still apply to the use of cell phones. “Children should be discouraged from using mobile phones, as their developing bodies could be more prone to radiation damage.” (Maisch 2001). Phone calls should be kept brief and hands free kits should be used when at all possible.
As cellular telephones are a relatively new technology, we do not have yet the long-term follow up on their possible health effects. Several well designed studies have shown no consistent association between cell phone use and cancer. It is impossible to prove that this technology is complete safe. There are no conclusive facts to prove or dismiss such a connection between brain cancer and the use of cellular phones. However all researchers do agree that is too early to make any conclusions based on long-term exposure.
Ahlbom, A., Green, A., Kheifets, L., Savitz, D., & Swerdlow, A. (2004 December). Epidemiology of health effects of radiofrequency exposure. Environmental Medicine, 112 (17), 1741-1754.
AlOrainy, A. (2003). Recent research on mobile phone effects. Proceedings of the International Conference on Non-Ionizing Radiation at UNITEN.
Blettner, M., & Berg, G. (2000). Are mobile phones harmful?. Acta Oncologica, 39 (8), 927-930.
Boice, J. D., & McLaughlin, J. K. (2002). Epidemiologic studies of cellular telephones and cancer risk.
Frey, A. H. (2001 May). Cellular telephones and brain cancer: Current research. Environmental Health Perspectives, 109 (5), A200.
Frumkin, H., Jacobson, A., Gansler, T., & Thun, M. J. (2001). Environmental carcinogens – Cellular phones and risk of brain tumors. CA Cancer Journal for Clinicians, 51, 137-141.
Goldsmith, JR. (1995). Epidemiologic evidence of radiofrequency radiation effects on health in military, broadcasting and occupational studies. International Journal On Occupational Environmental Health, 1, 47-57.
Maisch, D. (2001 April). Mobile phone use: It’s time to take precautions. Journal of Australasian College of Nutrition & Environmental Medicine, 20 (1) 3-10.
Mild, K. H., Hardell, L., Kundi, M. & Mattson, M. (2003). Mobile telephones and cancer: Is there really no evidence of an association?. International Journal Of Molecular Medicine, 12, 67-72.
Moulder, J. E., Erdreich, L. S., Malyapa, R. S., Merrit, J. Pickard, W.F., & Vijayalaxmi. (1999). Cell phones and cancer: What is the evidence for a connection?. Radiation Research, 151, 513-531.
Salford, L. G., Brun, A. E., Eberhardt, J. L., Malmgreen, L., & Persson, B. R. R. (2003 June). Nerve cell damage in mammalian brain after exposure to microwaves from GSM mobile phones. Environmental Medicine, 111 (7), 881-883.
Sandström, M., Mild, K. H., Wilén, J., & Oftedal, G. (2000 June). Symptoms associated with mobile phone use: Results of the Swedish-Norwegian survey. Salzburg Conference.
Stewart, W. (2000). Mobile phones and health.