Essay PreviewMore ↓
Australia became a part of significant treaties and conventions to uphold strong alliances with other nations (Such as the U.S.). The preparedness of Australian Governments to sign these various treaties, and modify domestic drug laws accordingly, seems largely to have been a function of the country’s subordinate status on the world stage, and its desire to be seen as a good ‘international citizen’, rather than being driven by concern within Australia about the problems posed by illicit drugs (Brereton, D. 2000:90).
The Act or drug laws within particular treaties and/or convention was based on basic offenses such as (to name a few), cultivation, possession, trafficking, and supply.
The need for such drug laws was however, a consequence for external development, not so much required in Australia. Countries such as the U.S. prompted such regulation and seem to hold greater power in pushing these developments forward.
A number of concerns have arisen over the last decade into reasons why certain drug policies have been passed within National and International boarders. To help and explain how prohibition became the only means of limiting drug use and regulation of drugs.
Drug use was seen to increase public costs and deduct time and profit from employers and within society according to certain governments. The economic argument centres on the profits to be made by the sellers on the one hand and the losses sustained by employers of users and/or society in general (Brown, Farrier, Egger and McNamara. 2001:1070). This suggests that not only would drug use be seen as a problem within State and National boarders, but also internationally. Therefore it was believed that if all Commonwealth government were under the same treaties and/or convention this would decrease the use of Psychotropic substances, and also, deter drug trafficking, supply and demand.
Another important factor that increased prohibition of only certain drugs within Industrialized Western Countries was argued by Brown et al (2001:1071) we can derive a powerful and historically sustainable argument that those drugs which are currently legal in Western Countries are those in which there is an indigenous history both of use and capital investment, while those which are illegal are those which are produced in Third World Countries, where the costs of use exceed the profit to be to be made.
How to Cite this Page
"Aust Prohibition Act." 123HelpMe.com. 02 Apr 2020
Need Writing Help?
Get feedback on grammar, clarity, concision and logic instantly.Check your paper »
- The 18th amendment was ratified on January 16, 1920. It was a very drastic measure taken by the United States government to reduce drinking and crime by outlawing the businesses that manufactured, distributed, and sold alcoholic beverages (“Why Prohibition?”). Its passage was the result of a “widespread temperance movement” during the first ten years of the 20th century that sought to end all vices and turn the United States into a land of morality (“Prohibition”). The amendment led to the period in American history known as Prohibition, an era that lasted almost fourteen years and was characterized by “speakeasies, glamor, gangsters, and a period of time in which even the average citizen... [tags: Prohibition in the United States]
1373 words (3.9 pages)
- During the late eighteenth century, reformers and politics debated the sale of alcohol for many reasons. Issues such as prohibition caused many individuals to engage in politics and propaganda sometimes took the focus off the real problems. President Cleveland won the election in 1884 for the Republican Party, it was said to have been because of a quote by a Republican clergyman. Directed primarily toward Democrats, it labeled them the party of “rum, Romanism, and rebellion.” In 1850 annual consumption of beer had reached up to 2.7 gallons per capita but had risen dramatically to 17.9 gallons per capita in 1880.... [tags: Prohibition, alcohol, history,]
935 words (2.7 pages)
- In 1919 the Constitution of the United States issued the 18th amendment, enforced into law as the National Prohibition Act of 1920. Prohibition is the banning of the manufacture, sale, and possession of alcohol, including beer and wine. This amendment was repealed with the passing of the 21st amendment to the constitution, allowing the possession of alcohol in the United States. In the City of Washington on Monday, December 5th, 1932 the 21st amendment document included the reestablished rights of the citizens restricted by the 18th amendment.... [tags: alcohol, crime, repeal]
2197 words (6.3 pages)
- A short introduction A lot of things happened in 1920 USA was one of the victors in the first World War, and had a good period. Soon that was changed and USA suffered from many things, the great crash, prohibition and gang wars. But not only bad things happened there was also the new deal, new cultures, new poets and writers. The thing i want to write about is prohibition, that was a really big deal lots of books have been written about this subject, why it happened, which consequences it had and so on.... [tags: History US Prohibition Alcohol]
1494 words (4.3 pages)
- Prohibition Prohibition One of the most controversial, the Eighteenth, and later, its repeal, the Tweny-First amendment, made a big impact on America, and their ideas are still talked about today. Prohibition has had many different view points from the beginning. Prohibition started long before the Eighteenth Amendment. Organizations against alcohol such as the Anti-Saloon League and the Woman's Christian Temperance Union were succeeding in enacting local prohibition laws, turning the campaign into a national effort.... [tags: Papers]
467 words (1.3 pages)
- On the 18th of December 1917, Congress sent to the states the 18th Amendment, which one-year after ratification on the 16th of January 1818 banned the manufacture, sale or transport of intoxicating liquors. In 1919 the Volstead Act defined as "intoxicating" all beverages containing more than 0.5 percent alcohol, which then became illegal once the 18th Amendment went into effect in 1920. Prohibition of alcohol in America between 1920 and 1933 was undertaken to reduce crime and corruption, solve social problems, reduce the tax burden created by prisons and improve health in America.... [tags: American History]
977 words (2.8 pages)
- The Roaring Twenties can be described as a period in American history in which people broke boundaries, went against tradition, and simply went to far. A new life style developed during this period, with money, jazz, gangster wars, the flapper, loose morals, speakeasies, and the abundance of liquor. The decade has also been entitled the New Era, the New Freedom, the Golden Era, the Lawless Decade, and the Jazz Age. The 1920s were given these names due to the lax view of the 18th amendment and the Volstead Act.... [tags: essays research papers]
1897 words (5.4 pages)
- English III Honors P. 1 Mrs. Robinson 4 May 2004 “Prohibition: The Noble Experiment” “Prohibition, sometimes referred to as the noble experiment, did not achieve its goals. It did the exact opposite by adding to the problems that it was intended to solve” (Thorton). It is also considered to be the thirteen years that damaged America. On January 16, 1920 one of the most disobeyed laws was put into effect. The 18th amendment, also known as Prohibition, was ineffective and caused more corruption in America with the rise of organized crime and the increase in alcohol consumption.... [tags: essays research papers]
1356 words (3.9 pages)
- Prohibition Throughout history, the need and presence of governing forces have always existed. Governments, by the use of legislation, make choices in the best interest of the people. The Nineteenth Century was popular for the great amounts of alcohol that the average person consumed. Such popularity spawned and entire social movement against alcohol. This movement was called the Noble Experiment. Although it failed to directly ban alcohol, the movement contributed by electing many reformers who would change the face of America in the early Twentieth Century.... [tags: essays research papers fc]
1590 words (4.5 pages)
- Prohibition, A Complete Failure Prohibition had become an issue long before its eventual induction as the 18th amendment in 1920. Organizations came about for the sole purpose of an alcohol free America. In 1833, an estimated one million Americans belonged to some type of temperance association (Behr 12). Many believed the absence of alcohol would help the poor as well as big business. Lower class people would put more money into savings accounts and productivity would increase among workers (Hanson 27).... [tags: essays research papers]
1068 words (3.1 pages)
Australia, along with the U.S. and Britain has displayed xenophobic policies to immigrants, in particular, the Chinese.
The use of opiates within Chinese culture provides ample opportunity for foreign immigration policies to invest a fear of the race within its citizens.
The White Australia policy passed legislation which imposed an import duty which can be seen as the first salvo in the drug war in Australia; already its theme of anti-Chinese discrimination (Manderson 1993:21) and then followed was prohibited use of narcotics.
It is important to note however that the first law used to prohibit opium did not concentrate solely on the Chinese user. The first law was to prevent the supply (opiates) to any Aboriginal native or half caste except for medicinal purposes (Manderson 1993: 32). The laws of the White Australia policy clearly demonstrate a xenophobic nation.
The United States were one of the fist nations to lay done the foundation for prohibition against the Chinese. Then with the emergence of the 1961 Single Convention, followed by the 1971 Psychotropic Substance Convention, other signatory members along with the U.S. abided to prohibition laws.
The drug laws of Australia represent the nature of international treaties and conventions which are not beneficial for illicit drug use within Australia.