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Call of the Wild
Where did man come from? Scientists thought they had answered this simple yet complex question through Charles Darwin's theory of evolution. According to him, living organisms evolved due to constant changing. Organisms which gained an edge would reign, while those without would die. Jack London's books during the late 1800's
animated this theory through the use of wild animals in a struggle for survival. In fact, many prove that to survive a species "must" have an edge. In London's book the Call of the Wild, the harsh depiction of the Klondike wilderness proves that to survive life must adapt.
London uses Buck as his first character to justify his theory as he conforms well
to the hostile North. While at Judge Miller's, pampered Buck never worries about his
next meal or shelter; yet while in the frozen Klondike he has death at his heels. Until his
body adapts to the strenuous toil of the reins, Buck needs more food than the other dogs.
He must steal food from his masters in order to conform. If Buck continues his stealthy
work he will survive. A second example occurs when Thorton owns Buck, and Spitz,
the lead dog, constantly watches the team in a dominant manner. Buck, if
insubordinate, runs the risk of death. He lays low, learning Spitz's every tactic. Buck
adapts to circumstances until finally he strikes against Spitz in a fight for the dominant
position. By killing Spitz, he gains a supreme air, and in turn an adaptation against the
law of the fang. A third example surfaces during Buck's leadership. The fledgling dog,
to Francios and Perrault, cannot work up to par for the lead. So Buck conducts himself
as a master sled dog, reaching Francios and Perrault's goals, conforming to the team.
The group plows through snow reaching at least forty miles a day. The dogs spend at
most two weeks in the wild Klondike. In a way Buck heightens the safety of each person
and dog. He adapts to the environment and new position. Within the Call of the Wild,
Buck must have a part to justify London's theory.
In the novel London uses Mercedes, Hal, and Charles, a group of very
inexperienced and even less equipped city goers, to depict the probable doom of those
who do not adapt. While in Skagway the three have no idea what the Klondike holds.
The well dressed well fed team wants nothing but riches and fame. In their effort for
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- Imagine this: Gold was just discovered in the Yukon Territory of Canada, and many gold miners rush to the North to see if they can strike rich. However, in order to do so, they need big, strong dogs with warm coats to protect them from the biting cold. As a result, a dog from the sunny state of California is dog napped and taken to be sold to anyone who is willing to buy him. When the dog is sold, he is shipped to the cold North. As he gets out of the boat, a chilling wind runs past him and, he realizes that he isn’t in California anymore.... [tags: Jack London, Call of the Wild, Canada, ]
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- The Call of the Wild by Jack London The title of the book is 'The Call of the Wild' and was written by Jack London in 1903. He was the son of an Irish-American astrologer and his mother was Flora Wellman, the odd one out of a well to do family. They lived a life of poverty in Pennsylvania. Jack read a lot and at the age of fifteen left home and travelled around North America as a tramp. On charges of vagrancy, he spent 30 days in prison. After educating himself he managed to gain entry to a university, before being caught up in the Klondike River Gold Rush in North Canada, 1896.... [tags: Papers]
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- Buck of The Call of the Wild The main character of the novel, The Call of the Wild, is a St. Bernard and Scotch Shepherd mix, named Buck. As I read the book, I found out that Buck can be very loyal and trustworthy to his master, if his master is loyal to him. Also, at times I found that Buck could turn into an enraged beast very easily. At home, which was a large house called Judge Miller’s Place, in the sun kissed Santa Clara Valley in California, Buck ruled over all of the dogs that were there.... [tags: Call of the Wild Essays]
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- Struggle for Dominance and Mastery in Jack London's The Call of the Wild Isn't it funny how life itself is not just a fight for survival, but more a fight for mastery. Some people are satisfied with just survival, but some strive to be the best they can be during their life. In the novel, The Call of the Wild (1903), by Jack London, the author demonstrates life's struggles for dominance while following the life of a magnificent dog named Buck. Buck was living a peaceful, laxadazical life on a California estate when he is stolen and taken to the Klondike region of Canada, due entirely to the discovery of gold.... [tags: Call of the Wild Essays]
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time they purchase the now exhausted dog team, which Buck leads, to take them to
Dawson. Even during the beginnings of their journey they show their inevitable doom.
Mercedes, the most hardheaded of the bunch parks load after load on the sled.
Onlookers laugh at the sight, telling the group that the sled will tip. In their arrogance
the warning goes without notice, soon to find the now moving sled strewn across the
street. The next incident proves their stubbornness to adapt to the environment. After
many weeks of toil Charles, Hal, and Mercedes reach White river, where they find
Thorton, a mail courier with frost bite. The team drops dead in the traces. Hal's
philosophy pertains to the use of the whip. Beating after beating occurs but the team
does not get up. Buck, the lead dog, gets the brunt of the attack until Thorton steps in.
He fights Hal and wins Buck. So the beaten Hal moves on, not heeding Thorton's
warning of thin ice. Their doom arrives in a tumult of ice and water. All of the team
dies in the cold murky lake. These three characters show a second side of adaptation that
is very true.
Thorton and Buck reach a final adaptation in their quest for fortune, which
creates the man and beast which rise above all. John Thorton asked little of man or
nature. During the search for the hidden treasure mine Thorton travels in no hurry. He
ventures Indian fashion, hunting food with his hands, using his cunning to overcome. If
he fails, Thorton keeps on traveling knowing that eventually he will find food. Thorton
has adapted, and now he has the power to fend off the wilderness. Buck also reaches his
own acme which creates the super being. After Thorton's death a pack of wolves attacks
Buck. He holds his ground crippling dog after dog. By using primitive instincts, his
killer instincts, Buck does not fall. Rather he destroys the others until they are to tired to
fight. The victory makes him the leader of the pack. He has become the super being
that reigns over all. As to London's theory, Buck and Thorton's adaptation proves it
without a doubt.
Due to the harsh and wild depiction of the Klondike wilderness in Call of the
Wild, London's theory proves true. Through the use of wild creatures and people,
London creates a visualization of how adaptation makes someone strong and well fit for
their environment. He also teaches that if a great enough adaptation occurs, that the
organism will rise above all obstacles. In conclusion, if the average person adapts to
their position in life and strives to reach their own personal best they too, like Buck, will
become the leader of the pack.